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Mapuche uprising of 1723

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mapuche uprising of 1723
Part of Arauco War
DateMarch 9, 1723 – February 13, 1726
Location
Result

Parliament of Negrete

  • Mapuche-Spanish trade regulated through 3-4 fairs per year
  • Spanish merchants monopoly broken
Belligerents
Mapuche rebels
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg
Spanish Empire
Commanders and leaders
Vilumilla Gabriel Cano de Aponte
Manuel de Salamanca

The Mapuche uprising of 1723 begun with the killing of Pascual Delgado by Mapuches and continued until Mapuche factions begun to sue for peace in 1725.[1][2] The Spanish reinforced the fort of Purén, and most of the Spanish managed to find refuge in the various forts without being intercepted or harassed by Mapuches.[3] On August Mapuche toki Vilumilla pushed north occupying Isla del Laja, that is the lands between Bío Bío and Laja rivers.[3] The Spanish led by Manuel de Salamanca attacked the a Mapuche emcampment of warriors August 24, a day of heavy rain. The Mapuche fought initially with tenacity but came to believe they were being surrounded so they fled the scene.[3]

Eventually, peace was established by treaty again on February 13, 1726 in the Parliament of Negrete.[2]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ The Arauco War

Transcription

Hello, I’ll be talking about the Arauco war. This video will be split in 2 parts, Before the Arauco war and the actual Arauco war. I’ll start with Before the Arauco war. There was two side in the war. So I’ll start with the Mapuche people. The Mapuche people have been living in Araucania for a solid century or so. They’ve been very preserve and peaceful beside a few internal conflict of course just like most pre industrial society. As time progress the Mapuche people began expanding moving further and further away from each other hence becoming different tribes. Some stayed in the mountains, other moves down the valley and even more traveled into the forest. This happened from the 600 to 500 BC till the beginning of the Arauco war when some random colonial powerhouse landed in Araucania. Those colonial powerhouse are of course the Spaniard. The Spaniards were making history being part of The New World order and invading countries good job Spanish Empire here a candy. From the Spanish empire specialist of both exploring and fighting called Conquistador were the first to lead the The New World era having much more advance technology then all of the Americans countries at the time it was destiny that they conquer most of America. (I’m talking about the continent not the country for all you Americans.) Spaniards just finish the conquest of the Inca Empire and the Aztec Empire which made the Spaniard believes that the quote on quote “Indians” could be conqueror quickly and easily but as you’re going to find out 270 years isn’t particularly short is it. (Advertisement) Onto part 2, The actual Arauco war. The Arauco War began with the Battle of Reynogüelén which pitted the superior more advance tactically correct Spaniard against the Mapuche people (pause) which ended with a massacre of the Mapuche people at the hands of Gómez de Alvarado and his mens. With this the Spaniard continue with their conquest of Chile which created the Campaigns of Pedro de Valdivia. Pedro de Valdivia a conquistador start the 9 years campaign which purpose was to capture and secure the city of Santiago which was destroyed in 1541 by the Mapuche people. With the Spaniard securing the city, they began working on improving and transforming the city later on making it the biggest city in Chile as well as the capital. This takes us onto the Founding of Concepción, Imperial, and Valdivia which in short was an exhibition started again by the Spaniard in hope of reuniting the shore of the Bay of Concepción to the shore of the Bio Bio river. The exhibition prove to be a success and before long another exhibition this time only lead by Valdivia which established forts at Tucapel,Purén, Confines and Arauco. This again was a success but this time the Mapuches decided that they had enough and appointed Caupolicán as a military leader who was able to successfully capture the fort of Tucapel and successfully defended it as well from the first counter attack making this the first great Mapuche uprising. This would also be the last of Pedro de Valdivia as he was killed in the same battle. The Spaniard were beginning to take the Mapuche as a threat and began strengthening their forces along the two other forts. Following that, Villagra lead a devastating raid against the Mapuche settlement near the edge of Arachania causing havoc and creating famines and epidemic for the Mapuche. This in term cause and create more hostile Mapuche which later on join in the fight. Of course this raid wouldn’t have gone unnoticed as this inspired Lautaro who was second in command after Caupolican in the battle of Tucapel to start his own campaign. This Campaign started out promising with a great assault on Santiago forcing the Spanish force and many civilian to retreat but from then on the campaign began a downward spiral that would lead to the death of Lautaro in the Battle of Mataquito. For convenience sake and my sake, I’ll be skipping the campaign of Caupolicán and García Hurtado de Mendoza but to summarize Caupolican was killed and the Mapuche lost. However, the Mapuche began preparing for the second uprising as you’ll see soon. The Mapuche after the defeat was now united as one force began acting out their plans which began with a few assassination but leads to an all out war. The assassination came upon the new spaniard governor son which cause him to fled leaving his relative Pedro de Villagra in charge. The new governor first move was to bring all of his force out of Arauco giving the Mapuche more resources and maneuverability which would make a big difference later on. With this the Mapuche began putting their plan in effect by first surrounding Conception and cutting off any outside aid for the city creating a siege. Although the Mapuche were tip for an easy victory winter came early forcing a Mapuche retreat, ending the second great Mapuche rebellion and extending the war. Which now is just dragging on. Their was 30 years period of Spaniard domination and campaign before again you guessed it another Mapuche uprising but this was the chance for the Spaniard to end the Arauco war and they bottled it. The Spaniard now have lost their 11th governor in just over 60 years proving that their conquest of Chile was a failure but they keep trying. The Mapuche in the span of 6 years ransacked many Spaniard cities but ultimately returned back to Arauco in the end. For the next 50 years the Spaniard and Mapuche would have a sort of peace but this peace didn’t last and before long more war. Again, there was another Mapuche uprising this time only a major uprising not a great one and this time lead by Clentaru. This uprising only pushed back the Spaniard force and giving the Spaniard a reason to keep attacking Arauco. This then created the Campaigns of the Mestizo Alejo and Misqui which didn’t accomplish much for the Spaniard besides making peace with the Mapuche which lasted (pause) for 30 years. Once more, peace ended with another uprising for the Mapuche from 1723 to 1784. In 1793 the Spaniard finally made peace with the Mapuche people officially ending the war. Sorry if there wasn’t much information near the end of the war and also for the long video. As always Thank you Watching! And hopefully you enjoy this video!

References

  1. ^ Pinochet et al., 1997, p. 86.
  2. ^ a b Pinochet et al., 1997, p. 88.
  3. ^ a b c Pinochet et al., 1997, p. 87.

Bibliography

  • Barros Arana, Diego. Historia general de Chile (in Spanish). Tomo cuarto (Digital edition based on the second edition of 2000 ed.). Alicante: Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes.
  • Pinochet Ugarte, Augusto; Villaroel Carmona, Rafael; Lepe Orellana, Jaime; Fuente-Alba Poblete, J. Miguel; Fuenzalida Helms, Eduardo (1997). Historia militar de Chile (in Spanish) (3rd ed.). Biblioteca Militar.
This page was last edited on 24 March 2020, at 23:55
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