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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mark Phillip Hertling (born September 29, 1953) is a former United States Army officer. He served 37 years in the U.S. Army and retired after serving as the Commanding General of U.S. Army Europe and the Seventh Army, serving in that position from March 25, 2011 until November 4, 2012, and retiring from the Army in December 2012. During his time as a U.S. soldier, Hertling served in Armor, Cavalry, planning, operations and training positions, and he commanded every organization from Platoon to Field Army. Most notably, he commanded the U.S. Army's 1st Armored Division and Task Force Iron/Multinational Division-North in Iraq during the troop surge of 2007 to 2008.

In 2013, Hertling became a Senior Vice President for the Florida Hospital organization in Orlando. While serving there he developed a successful Physician Leader Development course for that organization and in 2016 published the book Growing Physician Leaders.

In September 2013, Hertling was appointed by U.S. President Barack Obama to be one of 25 people serving on the President's Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition. He served as a Council member until 20 January 2017.[1] He also acts as a senior advisor to "Mission Readiness", a nonprofit, bipartisan organization of retired military leaders who call for smart investments for U.S. children; he has served as a board member for World TEAM (The Exceptional Athlete Matters) Sport, an organization providing opportunities for physically challenged athletes; and he serves as an advisor to "Operation Gratitude", an organization supporting deployed military and their families. In 2016, he was named as an Adjunct Scholar to the Modern War Institute at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.

Since June 2014, Hertling has appeared as a national security and military analyst for CNN, discussing events in Iraq, Israel, Ukraine, and the policies of the U.S. military.

Early life and education

Hertling was born on September 29, 1953 in St. Louis, Missouri. He attended Christian Brothers College High School in Clayton, Missouri, graduating in 1971. He is also a member of the CBC Alumni Hall of Fame, having been elected in 2010. In 1975, Hertling was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Armor Branch after graduation from the United States Military Academy at West Point. While at West Point, Hertling was on the NCAA Division I Swimming and Water Polo Team, and he was active as a member of his class committee and attained the rank of Cadet Captain his senior year.

Hertling received a Masters of Science in Kinesiology from Indiana University, a Masters of Military Arts and Sciences from the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and a Masters of National Security and Strategic Studies from the National War College in Washington, D.C. In 2016 he was accepted into the Executive Doctorate of Business Administration program by the Crummer Business School, Rollins College and in May 2019 he received a doctorate in business administration after successfully defending research regarding physician leadership in the healthcare industry


Hertling became the first Deputy Commanding General for Initial Military Training.
Hertling became the first Deputy Commanding General for Initial Military Training.

Prior to his final posting as the USAREUR Commander, Hertling commanded the Army's 1st Armored Division from 2007–2009, and he was the first Deputy Commanding General for Initial Military Training (IMT) from 2009–2011. In the former role, he commanded the "1st Tank" in both its home location in Germany, and as part of the surge in Iraq. In Iraq, Task Force Iron was based in Tikrit, and cooperated with five different Iraqi Army divisions in a security and on a "whole of government" approach. As a combined force, these units conducted many operations to strengthen the Iraqi Security Forces and the provincial governments in the four Arab and three Kurdish provinces in the north, and they contributed to significant improvement in the economic and security conditions in the region. Hertling integrated a series of named kinetic operations ("Iron") with a unique series of non-kinetic engagements ("United and Strong") to further improve stability, government, economics, and security.

As the first Commander of IMT, Hertling was responsible for integrating the initial training of approximately 160,000 officers and enlisted soldiers entering U.S. Army training every year at 27 installations across the United States. Hertling led significant change in several areas, including integrating new training methods into basic combat training, advanced individual training, and basic officer leadership courses. IMT revised the Army's Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills[2] and developed further training in rifle marksmanship, combatives, values instruction, first aid, and cultural training. IMT's "Soldier-Athlete"[3] initiative also brought about innovative changes in physical readiness training, introducing athletic trainers and physical therapists to training units, and integrating performance nutrition into Army dining facilities ("Fueling the Soldier"). Complementing Soldier Athlete, Hertling recommended a radical change in the Army's Physical Readiness (PT) test, a recommendation which was later rejected by the Army.[4]

Throughout his military career, Hertling saw alternating assignment between operational and training postings, and he gained a reputation as a skilled trainer and a soldier-focused leader and commander. He has been assigned to all of the Combat Training Centers in the United States and Germany, expanding the center in Europe. Hertling has influenced the training model in the U.S. Army at various stages of his career.

