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Marcelle Maurette

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marcelle Maurette
Marcelle Maurette.png
Marcelle Maurette in 1937
Born14 November 1903
Died24 October 1972(1972-10-24) (aged 68)
OccupationPlaywright
Screenwriter

Marcelle Maurette (1903–1972) was a French playwright and screenwriter who is particularly well known for her play Anastasia (1952) which brought her international recognition, and inspired a film of the same name. It is not her only play centred on a woman with a tragic story. Many other works of hers feature historical or fictional heroines with dramatic lives. She was honoured with various awards and was a prominent French literary figure.

Early life

Marcelle Marie Joséphine Maurette was born in Toulouse to General Georges Maurette and Marie-Louise Donbernard, on 14 November 1903. (See "Birthdate notes" section lower down page.) She was educated at St. Nom de Jésus, Toulouse, Cours Bouchut, Paris, and the Convent of the Filles de Notre Dame, Limoges.[1] The painter Ingres was her great-great-uncle.

She began writing as a teenager: short stories, articles and poems, for which she won prizes.[2] In 1931 she married Count Yves de Becdelièvre who would later write a book about her: Marcelle Maurette, ma femme: journal de sa vie, 1903–1972.[3] She was energetic and outgoing, enjoying socialising with her upper-class friends as much as her theatre and cinema work.[4]

Theatre, cinema, and other writing

Bergman in Anastasia, 1956
Bergman in Anastasia, 1956

In 1937 Maurette began to concentrate on writing plays, and in 1942 stopped working as a journalist and reviewer[5] as she took up screenwriting too.

In the 1930s, when her theatrical work began to flourish, more French women than ever before were being recognised for their talent as dramatists and seeing their plays performed on the Parisian stage.[4] Maurette was part of a contemporary move away from "literary" plays towards theatricality. Often she chose to portray "exceptional women" with "tragic lives".[4] In this she was supported by the director Gaston Baty who rejected literary theatre while also avoiding naturalism, and staged four of her plays:[4] Madame Capet, Manon Lescaut, Marie Stuart and Neiges. One critic believes that working with Baty helped Maurette find the right direction for her work.[6]

The peak of her career came in the 1950s as a result of writing Anastasia.[4] This play quickly moved beyond France to six other European countries and to the USA.[7] An English translation/adaptation by Guy Bolton (1952) was staged in England by Mary Kerridge and John Counsell, then in 1953 shown on television[8] where Vivien Leigh saw it and recommended it to her husband Laurence Olivier for a London production at the St. James's Theatre.[9] It opened in New York on Broadway at the Lyceum in early 1955. In 1956 the play was presented at the Falmouth Playhouse in Massachusetts with the Mexican actress Dolores del Río and continued with a tour of seven other theaters throughout New England.[10] Then, after bidding in competition with Warner and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer,[4] 20th Century Fox bought the rights for the 1956 film version of Anastasia with Ingrid Bergman and Yul Brynner, for "more than £20,000".[9]

Other plays by Marcelle Maurette that have been shown in English-speaking countries are Madame Capet at the Cort Theatre, New York in 1938, Thérèse Raquin at the Edinburgh Royal Lyceum Theatre and the London Winter Garden Theatre in 1955, and Inquiry at Lisieux in the Dublin Theatre Festival 1963. She wrote screenplays for The Strange Madame X and for Sarajevo. Her television plays also had some success,[5] and she published a few books with historical themes.

Awards and memberships

In 1950 she was made a chevalier of the Légion d'honneur and promoted to officier in 1964.[11] She was a commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. The Académie française awarded her two literary prizes: in 1952 the Prix Thiers and in 1962 the Prix Paul Flat.[12] She was a member of various prestigious literary societies: the Société des auteurs et compositeurs dramatiques, the Société des gens de lettres, the Société des poètes français, and the Académie des Jeux Floraux de Toulouse. She was also on the Council of Administration of the ORTF, the French broadcasting organisation.[5]

Legacy

Marcelle Maurette died on 24 October 1972, and was buried at Guémené-Penfao, country home of the Becdelièvre family. She left behind about thirty works, in print and/or on film.[5] The French National Library has a Maurette collection including scrapbooks with photographs and newspaper clippings for certain productions.[13] A library at Guémené-Penfao has been named after her: the Médiathèque Marcelle Maurette.

