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List of streets named after Martin Luther King Jr.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd. in Oak Park, Sacramento, California (December 2014)
Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd. in Oak Park, Sacramento, California (December 2014)

Streets named after Martin Luther King Jr. can be found in many cities of the United States and in nearly every major metropolis. There are also a number of other countries that have honored Martin Luther King Jr., including Italy and Israel. The first street in the United States named in his honor was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive in Chicago in 1968.[1] The number of streets named after King is increasing every year, and about 70% of these streets are in Southern states: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, and Texas. King's home state of Georgia had the most, with 75 streets as of 2001;[2] this had increased to 105 as of 2006.[3]

As of 2003, there were over 600 American cities that had named a street after King.[2] By 2004, this number had grown to 650, according to NPR.[4] In 2006, Derek Alderman, a cultural geographer at East Carolina University, reported the number had increased to 730, with only 11 states in the country without a street named after King (Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, and Vermont).[3] In 2014 he estimated that there were over 900 streets named after King in 41 states, Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico.[5]

Thirteen cities have freeways named after Dr. King: Staten Island, New York; Jacksonville Florida; Norfolk, Virginia; Fayetteville, North Carolina; Louisville, Kentucky; Memphis, Tennessee; Akron, Ohio; Tulsa, Oklahoma; Fort Worth, Texas; Colorado Springs, Colorado; San Diego, California; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Bucks County); and Camden, New Jersey.

The following is a list of streets named after King in the United States.

