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Maria Kleschar-Samokhvalova

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A. Samokhvalov. Portrait of Maria Kleschar-Samohvalova
In the Sun.jpg
Born August 15, 1915
Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire
Died July 21, 2000
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Known for Painting
Movement Realism

Maria Alexeevna Kleschar-Samohvalova (Russian: Мария Алексеевна Клещар-Самохвалова; August 4, 1915 – July 21, 2000) was a Soviet Russian painter and graphic artist and a member of the Saint Petersburg Union of Artists (known as the Leningrad Union of Artists prior to 1992),[1] who lived and worked in Leningrad - Petersburg. Maria Kleschar-Samohvalova is regarded as one of the representatives of the Leningrad school of painting.[2]

Biography

Maria was born August 4, 1915, in the village Pervozvanovka, Poltava Governorate, Ukraine. She was orphaned in 1922 at the age of seven after her mother, Nadezhda Mironovna, died; her father, Alexei Fedorovich, was killed in battle in 1916.

In 1930, she graduated country school and went to Poltava, where she enrolled in medical school and later the paramedic courses of the Red Cross. After attending school, she worked as a nurse until 1935.[3] She also studied at an art studio from 1930 to 1933.[4]

During the Great Patriotic War, Kleschar-Samokhvalova worked as a medical inspector. She had been living in Leningrad since 1945, and in 1950 she married artist Alexander Samokhvalov. She developed her skills as a painter under his influence, and in 1952 she began working in the studio of Alexander Nikolayevich Samokhvalov on Tuchkov Lane. She painted portraits, landscapes, and still lifes; she used Samokhvalov as a model for many paintings and sketches.

In 1957, Maria began to take part in exhibitions, and in early 1960 she was admitted to Leningrad Union of Soviet Artists; Aleksandr Deyneka signed her reference.[5]

Among her works: «Crymea Yard» (1957), «Poppies»[6] (1958), «Verochka»[7] (1960), «Chersonese», «Mother» [8] (both 1961), «Natasha»[9] (1962), «Olga Bergholtz in the Blockade Days», «Still-life», «Girl with Flower»[10] (все 1963), «Still-life»[11] (1964), «Interior», «Кomsomol Member Valya Komrakova»[12] (both 1968), «Roses»,[13] «Still-life with Yellow Camomiles» (both 1970), «Still-life with Quince»[14] (1972), «About Fortunes»[15](1973), «Student»[16] (1974), «Carnations (Selfportrait)»[17](1981), «A Memory»[18] (1987), and many others.

After Samokhvalov's death, Maria took an active part in the preservation his artistic heritage, publishing his literary heritage[19][20] and organizing exhibitions of his work.[21]

Maria Kleschar-Samokhvalova died July 21, 2000, in Saint Petersburg at the age of 85 years. Her works are in museums and private collections of Russia and abroad. There are well-known portraits of Maria Kleschar-Samokhvalova painted by Alexander Samokhvalov in 1950-1960.[22][23]

See also

References

  1. ^ Справочник членов Ленинградской организации Союза художников РСФСР. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1987. C.57.
  2. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School. Saint Petersburg, NP-Print Edition, 2007. P.397-398.
  3. ^ Центральный Государственный Архив литературы и искусства. СПб. Ф.78. Оп.10. Д.207. Л.8.
  4. ^ Художники народов СССР. Биобиблиографический словарь. Т.4. Кн.2. СПб., 1995. С.549.
  5. ^ Сазонова К. Памятные встречи в Тучковом переулке // Самохвалов Александр Николаевич. В годы беспокойного солнца. СПб., Всемирное слово, 1996. С.267.
  6. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1958 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1959. С.14.
  7. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1960 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1963. С.11.
  8. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1961 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1964. С.20.
  9. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1962 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1962. С.14.
  10. ^ Каталог весенней выставки произведений ленинградских художников 1965 года. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1970. С.16.
  11. ^ Ленинград. Зональная выставка. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1965. С.24.
  12. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1968 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1971. С.9.
  13. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1971 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1973. С.9.
  14. ^ Натюрморт. Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1973 года. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1973. С.9.
  15. ^ Наш современник. Третья выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1973 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1974. С.8.
  16. ^ Выставка произведений художников — женщин Ленинграда 1975 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1979. С.5.
  17. ^ Художники народов СССР. Биобиблиографический словарь. Т.4. Кн.2. СПб., 1995. С.549.
  18. ^ Связь времен. 1932—1997. Художники — члены Санкт-Петербургского Союза художников России. Каталог выставки. СПб., 1997. С.289.
  19. ^ Самохвалов А. Моя Самаркандия. СПб., Искусство России, 1993.
  20. ^ Самохвалов Александр Николаевич. В годы беспокойного солнца. СПб., Всемирное слово, 1996.
  21. ^ Александр Николаевич Самохвалов. Каталог выставки. Тверь, Приз, 1994.
  22. ^ Портрет М. А. Клещар, жены художника. 1958 // Баршова И., Сазонова К. Александр Николаевич Самохвалов. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1963. С.101.
  23. ^ Портрет жены художника М. А. Клещар. 1962 // Александр Николаевич Самохвалов. Выставка произведений. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1963. С.22.

Sources

External links

This page was last edited on 27 April 2018, at 12:47
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