To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Mariano S. Bishop

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Monumant to Mariano S. Bishop, Rhode Island Avenue, Fall River, Massachusetts
Monumant to Mariano S. Bishop, Rhode Island Avenue, Fall River, Massachusetts

Mariano S. Bishop (November 14, 1906 – January 2, 1953) was a labor organizer and union leader who served in turn as principal Organizer, Director, and Executive Vice President of the Textile Workers Union of America.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/1
    2 885
  • ✪ Can Catholics Practice Yoga?



Bishop (his last name being an anglicized version of Bispo) was born November 14, 1906 on the island of São Miguel in the Azores and grew up in the south end of Fall River, Massachusetts, where his family brought him as a young child. In his twenties he starred with Ponta Delgada, an amateur soccer club based in Fall River, which drew players from the Portuguese immigrant community, among the most celebrated amateur soccer clubs in United States history.[1]

The movement that led to the forming of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, proposed in 1932, independent of the American Federation of Labor, attracted, among others, Polish, Lithuanian, Italian, and Portuguese immigrant workers from all over industrial New England. Bishop was one of these.[2]

In 1934 he led the massive strike of textile workers in Fall River, a city among the largest producers of cotton goods in the world. This was part of the largest strike in American history, an action by 400,000 textile workers in all areas of the country, which ended unsuccessfully and destroyed the United Textile Workers, the predecessor of the Textile Workers Union of America. Bishop's athletic abilities proved ever useful when facing down management enforcers.

The Textile Workers' Union of America was founded in 1939 in Philadelphia. Emil Rieve became its first President and Mariano Bishop was its principal Organizer. The TWUA succeeded from the Textile Workers' Organizing Committee established by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America and the CIO in 1937. By the end of World War II the TWUA had organized most textile workers and others in New England with 70,000 Southerners as well, improving wages and conditions greatly. Bishop became one of the directors of the TWUA in 1943 and became international executive vice president in 1952.[3]

Bishop died suddenly at 46 on January 2, 1953, suffering a heart attack on the way to a union meeting in New Jersey. His funeral in Fall River was said at the time to have been the largest in city history.[4]

Known in his day in his hometown as "The Most Important American of Portuguese Descent," Bishop remains an important figure of Portuguese-American heritage.[5][6]

Mariano S. Bishop Boulevard in Fall River is named for him.


  1. ^ Eurico Mendes, “A décima ilha” Portuguese Times Archived 2010-05-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Clete Daniel, "Culture of Misfortune: An Interpretive History of Textile Unionism in the United States" (Cornell University Press, 2001)
  3. ^ "The TWUA in New England," New England Joint Board [1] Archived 2012-03-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Steve Hug, "Fall River View," South Coast Today September 21, 1997.
  5. ^ Library of Congress, Portuguese Immigrants to the United States
  6. ^ Portuguese American Historical & Research Foundation, Inc Archived 2009-03-15 at the Wayback Machine
This page was last edited on 25 March 2020, at 15:19
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.