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Mallikarjun Kharge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mallikarjun Kharge
Shri Mallikarjun Kharge takes over the charge of Union Minister for Railways, in New Delhi on June 19, 2013 (cropped).jpg
Kharge in 2017
Leader of INC in Lok Sabha
In office
4 June 2014 – 16 June 2019
Preceded bySushilkumar Shinde
Succeeded byAdhir Ranjan Chowdhury
General Secretary of
AICC for Maharashtra
Assumed office
22 June 2018
PresidentRahul Gandhi
Minister of Railways
In office
17 June 2013 – 26 May 2014
Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
Preceded byC. P. Joshi
Succeeded byD. V. Sadananda Gowda
Minister of Labour and Employment
In office
29 May 2009 – 16 June 2013
Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
Preceded byOscar Fernandes
Succeeded bySis Ram Ola
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
2009 – 23 May 2019
Preceded byIqbal Ahmed Saradgi
Succeeded byUmesh. G. Jadhav
ConstituencyGulbarga
President of Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee
In office
2005–2008
Preceded byJanardhan Poojary
Succeeded byR. V. Deshpande
Member of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly, Karnataka
In office
1972–2008
Preceded byconstituency established
Succeeded byBaburao Chinchansur
ConstituencyGurmitkal
In office
2008–2009
Preceded byVishwanath Patil Hebbal
Succeeded byPriyank M. Kharge
ConstituencyChittapur
Leader of the Opposition in the Karnataka Legislative Assembly
In office
2008–2009
In office
1994–1999
Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of Karnataka
In office
1999–2004
Chief MinisterS. M. Krishna
Minister of Rural Development, Government of Karnataka
In office
1978–1980
In office
1990–1992
Minister of Revenue Government of Karnataka
In office
1980–1983
Chief MinisterGundu Rao
In office
1990–1992
Chief MinisterBangarappa
Deputy Leader of the Opposition in Government of Karnataka
In office
1985–1989
Minister for Co-Operation in Government of Karnataka
In office
1992–1994
Chief MinisterVeerappa Moily
Personal details
BornWarwatti, Hyderabad State, British India (now in Karnataka, India)
Political partyIndian National Congress
Other political
affiliations
United Progressive Alliance (2004–present)
Spouse(s)Radhabai Kharge
Children5
Alma materGovernment College, Gulbarga
Gulbarga University

Mapanna Mallikarjun Kharge (born 21 July 1942) is an Indian politician and is a leader of the Indian National Congress party in the 16th Lok Sabha. He is the former Minister of Railways and Minister of Labour and Employment in the Government of India. Kharge is a member of the Indian National Congress (INC)[1] and has been a Member of Parliament for Gulbarga, Karnataka since 2009. He is a senior Karnataka politician and was the Leader of opposition in the Karnataka Legislative Assembly. He was the President of Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee during the 2008 Karnataka State Assembly Elections.

He has won elections for a record 10 consecutive times having won the Assembly elections for an unprecedented 9 consecutive times (1972, 1979, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2008, 2009) and lost in the 2019 General Elections against Umesh Jadhav from Gulbarga. Kharge is considered a competent leader with a clean public image and well versed in the dynamics of politics, legislation and administration. Mallikarjun Kharge has been nominated as the leader of the congress party in Lok Sabha against Narendra Modi led NDA government.[2]

In the 2019 general elections he was defeated by Umesh Jadhav of BJP by a margin of 95,168 votes.[3]

Early life and background

Mallikarjun Kharge was born in the Warwatti, Bhalki Taluk, Bidar District, Karnataka to Mapanna Kharge and Sabavva.[4] He finished his schooling from Nutan Vidyalaya in Gulbarga and went on to obtain a Bachelor of Arts degree from the Government College, Gulbarga and his Law degree from the Seth Shankarlal Lahoti Law College in Gulbarga.[4] He started his legal practise as a junior in Justice Shivaraj Patil's office and fought cases for labour unions early in his legal career.[5]

Political career

Early career

Kharge started his political career as a student union leader while in the Government College, Gulbarga when he was elected as the General Secretary of the students' body. In 1969, he became the legal advisor to the MSK Mills Employees' Union. He was also an influential labour union leader of Samyukta Majdoor Sangha and led many agitations fighting for the rights of labourers.[6] In 1969, he joined the Indian National Congress and became President of the Gulbarga City Congress Committee

Political career

He first contested for the Karnataka State Assembly elections in 1972 and won from Gurmitkal constituency. In 1973, he was appointed as the Chairman of the Octroi Abolition Committee which went into the question of revitalising the economy of the municipal and civic bodies in the state of Karnataka. Based on its report, the then Devaraj Urs government abolished the levy of octroi at multiple points.[7] In 1974, he was appointed as the Chairman of state-owned Leather Development Corporation and worked to improve the living conditions of thousands of cobblers who were indulging in the leather tanning industry. Work sheds cum residences were built across the state for their benefit during this time. In 1976, he was appointed as the Minister of State for Primary Education, during which time, over 16,000 backlog vacancies of SC/STs teachers were filled up by recruiting them directly into the service. Grants under grant-in-aid code were given to schools run by SC/ST managements for the first time.[8]

In 1978, he was elected for the second time as MLA from Gurmitkal constituency and was appointed as Minister of State for Rural Development and Panchayat Raj in the Devaraj Urs ministry. In 1980, he became the Minister for Revenue in the Gundu Rao Cabinet. During this time, the focus was on effective land reforms, resulting in giving occupancy rights to millions of land-less tillers and labourers. More than 400 land tribunals were constituted to expedite the transfer of land rights to the tillers.[9] In 1983, he was elected for the third time to the Karnataka Assembly from Gurmitkal.In 1985, he was elected for the fourth time to the Karnataka Assembly from Gurmitkal and was appointed as the Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Karnataka Assembly.

