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Marine wildlife of Baa Atoll

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Underwater landscape at Baa Atoll, showing a hawksbill turtle and a Maldivian clownfish in its anemone
Underwater landscape at Baa Atoll, showing a hawksbill turtle and a Maldivian clownfish in its anemone

The marine wildlife of Baa Atoll consists of marine species living in a circular archipelago in the Maldives, inside the administrative division of Baa Atoll, which is the southern part of Maalhosmadulu Atoll. Baa Atoll was named a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 2011.[1]

The whole is approximately 38 km by 46 km, covering a surface of 1,127 km2.[2] However, the atoll shelters only 5.5 km2 of emerged land, consisting of sandy islands not higher than 3.19 m, and of which half do not exceed an area of 10 hectares. The administrative subdivision of Baa, shelters 11,910 inhabitants, distributed on 13 of the 75 islands, 8 other islands being island resorts; the capital is Eydhafushi.

The archipelago has been located inside the UNESCO Biosphere reserve since 2011.[1] Its shallow waters, particularly rich in coral and fish as well as turtles and dolphins, madk a favored place for seaside and underwater tourism.[1]

The ecosystem is characterized by a very high rate of coral cover, highly diverse and dominated by table, digitate and branched corals of the genus Acropora. The shallow waters of this atoll and its particular richness in corals and fish have made it destination for underwater tourism.[1] The presence of huge animals such as manta rays and whale sharks add spectacular encounters to the beauty of the place.[3] Scientific studies suggest that the faunistic composition can vary greatly between neighbor atolls, especially in terms of benthic fauna.[4]

All of the images illustrating this article, except for the satellite view, were taken in the waters of Baa Atoll.

The Maalhosmadulu Atolls seen from space. The Southern Maalhosmadulu Atoll and Fasdūtherē Atoll (centre) make up Baa Atoll.
The Maalhosmadulu Atolls seen from space. The Southern Maalhosmadulu Atoll and Fasdūtherē Atoll (centre) make up Baa Atoll.
A view of the island of Landaa Giraavaru, including the Four Seasons resort.
A view of the island of Landaa Giraavaru, including the Four Seasons resort.

General view

Marine mammals

Reptiles

Fish

Rays and sharks ("Chondrichthyes")

Rays

Sharks

Ray-finned fishes (Teleostei)

Elopomorpha ("eels")

Aulopiformes

Lophiiformes

Mugiliformes

Atheriniformes

Beloniformes

Beryciformes

Syngnathiformes

Scorpaeniformes (scorpionfish, stonefish…)

Perciformes

Groupers
Emperors (Lethrinidae)
Snappers (Lutjanidae)
Butterflyfish
Angelfish
Hawkfish
Clownfish and damselfish
Wrasses
Parrotfish
Blennies
Gobies
Surgeonfish and unicorn fish

Pleuronectiformes

Tetraodontiformes

Ascidians

Echinoderms

Sea stars

Brittle stars

Crinoids

Sea urchins

Sea cucumbers

Molluscs

Gastropods (sea snails)

Order Neogastropoda

Other Caenogastropoda

Opisthobranchia (sea slugs)

Cephalopods

Bivalves (clams, oysters, cockles, mussels…)

Crustaceans

Crabs

Hermit crabs

Lobsters and associates

Shrimps

Other types of crustaceans

Marine worms

polychaete worms

Platyhelminthes (flat worms)

Other types of worms

Cnidarians

Corals

Hydrozoans

Sea anemones

Other hexacorallian corals

Sponges

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-08. Retrieved 2014-08-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Paul S. Kench et al., "The geomorphology of Baa (south Maalhosmadulu) atoll and its reef islands", in Andréfoüet et al., Biodiversity, resources, and conservation of Baa atoll (Republic of Maldives) : a UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserve, Washington DC, Atoll Research Bulletin, 2012
  3. ^ "The Manta Trust". Marine Savers.
  4. ^ Frédéric Ducarme (2016). "Field observations of sea cucumbers in Ari Atoll, and comparison with two nearby atolls in Maldives" (PDF). SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin. 36.
  5. ^ According to Marine Flatworms APP.

Sources

Main scientific reference

Bibliography

  • Jen Veron, Corals of the world, Townsville, Australie, ed. Mary Stafford-Smith, 2000 (ISBN 0 642 32236 8).
  • E. Lieske et R.F. Myers, Guide des poissons des récifs coralliens, Lausanne, Delachaux et Niestlé, 1994, 400 p. (ISBN 2-603-00982-6).
  • Rudie H. Kuiter, Photo guide to fishes of the Maldives, Apollo Bay, Atoll, 1998, 257 p. (ISBN 1 876410 18 3).
  • Neville Coleman, Marine life of the Maldives, Apollo Bay, Atoll, 2004, 257 p. (ISBN 1 876410 54 X).

Databases

Taxonomic databases and references

This page was last edited on 11 June 2020, at 03:22
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