Works

Plays

  • 1931: Printemps
  • 1934: Celle qui revint
  • 1937: Madame Capet
  • 1939: Manon Lescaut, after l'Abbé Prévost
  • 1941: Marie Stuart
  • 1945: Le Roi Christine
  • 1948: Thérèse Raquin, after Émile Zola
  • 1949: Neiges, co-writer Georgette Paul
  • 1950: Anna Karénine, after Tolstoy
  • 1954: L'Affaire Lafarge
  • 1952: Anastasia[14]
  • 1962: La Nuit de feu
  • 1966: Laurette or l'Amour voleur
  • 1978: Rayons de gloire

Films

Books

  • 1939: La Vraie Dame aux Camélias ou l'Amoureuse sans amour, pub. Michel Albin
  • 1951: La Vie Privée de Madame de Pompadour, pub. Hachette
  • 1963: Le Procès de Sainte Thérèse de l'Enfant Jésus, pub. Cerf
  • 1967: Guillaume le conquérant, la vie quotidienne des médecins au temps de Molière la révolution française, co-author, pub. le Cercle Historia (Sceaux)

Birthdate notes

Two different birth years, 1903 and 1909, are given by people writing about Maurette.

14 November 1903

  • Her husband's book about her, written after her death, gives the 1903 birthdate in its title: Marcelle Maurette, ma femme: journal de sa vie, 1903-1972.[3]
  • The French National Library gives her dates as 1903 – 1972, as do other academic libraries.
  • 14 November 1903 is the date given an article by a member of the Becdelièvre family.[5]
  • Mademoiselle Marcelle Maurette is mentioned, with her parents, in a Toulouse newspaper announcement about a church service in May 1909, so six months before any possible 1909 November birthday.[15]

14 November 1909

  • There are several images of official-looking documents, copies of birth and marriage certificates etc., giving her birth year as 1909, on the website of the French Ministry of Culture.[11]
  • 1909 is found in some directories of the "Who's Who" kind, and in other reference books.

References

  1. ^ World Biography, Volume 2, Institute for Research in Biography, 1948
  2. ^ Amnon Kabatchnik, Blood on the Stage, 1950-1975: Milestone Plays of Crime, Mystery, and Detection
  3. ^ a b Yves de Becdelièvre, Marcelle Maurette, ma femme: journal de sa vie, 1903-1972 published by Lanore, Paris, 1980
  4. ^ a b c d e f Cecilia Beach, "Marie Lenéru and the Theater of Ideas." Women in French Studies 9.1 (2001) pp54-78
  5. ^ a b c d e "Biography of Marcelle Maurette by Jean-Etienne de Becdelièvre, in municipal magazine of Guémené-Penfao, January 2008, pp6-7" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-06-03.
  6. ^ Marcel Doisy, Le théâtre français contemporain, La Boétie 1947
  7. ^ Anastasia by Marcelle-Maurette, Review by Lois Marie Sutton in Books Abroad, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Autumn, 1957), p. 384
  8. ^ BFI record
  9. ^ a b 'Film Of Anastasia', The Times, 23 Sep.1953, p2
  10. ^ Hall, Linda. (2013). Dolores del Río: Beauty in Light and Shade. Stanford University Press. p. 266. ISBN 9780804786218.
  11. ^ a b Leonore database, Ministry of Culture
  12. ^ Académie française: Marcelle Maurette
  13. ^ BnF collection
  14. ^ Maurette and Bolton: Anastasia
  15. ^ Avis de Neuvaine, in L'Express du Midi 12 May 1909 p12
This page was last edited on 10 August 2020, at 21:21
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