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Maldivian Democratic Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maldivian Democratic Party

ދިވެހިރައްޔިތުންގެ ޑިމޮކްރެޓިކް ޕާޓީ
PresidentMohamed Nasheed
ChairpersonHassan Latheef
Vice PresidentMohamed Shifaz
Parliamentary LeaderAli Azim
Founded10 November 2003 (2003-11-10)
Headquarters1st Floor, H.Sharaashaa, Malé, Maldives
Youth wingMDP Youth Wing
Membership29277 (updated in June 2018)[1]
IdeologyLiberal conservatism
Environmentalism
Parliamentarism
Political positionCentre-right[2]
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union
Majlis of the Maldives
65 / 87
Website
mdp.org.mv

Membership Updated 30 June 2018

The Maldivian Democratic Party (Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރައްޔިތުންގެ ޑިމޮކްރެޓިކް ޕާޓީ, Dhivehira yitunge dimokretik pati; MDP) is the first political party formed in the Republic of Maldives with a total membership of 29277 individuals as of June 2018. It is a party with its stated goal being the promotion of human rights and democracy in the Maldives. The party won the first ever multi-party elections in the Maldives with the support from all the other political parties in the 2008 elections against the president Maumoon Abdul Gayoom.

History

MDP rally on the streets of Malé during the presidential election campaigns of 2008
MDP rally on the streets of Malé during the presidential election campaigns of 2008

There had not been political parties in the Maldives since 1952. The MDP initially submitted its registration on 24 February 2001. In 2001, the party's first president was Qasim Ibrahim. Although the Maldivian Constitution allows political parties to operate, the MDP's application was rebuffed. After the people fighting for their rights on the street and the death of Evan Naseem, MDP declared its existence in exile from Sri Lanka on 10 November 2003. Initially, it was formed by a group of 42 people, which included members of parliament, a former cabinet minister and leading businessmen. Members on its first general council were elected on 13 February 2004. Although the MDP was not recognized by the Maldivian government, it began operating in Maldives on 30 April 2005.

In 2 June 2005, the members of the People's Majlis unanimously voted to legally recognize political parties. The MDP subsequently submitted its registration on 26 June 2005, becoming the first political party to be registered in the Second Republic of Maldives.[3]

Throughout 2006, the opposition faced restrictions on freedom of assembly, and the government continued to arrest opposition activists. In March 2006, the government introduced a "Roadmap for Reform" and subsequently introduced several bills in parliament. In August 2007, voters decided via referendum that the Maldives' new constitution should provide for a presidential system of government (vice parliamentary). The special Majlis completed its work and the new constitution took effect in August 2008.

In accordance with the new constitution ratified by then-President Gayoom on 7 August 2008, the first round of presidential elections was held on 10 October 2008. As no candidate received 50% of the vote, a second round was held on 29 October between President Gayoom and Mohamed Nasheed. Nasheed won with 54% of the vote.

At the first multi-party parliamentary elections in Maldives, on 9 May 2009, the MDP won 26 out of the 77 seats in the parliament, netting the second-most seats. However,the MDP gained the most votes, with a total of 35.3% (50,562 votes) which is a 10.39% increase from the first round of 2008 presidential elections when the MDP was allied with other parties. From the elections, Gayoom's DRP gained 27.5% of the votes (39,399 votes) which is a 12.5% decrease from the first round of the 2008 presidential elections.

Electoral history

President elections

Election Party candidate Running mate Votes % Votes % Result
First Round Second Round
2008 Mohamed Nasheed Mohammed Waheed Hassan 44,293 24.91% 97,222 53.65% Elected Green tickY
2013 Mustafa Lutfi 95,224 45.45% - - Annulled Red XN
96,764 46.93% 105,181 48.61% Lost Red XN
2018 Ibrahim Mohamed Solih Faisal Naseem 134,616 58.34% - - Elected Green tickY

People's Majlis elections

Election Party Leader Votes % Seats +/– Position
2005* None 68,931 31.10%
18 / 42
Increase 18 Increase 2nd
2009 Mohamed Nasheed 51,184 30.81%
26 / 77
Increase 15 Steady 2nd
2014 75,670 40.78%
26 / 85
Steady Steady 2nd
2019 96,354 45.83%
65 / 87
Increase 39 Increase 1st

Notes

*In the 2005 election, candidates ran as independents endorsed by the MDP.

References

International Women's Day march, in 2012
International Women's Day march, in 2012
  1. ^ http://www.elections.gov.mv/mdp-2.html
  2. ^ WION (August 26, 2017). "Global Leadership Series: WION interviews Mohamed Nasheed". Retrieved September 17, 2018 – via YouTube.
  3. ^ "Elections Commission". Elections.gov.mv. Archived from the original on March 5, 2012. Retrieved May 7, 2012.

External links

This page was last edited on 7 June 2020, at 12:19
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