To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Malaspina family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

House of Malaspina
Cybo-Malaspina (since 1553)
Marcher noble family[1]
Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (2).svg
Flowered thorns of the Malaspina's main branch
Parent familyObertenghi
CountryHoly Roman Empire Kingdom of Italy (HRE)
 Republic of Genoa
Flag of Massa and Carrara.png
Duchy of Massa and Carrara
Sardinia Kingdom of Sardinia
EtymologyAlberto Obertenghi's nickname "Malaspina" ("badthorn")
Founded12th century
FounderAlberto "Malaspina" Obertenghi[2]
Current headNone; extinct
Final rulerMaria Theresa, Duchess of Massa
Titles
Connected families
Motto
Sum Mala Spina Malis. Sum Bona Spina Bonis

("A bad thorn for the bad. A good thorn for the good.")
Estate(s)Malaspina Castle (seat, Massa)
Palazzo Cybo-Malaspina (seat, Carrara)
Castle of Serravalle (Sardinian stronghold)
Dissolution1790 (1790)
Cadet branchesMalaspina "of the Dry Thorn" (still existing) [a]

The Malaspina was a noble Italian family of Longobard origin that descended from Boniface I, through the Obertenghi line, that ruled Lunigiana from the 13th to the 14th century, and the marquisate of Massa and lordship of Carrara ( which later became the Duchy of Massa and Carrara and at a later time the Principality of Massa and the Marquisate of Carrara) since the 14th century.

History

The Rocca Malaspina in Massa
The Rocca Malaspina in Massa

The founder of the Malaspina Family was Oberto I, who became the count of Luni in 945. Oberto I was appointed as the marquise of the March of Genoa under the Italian king Berengario II in 951 and he became a count palatine in 953.[4]

Oberto I had two children; Oberto II, who inherited the title of count of Luni from his father, and Adalberto I, whose offspring founded the Pallavicino and the Cavalcabò families.[4] Oberto II had four children; Bertha of Milan, the spouse of the King of Italy Arduino; Ugo, count of Milan; Albert Azzo I, count of Luni whose offspring founded the Este family branches of Hannover and Brunswick; and Oberto Obizzo I, progenitor of the lineage of the Malaspinas.[4]

In 1004, Oberto Obizzo I fought beside his brother-in-law King Arduino against the Count Bishops of Luni: this was the first of many conflicts between the family and the governors of the Roman-founded city. Oberto Obizzo I had a son, Albert I.[4] Albert I also had a son, Oberto Obizzo II (?–1090), the father of Alberto Malaspina [it] (?–1140), who was the first member of the family to be called Malaspina; for this reason he is sometimes considered the true founder of the family.[4]

The surname Malaspina means "bad thorn" or "ill-willed thorn" in Italian; some historians believe the surname originated in the time of Ancus Marcius as some paintings in the halls of castle of Fosdinovo may suggest. Other historians believe the name may have originated from a legend regarding the death of an enemy, King Merovingio Teodeberto I. The legend, which is narrated on five sandstone tiles at the entry gate of the Malaspina castle of Godiasco,[5] tells how the king was killed with a thorn. Others believe the name originated from the remarkably bad attitude of Albert Malaspina or some of his relatives held with others.[6]

Albert Malaspina extended the family's possessions towards the Apennine Mountains near Lunigiana, starting a conflict with Genoa and the Bishops of Luni. The 1124 peace treaty of Lucca references the division of goods between the descendants of Oberto Obizzo I, who in time gave birth to several European noble families; Brunswick, Estens, Pallavicino and the marquises of Massa, Sardinia and Corsica, as well as the Malaspinas.[4]

Albert's son, the Marquise Obizzo I Malaspina (?–1185), initially fought against Frederick Barbarossa the Holy Roman Emperor, supporting rioting commoners. After the emperor took control of the conflict, Obizzo changed sides, supporting him in his fight against Milan in 1157. The emperor rewarded Obizzo, granting him the right to rule over the territories of Liguria, Lunigiana, Lombardy and Emilia. In 1176, after escorting Barbarossa to Pavia, Obizzo surprised him by deciding to ally with the Lombard league and attacking the Emperor's armies. Because of Obizzo's betrayal, Frederick Barbarossa was defeated in the battle of Legnano. In the peace treaty of Costanza, the emperor forgave Obizzo and re-confirmed Obizzo's right to rule over the land he was given. Both the Battle of Legnano and the Peace of Costanza are represented in paintings conserved in the hall of Fosdinovo castle and were realized by Gaetano Bianchi at the end of the 19th century.[7]