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Transcription

OK. We're going to get started. Keep eating, obviously. Don't let us distract you. But we are going to get started. So my name is Dan. And I'd like to welcome everybody to Designing the MLK Way, which is a special presentation slash discussion, the work of an option studio that I teach here at the GSD called the MLK Way-- Building on Black America's Main Street. Here are my amazing, amazing students who you will all meet tonight. I'd also like to acknowledge Dana McKinney is somewhere here-- our fearless TA. Just raise your hand. And Katherine Prater-- thank you. Round of applause for Dana. And Katherine Prater, who is somewhere around here, who made this brochure that you see, which I hear is sold out. But there's a black market for them. The topic that we're dealing with, which you'll hear about a minute, is of course a very serious one. The format of this event, though, is very casual. Basically, I'm going to make an introduction. The students will take exactly one minute to just introduce their project and some of the themes that they're dealing with. And then each student will sit at his or her table with his or her easel and engage people in a discussion about the theme and about the project. So I want to just quickly introduce everyone in about five to six minutes to this studio and what it's all about. It's an interdisciplinary option studio. Those of you who are visiting, you probably know the deal with option studios. They're upper-level elective studios. So this is an interdisciplinary studio, open to students of all programs. And we have every degree program represented here, which is great. So why this class? It actually all started with this guy. This is Melvin White. So he's a postal worker in St. Louis. And he used to deliver mail to St. Louis' Martin Luther King Drive, where he saw a lot of poverty. And he thought a lot about Martin Luther King on his route. What would he think of this memorial to his memory-- this memorial that seemed to embody everything he dedicated his life to fighting. So he started to travel to other King streets-- Miami and New Orleans and Newark. And he said we should probably do better. So he started a nonprofit-- here he is with his partner, Andre, on King Drive-- called Beloved Streets of America. And its mission would be to turn streets named after King into streets that King could be proud of. He's our client for this studio. And the pitch really goes something like this-- Martin Luther King, Jr., pretty popular guy, viewed in a positive light by 94% of Americans. Over 100 schools are named for King. He's one of only four people for whom we have a national holiday. And countless monuments and memorials have been built to his memory. Perhaps most impressively, though, close to 900 cities have a street named for King. So here's a map. And you see most are in the South, but most have at least one. Despite the ubiquity, these streets are not exactly revered in the same way as King himself. For example-- [video playback] -You know what's so sad, man? Martin Luther King stood for non-violence. Now what's Martin Luther King? A street. And I don't give a fuck where you live in America, if you're on Martin Luther King Boulevard, there's some violence going down. It ain't the safest place to be. You can't call nobody and tell them you lost on MLK. I'm lost. I'm on Martin Luther King. Run! Run! Run! [end playback] OK. So actually we're finding that this is not entirely true. Of course, it's not entirely true. But the popular perception, anyway, is that the streets are too often segregated, unsafe, and plagued by disinvestment and are unworthy of King's legacy. And some of the data indeed supports this part about disinvestment and segregation. In King's hometown of Atlanta, for example, King drive, which is almost entirely black from beginning to end, runs through many of the city's poorest, most abandoned neighborhoods as we see here. Speaking of hometowns, so Melvin thought he should start close to home. So he opened a storefront. He started getting to know the neighborhood. He started making some plans in St. Louis. He got some attention-- front-page story. Won a few awards. And I was really intrigued by his premise in choosing this as a studio, namely that improving King streets could be a means of empowering black communities that owing to King's approval ratings could have broad public appeal. Certainly, this is a time when African American communities could use some empowering. Autopsies of the recent uprisings in Ferguson and Baltimore have helped to dispel the myth of a post-racial Obama-era America and has shined a spotlight on the structural racism that has led to the socio-economic decay of African American neighborhoods. So there's certainly worse places to start than what one author called black America's Main Street, which we put in our title. So I asked Melvin if he was interested in working with some GSD students. He was. So here we are. So basically, what I've been asking the students to do is to use their skills as architects, landscape architects, urban planners, urban designers to help make King streets more King-worthy. What does that mean? That's up to them. What does it look like? That's up to them. Which King street? That is not up to them. Actually, we're looking at two-- MLK Ave in DC and MLK Drive in St. Louis. So the idea was to see what ideas the students had. I gave them a lot of leeway in terms of deciding what their projects are. And you'll see all these projects are very, very different. OK. So just quickly, you know, about the sites-- so here they are. And they're picked because they're particularly interesting. But they've been targeted for improvements. But these improvements haven't really been planned or identified yet, so the timing was good. And we also for each were able to assemble a really great coalition of locals who are serving as a sort of steering committee. That poster out in the front, that's all the people we met on our trip. So just quickly-- I mean, this is King Drive in St. Louis. Runs through a lot of different neighborhoods in northern St. Louis. You see some of the demographics along it. Runs through a very segregated-- well, St. Louis is very segregated, and it runs right through the middle. It's a mixed-use street-- lots of different businesses along it. And just some pictures of some different points along it-- you see that there's quite a lot of vacancy. There's also some great bones along it, some kind of amazing buildings, some of which the students are working with. As you might expect, there's a lot of monuments to King and a lot of businesses named after King-- King Market and King Mart and Martin's Market, King Tire, King's Customs, my favorite-- Dr. King Chop Suey. And there's, of course, a lot of monuments, both formal-- semi-formal monument to King-- and informal monuments to King. And there are amazingly amazing people who work and live along this street. And so these are some of them. And here's us on our field trip, talking to them. So you saw the poster when we walked in. Again, those are all the people that we met on our trip. DC is a much different situation, actually. Here it is running through Anacostia, also a sort of mixed-use area, also runs through a very segregated area, but in a historic area-- Anacostia. But unlike St. Louis, it's actually facing quite a lot of development pressure. It's a whole nother game. So the students who did work in DC are dealing with much different issues than the students who are doing work in St. Louis. There's big plans and fancy bridges incoming. And you could see just by looking at it, it's a very vibrant street. It's very well used, lots of bus connections and everything, lots of murals. Here's Eric Shaw, who was our client in DC who was a graduate of this program and is now the Director of the Planning Office in DC, so on and so forth. So just quickly-- I just want to make the point that the King streets might not always accurately reflect the legacy of King, but they're also vibrant, thriving centers of African American identity and community. The two streets are super interesting and cool and so are the people on them. So the students have all been encouraged to build on what's there. Also have been trying to get the students to achieve a balance between big, bold ideas and the needs of-- concerns of-- people who live and work along the streets. So basically, there's two assignments. And there's a main assignment, which just asks the students to make the King streets more King-like. There was a warm-up assignment, which is the MLK Atlas, where we just looked at a lot of different King streets and measured them up against each other and sort of compared different demographics along them and looked at different businesses along them and stuff and analyzed them in all kinds of ways and found out that there's an intersection of MLK and Jefferson Davis, leader of the Confederacy. So there's all kinds of funny ways to read this. Anyway, so just a word about the format here. So you see these easels around. And basically, there you've got a quote from Martin Luther King. You've got an issue that the student is dealing with, a quote from somebody on the trip. The students all had to do work that was a response to something they heard on the trip-- so some images and then some work to spur conversation. So they're going to just quickly introduce each one of their projects. But the main point of tonight is really to just casually discuss some of these ideas with the students, sit down, have a beer, ask them what it's been like to deal with this, some of these intractable issues. Ask them about the site, the trip, the projects. And have fun and enjoy yourself. So with that, I'm going to turn it over to the students. So Matt, if we can get the PDF presentation. Yeah, great. And let's see. Is this it over there? OK, great. So who's up first? Marco, take it away. So this advances. [applause] Hi. My name is Marco. My project focuses on MLK Ave in DC. In DC today, the question is not if development will happen, but who will benefit from it. All too often, public investments intended to catalyze economic development ultimately accrue to private developers. My project proposes a community land trust as a mechanism for capturing the value of catalytic investments like the proposed streetcar network and returning that value to the communities along MLK Ave. The community land trust offers a vehicle to accomplish disparate goals, such as fostering low- and moderate-income home ownership, combating vacancy and landlord absenteeism, assisting small-business owners to secure their properties, and creating permanently affordable housing. The beloved community land trust will help further the goals of economic justice and integration espoused in Dr. King's vision of the beloved community. It will also welcome the benefits of gentrification while ensuring that the community already there can gentrify in place. [applause] Hello. I'm Andrew. And I'm also working in Washington, DC. And we met with various residents and community organizations while we were there. And they all really had this amazing passion for seeing growth and for bringing new life to Martin Luther King Street-- Martin Luther King Avenue. But at the same time, there was this sense of this growing fear of what that growth would bring and who it would serve and if they would eventually displace the people that were there. So in a way, as Dan and Marco mentioned, there's this kind of growing planning initiatives as well as developments already going on along the Martin Luther King Avenue corridor. But at the same time, there are also kind of assets in place-- different community organizations, nonprofits that are working in the area trying to provide for the community needs. So my project tries to begin to look at those assets and find ways to tie work already being done by organizations there to potential new development and find a way to kind of bring those things together along Martin Luther King Avenue. Thanks. [applause] Good evening. I'm hoping you're enjoying your food. My name is Antonia. I'm also working on Martin Luther King Avenue in Washington, DC. I'm trying to challenge the perception of Martin Luther King Avenue as a street that is not vibrant. It's considered not vibrant. There are about 60 social services along the street. And the people on the street are perceived as people who are accessing those social services. And they're often lining up in front of the buildings. And they're creating conflicts between this transient population and the residents of the neighborhood of Martin Luther King area. So it's perceived as something negative. But is there a way with the design to create this into something positive? Can the street in itself become a social service where, instead of lining up, the people can linger, enjoy the area, meet up? And these places can be places to serve both the transient and the residents. So I'm very much looking forward to talking to you in more detail at my table. Thank you very much. [applause] Hello everyone. My name is Samantha. Thank you for joining us this evening. I think it's a very rewarding experience for all of us, especially at this crucial time during the semester to talk to you about our ideas in our proposal. So thank you again for being here. I will be brief because I know all of you will come and visit me at my table over here. So I expect to see you. But I'm exploring the concept of monumentality, specifically looking at how we traditionally have commemorated and experienced Martin Luther King through statues, plaques, and sculptures. And my analysis is that they have become objects in the landscape, a destination usually having little relationship to the context of everyday life. My project will explore how MLK Ave in Washington, DC, a city of 150 memorials, can itself become a monument that activates the everyday experiences in life on the existing street. It becomes a journey, an everyday expression of what King stood for. It becomes a landscape of love that gives love to the community and that the community loves back. And I'm excited to do it. And come talk to me at my table, and thank you. [applause] Good evening, everybody. My name is Jeff Knapke. I'm a second-year urban design student here. And I decided to study St. Louis this semester. My project is called Vital Signs and the Path to Recovery and is guided by the themes of repopulation and economic growth. So I think it's impossible to truly address the problems of MLK street without first addressing the problems of the neighborhoods that surround it, namely the massive loss of population, loss of economic opportunity, and resultant abandonment and neglect that has plagued area for years. However, these are not dead neighborhoods. There are, in fact, some real signs of life, particularly in the form of recent housing developments that have already been very successful at changing the perception of the neighborhoods. So how can we build off of this momentum, leveraging these new developments as a starting point for further growth? And also what else is happening in other parts of St. Louis that might allow us to bring jobs back to the area, further incentivizing the repopulation? And how might we strategically organize these parts to best utilize and benefit the people in businesses that are already there? So these are the questions that I'm looking at with my project. And I hope you come by to my table over there. Thank you. [applause] Hi. I'm Blair. I'm working also in St. Louis in a neighborhood called The Ville. The Ville, located along MLK Drive in St. Louis, was once a thriving black community. However, after desegregation in the '50s, the community experienced a massive decline, as Jeff was mentioning a second ago. Today the few that remain in the region are largely aging and elderly and express great nostalgia for the way their neighborhood used to be. If this neighborhood is going to come back, then it needs young people. But faced with increasing numbers of schools shutting down and leaving the area, little incentive remains for families and young people to move in. To that end, the lack of resources in the region also leaves little incentive for residents to stay. My project seeks to rethink learning's physical position within the community by taking the amenities normally accessed via attendance at a school and making them available to the community as a whole, essentially filling an existing gap in the availability of facilities. [applause] Hello, everybody. My name is Andy [inaudible]. I'm a first-year [inaudible] student. I'm looking at St. Louis as well, specifically the issue of affordable housing. St. Louis is one of America's most segregated cities, both racially and economically. There's a large gap between the quality of housing between African Americans and wealthy whites in St. Louis. Currently, the vast majority of subsidized housing in St. Louis is located in areas of the lowest opportunity, areas with low income, poor performing schools, inadequate or no health care, and the list goes on. By partnering with Northside Community Housing, a local CDC in St. Louis, this project attempts to desegregate St. Louis via housing, by strategically locating housing sites by using new mapping techniques developed by the Kirwan Institute. This project is particularly timely, as the federal government begins to enforce new mandates in light of recent Supreme Court cases that have established that current affordable housing locations all across the US, not only in St. Louis, violate the Fair Housing Act. If you're interested in inequality, housing, the suburbs, or the city, please feel free to stop by. Thank you. [applause] Hello, everybody. My name is Megan Echols. And my project is looking at revitalizing a vacant retail street. Due to the consequences of national and local policies, economic market forces have been less than kind to historically African American communities. Of course, that doesn't just collapse the economic and monetary wealth of a community. It also decays a community's structural and built environment. And this is definitely the case for St. Louis. To intervene on that collapse of the once thriving MLK Drive in St. Louis, I'm attempting to identify creative methods of reoccupation of abandoned spaces along MLK by filling traditional retail storefronts with new community-oriented programs and services, a revival of the building stock, and more importantly, the street life can be returned to MLK Drive. And over time, this new reactivation of the street will begin to gain intention and reinvestment from traditional markets in other sectors. So I'll be front and center if you want to meet me and talk more about those creative ideas. Thanks. [applause] Hello, everyone. And thank you for coming. My name is Carly. And I've been researching vacant lots in St. Louis. Most people consider them empty, abandoned, and dangerous spaces. And I'm introducing a new perspective-- that these lots are full of vegetation and not vacant at all. They've been formed over time by property lines, disregard of property lines, and mowing techniques. And my project seeks to integrate the existing vegetation into a design that reframes their value and potential as important sites in the urban landscape. Thanks. [applause] Hey, everybody. My name is Elena. And so when our studio visited St. Louis, we met a lot of longtime residents and local business owners. And some of the common challenges that came up in our conversations included an abundance of vacant lots, concerns about safety on the street, low financial capital, and structural barriers to opening up businesses, expanding businesses, and attracting new businesses. So my project uses Martin Luther King's values and his visions as a departure point for looking at how to develop a new strategy to help new and prospective business owners and existing business owners to self-organize and become better advocates for themselves. And yeah, I look forward to seeing you at my table. Thank you. [applause] Hi, everyone. My name is Jimena. The issue I'm working with in MLK street is the street vitality. My image of home is the street where I grew up rather than the house where I live. The house was indifferent compared to the excitement of the street. Bringing vitality to Martin Luther King Street in St. Louis is much more than only making a place look nice. It's about returning the sense of pride and ownership to the community that is there. The way I'm doing this is by understanding what business owners are doing with their facades to attract customers. The facade is a place where they can interact with the public, and on them we can see the effort people are putting into keeping the street alive. As designers, we tend to approach issues with any of these same strategies. But I'm learning from what is already there. So if you want to talk about how bringing vitality to a street without being a designer, you can come to my table. [applause] Hi. Good evening. I'm [inaudible]. And I am in a street in a neighborhood that is disproportionately black, disproportionately poorer, and disproportionately more vacant. Yet vacancy cannot entirely describe what this community is all about, just like that building standing strong. But it is a community that suffers from broken teeth, as it's described. So my project is about how can I capitalize upon the way people are still using the street, ways in which people are sitting in places where the furniture doesn't exist, ways in which the community is still trying to activate their own neighborhoods but don't have representation in the main street, and ways that I can come up with programmatic and small-scale interventions that strategically start weaving institutions together. So if you have ideas for whether the bar should have an outdoor blues place next to it or whether the church should have a Sunday brunch club next to it and other such ideas, I would love to discuss it in my table back there. Thank you. [applause] OK. You guys really stuck to the one-minute rule. That was great. So a couple things-- so we're just about to transition to the table part of the evening. We're going to see in a minute a slide show of photographs that were taken by a photographer named Cameron Blaylock who we've been working with. He's been travelling all over the country and photographing King streets. So they're just going to be a loop. And I just also want to invite you all to our final review on December 11, which is going to be in this room. No pressure, guys. But we're going to try to do a format something similar to this. So thank you all so much for coming. And I hope you're enjoying the food. And I hope you really enjoy the conversation. And I don't be shy. And you guys up there, come on down and talk to us at the tables. Thanks so much. [applause] [interposing voices]

