To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Manuel Gómez Pedraza

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Manuel Gómez Pedraza y Rodríguez
Pintura Manuel Gómez Pedraza.png
6th President of Mexico
In office
24 December 1832 – 31 March 1833
Preceded byMelchor Múzquiz
Succeeded byValentín Gómez Farías
8th Minister of War and Marine
In office
8 January 1825 – 7 June 1825
PresidentGuadalupe Victoria
Preceded byJosé Castro
Succeeded byJosé Ignacio Esteva
In office
15 July 1825 – 9 February 1827
PresidentGuadalupe Victoria
Preceded byJosé Ignacio Esteva
Succeeded byManuel Rincón
In office
4 March 1827 – 3 December 1827
PresidentGuadalupe Victoria
Preceded byManuel Rincón
Succeeded byJosé Castro
Personal details
Born22 April 1789
Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro
Died14 May 1851 (aged 62)
Mexico City
Resting placePanteón Francés
Nationality Mexican
New Spanish (prior to 1821)
Political partyModerate

Manuel Gómez Pedraza y Rodríguez (22 April 1789 – 14 May 1851) was a Mexican general and president of his country from 1832 to 1833.


Born into the upper middle class, Gómez Pedraza was a student at the time of the Grito de Dolores (Cry of Independence) from Spain in 1810. He enlisted in the royalist army under General Félix María Calleja del Rey and became a lieutenant. He fought the Mexican insurgents during the War of Independence and contributed to the capture of José María Morelos. He was a deputy from New Spain to the Spanish Parliament (the Cortes Generales) in 1820. In 1821, after the fall of the viceregal government, he joined with Agustín de Iturbide, who became a personal friend. Iturbide made him commander of the Mexico City garrison. During the period of the First Mexican Empire under Iturbide (1821–1823), Gómez was an anti-federalist, but after the fall of Iturbide he converted to federalism.

In 1824, he was governor and military commander of Puebla. In 1825, President Guadalupe Victoria made him minister of war and the navy. He was later minister of internal and external affairs in Victoria's cabinet. He formed a political party with a diverse membership. This became the Partido Moderado (Moderate Party).

Presidency elect and antidemocratic coup

He was a candidate for president of the republic in 1828 in opposition to Vicente Guerrero and actually won the election. However, on 3 December 1828, under military threat (the National Palace had been bombarded) by his adversaries, including Antonio López de Santa Anna, he "renounced" his victory and left the country. The election was annulled, and under the Plan de Perote, Vicente Guerrero assumed the presidency.

He returned to Veracruz in October 1830 from Bordeaux, France, but was immediately sent back into exile by his enemies. He then went to New Orleans, where he published a manifesto against the government of Anastasio Bustamante.

President at last

Gómez Pedraza returned to Mexico on 5 November 1832. The Plan de Zavaleta recognized him as president, and he took office on 24 December 1832 in Puebla. He entered Mexico City on 3 January 1833 accompanied by Santa Anna. One of his first official acts was to enforce a decree of 22 February 1832 that expelled the remaining Spanish citizens from the country.

Soon after being named president, he convoked the Congress, which, however, elected Santa Anna president and Valentín Gómez Farías vice-president. Because of the former's illness, Gómez Farías took office as president, on 1 April 1833, replacing Gómez Pedraza.

Later years

In 1841, Gómez Pedraza was named to Santa Anna's cabinet as minister of internal and external affairs. Also in 1841, he was a deputy to the constituent congress, and was detained when that congress was dissolved. As a federal deputy beginning in 1844, he was known for his eloquent orations. That year he spoke in the Senate against the personal dictatorship of Santa Anna.

In 1846, he became a member of the Council of Government, and the following year he returned as minister of relations, when the government was transferred to Querétaro because of the U.S. occupation of Mexico City. He was president of the Mexican Senate during the debate and approval of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo that ended the war (February 1848). His speech to the Senate on 24 May 1848 about the war with the United States has been described as "one of the most brilliant pieces of oratory in the history of the Mexican Parliament."[1]

In 1850, he ran again for president, but was defeated by General Mariano Arista. He was director of the Nacional Monte de Piedad when he died in Mexico City in 1851, refusing the last rites. The clergy did not allow his burial in sacred ground.

See also


  • (in Spanish) "Gómez Pedraza, Manuel", Enciclopedia de México, vol. 6. Mexico City, 1996, ISBN 1-56409-016-7.
  • (in Spanish) García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrua, 1984.
  • (in Spanish) Orozco Linares, Fernando, Gobernantes de México. Mexico City: Panorama Editorial, 1985, ISBN 968-38-0260-5.


  1. ^ García Puron, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2, p. 22.
Political offices
Preceded by
Melchor Múzquiz
President of Mexico
24 December 1832 – 31 March 1833
Succeeded by
Valentín Gómez Farías
This page was last edited on 5 March 2021, at 21:31
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.