To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Martin Gutzwiller

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Martin C. Gutzwiller
Martin Gutzwiller
Born (1925-10-12)October 12, 1925[1]
Basel, Switzerland
Died March 3, 2014(2014-03-03) (aged 88)
New York City, New York
Alma mater ETH Zurich,[1]
Kansas University
Known for Gutzwiller approximation
Gutzwiller trace formula
Awards Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics (1993)
Max Planck Medal (2003)
Scientific career
Fields Quantum chaos, Complex Systems
Institutions IBM, Columbia University, Yale University
Doctoral advisor Max Dresden (de)

Martin Charles Gutzwiller (12 October 1925 – 3 March 2014[2]) was a Swiss-American physicist, known for his work on field theory, quantum chaos, and complex systems. He spent most of his career at IBM Research, and was also an adjunct professor of physics at Yale University.


Gutzwiller was born on October 12, 1925 in the Swiss city of Basel. He completed a Diploma degree from ETH Zurich, where he studied quantum physics under Wolfgang Pauli. He then went to the University of Kansas and completed a Ph.D under Max Dresden. After graduation, he worked on microwave engineering for Brown, Boveri & Cie, on geophysics for Shell Oil, and eventually for IBM Research in Switzerland, New York City, and Yorktown Heights, until his retirement in 1993. He also held temporary teaching appointments at Columbia University, ETH Zurich, Paris-Orsay, and Stockholm. He was Vice Chair for the Committee on Mathematical Physics, of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, from 1987 to 1993. He joined Yale University as adjunct professor in 1993, retaining the position until his retirement.[1]

Scientific work

Gutzwiller formulated the Gutzwiller approximation for describing electrons with strong local interactions in terms of the Gutzwiller wave function, composed of a simple many-electron wave function acted on by a correlation operator ("Gutzwiller projection"). He was also the first to investigate the relationship between classical and quantum mechanics in chaotic systems. In that context, he developed the Gutzwiller trace formula, the main result of periodic orbit theory, which gives a recipe for computing spectra from periodic orbits of a system. He is the author of the classic monograph on the subject, Chaos in Classical and Quantum Mechanics (1990).

Gutzwiller is also known for finding novel solutions to mathematical problems in field theory, wave propagation, crystal physics, and celestial mechanics. In appreciation of his contributions to theoretical physics, the Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems (MPIPKS) annually awards the Martin Gutzwiller Fellowship to acknowledge and promote exceptional research in this field.[3]

Book collecting

Gutzwiller had an avid interest in the history of science. He eventually acquired a valuable collection of rare books on astronomy and mechanics. Shortly after his death, his collection was auctioned at Swann Galleries, in New York City. The auction took place on April 3, 2014 and raised a total of US$341,788.[4]



  1. ^ a b c d "Array of Contemporary American Physicists". Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  2. ^ Directory entry, National Academy of Sciences
  3. ^ "Martin Gutzwiller Fellowship". Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  4. ^ Auction Report, Americana Exchange
  5. ^ "1993 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics Recipient". Retrieved 1 March 2012.

External links

This page was last edited on 13 November 2016, at 07:34
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.