Contents

Alabama

  • Auburn: A section of Alabama State Route 14 is called Martin Luther King Drive, also known interchangeably as Loachapoka Road.
  • Dothan: The portion of US 431 between Ross Clark Circle and its conjunction with US 231 is referred to as Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd.
  • Mobile: On Mobile's northside area, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue runs from Congress Street in downtown Mobile up to the intersections of Craft Highway and Saint Stephens Road. The section was formerly known as Davis Avenue from Congress Street to Bizell Avenue, and Stone Street from Bizell Ave. to Saint Stephens Road.
  • Montgomery: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Expressway is I-85 from the Eastern Blvd to the I-65 interchange
  • Scottsboro: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Street in Scottsboro runs north–south on the northwest side of town.
  • Selma: In 1976, Sylvan Street was renamed Martin Luther King Street. King spent many days along Sylvan Street working for civil rights in the 1960s, especially by speaking at First Baptist Church and Brown Chapel. Brown Chapel is the background in a famous Time magazine photograph of King in the 1960s. Today, there is a monument honoring King in front of Brown Chapel. Brown Chapel was also the beginning of the route of the infamous Bloody Sunday march led by King. Ironically, the street crosses Jefferson Davis Avenue, named after the president of the Confederacy.

Arizona

  • Glendale: At 95th Avenue & Maryland from 95th to 91st Avenue the road was renamed to Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard by the city of Glendale in 2016[6]
  • Phoenix: Phoenix was one of the last major cities not to have a major street named after Martin Luther King, Jr. In 2015, a 13-mile stretch of Broadway Road in the predominately Black and Hispanic South Phoenix neighborhood was unofficially renamed Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard between 67th Avenue and 48th Street. Broadway retains its original name, as the MLK Boulevard street signs are mainly posted at intersections with a traffic light.[7]
  • Maricopa: M. L. K. Jr. Boulevard runs by the Copper Sky Recreation Center.
  • Sierra Vista: Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway runs east to west between Moorman and Arizona State Route 90, passing Veteran's Memorial Park.
  • Tucson: M L King Jr. Way at the UA Tech Park at The Bridges, south of 36th Street near Kino Parkway.[8]

Arkansas

  • Fayetteville: Fayetteville City Council voted in January 2008 to officially rename Sixth Street, which passes through the city's historically black neighborhood as well as the southern boundary of the University of Arkansas campus, to Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. Part of the road is designated as Arkansas Highway 180.
  • Forrest City: The former Honeysuckle Lane in Forrest City, AR was renamed Martin Luther King Drive.
  • Hot Springs: Sections of US 270 and US 70 are named Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Expressway.
  • Jonesboro: Commerce Drive (Arkansas Highway 18 Spur) between East Highland Drive (Arkansas Highway 18) and Interstate 555 (Joe N. Martin Expressway) was officially renamed Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive on December 2019. Future extensions of Commerce Drive will be renamed in MLK’s honor. An overpass on Red Wolf Blvd/Stadium Blvd (US Highway 49/Arkansas Highway 1) interchange over Interstate 555 was also named for Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on August 2011.
  • Kensett: East and West MLK Drive runs northwest-southeast through most of Kensett.
  • Little Rock: In 1992, High Street was renamed Martin Luther King Jr. Drive. The street, which begins next to the Arkansas State Capitol building, is home to parades and community events. Martin Luther King Jr. Interdistrict Magnet Elementary School is located on the street.
  • Malvern: US 270 Business Loop is named Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. It becomes Oliver Lancaster Boulevard when crossing into the neighboring city of Rockport. As the cities' boundaries meet multiple times, a driver can be on MLK Jr. Blvd., then Lancaster Blvd., then back on MLK Jr. Blvd. without ever turning off the highway.
  • Texarkana: See Texarkana, Texas.
  • West Memphis: Martin Luther King Drive runs from US 70 to Mound City Road. Along it, it junctions with I-55 and I-40 and is also where all the truck stops in West Memphis are.

California

  • Bakersfield: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard travels from California Avenue south to Brundage Lane.
  • Hayward: Martin Luther King Drive in Hayward travels north–south from Cannery Park to Winton Avenue.
  • Long Beach: Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue (shortened as Martin L. King Avenue) runs north–south in the Eastside of Long Beach between East 7th Street and East 21st Street. This portion was originally named California Avenue, although the former name is still in use; Martin L. King Avenue continues as California Avenue once it enters the enclave of Signal Hill before re-entering Long Beach, retaining the original name.
  • Los Angeles: In 1983, Santa Barbara Avenue in the South Region of Los Angeles was renamed Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, three years before U.S. President Ronald Reagan signed a law to declare Martin Luther King's birthday a national holiday. That event was celebrated by the first ever Kingdom Day Parade, years later they made the event an annual tradition. It is held on the street between Crenshaw Boulevard and Western Avenue either turning point at the Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza shopping mall.[9] Due to the length of Dr. King's name, the roadway name is often abbreviated as King Blvd. on its traffic signs and sometimes called MLK Blvd. Running east–west, MLK Boulevard begins as a major thoroughfare at Obama Boulevard (formerly Rodeo Road), running until Central Avenue. From Central Avenue, it continues as a residential street in two discontinuous segments due to the presence of Jefferson High School: between Central and Hooper Avenue, and then from Compton Avenue to Alameda Street.
  • Lynwood: A portion of Century Boulevard was renamed Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard within the Lynwood city limits only.
  • Oakland and Berkeley: Grove Street, which stretched for several miles north from Downtown Oakland into North Berkeley, was renamed Martin Luther King, Jr. Way in 1984. The street had once represented the dividing line between neighborhoods where minorities could and could not live or buy property. The street begins shortly before Embarcadero West in Oakland near the city's port, and continues through Berkeley until crossing over Codornices Creek, where it becomes The Alameda.
  • Riverside: In November 1993, the Riverside City Council voted to rename a portion of Pennsylvania Avenue and Box Springs Boulevard to Martin Luther King Boulevard.[10] It runs from Kansas Avenue to Interstate 215.
  • Sacramento: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard travels from Broadway south to Franklin Boulevard. It is crossed by SR 99. It was originally named Sacramento Boulevard.
  • San Diego:
    • Market Street was briefly renamed Martin Luther King Jr. Way in 1986, before reverting to its previous name later.
    • In 1989, a portion of SR 94 was renamed the Martin Luther King Jr. Freeway, designated between I-5 and SR 125.
    • In 2010 members of the Broadway Heights community in San Diego renamed Weston Street after King. Martin Luther King Jr. Way is a one-block street connecting Charlene and Tiffin Avenues.
  • San Francisco: Martin Luther King Drive is one of two roads that run virtually the entire length of San Francisco's famous Golden Gate Park—the other is John F. Kennedy Drive. It was renamed from South Drive.
  • Stockton: Martin Luther King Drive, major east-west corridor. It runs from I-5 on the west to CA-99 on the east. West of I-5, it is still known by its former name, Charter Way. Charter Way got its name in honor of the charter of the City of Stockton. Before the street was Charter Way, the street was known as South Street.
  • Chico: Martin Luther King Pkwy. Between East 20th St and E. Park Ave

Colorado

  • Colorado Springs: A freeway segment of U.S. Route 24 is named Martin Luther King Jr. Bypass.
  • Denver: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard is a major street running through the eastern part of the city of Denver. Its western terminus is Downing Street. It is a divided parkway that was formerly E 32nd Avenue. East of Quebec Street the street shifts slightly southward to represent the former E 30th Avenue, passing through Denver's Central Park. Ironically, it passes through the Stapleton neighborhood, named after Benjamin F. Stapleton, former Denver mayor and high-ranking Ku Klux Klan official. At the eastern terminus, it follows the south edge of Bluff Lake Nature Park and then turns south, becoming Moline Street. Its eastern terminus is within the Denver suburb of Aurora, Colorado.

