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Maria Isabel of Braganza

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maria Isabel of Braganza
Maria Isabel of Braganza.jpg
Queen consort of Spain
Tenure29 September 1816 – 26 December 1818
Born19 May 1797
Palace of Queluz, Portugal
Died26 December 1818(1818-12-26) (aged 21)
Royal Palace of Aranjuez, Aranjuez, Spain
Burial
Spouse
(m. 1816)
Issue
Detail
Infanta María Luisa Isabel
Infanta María Luisa Isabel
Names
Maria Isabel Francisca de Assis Antónia Carlota Joana Josefa Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Isabel Gonzaga de Bragança
HouseBraganza
FatherJohn VI of Portugal and Brazil
MotherCarlota Joaquina of Spain
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Maria Isabel of Braganza (Maria Isabel Francisca de Assis Antónia Carlota Joana Josefa Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Isabel Gonzaga; 19 May 1797 – 26 December 1818) was an Infanta of Portugal who became the Queen of Spain as the second wife of Ferdinand VII of Spain.

Biography

Isabel depicted in front of Prado, 1829, by Bernardo López y Pique
Isabel depicted in front of Prado, 1829, by Bernardo López y Pique

Maria Isabel was an Infanta of Portugal and daughter of John VI of Portugal and his wife Carlota Joaquina of Spain. She was a sister of Pedro I of Brazil. She married her maternal uncle King Ferdinand VII of Spain on 29 September 1816, whose first wife, Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, had died childless ten years before. On August 21, 1817, she gave birth to a daughter, María Isabel Luisa, who died at four months.[1]

Maria Isabel was again pregnant soon after the birth of her firstborn, but the birth was a difficult one. The baby was in breech and the physicians soon found that the child had died. Maria Isabel stopped breathing soon thereafter and the doctors thought she was dead; when they started cutting her up to extract the dead fetus, she suddenly shouted in pain and collapsed on her bed, bleeding heavily. She died soon afterwards, on 26 December 1818 in the Palace of Aranjuez, and was buried at the Escorial the Royal Site if San Lorenzo de El Escorial.[1]

Legacy

It is due to Queen Maria Isabel's dedication and affection for the art world that she managed to gather many treasures from the past and create a royal museum, which would end up being the beginnings of Museo del Prado. It opened on 19 November 1819, a year after the Queen's death.[2]

Issue

  • Infanta María Luisa Isabel of Spain (21 August 1817 – 9 January 1818)
  • Infanta María Luisa Isabel of Spain (26 December 1818), stillborn.[3]

Ancestors

Honours and arms

Coat of arms of Maria Isabel of Portugal, Queen of Spain.
Coat of arms of Maria Isabel of Portugal, Queen of Spain.

References

  1. ^ a b María Isabel de Braganza: la reina del Prado : edición conmemorativa del bicentenario de la Fundación Museo del Prado (1819-2019). Boletín Oficial del Estado. 2019. ISBN 978-84-340-2547-9.
  2. ^ "La Institucion" (in Spanish). Museo del Prado. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  3. ^ Geneall.net (retrieved 30 March 2012).
Maria Isabel of Braganza
Born: 19 May 1797 Died: 26 December 1818
Spanish royalty
Preceded by
Julie Clary
Queen consort of Spain
1816–1818
Succeeded by
Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony
This page was last edited on 1 April 2021, at 20:13
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