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Martinsburg, New York

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Martinsburg, New York

Martinsburgh[1]
Martinsburg is located in New York
Martinsburg
Martinsburg
Martinsburg is located in the United States
Martinsburg
Martinsburg
Coordinates: 43°43′57″N 75°28′55″W / 43.73250°N 75.48194°W / 43.73250; -75.48194
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyLewis
Area
 • Total76.03 sq mi (196.93 km2)
 • Land75.68 sq mi (196.02 km2)
 • Water0.35 sq mi (0.91 km2)
Elevation
1,857 ft (566 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,433
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
1,429
 • Density18.88/sq mi (7.29/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
13404
Area code(s)315
FIPS code36-049-45854
GNIS feature ID979202[1]
Websitewww.townofmartinsburg.org

Martinsburg is a town in Lewis County, New York, United States. The population was 1,433 at the 2010 census.[4] The town is named after its founding father, General Walter Martin.

Martinsburg is in the west-central part of the county, south of Lowville, the county seat.

History

Settlers began arriving around 1801. Martinsburg was established from part of the town of Turin in 1803. When it was formed the town name was spelled "Martinsburgh". In 1819, the town was augmented by more of Turin.

The community of Martinsburg in the town was the county seat for Lewis County until 1864, when it moved to Lowville. The town hall in Martinsburg, built in 1812, is the site of the first county court session, held the same year. In 1839, it was the site of the only execution in the county.

The Gen. Walter Martin House and Martinsburg Town Hall are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5]

Notable people

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 76.0 square miles (196.9 km2), of which 75.7 square miles (196.0 km2) are land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km2), or 0.46%, are water.[6]

The east town line is the Black River. The western part of Martinsburg is on the Tug Hill Plateau.

New York State Route 12 and New York State Route 26 are north-south highways through the town with NY-12 being the more easterly route.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18201,497
18302,38259.1%
18402,272−4.6%
18502,67717.8%
18602,8556.6%
18702,282−20.1%
18802,3864.6%
18901,982−16.9%
19001,845−6.9%
19101,546−16.2%
19201,5661.3%
19301,86018.8%
19401,363−26.7%
19501,3871.8%
19601,4695.9%
19701,5163.2%
19801,494−1.5%
19901,358−9.1%
20001,249−8.0%
20101,43314.7%
2016 (est.)1,429[3]−0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

At the 2000 census,[8] there were 1,249 people, 473 households and 347 families residing in the town. The population density was 16.5 per square mile (6.4/km2). There were 627 housing units at an average density of 8.3 per square mile (3.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.00% White, 0.48% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.24% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population.

There were 473 households, of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.11.

28.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.2 males.

The median household income was $31,902 and the median family income was $35,978. Males had a median income of $26,705 compared with $20,682 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,894. About 7.9% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Martinsburg

  • East Martinsburg – a hamlet east of Martinsburg village and located on NY-12.
  • Glendale – a hamlet south of East Martinsburg.
  • Glenfield – a hamlet east of Glendale on the west side of the Black River.
  • Graves Corners – a location east of Wetmore.
  • Martinsburg – the hamlet of Martinsburg is on NY-26 south of Lowville; it was the first county seat of Lewis County.
  • McGraw Corners – a location east of Wetmore.
  • Tabolt Corners – a location by the south town line.
  • West Martinsburg – a hamlet southwest of Lowville, near the north town line. The Methodist Episcopal Church of West Martinsburg was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.[5]
  • Whetstone Gulf State Park – a state park at the south town line.
  • Whittaker Falls Park – a park east of Martinsburg village.

References

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Martinsburg, New York
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Total Population: 2010 Census DEC Summary File 1 (P1), Martinsburg town, New York". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 27, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  6. ^ "U.S. Gazetteer Files: 2019: Places: New York". U.S. Census Bureau Geography Division. Retrieved May 27, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links

This page was last edited on 23 August 2020, at 16:07
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