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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Martin Welker
Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio
In office
November 25, 1873 – June 1, 1889
Appointed byUlysses S. Grant
Preceded byCharles Taylor Sherman
Succeeded byAugustus J. Ricks
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 14th district
In office
March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1871
Preceded byGeorge Bliss
Succeeded byJames Monroe
4th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
In office
January 11, 1858 – January 9, 1860
GovernorSalmon P. Chase
Preceded byThomas H. Ford
Succeeded byRobert C. Kirk
Personal details
Martin Welker

(1819-04-25)April 25, 1819
Knox County, Ohio
DiedMarch 15, 1902(1902-03-15) (aged 82)
Wooster, Ohio
Resting placeWooster Cemetery
Wooster, Ohio
Political partyWhig
Educationread law

Martin Welker (April 25, 1819 – March 15, 1902) was a United States Representative from Ohio and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio.

Education and career

Welker was born on April 25, 1819, in Knox County, Ohio[1] . His father was an immigrant from the German Confederation and an early European pioneer in Ohio.[2] Welker left the family farm at the age of 14 to take a job as a clerk in a store in Millersburg, Ohio.[3] He attended the common schools and read law in 1840.[1] He was admitted to the bar and entered private practice in Millersburg from 1840 to 1846.[1] He was clerk of the Holmes County, Ohio, Court of Common Pleas from 1846 to 1851.[1] In 1848, Welker was the Whig nominee for the 31st United States Congress, but lost in the largely Democratic district.[4] In 1850, he again was offered the nomination, but declined it.[4] He resumed private practice in Millersburg from 1851 to 1852.[1] He was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the 33rd United States Congress in 1852.[5] He was a Judge of the Ohio Court of Common Pleas for the Sixth Judicial District from 1852 to 1857.[1] He resumed private practice in Wooster, Ohio in 1857.[1] He was elected the 4th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio and President of the Ohio Senate in the Fifty-third General Assembly,[6][7] serving from 1857 to 1858,[1] elected on the ticket with Governor of Ohio Salmon P. Chase.[5] He was a Colonel in the United States Army from 1861 to 1865, during the American Civil War.[1]

Civil War service

With the outbreak of the American Civil War, on May 14, 1861, Welker was appointed judge-advocate of the second brigade of the Ohio Volunteer Militia at rank of major, and served with General Jacob Dolson Cox.[4][5] Welker was appointed as an aide-de-camp, with rank of colonel to the Governor of Ohio on August 10, 1861.[5] He then served as Judge Advocate General of the State of Ohio for the balance of 1861, and was the superintendent of drafting under Governor David Tod, commencing August 15, 1862.[5] He served as assistant adjutant general in 1862.[5] Welker enlisted on February 16, 1865 in the Union Army as a private in Company I, 188th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.[5] He was mustered out September 21, 1865.[5]

Congressional service

Welker was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1862 to the 38th United States Congress.[8][5] He was elected as a Republican from Ohio's 14th congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 39th, 40th and 41st United States Congresses, serving from March 4, 1865, to March 3, 1871.[9][10][11][5] He was not a candidate for renomination to the 42nd United States Congress in 1870.[5]

Federal judicial service

Welker received a recess appointment from President Ulysses S. Grant on November 25, 1873, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio vacated by Judge Charles Taylor Sherman.[1] He was nominated to the same position by President Grant on December 2, 1873.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 8, 1873, and received his commission the same day.[1] His service terminated on June 1, 1889, due to his retirement.[1]

Other service

Concurrent with his federal judicial service, Welker was a Professor of political science and international law at the College of Wooster from 1873 to 1890.[1] He also served as President of the Wooster National Bank and Vice President of the Wayne County Fair Board, and member of the Grand Army of the Republic.[4]


Welker died on March 15, 1902, in Wooster.[1] He was interred in Wooster Cemetery.[5]


Welker married Maria Armour of Millersburg March 4, 1841. After she died, he married Flora Uhl of Cleveland, Ohio January 16, 1896.[12]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Welker, Martin – Federal Judicial Center".
  2. ^ Smith 1898 Volume I : 75
  3. ^ Smith 1898 Volume I : 76
  4. ^ a b c d Smith 1898 Volume II : 329
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l United States Congress. "Martin Welker (id: W000270)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  6. ^ Ohio 1917 : 239
  7. ^ 1857 election: Welker 160,751 William H. Lytle 158,826 from Smith 1898 Volume I : 74
  8. ^ 1862 Fourteenth District George Bliss 10,490 Welker 10,454 Smith 1898 Volume I : 151
  9. ^ 1864 Fourteenth District Welker 12,844 George Bliss 10,312 Smith 1898 Volume I : 196
  10. ^ 1866 Fourteenth District Welker 13,494 James B. Young 11,787 Smith 1898 Volume I : 229
  11. ^ 1868 Fourteenth District Welker 13,575 Lyman R. Critchfield 13,113 Smith 1898 Volume I : 259
  12. ^ Reed 1897 : 225–228


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas H. Ford
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
Succeeded by
Robert C. Kirk
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
George Bliss
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 14th congressional district

Succeeded by
James Monroe
Legal offices
Preceded by
Charles Taylor Sherman
Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio
Succeeded by
Augustus J. Ricks
This page was last edited on 11 February 2020, at 08:41
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