Connecticut

  • New Britain: Martin Luther King Drive is the name for the section of Connecticut Route 71 between Main Street and Stanley Street.
  • New Haven: Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, formerly North Frontage Road, is a westward one-way main entrance into New Haven, home of Yale University. The name was successfully dedicated in 2011 through continuous efforts by New Haven's Muslim alderman Yusuf Shah.[11][12] Exits off of I-91 and I-95 take drivers onto the boulevard into downtown New Haven, which then terminates at West River Memorial Park. The road is also designated as Connecticut Route 34.
  • Norwalk: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive is located in South Norwalk. It is one of the busiest streets in the area and many popular places are located on it, notably the South Norwalk train station.

Delaware

  • Dover: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard begins at Federal Street as a one-way pair that passes Delaware Legislative Hall before becoming a four-lane divided highway that crosses the St. Jones River and heads east to intersect US 13 before ending at Bay Road a short distance later, where the road becomes South Little Creek Road. On January 19, 2013, the city of Dover renamed Court Street, Duke of York Street, and William Penn Street near Delaware Legislative Hall to Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. Originally Delaware Route 8 (Division Street) was to be renamed Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, but merchants opposed.[13]
  • Wilmington: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard connects Lancaster Avenue to Front Street, traveling from I-95 to the Wilmington Amtrak Station at US 13 Business. It provides a gateway for the New Castle County suburbs to Wilmington's waterfront, downtown, and the transit hubs from I-95. Eastbound (inbound) lanes connect with Lancaster Avenue and form part of eastbound Delaware Route 48 (with the westbound direction of the route along Second Street), and are therefore able to draw from both exit 6 off of I-95, and the surrounding urban neighborhoods of Wilmington that lie west of downtown. Westbound (outbound) lanes of MLK Jr. Boulevard terminate at, and merge directly with I-95, providing a direct link between city and highway only. Wilmington Boulevard was renamed Martin Luther King Boulevard in 1989.[14]

Florida

  • Bonifay: Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue is a four-block long residential street on the northeast side of Bonifay.
  • Brooksville: Martin Luther King Junior Boulevard (formerly Summit Street) is entirely former County Road 581A (Hernando County, Florida) from US 41 to US 98/State Road 50A.
  • Clearwater: Martin Luther King Jr Avenue runs north-south in Downtown Clearwater, from Harbor Drive to Jasper Street. North of the Cleveland Street intersection, its North Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue and south of the intersection its South Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue.
  • Crestview: Martin Luther King Jr Avenue runs east-west in Downtown Crestview, from Lloyd Street to Main Street. The street turns into Chestnut Ave, once east of Main Street.
  • Dade City: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard was originally East Main Avenue from 14th Street to the Moore-Mickens Education Center.
  • Fort Myers: Dr. Martin Luther King Boulevard (formerly Anderson Avenue) is Florida State Road 82, from US 41 near the Caloosahatchee River bridge east to I-75.
  • Fort Walton Beach: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard loops around the west side of Fort Walton Beach, ending near Northwest Florida State College.
  • Gretna: Gadsden County Road 270 is Martin Luther King Boulevard for five blocks as it passes through Gretna.
  • Jacksonville: The Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway is a freeway bypass around downtown Jacksonville, carrying US 1 Alternate.
  • Miami area: North 62nd Street (East 9th Street in Hialeah) is called Martin Luther King Boulevard since he gave speeches all across the South, including the city of Miami. Ironically, he gave one of his speeches at a church near the intersection of East 8th Street and LeJeune Road. It is unknown when the road got this name. But some Hialeah residents say it was in the middle of the 1970s.
  • Panama City: Martin Luther King Boulevard replaces parts of Cove Boulevard and State Road 77.
  • Port St. Joe: In the northern part of Port St. Joe, Martin Luther King Boulevard is a residential street running north–south nine blocks. It forms an extension of David Langston Drive.
  • Safety Harbor: 4th Street in Safety Harbor has been renamed Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Street North, although it is an east–west street running about a mile across town.
  • St. Augustine: Martin Luther King Avenue runs from north to south through southwestern St. Augustine.
  • St. Petersburg: The St. Petersburg City Council gave Ninth Street the additional name of M.L. King Jr. Street in 1987; in 2003, the street was fully renamed Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Street.[15]
  • Sarasota: Martin Luther King Boulevard runs east from North Tamiami Trail to Tuttle Avenue.
  • Springfield: 18th Street in Springfield is named Martin Luther King Jr. Drive. It runs north south through about two-thirds of Springfield from Washington Street on the north, to Morgan Avenue at its south end.
  • Tampa: On April 11, 1968, one week after the assassination, Tampa became the first city to rename a street, with the city council voting unanimously "to change the name of Main Street, between North Boulevard and MacDill Avenue to Dr. Martin Luther King Boulevard in honor of the assassinated Negro leader."[16] In 1989, the name was extended further eastward to include the entire stretch of Buffalo Avenue from Drew Park to Plant City was renamed "Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard",[17][18] also designated as State Road 574. Notable attractions include Raymond James Stadium.
  • Tallahassee: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard runs north and south through Tallahassee, Florida. A portion of S. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard runs just blocks west of the State Capitol.[19]
  • Tarpon Springs: Martin Luther King Jr. Drive runs across Tarpon Springs, from US 19 west to Whitcomb Bayou.

Georgia

  • Americus: US 19 through Americus is named Martin Luther King Boulevard. The city was reluctant to grant the name, until black community leaders threatened to boycott Americus businesses.[20]
  • Atlanta: Martin Luther King Jr. Drive in Atlanta (King's hometown) runs east-west through the city. Beginning at the Chattahoochee River, it continues from Mableton Parkway in Cobb County, then runs through unincorporated Fulton County before entering the city limits. In Atlanta, ML King Drive goes through the West side, West End and downtown before reaching its east end at Oakland Avenue near Oakland Cemetery. The alignment of ML King Drive follows what was originally Gordon Road (SR 139), Mozley Drive and then Hunter Street. It is a major landmark for tourism, as it borders the Atlanta University Center, a conglomerate of historically black colleges and universities that includes King's alma mater Morehouse College.
  • Arlington: M. L. King Drive is a residential street running east-to-west nearly the entire length of Arlington.
  • Athens: The Dr. Martin Luther King Parkway runs alongside a park along the North Oconee River in Athens. A previous plan to rename Reese Street after King was rejected by African-American residents of Athens, who opposed having King's name associated with what they described as a "drug-infested" street.[20]
  • Augusta: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard serves as a connector, linking Georgia State Route 4 (known as Milledgeville Road southwest of this intersection and 15th Street/Ruth B. Crawford Highway north-northeast of it) with Old Savannah Road and Twiggs Street.
  • Bainbridge: Planter Street is named Martin Luther King Drive, running east out to Old Whigham Road.
  • Blakely: The Georgia State Route 39 bypass of Blakely is named Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard.
  • Butler: Georgia State Route 137 running north out of Butler is Martin Luther King Boulevard.
  • Cartersville: M.L.K. Jr. Drive is an east-west street that crosses Joe Frank Harris Parkway north of the Market Square shopping plaza.
  • Cedartown: US 278/SR 6 is named Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard between US 27 Bus. and US 27.
  • Columbus: Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd (most of which was renamed from Brookhaven Blvd in 1978) runs from 10th Ave (where it turns into 10th St) to Lawyers Lane, in which the road turns into Brookhaven Blvd.
  • Davisboro: In Davisboro, 5th street is also marked "M. L. King Jr. Street."
  • Donalsonville: Crawford Street east of Tenille Avenue becomes MLK Jr. Drive, running east-west out the east side of town.
  • Gainesville: The portion of Myrtle Street through the center of Gainesville was renamed Martin Luther King Junior Boulevard in 2000 after women activists in town petitioned for the change. Businesses along the street had blocked this change three times previously.[20]
  • Ideal: Macon County Route 69 running west out of Ideal is named Martin Luther King Jr. Drive.
  • Lexington: A cul-de-sac running north off Fairground Road is named Martin Luther King Drive.
  • Macon: US 80 is designated Martin Luther King Boulevard, south of the Ocmulgee River.
  • Milledgeville: Martin Luther King Jr Drive runs east-west a mile north of the downtown area, running from Georgia State Route 22 (Glynn Street) to Elbert Street.
  • Montezuma: Montezuma boasts a Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, a residential street running for three blocks on the west side of town.
  • Perry: Martin Luther King Drive is a semi-rural residential street running north south between US 41 and SR 224. It continues south out of Perry as Elko Road.
  • Savannah: Martin Luther King Junior Boulevard is a major north-south thoroughfare on the west side of Savannah, running from the Savannah River south to Exchange Street. It was renamed from West Broad Street in 1990, and was significant as being the hub of Black-owned businesses serving Savannah.
  • Social Circle Martin Luther King, Jr. is the name of the south-side section of Social Circle Highway.
  • Thomasville: Martin Luther King Drive is a main residential street running north-south on the west side of Thomasville.
  • Thomson: Martin Luther King Jr. Street is a main residential street in Thomson, running north–south, parallel to US 78.
  • Valdosta: Martin Luther King Circle is a residential cul-de-sac about 1/2 block long, off Bunche Drive.
  • Warner Robins: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard runs from the Middle Georgia State University satellite campus east to US 129. It continues as Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard east onto Robins Air Force Base.