Hertling served in various command and staff assignments, both in the continental United States and overseas. He began his professional career in Europe as a second lieutenant, leading tank and scout platoons in the 3rd Infantry Division in 1975–1977. In 1988, he returned to Europe as a major, serving first on the staff of the 1st Armored Division as the deputy G-3, then as the S-3 of 1st Squadron, 1st Cavalry Regiment (Blackhawks) with whom he deployed during Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm. The 1-1 Cavalry was cited for its role in the Battle of Medina Ridge, where Hertling was wounded in action.

Hertling also commanded 1st Squadron, 16th Cavalry Regiment at Fort Knox, Ky. He also commanded 3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division at Fort Lewis, Wash. when that unit was named as the Army's first Stryker Brigade. He was Commander of Operations Group, National Training Center and Fort Irwin, Fort Irwin, Calif., and commanded the 7th Army Training Command, transforming it to the Joint-Multinational Training Command, in Grafenwoehr, Germany. He also served as the Vice J-7 and the J-7, on the Joint Staff in Washginton, D.C. from 2001–2003, and as the U.S. Army Europe G-3 from 2005–2007.

His overseas assignments include responsibility as the Commanding General, 1st Armored Division/Multi-National Division-North, as a major general from October 2007 to December 2008, both in Wiesbaden, Germany and in Iraq during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Prior to this, as a brigadier general, he was the assistant division commander from September 2003 to August 2004 of the 1st Armored Division, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army, in Germany.

Hertling taught in the Department of Physical Education at the U.S. Military Academy, and served as a speechwriter for Gen. (ret.) Frederick M. Franks when he commanded TRADOC.

Russian election interference

In 2018, Hertling co-authored with Molly K. McKew, an article entitled "Putin's Attack on the U.S. Is Our Pearl Harbor" which urged the United States to respond accordingly to Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.[5]


