To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Manuel Pardo
31st President of Peru
In office
August 2, 1872 – August 2, 1876
Vice PresidentManuel Costas Arce
Francisco Garmendia Puértolas
Preceded byMariano Herencia Zevallos
Succeeded byMariano Ignacio Prado
Personal details
Born(1834-08-09)August 9, 1834
DiedNovember 16, 1878(1878-11-16) (aged 44)
Political partyCivilista Party

Manuel Justo Pardo y Lavalle (August 9, 1834 – November 16, 1878) was a Peruvian politician who served as the 31st President of Peru. He was the first civilian President in Peru's history.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    15 084
    2 743
  • ✪ Manuel Pardo
  • ✪ Paseo Manuel Pardo 2015
  • ✪ Manuel Pardo, tu colegio, tu hogar, tu familia...



Born into an aristocratic family of Lima, Peru, his father, Felipe Pardo y Aliaga, was a diplomatist and his mother, Petronila de Lavalle y Cabero, daughter of the 2nd Count of Premio Real.

He was educated at four schools: Commercial School of Valparaíso, National Institute of Chile, College of Our Lady of Guadalupe and San Carlos Convictorium. Lavalle studied philosophy at University of Barcelona and economics and literature at the Collège de France.

Pardo was director of Public-Benefit Society of Lima (1868) and Mayor of Lima (1869–1870). On 24 April 1871, he founded the Civilista Party, the most important political party of the Aristocratic Republic. He was elected president by the Peruvian Congress after a failed coup launched by colonel Tomás Gutierrez.

One of the most controversial acts committed during his presidency was the signing of a Treaty of Defensive Alliance with Bolivia. The objective of this pact was to protect themselves from what they perceived as "Chilean Imperialism" and a growing desire of Chile for the allied provinces of Tarapacá and Litoral.

On November 16, 1878, Manuel Pardo, President of the Senate, was assassinated by gunshot.[1]

Their sons were José Pardo y Barreda, also President of Peru; Felipe Pardo y Barreda, V Marquis of Fuente Hermosa de Miranda; and Juan Pardo y Barreda, president of the Chamber of Deputies.[2]


Political offices
Preceded by
President of the Senate
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Mariano Herencia Zevallos
President of Peru
Succeeded by
Mariano Ignacio Prado

This page was last edited on 16 October 2019, at 16:57
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.