Obizzo I had two sons Obizzo II Malaspina—also known as Obizzone—and Moroello I Malaspina.[4] The descendants of Obizzo II founded the Spino secco ("dried thorn") branch of the family while the descendants of Moroello I founded the Spino Fiorito ("bloomed thorn") branch of the family (1221).[4] Obizzo II had a son called Conrad I Malaspina, who was defined by Dante Alighieri as "the Old or The Ancient" due to his fame and long-living legacy; Conrad I is considered to be the first exponent of the Spino Secco branch. He obtained all of the territories over the right bank of the Magra river and the territories of Villafranca on the left bank of the Magra river. Conrad I Malaspina had four children; Manfredi Malaspina, Moroello Of Mulazzo, Frederick of Villafranca, and Albert Malaspina.[4]

Manfredi Malaspina had a son named Moroello "Vapor of Valdimagra", who was a good friend of Dante Alighieri; because of his close friendship with Manfredi and the kindness he was shown during his exile, Alighieri paid homage to the Malaspina family in the "Purgatory" section of his epic poem Divine Comedy. Moroello had a son named Franceschino Malaspina, who took part in the wars between Guelfs and Ghibellines, and is known to have hosted Dante Alighieri several times during his exile in Lunigiana, nominating him as his personal attorney in the difficult peace negotiations with the Bishop of Luni, Antonio Da Camilla. These negotiations resulted in the peace of Castelnuovo in 1306. Frederick of Villafranca (Brother of Conrad Malaspina The Old) had two sons; Obizzino Malaspina and Conrad Malaspina the Young, to whom Dante expressed his gratitude for the Malaspina family in the 8th canto of "Purgatory".[4]

- Victoria and Albert Museum - Monument of Marchese Spinetta Malaspina (1430–1435)
- Victoria and Albert Museum - Monument of Marchese Spinetta Malaspina (1430–1435)

Moroello I Malaspina had a son named Guglielmo Malaspina, whose son Obizzino Malaspina is considered to be the true progenitor of the Spino Fiorito branch of the family. He received all of the territories on the left bank of the Magra river.[4] Obizzino married Caterina Cattaneo and had three heirs; Bernabò Malaspina, Isnardo Malaspina, and Albert Malaspina. Isnardo married Cubina D'este, who gave birth to Gabriele I Malaspina and Azzolino Malaspina; the latter had three children; Spinetta Malaspina—also known as The Great, who in 1340 purchased the feud of Fosdinovo without having any legitimate offspring; Isnardo; and Azzolino whose offspring would assume the title of Marquess of Fosdinovo (1355).[4]

The division of lands between the ever-increasing heirs brought about a shattering of the Dominion of the family into smaller feuds. The Malaspinas sometimes supported the Ghibelline faction and sometimes the Guelf faction. While supporting the Guelfs, Obizzino took part in the conflicts of the Lombards against the Hohenstaufen. Obizzino, alongside Morroello of the Malaspinas of Giovagallo, commanded the Guelf army that defended Florence against Henry VII of Luxembourg. The Ghibelline faction defending emperor Henry VII was also lead by a household member; Spinetta Malaspina, also known as the Great.[8]

The Malaspina family also controlled land in the north of Genoa around the four provinces area in the valleys of the Trebbia and Staffora rivers. The lordships in the Lunigiana and in the north of Genoa (also called Lombarda) were soon fragmented due to the adoption of the Longobard Right, which required an equal division of assets, including feuds, between male sons. Some members of the Malaspina family held a part of the Giudicato of Lugodoro (Giudicato di Torres) in the 13th and 14th centuries but most relevantly from the 15th century to the 18th century, the branch of the Cybo-Malaspina governed the independent marquisette of Massa and the participants of Carrara, then known as the Duchy of Massa and Carrara). The family's Sardinian possessions were: the castle of Serravalle (Bosa) with the curation of Planargia and Costa De Addess; and the castle of Osilo with the curation of Montes, Figulinas and Coros.[9] Members of the family also had the right to the title of princes of San Colombano.[10]

Dante's homage

In the eighth canto of Purgatory, Dante Alighieri celebrates the Malaspina's courtly values, especially those of liberality and hospitality that were well known throughout Europe.[11]

"Oh!" said I then to him, "I 've never been
in your domains, but where throughout all Europe
dwelleth a man who knows them not? The fame
which honoreth your house, proclaims its lords,
proclaims its district, so that even he
knows of them, who hath never been there yet.
I swear to you, so may I go on high,
that of the glorious use of purse and sword
your honored race doth not despoil itself.