  1. CPT Mark Hertling and Dr James Peterson, "Being All You Can Be...Physically!", ARMY Magazine, February 1986, pp 45–49
  2. Mark Hertling, "Brooms and Brawn", TRIATHLON Magazine, May 1986, pp 22–23
  3. Mark Hertling, "Dryland Training at West Point", SWIMMING TECHNIQUE, May–June 1986, pp 23–30
  4. James Sfayer and Mark Hertling, "Fit to Fight", Marine Corps Gazette, August 1987, pp 43–44
  5. Mark P. Hertling, "Physical Training for the Modern Battlefield: Are We Tough Enough?".[6] SAMS Monograph, CALL Library, Nov 23, 87
  6. Mark P. Hertling, "Whence Values Come",[7] Military Review, December 1987, 16–23
  7. Mark P. Hertling, "Insights Garnered and Gained: The Israeli Defense Forces and Operation Peace for Galilee",[8] SAMS Monograph, CALL Library, April 22, 88
  8. Mark P. Hertling, "Narcoterrorism: The New Unconventional War",[9] Military Review, March 90
  9. Mark P. Hertling, "The Battle Of Oom Chalouba, June 17, 2008",[10] ARMOR Magazine, Vol 104, Jan–Feb 1995 pg 26–33
  10. Hertling, Mark P. "The Battle of Oom Chalouba, June 17, 2008: The Leader’s Role in Preparing Units for the Physical Demands of Combat." In Leadership: The Warrior’s Art, ed. Christopher D. Kolenda, 287–307. 2nd ed. Carlisle: Army War College Foundation Press, 2001. (UB210 .L21 2001)
  11. COL Mark P. Hertling and Lt Col James Boiselle, "Coming of Age in the Desert: The NTC at 20",[11] Military Review, September–October 2001, 64–65, October 9, 2002.
  12. Thom Shanker and Mark Hertling, "The Military Media Relationship: A Dysfunctional Marriage",[12] Military Review, Sept–Oct 2009, Vol 89, Number 5
  13. LTG Mark P. Hertling, "The Year of the NCO: A Division Commander’s Perspective",[13] Military Review, September 2009, Vol. 89, Number 5.
  14. LTG Mark Hertling, LTC William Graham and MAJ Louis Florence, "We Need More Engineers!",[14] ARMY Magazine, January 2010
  15. LTG Mark Hertling, "What's Going On In Basic Training", ARMY Magazine, March 2010
  16. LTG Mark Hertling and PFC Jennifer Prowell, "A Soldiers Thoughts on Training, Leadership",[15] ARMY Magazine, November 2010
  17. LTG Mark Hertling, "The US Army in Europe: Fighting Above Our Weight Class",[16] AUSA Green Book 2011
  18. LTG Mark Hertling, "Security and conflict in the Caucasus region, not frozen",[17] Foreign Policy, The Best Defense Blog, August 2012
  19. LTG (ret) Mark Hertling, "The Real Reason Iraqi is Falling", The Washington Post, June 12, 2014[18]
  20. LTG (ret) Mark Hertling, "The Only Way to Defeat ISIS",[19]
  21. LTG (ret) Mark Hertling, "Why Fighting ISIS Will Take Time, Patience",[20]
  22. LTG (ret) Mark Hertlling, "A Case For Doing More in Ukraine", Military Times (reprinted in Kyiv Post),[21]
  23. LTG (ret) Mark Hertling, "What Videos Show About the Paris Terrorists",[22]
  24. Mark Hertling, "A soldier's view on Trump"[23] (March 4, 2016), CNN, State of Georgia: Cable News Network
  25. Mark Hertling, "Growing Physician Leaders," published by Rosetta Books and Florida Hospital Publishers, May 2016. ISBN 978-0-7953-4808-2.


  1. Military Family Reflects on Sacrifices of Iraq Service[24] – Steve Inskeep. National Public Radio. September 13, 2004
  2. Army Ranks See Imbalance in Iraq War Sacrifice[25] – Steve Inskeep. National Public Radio. July 12, 2007
  3. DoD News Briefing, Operation Iron Hammer.[26] – November 19, 2007.
  4. DoD News Briefing, Maj. Gen. Bergner and Maj. Gen. Hertling.[27] – December 19, 2007.
  5. U.S. Planes Strike Al-Qaida Hideouts Near Baghdad[28] – Anne Garrells. National Public Radio. January 10, 2008
  6. The Compassionate General[29] Michael Holmes, CNN. February 9, 2008.
  7. DoD News Briefing, Operational Update: Maj. Gen. Hertling[30] – May 21, 2008.
  8. U.S. Bridging Gaps Between Baghdad, Provinces[31] – Renee Montagne, All Things Considered. National Public Radio. March 18, 2008
  9. DoD News Briefing, Operational Update: Maj. Gen. Hertling[30] – May 21, 2008.
  10. US troops in Northern Iraq[32] – Wolf Blitzer, CNN. May 23, 2008.
  11. DoD News Briefing, Northern Iraq Security Operations[33] – July 27, 2008.
  12. US troops in Iraq[34] – Wolf Blitzer, CNN. August 3, 2008.
  13. DoD News Briefing,[35] December 8, 2008.
  14. New Basic Training Hardens Softer Generation[36] – All Things Considered, National Public Radio. March 20, 2010
  15. Making Soldiers Fit to Fight[37] – James Dao, New York Times. August 30, 2010.
  16. Soldiers Require Best Nutritional Benefits[38] – Brian Williams, NBC Nightly News. December 13, 2010.
  17. Army Boot Camp Embraces New-Age Fitness[39] – Frank Morris, All Things Considered. National Public Radio. December 28, 2010.
  18. Michelle Obama sees Military as Model for Fitness Effort,[40] – Mimi Hall, USA Today. January 28, 2011.
  19. US Army Europe and the Future of Forward Presence,[41] – Atlantic Council. July 11, 2011.
  20. US Army Europe Podcast: LTG Mark Hertling,[42] – US Army Europe YouTube. Aug. 23, 2011.
  21. Conference of European Armies highlights success of longtime alliances, new partnerships,[43] – Jorge Benitez – Atlantic Council. Sept. 22, 2011.
  22. Consensus scarce on future of overseas bases[44] – Catherine Cheney and Charles Hoskinson – Politico. Oct. 23, 2011.
  23. Future of US Army Europe,[45] - Vago Muradian — Oct. 30, 2011.
  24. Rebalancing America's forces, The Downgrading of Europe,[46] - The Economist. Jan. 14, 2012.
  25. U.S. Army in Europe eyes greater partner training,[47] - Alexandra Hudson — Feb. 4, 2012.
  26. Boots on the ground: vital during peacetime too,[48] - Dennis Steel — Army Magazine September 2012
  27. Military Options in Iraq: Interview with Anderson Cooper, CNN (AC360)[49]
  28. Talking Iraq, Carole Costello and CNN Panel, YouTube,[50]