Idaho

Illinois

  • Cairo: Walnut Street is also named Dr. Martin Luther King Avenue in Cairo. It runs from St. Mary's Park southeast to Jefferson Avenue.
  • Chicago: Chicago became the first city in the world to name a street after King; in 1968.[3] Today, Martin Luther King Jr. Drive (formerly South Park Way, and originally Grand Boulevard) features a tribute to the Great Northern Migration (a statue honoring the tens of thousands of Blacks who migrated from the US South north to Chicago) and a Victory Monument for the Eighth Regiment (featuring a statue of a World War I Black soldier). Simply referred to as King Drive by locals, it runs from Cermak Road (22nd Street) to 115th Street in the South Side. On the Chicago grid, it runs at 400 east.
  • Decatur: Martin Luther King Jr. Drive runs north to south through the city of Decatur, paralleling Bus. US 51, a few blocks east.
  • East St. Louis: US 67 is designated as Martin Luther King Drive over most of its length.
  • Elgin: Elgin Bypass through the city of Elgin was named by State legislators "Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Highway" in 2009.[21]
  • North Chicago: 22nd Street is named Martin Luther King Jr. Drive from Sheridan Road to Illinois Route 43 (Waukegan Road). Martin Luther King Jr. Drive is just outside of Great Lakes Naval Training Center and near Recruit Training Command (U.S. Navy boot camp).
  • Springfield: 18th Street is named Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, forming a major north–south residential street in Springfield.
  • Waukegan: Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue runs through downtown Waukegan between Belvidere Road and Julian Street.

Indiana

  • East Chicago: Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, formerly Guthrie Street runs from Michigan Street to Cline Avenue.[22]
  • Elkhart: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive in Elkhart runs east–west from Main Street to S. 6th Street.
  • Evansville: Martin Luther King Jr Blvd., runs northwest-southeast from downtown in Evansville. The Ford Center is at the corner of MLK Jr. Blvd and Main Street.
  • Gary: Martin Luther King Drive runs north–south on the east side of the city, connecting Tennessee and Ohio Streets on the north with 37th Street at its south end.
  • Indianapolis: Northwestern Avenue was renamed Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Street in 1985. There have been recent proposals to extend the name much further, replacing Michigan Road.[23] Robert F. Kennedy gave a speech in Indianapolis after learning of King's assassination.
  • Lawrenceburg: Martin Luther King Drive is a one-and-a-half block residential street on the northeast side of town.
  • Michigan City: Martin Luther King Drive runs east–west in Michigan City from North Karwick Road to US 12. It forms the northern edge of Pottawatomie Park.
  • South Bend: Since 2017, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard has followed the former St. Joseph Street from Western Avenue to Lasalle Avenue (Business US 20) and a former portion of Michigan Street from Lasalle Avenue to Marion Street. This is a part of the former northbound route of SR 933. From 2005 to 2017, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive followed the former Chapin Street from Washington Street to Lincoln Way West (Business US 20).[24]

Iowa

  • Des Moines: Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway (formerly Harding Road) originally traveled from Madison Avenue in the North Central part of the city south to Ingersoll Avenue near Downtown. Later, a new bypass was built just south of Downtown and was also named Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway. To connect the original parkway to the new beltway, an extension of the original street was built south of Ingersoll by constructing an underpass at Grand Avenue, bridges over the Raccoon River, and a new "T" intersection at Fleur Drive and the new Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway (beltway section). A left turn (to travel eastbound) is required at Fleur Drive to continue on Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway (Fleur Drive continues south). The new beltway extension of Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway is an east–west route that currently ends at S.E. 30th Street, east of the downtown area.

Kansas

The "Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. memorial highway" includes various portions:[25]

Also:

  • Bonner Springs: Martin Luther King Avenue is a two-block east-west residential street between S. 136th and 138th Streets.

Kentucky

  • Ashland: Thirteenth Street is also designated Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard.
  • Frankfort: Frankfort's Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard travels south from US 60 and is designated KY 1659.
  • Fulton: Martin Luther King Jr. Drive is a street in Fulton, from KY 129 to US 45. About half of the street is part of KY 307.
  • Hopkinsville: US 68 Bypass is named Dr. Martin Luther King Drive.
  • Lebanon: Martin Luther King Avenue travels parallel to US 68 and one block north of it through the center of town.
  • Lexington: Martin Luther King Boulevard travels northeast-southwest in Lexington, from East 6th Street to Euclid Avenue. It crosses east Main Street, which divides it into North and South Martin Luther King Boulevard.
  • Louisville: I-65 in Louisville is named the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Expressway.
  • Paducah: Martin Luther King Drive is US 60 Business in Paducah.

Louisiana

Intersection of Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard and S. Jeff Davis Parkway in New Orleans
Intersection of Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard and S. Jeff Davis Parkway in New Orleans

Maryland

Massachusetts

  • Boston: Martin Luther King Boulevard travels 0.6 miles (0.97 km) between Washington and Warren Streets in Roxbury, Boston.
  • Lowell: Martin Luther King Way runs from Tsongas Park at the Merrimac river to a traffic circle in Hall St. near the Western Canal.
  • Worcester: In 2009, Worcester renamed East Central Street, the primary road connecting I-290 to the central business district, "MLK Jr. Boulevard." The highway signs for what had been the E. Central Street exit were replaced with MLK Jr. Boulevard signs on January 19, 2009, which was that year's observance of Martin Luther King Day.

Michigan

  • Benton Harbor: Northbound M-139 south of Main Street is designated Martin Luther King Drive.
  • Detroit: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard (formerly Myrtle Street) travels approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) northeast to southwest from the M-10/John C. Lodge Freeway to West Grand Boulevard on the west side of Detroit.
  • Flint: Martin Luther King Avenue in Flint begins in the downtown area (at 1st and Saginaw Streets) and travels north as a city street, then a four-lane thoroughfare to Carpenter Road, where it becomes Detroit Street.
  • Lansing: The state capital of Michigan[27] and also the childhood home of Malcolm X.[28] A portion of the road is designated as M-99 or the Capitol Loop.[27] Formerly called Logan Street (until 1994), Martin Luther King Boulevard travels north–south along the western side of Lansing.
  • Pontiac: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard begins at Woodward Avenue (M-1) south of Pontiac, and runs around the city's east side, terminating northeast of the center of town, at Perry Street. It is divided into "north" and "south" sections, the dividing point being the intersection with Pike Street.
  • Portage: Martin Luther King Drive in Portage is a 3-block street connecting Constitution Boulevard with the Crossroads shopping mall.