(Divine Comedy, Purgatory, Dante Alighieri, 8th Canto, Vv. 121–129)[12]

[b]

Origins

The Malaspinas were a marquise branch descending from the Obertenghi family,[13] whose originator was Oberto I (Otbert or Odebertus), who around the middle of the 10th century became count palatine (the count of the sacred palace of Pavia and absolute judiciary authority of the kingdom), and from 951 he also became marquise of Milan and Count of Luni[14] as well as of the marquisate of Obertenga as he called it), in the western part of Liguria, which was made up of the committees of Milan, Genoa, Tortona, Bobbio, Luni and other bordering territories.[15]

This vast territory was fragmented both because the hereditary divisions such as the majorat were not yet valid and because of conflicting relationships with other families, including the Fieschi, Spinola, Doria and others, and because of pressure coming from the birthing communes of Milan, Genoa, Piacenza, Tortona, Pavia and Bobbio. Oberto I founded the house through his descendants Oberto II, Oberto Obizzo I, Albert I, Oberto Obizzo II; Albert I Malaspina (?–1140).

In 1164, Albert's son Obizzo I (the great) (?–1185) had his feudal rights confirmed by Emperor Frederick I and was also nominated Imperial Vassal. His feuds included parts of the modern-day Liguria (Tigullio, Cinque Terre and Levanto sul mare—which he acquired from Genoa and the Fieschi; the territories of the Lunigiana, Garfagnana and the valleys of the Trebbia River up to Torriglia); the Val d'Aveto (until Santo Stefano d'Aveto) and Staffora located in the Oltrepò); as well as Lombardy (Val Bormida and Oltregiogo).[16]

In 1220, of Obizzo I's many heirs, only Conrad Malaspina the Old and Obizzino Malaspina were alive; their feudal rights were re-confirmed by the emperor although the territories were slightly reduced due to Piacenza's prevalent influence. In 1221, Conrad and Obizzino divided their lordships equally. Conrad ruled over the Lunigiana territories located on the west bank of the Magra River and Val Trebbia in Lombardy, giving birth to the Spino Secco branch, while Obizzino ruled over the Lunigiana territories located on the east bank of the Magra River and Valle Staffora in Lombardy, giving birth to the Spino Fiorito branch of the family.

Essential genealogy

Spino Secco branch

The original canting coat of arms of the Malaspina of the Spino Secco was "truncated in gold and red, with a dried thorn crossing it." Blazon: Parti per fess Or and Gules, a blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) erect branched Sable.These later canting arms are blazoned: Gules a lion rampant crowned Or, displaying a blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) branched Sable.
The original canting coat of arms of the Malaspina of the Spino Secco was "truncated in gold and red, with a dried thorn crossing it." Blazon: Parti per fess Or and Gules, a blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) erect branched Sable.
These later canting arms are blazoned: Gules a lion rampant crowned Or, displaying a blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) branched Sable.

In 1266, four sub-branches were formed from the descendants of Conrad Malaspina (The Old) remembered by Dante Alighieri in the Divine Comedy.

Malaspina of Mulazzo

The origin of this sub-branch is attributed to Moroello Malaspina (?–1284), who possessed the Castle of Mulazzo in Lunigiana—the main castle of the Spino Secco branch—and feuds in Val Trebbia surrounding Ottone, He also had some influence over the family's dominions in Sardinia. This sub-branch was the first to be generated from the Spino Secco; it retained possession of the marquisate of Mulazzo until the abolition of feudalism. The branch was extinguished in 1810 with the death of marquise Alessandro Malaspina, a renowned politician, explorer and navigator.

The marquisate, ruling from 1266 to 1797, was recognized as an imperial feud as soon as 1164; it expanded with several acquisitions of land in Pozzo, Montereggio, Montarese, Castagnetoli (from 1746), Calice, Veppo and Madrignano; the latter three territories were administered by the cadets of the Mulazzo sub-branch from 1710 to 1772, and due to debts were sold to the Grand Duke of Tuscany.