  1. VII Corps Desert Storm 20th Reunion[51] – February 26, 2011
  2. Impacts of Doctrinal and Technological Changes, Organization for Security Co-operation in Europe Seminar 2011[52] - May 25, 2011
  3. Interagency and International Collaboration at Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) Land Warfare Conference 2011[53] - October 9, 2011
  4. The Way Ahead, Conference of European Armies 2011[54] - September 21, 2011
  5. The Strategic Value of United States Army Europe — AUSA 2011 Chapter Presidents Dinner[55] - October 9, 2011
  6. Marshall Center Program in Advanced Security Studies Seminar[56] - November 29, 2011
  7. V Corps Change of Command[57] - January 10, 2012
  8. USAREUR/IMCOM Combined Logistics Awards Ceremony[58] – March 8, 2012
  9. Wilton Park Conference 2012[59] – October 2, 2012
  10. Tiger Security Conference, (Anniversary of EuroMaiden), Kiev, Ukraine, 18 November 2014

Military schools

General Hertling has attended the following military schools :

Civilian degrees

  • Indiana University – MS – Physical Education
  • Crummer School of Business, Rollins College - Doctor of Business Administration

Dates of rank

  • US-O1 insignia.svg
    2LT – June 4, 1975
  • US-O2 insignia.svg
    1LT – June 5, 1977
  • US-O3 insignia.svg
    CPT – November 18, 1979
  • US-O4 insignia.svg
    MAJ – June 1, 1986
  • US-O5 insignia.svg
    LTC – July 1, 1992
  • US-O6 insignia.svg
    COL – August 1, 1997
  • US-O7 insignia.svg
    BG – January 1, 2003
  • US-O8 insignia.svg
    MG – January 1, 2006
  • US-O9 insignia.svg
    LTG – September 25, 2009

Decorations and badges

Army Distinguished Service Medal (with two bronze oak leaf cluster)
Defense Superior Service Medal ribbon.svg
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit (with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters)
Bronze Star (with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters)
Purple Heart
Meritorious Service Medal (with 4 Oak Leaf Clusters)
Army Commendation Medal (with 3 Oak Leaf Cluster and V Device)
Joint Service Achievement Medal ribbon.svg
Joint Service Achievement Medal
Army Achievement Medal (with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters)
Joint Meritorious Unit Award
Valorous Unit Award (with oak leaf cluster)
Meritorious Unit Commendation
National Defense Service Medal (with 2 service stars)
Southwest Asia Service Medal (with 3 service stars)
Iraq Campaign Medal (with 3 service stars)
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal ribbon.svg
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal ribbon.svg
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Korea Defense Service Medal
Armed Forces Service Medal
Humanitarian Service Medal ribbon.svg
Humanitarian Service Medal
Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal ribbon.svg
Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal
Army Service Ribbon
Award numeral 3.png
Army Overseas Service Ribbon with bronze award numeral 3
GER Bundeswehr Honour Cross Gold ribbon.svg
German Bundeswehr Gold Cross of Honour
POL Złoty Medal Wojska Polskiego BAR.svg
Polish Army Medal in Gold[61]
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia) ribbon.svg
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) ribbon.svg
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)
Combat Action Badge.svg
Combat Action Badge
United States Air Force Parachutist Badge.svg
Basic Parachutist Badge
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg
Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
German Armed Forces Badge for Military Proficiency.jpg
German Armed Forces Badge for Military Proficiency in Gold
1st Cavalry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia
United States Army 2nd Armored Division CSIB.svg
2nd Armored Division Combat Service Identification Badge
5 Overseas Service Bars