Minnesota

Mississippi

  • Amory: Amory's Martin Luther King Drive is a north–south street running alongside a residential area. It forms a northern extension of Gregory Road.
  • Clarksdale: Martin Luther King Boulevard is a two-lane road extending from State Street on the east side of town westward through Clarksdale to Riverside Avenue, on the west bank of the Big Sunflower River.
  • Cleveland: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive is a four-lane thoroughfare that runs north–south east of and parallel to US 278. South of White Street it is also known as Pearman Road.
  • Gulfport: Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd runs East to West, running through US 49. Approximately 2.5 miles from the beach.
  • Greenville: Mississippi Highway 1 in Greenville is named Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard.
  • Indianola: US 49W through Indianola is named North Martin Luther King Drive.
  • Jackson: Whitfield Mills Street, located in a predominantly African-American neighborhood, was changed to M.L.K. Jr Drive in the 1980s. This street, which intersects with Medgar Evers Boulevard at a Jackson landmark called Freedom Corner, is the site of one of the largest Martin Luther King Day parades in the nation.
  • Lexington: A one-block portion of Cedar Street in Lexington has been renamed Martin Luther King Street.
  • Moss Point: MLK JR. Blvd runs East to West, connecting Kreole ave and Magnolia Street, running through Mississippi Highway 63 and Mississippi Highway 613. It is also well known for gang activity and drug transactions.
  • Rolling Fork: Mississippi Highway 16 in Rolling Fork is named Dr. Martin Luther King Street.
  • Starkville: Mississippi Highway 182 through Starkville is named Dr. Martin Luther King Drive.
  • State Line: Middle Road, running southwest out of State Line, is also known as Martin Luther King Drive.
  • Tchula: US 49A through Tchula is designated as Martin Luther King Drive.
  • Tupelo: The US 45 freeway bypass of Tupelo is named Martin Luther King Drive.
  • Vicksburg: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard is a two-lane road circling the northern edge of Vicksburg, and ending on Confederate Avenue.
  • Wiggins: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue in Wiggins is a four-and-a-half-block long residential street running east–west, just south of the center of town.
  • Yazoo City: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive is a thoroughfare forming a northern extension of Main Street. As such it runs north from 1st Street out into the adjoining rural area, passing Yazoo City High School and ending at Gordon Avenue.

Missouri

  • Kansas City: Paseo Boulevard was renamed to Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard in January 2019. After months of delay, Kansas City Council renamed The Paseo for Martin Luther King. On November 5th, 2019, residents voted to remove the name and change it back to the historical Paseo. [29]
  • Kinloch: Martin Luther King Boulevard in Kinloch runs north–south from North Hanley Road to Courtney Avenue.
  • St. Louis: Dr. Martin Luther King Drive is a major east-west artery in St. Louis, running from America's Center west-northwest, becoming Missouri Route 180, St. Charles Rock Road, as it leaves the city. There is also a segment of it east of the Convention Center, near the Martin Luther King Bridge.
  • Springfield: The Martin Luther King Jr. Bridge is located at North Benton Avenue.

Nevada

  • Las Vegas area: The section of Highland Drive north of Oakey Boulevard was renamed Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard in the 1990s. The roadway connects the western edge of Downtown Las Vegas to the newer and more affluent parts of North Las Vegas. Via ramps to the road at the "Spaghetti Bowl" (I-15/US 93/US 95) freeway interchange near downtown, Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard provides the most direct connection between the north-central Las Vegas Valley and the Las Vegas Strip. The road also passes through historic "West Las Vegas", an older and predominantly Black neighborhood. The city identifies the road as "Martin L. King Blvd.", omitting the Jr. and using L in place of Luther. Most residents in the Las Vegas Valley use the term MLK.
  • Reno: Some signs designate the US 395 freeway in Reno as the Martin Luther King Jr. Freeway, although the highway is rarely referred to by this name.

New Jersey

New Mexico

  • Albuquerque: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. A former section of Grand Boulevard was renamed in 1994. The boulevard runs east-west between Broadway and University Boulevards (near the University of New Mexico campus).

New York

  • Binghamton: Martin Luther King Jr. Promenade is a commercial street (formerly part of Henry Street) located in the city's downtown district, along the Chenango River.[34]
  • Hempstead: Martin Luther King Drive in Hempstead is a residential street of mostly multiple family dwellings, about four blocks long, from Circle Drive to South Franklin Street.
  • Ithaca: Martin Luther King Jr. Street (also called State Street)[35]
The Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Expressway, Staten Island, New York.
The Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Expressway, Staten Island, New York.

North Carolina

  • Asheboro: Martin Luther King Jr. Drive is a two-lane semi rural road which loops north from East Salisbury Street.
  • Asheville: Martin Luther King Jr. Drive in Asheville is a southern extension of Town Mountain Road,; it starts at US 74A and winds south through a semi-residential area to Charlotte Street.
  • Ayden: A nine-block long M.L.K. Jr. Street, running north–south.
  • Chapel Hill: NC 86 north from the center of Chapel Hill is named Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. It was formerly named Airport Road. The street signs ingeniously list it as "Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard" on a green background, with a subheading "Historic Airport Road" beneath, on a brown background, to show the road's previous name.
  • Charlotte: In 2006, Second Street in Uptown was renamed to Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. It travels through what was once the predominantly Black neighborhood of Brooklyn, which was demolished in the 1960s to make way for expansion of the central business district.
  • Durham: Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway is a four-lane divided road that travels 5.4 miles (8.7 km) from U.S. 15-501 to NC 55 across the southern portion of the city.
  • Edenton: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue in Edenton runs from the center of Edenton west to the US 17 bypass, forming a sort of business spur of US 17. It is Chowan County Road No. 1234.
  • Enfield: Doctor Martin Luther King Street runs from the southernmost corner of Enfield, northeast for 13 blocks.
  • Fair Bluff: A one-lane semi-paved cul-de-sac about a block and a half long, running off US 76 past some mobile housing.
  • Fayetteville: The Martin Luther King Jr. Freeway, also known as the Central Business District Loop (CBD Loop), is a freeway in Fayetteville, and the adjacent Gray's Creek Township. It is designated in part as US 401 and NC 87. This freeway has the credentials to be commissioned as an Interstate highway (such as I-395), but was never done so.
  • Greensboro: Martin Luther King Jr. Drive in Greensboro follows the route of old US 421 into the city from the south, ending at East McGee Street.
  • Greenville: US 264 bypassing Greenville is designated the Martin Luther King Junior Highway.
  • Gastonia: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Way forms the northern leg of Marietta Street. It runs north-south, from the center of town north to the city limits at the bridge over Long Creek.
  • Lexington: In Lexington, West Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard is actually on the southeast side of the city; it runs from the center of Lexington southeast to the East Center Street extension near an interchange with I-85. It is NC 8 for a part of its length, and Davidson County Road 2205 for the rest of its length.
  • Maxton: US 74 Business in Maxton is Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive.
  • Monroe: NC 200, circling around the west side of Monroe, is designated as Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard.
  • New Bern: Dr. M. L. King Jr. Boulevard runs from Neuse Boulevard, in the center of New Bern, southwest to its junction with US 17. The boulevard forms part of US 17 Business in New Bern.
  • Pinetops: Martin Luther King Street runs 5 blocks, from north to south.
  • Raleigh: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard in Raleigh forms an eastern continuation of Western Boulevard, looping south of the downtown area, and going east to its terminus at Poole Road.
  • Rocky Mount: Martin Luther King Drive is a residential street in eastern Rocky Mount, ending in a cul-de-sac.
  • Rowland: Martin Luther King street is a major north–south residential street in Rowland.
  • Smithfield: Martin Luther King Jr. Drive runs from Broghden Road at its interchange with I-95, north for 11 blocks. It passes the south campus of Community High School, and ends on Harris Street.
  • Selma: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Way in Selma is a residential street running four blocks near the center of town.
  • Tarboro: County Route 1518, running east out of Tarboro as East Baker Street, is also designated Martin Luther King Drive.
  • Thomasville: Martin Luther King Drive is a semi-rural road running north-south on the west side of Thomasville.
  • Whiteville: Martin Luther King Avenue in Whiteville runs south-to-north, parallel to US 701. North of Burkehead Street it becomes N. Memory Street.
  • Wilson: NC 58 southeast of Wilson is designated the Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway.
  • Wilmington: US 74 is designated the Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway, from the Cape Fear River east to US 17.
  • Winston-Salem: Martin Luther King Jr. Drive is a 3.7-mile-long (6.0 km) road that begins at the intersection of 8th Street and Trade Street downtown and reaches its terminus at Thomasville Road in the Southeast part of the city. It is predominantly African-American. The section between Liberty Street and Cleveland Avenue has been given the honorary name The Golden Mile. Every Martin Luther King Day, a parade is held on this street, marchers sing freedom hymns and carry signs calling for peace and social justice.[36] It passes through the campus of Winston-Salem State University, a HBCU. Bowman Gray Stadium is also located on this street.

