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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marion Stokes
Marion Butler

November 25, 1929 (1929-11-25)
DiedDecember 14, 2012 (2012-12-15) (aged 83)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
OccupationTelevision producer, Archivist
Spouse(s)John Stokes, Jr.

Marion Marguerite Stokes (born Marion Butler; November 25, 1929 – December 14, 2012)[1] was a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, access television producer, civil rights demonstrator, activist, librarian, and prolific archivist, especially known for amassing hundreds of thousands of hours of television news footage spanning 35 years, from 1977 until her death at age 83,[2] at which time she operated nine properties and three storage units.[3]


Television news

The tape collection consisted of 24/7-coverage of Fox, MSNBC, CNN, C-SPAN, CNBC, and other networks—recorded on up to eight separate VCRs stationed throughout her house. She had a husband and children, and family outings were planned around the length of a VHS tape. Every six hours when the tapes would be ending, Stokes and her husband would run around the house to switch them out—even cutting short meals at restaurants to make it home to switch out tapes in time. Later in life when she was not as agile, Stokes trained a helper to do the task for her.[4] The archives ultimately grew to 71,716 (originally erroneously reported as 140,000 in the media)[5] VHS and Betamax tapes stacked in her home, and apartments she rented just to store them.[2]

She became convinced there was a lot of detail in the news at risk of disappearing forever, and began taping. Her son, Michael Metelits, told WNYC that Stokes "channeled her natural hoarding tendencies to [the] task [of creating an archive]".[3]

Her collection is not the only instance of massive television footage taping, but the care in preserving the collection is very unusual. Known collections of similar scale have not been as well-maintained and lack the timely and local focus.[6]

Macintosh computers

Stokes bought many Macintosh computers since the brand's inception,[4] along with various other Apple peripherals. At her death, 192 of the computers remained in her possession. Stokes kept the unopened items in a climate-controlled storage garage for posterity. The collection, speculated to be one of the last of its nature remaining, sold on eBay to an anonymous buyer.[7]


She received half a dozen daily newspapers and 100-150 monthly periodicals,[3] collected for half a century.[4] She accumulated 30,000-40,000 books. Metelits told WNYC that in the mid-1970s, they would frequent the bookstore to purchase $800 worth of new books.[3] She collected toys and dollhouses.[8]

Television producer

From 1967 to 1969 Stokes co-produced a Sunday morning television show in Philadelphia called Input, with her husband John.[9] Its focus was on social justice topics.


Stokes bequeathed her son Michael Metelits the entire television collection, with no instructions other than to donate it to a charity of his choice. After a stringent process of considering potential recipients, Metelits gave the collection to The Internet Archive one year after Stokes' death. Four shipping containers were required to move the collection cross-country to Internet Archive's headquarters in San Francisco,[2] a move which cost her estate $16,000.[8] It was the largest collection they had ever received.[10]

The group agreed to digitize the volumes, a process which was expected to run fully on round-the-clock volunteers, costing $2 million and taking 20 digitizing machines several years to complete. As of November 2014, the project was still active.[2]

A documentary about her life, Recorder: The Marion Stokes Project, was directed by Matt Wolf and premiered at the 2019 Tribeca Film Festival.[11][12]

See also


  1. ^ Vernon Clark (December 21, 2012). "Marion Stokes, coproducer of TV show". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Morgan Winsor (December 9, 2013). "TV producer's collection of 840,000 hours of news tapes finds a home". CNN. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d PJ Vogt, Alex Goldman (December 12, 2013). "#9 - The Second Life of Marion Stokes". (Podcast). WNYC. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Sarah Kessler (November 21, 2013). "The Incredible Story of Marion Stokes, Who Single-Handedly Taped 35 Years of TV News". Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  5. ^ PJ Vogt (March 26, 2014). "The Internet Archive has Started Uploading 71,716 Videotapes Worth of TV News". Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  6. ^ Macdonald, Roger. "A Dream to Preserve TV News, on the Road to Realization… with Your Help". Internet Archive Blog. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  7. ^ Adam Rosen (March 19, 2014). "Macs in the Box: The Incredible Mac Collection of Marion Stokes. Now For Sale". Cult of Mac. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  8. ^ a b "Librarian Recorded 800,000 Hours of News Footage Over 35 Years". NBC Philadelphia. December 9, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  9. ^ "Obituary for STOKES MARION MARGUERITE THOMPSON (Aged 83)". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. December 19, 2012. pp. B06. Retrieved September 29, 2020 – via
  10. ^ Nick Vadala (December 4, 2013). "Germantown's Marion Stokes archived 35 years of TV news". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  11. ^ Kalia, Ammar (October 4, 2019). "'Ahead of her time': the woman who recorded the news for 30 years". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved October 4, 2019 – via
  12. ^ "Recorder: The Marion Stokes Project | 2019 Tribeca Film Festival". Tribeca. Retrieved May 8, 2019.

External links

This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 17:31
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