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Mareşal (Turkey)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marshal
Mareşal
Turkey-army-OF-10.svg
Shoulder insignia
Country Turkey
Service branch Turkish Land Forces
 Turkish Air Force
NATO rank codeOF-10
Formation1921
Next higher rankNone
Next lower rankOrgeneral
Equivalent ranksBüyük amiral

Mareşal (transl.Marshal) is the highest rank in the Turkish Land Forces and Turkish Air Force.[1] It is the equivalent of a Field marshal in other countries.[2]

The rank of Mareşal can trace its origins to the Ottoman Empire, where the rank of Mushir (Arabic: مشير‎) was bestowed upon senior commanders upon order of the ruling Sultan.[citation needed]

The word mariscalcus in Latin, had parts from the old-German words meaning horse and servant.[citation needed]

The rank of Mareşal can only be bestowed by the National Assembly, and only given to a general who leads an army, and/or air force with an extraordinary success in battle gaining a victory over the enemy.[3]

The corresponding rank in the Turkish Navy is Büyük amiral.[4]

List of Turkish Marshals

Only two people were bestowed the rank Mareşal to date, both for their successes in the Turkish War of Independence.

No. Portrait Name
(born–died)
Date of promotion For Office Ref.
1
Müşir Mustafa Kemal, Ankara, 1925.png
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881–1938)
19 September 1921 Battle of Sakarya Commander-in-chief of the Army of the GNA (1921–1922)
2
Mareşal Fevzi Çakmak.jpg
Fevzi Çakmak
(1876–1950)
31 August 1922 Battle of Dumlupinar Commander-in-chief of the Army of the GNA (1921–1922)
Chief of the Turkish General Staff (1923–1944)

See also

References

  1. ^ STANAG 2116, pp. A-3, C-3.
  2. ^ STANAG 2116, pp. A-3.
  3. ^ "Türk Silâhlı Kuvvetleri Personel Kanunu" [Turkish Armed Forces Employee Law] (in Turkish). p. 4398. Archived from the original on 10 November 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  4. ^ STANAG 2116, p. B-3.
  • Military Committee Land Standardization Board (25 February 2010). STANAG 2116 (6th ed.). NATO Standardization Agency.
This page was last edited on 24 February 2021, at 10:42
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