Ohio

  • Akron: The Ohio State Route 59 freeway in downtown Akron, formerly the Akron Innerbelt, is now the Martin Luther King Jr. Expressway. Also, a part of SR 59 just after this expressway ends is known as Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard.
  • Cincinnati: Martin Luther King Drive is a major crosstown artery in Cincinnati. It connects the west side of the city to the east, running through several historic uptown neighborhoods.[37]
One of the overpasses over Martin Luther King Boulevard in Cleveland.
One of the overpasses over Martin Luther King Boulevard in Cleveland.
  • Cleveland: In 1981 Cleveland renamed Liberty Boulevard, which had been named to commemorate Cleveland area soldiers who had been killed in World War I,[38] to Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, to commemorate King. The boulevard begins at an interchange with I-90, weaving south through the city to Harvard Avenue. Then a small portion which runs from Miles Avenue till it dead ends in the suburb of Garfield Heights. The largest span of the road is enclosed by Rockefeller Park. During the 1980s, Martin Luther King Jr. Drive was very dark at night, which is when most of the criminal activity took place. Currently, there are street lights every 10–20 feet (3.0–6.1 m) along the parkway, as well as spotlights surrounding the nearby recreational areas. The parkway is known for its elegant old overpasses.
  • Columbus: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard in Columbus is approximately three blocks in length, connecting east Spring Street and Mount Vernon Avenue, and running adjacent to Mayme Moore Park.
  • Dayton: Martin Luther King Jr. Way runs approximately 3 miles through the west side of the city of Dayton. The named part of the road begins from just west of the Great Miami River to the western edge of the Dayton city proper limits. This street is also called West Third Street.
  • Toledo: Dr. Martin Luther King Drive forms a short loop around Children's Park in Toledo. Also the Cherry Street Bridge, a double-leaf bascule bridge over the Maumee River, has been renamed the Martin Luther King Bridge.
  • Warren: Martin Luther King Boulevard SW is a two-lane semi-rural road on the west side of Warren running south off W. Market Street.
  • Youngstown: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard runs from the border with Girard to 5th Avenue in Downtown Youngstown.

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Plaque at Penn Station dedicating the Martin Luther King Jr. East Busway in Pittsburgh
Plaque at Penn Station dedicating the Martin Luther King Jr. East Busway in Pittsburgh

South Carolina

  • Anderson: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard swings around the west side of Anderson.
  • Cheraw: Martin Luther King Drive in Cheraw is a one-lane semi-paved residential street running off Howard Alley, on the southeast side of town.
  • Chester: "MLK Memorial Drive" is a residential street on the northwest side of Chester, just west of the Chester County Fairgrounds.
  • Dillon: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard is a major north-south thoroughfare in Dillon. Forming the north part of Third Avenue, it runs north to SC 57.
  • Greenville: A portion of SC 291 and US 25 in Greenville is designated as the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Highway.
  • Gresham: Martin Luther King Jr. Road in Gresham is a semi rural road running east from SC 908.
  • Hartsville: Martin Luther King Drive runs north-south in the southwest part of Hartsville, from Washington Street to a point just south of Russell Road.
  • Hopkins: Martin Luther King Boulevard is a two-lane rural road running north-south along the east side of Hopkins.
  • Marion: Martin Luther King Drive is a semi-rural road running along the south side of Marion, from South Main Street to Mill Street.
  • Pawleys Island: Martin Luther King Road runs east–west in Pawley's Island, from US 17 almost to King's River Road.
  • Starr: Martin Luther King Road is a cul-de-sac running north off Charles Reed Road.

Tennessee

  • Bristol: Martin Luther King Boulevard begins in Bristol, Tennessee, as a northern continuation of Edgemont Avenue. It runs north and becomes part of US 421, crossing into Virginia, where the US 421 designation turns off. At this point, it becomes Virginia State Route 113, and ends on Moore Street just south of US 11. This is one of two streets named after King which crosses a line between two states (the other is in Texarkana, Texas/Arkansas).
  • Chattanooga: Martin Luther King Boulevard is a main east-west thoroughfare in central Chattanooga, running from the Riverfront Parkway east to its continuation as Bailey Avenue. For a part of its length it is designated Tennessee State Route 2.
  • Jackson: Dr. Martin Luther King Drive is an 8-block east–west street on the southeast side of Jackson.
  • Knoxville: Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue travels northeast to southwest for a distance of 2.8 miles (4.5 km) on the east side of Knoxville.
  • Memphis: A portion of the Interstate 240/Interstate 40 loop from Interstate 55 to Sam Cooper Boulevard is named the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Expressway. In addition, Linden Avenue between Danny Thomas Boulevard and Front Street is named Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard.
  • Morristown: In Morristown on the west side of town, SR 66 is called Dr. Martin Luther King Boulevard.
  • Nashville: On April 3, 2018, the city of Nashville renamed Charlotte Avenue from George L. Davis Boulevard east to Third Avenue to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard.[43]
  • New Market: Martin Luther King Drive is a one-lane residential cul-de-sac, running north from Indian Cave Road, in the northwest corner of New Market.

Texas

  • Alice: Martin Luther King Road is a semirural highway running north from BUS US 281 to Front Street.
  • Amarillo: Northeast/Northwest 24th Avenue runs east-west in the northern portion of Amarillo, and carries the unofficial Martin Luther King Boulevard designation through posted signage.
  • Austin: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard (formerly 19th Street) is a major east–west roadway bordering the University of Texas in Austin. Beginning at Lamar Boulevard, it runs between downtown and the University of Texas at Austin campus initially, then continues as Webberville Road (FM 969) in far east Austin.
  • Arlington: Center Street is co-signed as Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard from Randol Mill Road to Pioneer Parkway (Spur 303). The road runs north-south and passes through Downtown Arlington and the University of Texas at Arlington.
  • Beaumont: Martin Luther King Parkway is the name of Spur 380, a north–south highway which borders Downtown Beaumont and passes through Lamar University.
  • Cleveland: Martin Luther King Drive is a residential street about 3/5 mile in length, running east from North Travis Avenue.
  • Dallas: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard is a major street in South Dallas, running from Fair Park to just before South Lamar Street, where it becomes Cedar Crest Boulevard and crosses the Trinity River into Oak Cliff. In the middle of its length, Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard intersects with Malcolm X Boulevard, another major South Dallas street. It was originally Forest Avenue until its renaming in 1981.
  • El Paso: Farm to Market Road 3255 is designated as Martin Luther King Jr Blvd and runs from the Patriot Freeway and Kentworthy St to the Texas/New Mexico border.
  • Fort Worth: US 287 is designated as the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Freeway from Downtown Fort Worth to Interstate 820. It was originally called Poly Freeway.
  • Galveston: The entirety of 29th Street is known as Martin Luther King Street from Seawall Boulevard to Harborside Drive. It is one of two streets in Galveston named after prominent African Americans - another street (41st Street) is named for former heavyweight champion Jack Johnson.
  • Giddings: US 77 is designated as the Martin Luther King Memorial Highway within the Giddings city limits.
  • Greenville: Interstate 30 is designated as Martin Luther King Jr. Freeway through the city of Greenville between exits 92 and 97.[44]
  • Houston: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard (formerly South Park Boulevard until 1976) travels from Wheeler Avenue near the University of Houston south to Orem Drive through the predominantly black neighborhoods of South Park, Sunnyside, and South Acres. The boulevard is proposed to be extended further southward to Houston's Texas State Highway Beltway 8.
  • Lubbock: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard is a north–south road paralleling Interstate 27/U.S. Route 87 from Lubbock Preston Smith International Airport to near the Lubbock Executive Airpark, approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south of the intersection of South Loop 289 and U.S. Route 84.[45] It was originally called Quirt Avenue until 1993 when the street name change was motivated by perception that "quirt," a Spanish whip, had negative connotations.
  • Midland: Martin Luther King Circle
  • Orange: Martin Luther King Drive is a north-south road that intersects Interstate 10 on the west side of the city.
  • San Antonio: Martin Luther King Drive (formerly Nebraska St.) starts out as a neighborhood street at Claude W. Black and ends at Palmetto Street which it merges into Pittman-Sullivan Park. Then, Martin Luther King Drive travels from South New Braunfels Avenue to W.W. White Road. Martin Luther King Drive is located on San Antonio's east side, which is one of two predominantly African American areas of San Antonio, the other being northeast San Antonio. St. Phillips College, a community college, now a HBCU, is also located on Martin Luther King Drive. It is crossed by I-10, where it meets Martin Luther King Park, which holds one of the largest Martin Luther King Day parades in the United States.
  • Texarkana: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard is a one-way thoroughfare carrying US 67 westbound. It occupies the position of 8th Street in Texarkana's numbered-street grid. (US 67 eastbound is carried by 7th Street.) This is one of two streets named after King that crosses a line between two states (The other is in Bristol, Tennessee/Virginia).
  • Wichita Falls: In 2006, the city renamed Eastside Drive to Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard from Burkburnett Road to East Scott Avenue. Many businesses along the road have the name Eastside in reference to their location by the street's previous name.

