To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Manal in 1970
Background information
Origin Buenos Aires, Argentina
Genres Argentine rock, rock, blues rock, hard rock, jazz fusion
Years active 1968–1971, 1980–1981, 1986–1987
Labels Mandioca, RCA, CBS
Associated acts Los Gatos, Almendra, Vox Dei, Los Shakers, Moris, Claudio Gabis
Past members Javier Martínez
Claudio Gabis
Alejandro Medina

Manal was an Argentine rock group. Together with Almendra and Los Gatos, they are considered founders of Argentine rock.[1] The band members were Claudio Gabis on guitar, Javier Martínez on drums and vocals, and Alejandro Medina on bass and vocals. Martínez was the band's lead vocalist and leading songwriter.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    390 553
    13 153
    1 754
  • Elton John Oven Manual Song
  • TEDxRainier - Daria Musk - You Move Me
  • Life is hard for those who dream: Shady Ahmed at TEDxAUC




1968–1969: Formation

The band grew out of the mythic "La Cueva" club. Martínez was a regular, and Gabis played guitar with several bands, including Miguel Abuelo's Los Abuelos.[2] Gabis was not keen about joining a band and regularly as he was committed to college, but eventually was persuaded by Martínez, and Manal was born.

The name "Manal" was based on the word mano ("hand"), which had acquired an additional meaning among young people in Buenos Aires, to refer to "things" or "the situation" (e.g. cómo viene la mano, lit. "how's the hand coming", would mean "how are things going"). Martínez would use "manal" as a made-up adjective, instead of the correct "manual".

Manal was influenced by The Beatles, Cream, Jimi Hendrix, The Animals and other blues rock acts, bringing the blues to Argentina's rock conscience.

In 1968, after their demos being rejected by multiple record labels, the band approached long time friend and producer Jorge Alvarez, who teamed up with Pedro Pujó and created the Mandioca label, which became the first label exclusively dedicated to Argentine rock.[3]

Under the fledgling label, Manal released their first two singles in 1968. Their moment of triumph came at the 1969 Pinap Festival. On the back of their near daily performances throughout the year, the group's tightness was apparent. Fans ended up doing choruses and singing along with Manal's three members, who had resorted to a cappella vocals as their bass and drums broke down from overuse.[4]

1970–1972: Breakthrough Success and Break-Up

Manal released a self-titled debut album in 1970. Sales were encouraging, prompting RCA to offer the band a contract. Their major label debut El León (1971) proved less successful than Manal.

By 1972 however, musical tastes had changed. Acoustic rock (with folk-rock influences) was on the verge of an explosion fueled by artists such as León Gieco, and a heavier rock had become dominant. Blues-rock fell out of favor, and Manal couldn't make the transition. Their third album in 1972 was poorly received, leading to the break-up of the band that same year. Pappo, who was more at ease courting heavy metal audiences, would become the godfather of Argentine blues, a role he kept for over thirty years.

1980–1981: Reunion

However, in 1980, Argentine rock was caught up in a revival period of rock from the late 1960s, with Almendra successfully reuniting. Producers asked Manal to do the same, which they did, and produced one last LP in 1981, named Reunión (reunion), but due to differences between Martinez and Gabis the meeting lasted only until 1981. After that meeting, Claudio Gabis not accept return to play again with Javier Martinez.

Manal's well-attended last concerts across Argentina led to a live album, and helped mitigate the unfortunate climate of their first separation. Furthermore, during the 1982 war, English-language music was informally banned from the airwaves for several months, resulting in increased airplay for Argentine bands, including Manal.

1987–1994: Reformations without Claudio Gabis

In 1987 Javier Martínez returned from France and reunited Manal with Aldo Giacommino (guitars), Luis de León (bass), Jorge Iacobellis (drums) and Jorge Szajko (keyboards and saxophone).[5]

Today, Manal are credited with bringing the grittier form of blues-rock to Argentine rock,.[6] Few at the time could have foreseen the strong influence Manal would have on the suburban rock explosion of the mid 1990s.

Throughout their career, Manal's lyrics suggested a more mature outlook on life than their hippie-influenced colleagues. One song advised that the recipe for success was to have "cold tomato juice (flowing) in your veins".


  • Manal - Mandioca, 1970
  • El león - RCA, 1971
  • Reunión - CBS, 1981
Live albums


  1. ^ El Rock Portal Oficial del Gobierno de la República Argentina.(Spanish)
  2. ^ Explorando el blues argentino Claudio Gabis Biografía (Spanish)
  3. ^ Javier Martínez Biografía Archived 2007-03-11 at the Wayback Machine. (Spanish)
  4. ^ Manal (Spanish)
  5. ^ "Vuelve el célebre grupo Manal de la mano de su líder, Javier Martínez". La Razón (in Spanish). 1987-08-24. Archived from the original on January 6, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-06.
  6. ^ Manal -- by Wade Kergan (Allmusic Guide contributor)
This page was last edited on 15 June 2018, at 20:51
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.