In 1989, he was elected for the fifth time to the Karnataka Assembly from Gurmitkal. In 1990, he joined Bangarappa’s Cabinet as the Minister for Revenue, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj, portfolios he had held earlier and brought about significant change. Restarting the Land Reforms process that had stopped in the interim, resulted in hundreds of thousands of acres of land being registered in the name of the landless tillers.[10]

Between 1992 and 1994, he was the Minister for Co-operation, Medium and Large Industries in the Veerappa Moily Cabinet. In 1994, he was elected for the sixth time to the Karnataka Assembly from Gurmitkal and became the Leader of the Opposition in the Assembly. In 1999, he was elected for the seventh time to the Karnataka Assembly and was a front-runner to the post of Chief Minister of Karnataka. He became Minister for Home in the S. M. Krishna Cabinet during a particularly trying time for Karnataka especially the Rajkumar kidnap by the notorious poacher Veerappan and the Cauvery Riots. In 2004, he was elected for the eighth consecutive time to the Karnataka Assembly and was once again considered a front-runner to the post of the Chief Minister of Karnataka. He became the Minister for Transport and Water Resources in the Dharam Singh-led coalition government.

In 2005, he was appointed as the President of the Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee. In the Panchayat elections held soon after, Congress won the largest number of seats compared to BJP and JD(S) indicating a revival of the Congress fortunes in the rural areas of Karnataka.[11] In 2008, he was elected for the record ninth consecutive time to the Assembly from Chitapur. Though the Congress party put up a better show when compared to the 2004 elections, the Congress lost the elections with a majority of the senior leaders losing. He was appointed as the Leader of the Opposition for the second time in 2008. In 2009, Kharge contested the general elections from Gulbarga Parliamentary Constituency and won his tenth consecutive election.[12]

In the 2014 general elections, Kharge contested and won from the Gulbarga parliamentary seat, beating his closest rival from the BJP by over 73,000 votes.[13] In June, he was appointed as the Leader of the Congress party in the Lok Sabha.[14]

Mallikarjun Kharge contested the 2019 general elections against Umesh. G. Jadhav, a BJP candidate, in Gulbarga Lok Sabha constituency of Karnataka. Jadhav defeated Mallikarjun Kharge by a margin of 95,452 votes. Jadhav polled 6,20,192 votes while Kharge got only 5,24,740 votes.[15]

Philanthropic and social activities

He is the Founder-Chairman of Siddharth Vihar Trust that has built the Buddha Vihar in Gulbarga, India.[16]

He is the Patron of Chowdiah Memorial Hall which is one of the premier concert and theatre venues in Bangalore and helped the centre get over its debts and aided the centre's plans for renovation.[17]

Personal life

Mallikarjun Kharge is married to Radhabai and has two daughters and three sons.[4][18] In 2006, Kharge said he worshipped Buddha, but did not plan to embrace Buddhism.[19]

References

  1. ^ "Spectacular rise for Kharge". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 29 May 2009. Retrieved 29 May 2009.
  2. ^ "Team Manmohan". Indian Express.
  3. ^ "ರಾಜ್ಯದ ಘಟಾನುಘಟಿ ನಾಯಕರಿಗೆ ಹೀನಾಯ ಸೋಲು". Dailyhunt. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "Detailed Profile". Government of India. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Early life of Kharge". Press Journal Kharge. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Friends, teachers laud Kharge". Indian Express.
  7. ^ "Kharge on octroi during 1973 period". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  8. ^ "Early political career" (PDF). Department of Parliamentary Affairs & Legislation. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  9. ^ "Kharge as Chairman of State-owned Leather Development Corporation" (PDF). cag.gov.in. Indian Audit and Accounts Department. Retrieved 5 June 2014.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Kharge performance in Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  11. ^ "Congress scores big win in local polls". Indian Express.
  12. ^ Phukan, Sandip (3 June 2014). "Mallikarjun Kharge consecutive win". NDTV. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  13. ^ "Gulbarga(Karnataka) Lok Sabha Election Results 2019 -Gulbarga Parliamentary Constituency, Winning MP and Party Name".
  14. ^ "Sonia picks Mallikarjun Kharge over 'unwilling' Rahul as Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha". 3 June 2014.
  15. ^ "Shocking! Congress leader Mallikarjun Kharge defeated by BJP's Umesh Jadhav in Gulbarga election results 2019". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  16. ^ "About Buddha Vihar, Gulbarga". Buddha vihar Gulbarga.
  17. ^ "A grand bow to the arts". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 1 July 2005.
  18. ^ "Personal life of Mallikarjun Kharge". Business Standard. 3 June 2014. Archived from the original on 3 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  19. ^ "Hundreds embrace Buddhism in Gulbarga | Bengaluru News - Times of India". The Times of India. 15 October 2006. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Iqbal Ahmed Saradgi
Member of Parliament
for Gulbarga

2009 – 2019
Succeeded by
Umesh. G. Jadhav
Political offices
Preceded by
Oscar Fernandes
Minister of Labour and Employment
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Sis Ram Ola
Preceded by
CP Joshi
Minister of Railways
2013–2014
Succeeded by
DV Sadananda Gowda
Party political offices
Preceded by
Janardhana Poojary
President of
Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee

2005 - 2008
Succeeded by
R. V. Deshpande
Preceded by
Sushilkumar Shinde
Leader of the Indian National Congress
in the Lok Sabha

2014 – 2019
Succeeded by
Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury
This page was last edited on 18 January 2020, at 11:37
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