Utah

Virginia

Washington

  • Bainbridge Island: In 2013, the City of Bainbridge Island dedicated Martin Luther King Jr. Lane by the high school.[46]
  • Seattle: In 1983, an 8-mile-long (13 km) stretch of State Route 900 between Seattle and Renton was renamed from Empire Way to Martin Luther King Jr. Way. At the time the area was roughly 70 percent black.[47] Seattle is also the seat for King County, whose namesake was switched from William Rufus King to Martin Luther King Jr. in 1986, a decision legally enshrined by the state in 2005.
  • Spokane: East Martin Luther King Jr. Way is four blocks long, and runs east and west from North Division Street to North Sherman Street. It is also located one block south of East Main Avenue, and is just east of the downtown corridor.[48]
  • Tacoma: The area of K Street, from South 27th to Division Streets, within the neighborhood commonly referred to as "Hilltop", was renamed Martin Luther King Jr. Way in 1993.
  • Yakima: Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard runs through Downtown Yakima. The western terminus of the boulevard is at North Pierce Avenue. The eastern terminus is at the roundabout with East Lincoln Avenue and B Street.

Washington, D.C.

Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue in Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue in Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Street sign designating 2nd Street as "honorary" Rev Dr Martin Luther King Jr Avenue, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin.
Street sign designating 2nd Street as "honorary" Rev Dr Martin Luther King Jr Avenue, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin.
  • Fond du Lac: Second Street in Fond du Lac, from Marr Street to Military Road was "honorarily" renamed Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Avenue in 2017. The "honorary" renaming means that, for mailing-address purposes, it is still designated as Second Street.
  • Kenosha: Martin Luther King Drive in Kenosha forms a connector across Lincoln Park, connecting 71st Street on the east side of the park to 69th Street on the west side.
  • Madison: The two-block street southeast from the Wisconsin State Capitol building to Wilson Street in front of Monona Terrace is named Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. While it is short, it is very prominent, with the city and county's government offices and the main post office being located along it. The street was formerly known as Wisconsin Avenue (which continues under that name northwest of the Capitol). It is not to be confused with the King Street running two blocks east from the Capitol, named for William Rufus King.
  • Milwaukee: On the northwest side of downtown Milwaukee, N. 3rd Street (from W. McKinley Avenue to W. Capitol Drive), was renamed N. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, although residents and street signs sometimes refer to it as King Drive. The renamed portion is a 2-mile-long (3.2 km) stretch through the Harambee, Brewer's Hill, and Halyard Park neighborhoods, which in the 19th century were originally populated by German immigrants but are now predominantly African-American. A branch of the Milwaukee Public Library located on this road is also named the Martin Luther King Library.
  • Racine: Dr. Martin Luther King Drive was formerly named Milwaukee Avenue, having once been part of the Native American trail that led to Milwaukee from Chicago. It was renamed sometime in the 1980s. The street stretches 0.8 miles (1.3 km) from Douglas Avenue in the north to the intersection of State Street and Marquette Street. At this southern terminus is a statue of Dr. Martin Luther King, the centerpiece of a small park labeled Dr. Martin Luther King Plaza. Other points of interest on the street are the Dr. Martin Luther King Community Center, and Julian Thomas Elementary School, named in honor of a local civil rights leader.

Wyoming

  • Cheyenne: Martin Luther King Drive is an extension of 18th Street west into Martin Luther King Park.

Outside of the United States

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ Kogan, Rick (April 23, 2018). "Politicians with short memories helped Chicago become the first city with a Martin Luther King Jr. Drive". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Martin Luther King Jr. Streets in Georgia". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved December 1, 2006.
  3. ^ a b c "King's Way: Snapshots of life along Martin Luther King Jr. Drive". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved August 4, 2009.
  4. ^ "Along Martin Luther King". NPR.org. Retrieved December 1, 2006.
  5. ^ Tanvi Misra. "The Ongoing Fight to Revitalize Streets Named After Martin Luther King". CityLab. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  6. ^ Writer, DARRELL JACKSON, Staff. "City renames street in honor of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr". The Glendale Star. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Stretch of Broadway Road in Phoenix now known as MLK Blvd [1] (January 15, 2015)
  8. ^ Leighton, David (April 2, 2017). "Street Smarts: MLK Jr. raised his voice to the rafters in Tucson". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
  9. ^ "National & World News on Newsday.com - Newsday". Newsday. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  10. ^ "Minutes of Regular Meeting of the City Council". City of Riverside. November 2, 1993. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  11. ^ MacMillan, Thomas (June 18, 2011). "North Frontage Is "MLK Boulevard"". New Haven Independent. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  12. ^ Sanders, Alexandra (June 19, 2011). "Sign designates new MLK Blvd". New Haven Register. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  13. ^ Prado, Antonio (January 19, 2013). "Dover dedicates new Martin Luther Jr. King Boulevard at Legislative Mall". Dover Post. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  14. ^ Delaware Highways AA roads, Retrieved August 6, 2011
  15. ^ Wilson, John (February 21, 2003). "(Ninth) to leave King Street". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved January 13, 2012.
  16. ^ "Renaming Honors King", The Tampa Times, April 11, 1968, p1
  17. ^ "Untiring activist; his whirl of cuisine". Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  18. ^ "Are the streets fit for King?". Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  19. ^ "30.438029,-84.285634 - Google Maps". Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  20. ^ a b c "Martin Luther King Jr. Streets in Georgia". New Georgia Encyclopedia.
  21. ^ "Illinois General Assembly - Bill Status for HR1214". www.ilga.gov.
  22. ^ "East Chicago Zoning Map" (PDF). City of East Chicago. Retrieved June 2, 2017.
  23. ^ "Driving the Dream: Part One". WTHR.com. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
  24. ^ Bagley, Landa (January 16, 2017). "Mayor Names New MLK Jr. Boulevard in South Bend". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
  25. ^ "Article 10: Naming And Marking Of Highways And Bridges". Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  26. ^ businesses on Martin Luther King- Retrieved July 27, 2016
  27. ^ a b Official Department of Transportation Map (Map). 1 in:3.5 mi/1 cm:2 km. Michigan Department of Transportation. 2010. Lansing inset.
  28. ^ Natambu, Kofi (2002). The Life and Work of Malcolm X. Indianapolis: Alpha Books. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-02-864218-5.
  29. ^ [2] (November 5, 2019)
  30. ^ "I-676 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved June 6, 2007.
  31. ^ Google (June 7, 2013). "overview of Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard in Camden, NJ" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  32. ^ "Martin Luther King Jr. speeches in Jersey City". Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  33. ^ "MLK Redevelopment Plan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 8, 2011. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  34. ^ Martin Luther King Jr. Promenade
  35. ^ "Google Maps". Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  36. ^ "Martin Luther King Jr. Day parade celebrates social justice". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  37. ^ Address for Dreams: Martin Luther King Drive. The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved on May 19, 2008
  38. ^ Case Western Reserve University History Department, Monuments, in The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History
  39. ^ NewsOn6.com. "Tulsa's North Cincinnati Avenue Renamed Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard". newson6.com.
  40. ^ "Martin Luther King, Jr. Expressway - Designation - Act of Nov. 21, 1988, P.L. 1080, No. 123" (PDF). Pennsylvania General Assembly. November 21, 1988. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
  41. ^ "Coatesville is proud to bring Harmony to Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard". City of Coatesville. December 5, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  42. ^ "Port Authority of Allegheny County > Home". Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  43. ^ Garrison, Joey; Neysa Alund, Natalie (April 3, 2018). "Nashville renames part of Charlotte Avenue to honor Martin Luther King Jr". The Tennesseean. Nashville, TN. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  44. ^ Staff, Brad Kellar Herald-Banner. "Multiple events planned to honor Dr. King". Herald-Banner. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  45. ^ Westbrook, Ray (January 17, 1999). "A promising road city unites to change street name". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Archived from the original on January 21, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
  46. ^ Sooter, Tad. "Friday preview: Bainbridge edition". Puget Sound Blogs. Kitsap Sun. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
  47. ^ de Leon, Ferdinand M. "Seattle: Martin Luther King Way is growing into its name". Seattle Times. Retrieved December 1, 2006.
  48. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
Further reading

External links

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