  1. ^ "Lt. Gen. Mark Hertling  COUNCIL MEMBER  Army Veteran". President's Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  2. ^ Mr. Michael Lewis (TRADOC) (September 30, 2010). "The Army's foundational building blocks of Soldier skills". U.S. Army.
  3. ^ "STAND-TO! - Soldier Athlete Initiative, August 17, 2010". U.S. Army.
  4. ^ "Army not changing physical fitness test – for now". The Huffington Post.
  5. ^ "Putin's Attack on the U.S. Is Our Pearl Harbor". July 16, 2018. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  6. ^ "404w Page Not Found (DTIC)".
  7. ^ "Whence Value Come". Combined Arms Research Library. October 16, 2009. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  8. ^ "Insights Garnered and Gained". Combined Arms Research Library. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  9. ^ "Narcoterrorism". Combined Arms Research Library. October 21, 2009. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  10. ^ "The Battle Of Oom Chalouba" (PDF). Retrieved October 25, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "Coming of Age in the Desert". Combined Arms Research Library. July 1, 2009. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  12. ^ "The Military Media Relationship" (PDF). Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  13. ^ "The Year of the NCO". Archived from the original on January 16, 2011. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  14. ^ We Need More Engineers Archived December 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "A Soldiers Thoughts on Training, Leadership" (PDF). Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  16. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ Thomas E. Ricks (August 20, 2012). "Gen. Hertling's trip report: Security and conflict in the Caucasus region, not frozen". Foreign Policy.
  18. ^ Mark Hertling (June 12, 2014). "The real reason Iraq is crumbling". Washington Post.
  19. ^ Mark Hertling (August 21, 2014). "ISIS: The only way to defeat it (Opinion) -". CNN.
  20. ^ Mark Hertling (September 1, 2014). "ISIS: Why strategy in Syria will take time (Opinion) -". CNN.
  21. ^ "Opinion: A case for doing more for Ukraine". MilitaryTimes. November 28, 2014. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  22. ^ Mark Hertling (January 7, 2015). "Paris terror attack: What videos reveal about killers". CNN.
  23. ^ Mark Hertling (March 5, 2016). "Donald Trump's military remarks: A soldier's view". CNN.
  24. ^ Morning Edition. "Military Family Reflects on Sacrifices of Iraq Service". Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  25. ^ "Army Ranks See Imbalance in Iraq War Sacrifice". July 12, 2007. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  26. ^ "Operation Iron Hammer: Maj. Gen. Mark Hertling, Nov. 19 |". United States Forces – Iraq. November 18, 2007. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  27. ^ "Maj. Gen. Bergner, Maj. Gen. Mark Hertling, Dec. 19 |". United States Forces – Iraq. December 18, 2007. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  28. ^ "U.S. Planes Strike Al-Qaida Hideouts Near Baghdad". January 10, 2008. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  29. ^ "The compassionate general". Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  30. ^ a b "Operational Update: Maj. Gen. Hertling, May 21". United States Forces – Iraq. May 21, 2008. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  31. ^ Morning Edition. "U.S. Bridging Gaps Between Baghdad, Provinces". Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  32. ^ "DVIDS – Video – Maj. Gen. Hertling". May 23, 2008. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  33. ^ "Northern Iraq Security Operations: Maj. Gen. Hertling, July 27 |". United States Forces – Iraq. July 27, 2008. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  34. ^ " – Transcripts". CNN. August 3, 2008. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  35. ^ "DoD News Briefing: Maj. Gen. Mark Hertling, Dec. 8 |". United States Forces – Iraq. December 7, 2008. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  36. ^ Weekend Edition Saturday (March 20, 2010). "New Basic Training Hardens 'Softer Generation'". NPR. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  37. ^ Dao, James (August 30, 2010). "Army Revises Training to Deal With Unfit Recruits". The New York Times. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  38. ^ "Nightly News: Soldiers require 'best nutritional benefits'". Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  39. ^ "Army Boot Camp Embraces New-Age Fitness". NPR. December 28, 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  40. ^ Hall, Mimi (January 28, 2011). "Michelle Obama sees military as model for fitness effort". USA Today. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  41. ^ "US Army Europe and the Future of US Forward Presence | Atlantic Council". July 11, 2011. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  42. ^ "U.S. Army Europe Podcast: LTG Mark Hertling". YouTube. August 23, 2011. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  43. ^ "Conference of European Armies highlights success of longtime alliances, new partnerships | Atlantic Council". September 22, 2011. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  44. ^ "Consensus scarce on future of overseas bases – Catherine Cheney and Charles Hoskinson". Politico.Com. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  45. ^ "Future of US Army Europe — Vago Muradian". Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  46. ^ "Rebalancing American's forces". The Economist. January 14, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2012.
  47. ^ "U.S. Army in Europe eyes greater partner training". Reuters. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
  48. ^ "Boots on the ground: vital during peacetime too" (PDF). Army Magazine. Retrieved August 24, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  49. ^ "Video News". CNN.
  50. ^ Talking Iraq on CNN w/Carol Costello: Tara Maller, David Gergen & Lt. General Mark Hertling. June 23, 2014 – via YouTube.
  51. ^ EUR.ARMY.MIL. "VII Corps Desert Storm 29th Reunion" (PDF). EUR.ARMY.MIL. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 21, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  52. ^ EUR.ARMY.MIL. "Impacts of Doctrinal and Technological Changes, Organization for Security Co-operation in Europe Seminar 2011". EUR.ARMY.MIL. Archived from the original on May 13, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  53. ^ EUR.ARMY.MIL. "RUSI Land Warfare Conference, Interagency and International Collaboration: Training with Allies for Great Coalition Interoperability" (PDF). EUR.ARMY.MIL. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 13, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  54. ^ EUR.ARMY.MIL. "The Way Ahead, Conference of European Armies 2011". EUR.ARMY.MIL. Archived from the original on May 13, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  55. ^ EUR.ARMY.MIL. "The Strategic Value of United States Army Europe". EUR.ARMY.MIL. Archived from the original on May 6, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  56. ^ EUR.ARMY.MIL. "Marshall Center Program in Advanced Security Studies Seminar" (PDF). EUR.ARMY.MIL. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 13, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  57. ^ EUR.ARMY.MIL. "V Corps Change of Command" (PDF). EUR.ARMY.MIL. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 6, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  58. ^ EUR.ARMY.MIL. "USAREUR/IMCOM Combined Logistics Awards Ceremony". EUR.ARMY.MIL. Archived from the original on May 13, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  59. ^ EUR.ARMY.MIL. "Wilton Park Conference 2012" (PDF). EUR.ARMY.MIL. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 17, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2012.
  60. ^ Due to the generalized nature of the mandatory engineering curriculum, at the time (1975) USMA cadets did not major in a specific academic curriculum
  61. ^ Jacek Matuszak. "Sojusznicze podziękowania" (in Polish). ARMY.MIL.PL/. Archived from the original on December 23, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012. – August 14, 2012

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Deputy Commanding General of Initial Military Training
Succeeded by
Richard C. Longo
Preceded by
Carter F. Ham
Commanding General, United States Army Europe
Succeeded by
James C. Boozer
This page was last edited on 11 October 2019, at 05:31
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