In the 16th century, the branches of Madrignano (1523–1634) and Montereggio (1523–1646) momentarily detached from the main Mulazzo branch. The feud of Mulazzo, starting from 1473, was alternately governed by the "Malaspina del Castello" and the "Malaspina del Palazzo" until 1776. The direct male bloodline was extinguished by the famous explorer Alessandro Malaspina.[17]

The rulers of the Malaspinas of Mulazzo feuds were:

  • Moroello in 1355 he received the imperial investiture of the feud
  • Antonio (1365–1406)
  • Azzone –1473
  • Cristoforo –1511
  • Azzone II
  • Gian Paolo –1517 and Gian Gaspare –1531 (del Palazzo)
  • Moroello II –1573 and Gian Cristoforo –1574
  • Francesco Antonio –1574
  • Giampaolo II –1584 and Gian Gaspare II –1584
  • Leonardo –1605 and Anton Maria –1600
  • Gian Vincenzo –1623
  • Ottavio –1646 and Gian Cristoforo II –1643
  • Moroello III –1657
  • Azzo Giacinto –1674 and Conrad –1676
  • Carlo Maria –1705 and Obizzo –1691
  • Azzo Giacinto II –1746 and Gian Cristoforo III –1763
  • Carlo Moroello –1774 and Cesare –1776
  • Azzo Giacinto III –1797 (and Luigi –1797, de jure).

The main sub-branches deriving from the Malaspinas of Mulazzo were:

  • Malaspina of Cariseto and Godano, from Cariseto[18] a fraction of Cerignale in Val Trebbia; their forefather was Antonio (?–1477), son of Antonio of Mulazzo. This branch was extinguished in the span of two generations: the marquisate of Cariseto was acquired by the Fieschi in 1540 and subsequently by the Doria.
  • Malaspina of Santo Stefano, from Santo Stefano d'Aveto, in Val Trebbia; their forefather was Ghisello I (?–1475), son of Antonio of Mulazzo. In 1495 the marquisate of Santo Stefano was sold to the Fieschi, only retaining the feuds of Godano and Bolano, both located in val di Vara between Lunigiana and Val Trebbia. The branch was extinguished in the 17th century and their feuds were left to the main branch of Mulazzo.
  • Malaspina of Edifizi, in Edifizi a fraction of Ferriere in val Nure, their forefather was Pietro, son of Ghisello I of Santo Stefano, the branch was extinguished in 1624.
  • Malaspina of Casanova (from a Casanova probably near Ottone); their forefather was Antonio, a bastard son of Barnabò of Mulazzo. The branch was extinguished in the 18th century after having sold their feud to the Doria in the 16th century.
  • Malaspina of Croce (from Croce Fieschi in the Ligurian Apennines).Their feud was sold to the Fieschi in 1504.
  • Malaspina of Fabbrica, from Fabbrica a fraction of Ottone (not to be mistaken with Fabbrica Curone of which the Malaspina of Varzi was the marquise). Their forefather was Moroello, who was either the son of Bernabò or of Galeazzo of Mulazzo. They sold their feud in 1540 to the Fieschi and survived to the end of the feudalism. The branch is still living today.
  • Malaspina of Ottone, from Ottone in Val Trebbia. Their forefather was Giovanni, who was either the son of Bernabò or of Galeazzo of Mulazzo. They sold their feud in 1540 to the Fieschie and the branch was extinguished at the beginning of the 19th century.
    • Malaspina of Orezzoli, from Orezzoli, a fraction of Ottone. Their forefather was Galeazzo, son of Giovanni of Ottone. They had a considerable ramification process; their main branch was extinguished in the 18th century but the bloodline survived in some sub-branches. From one of these sub-branches, native to Bobbio, derived via adoption the branch of the Malaspina-Della Chiesa, marquises of Volpedo and of Carbonara.
    • Malaspina of Frassi, from Frassia fraction of Ottone. Their forefather was Giovanni, son of Galeazzo of Orezzoli. The bloodline still exists today through many sub-branches. They sold their feud in 1656 to the Doria.
  • Malaspina of Madrignano, an independent branch that started in 1355 with Azzone as its forefather. The branch was extinguished until 1631 but was later revived from 1710 to 1772 with the Consignori of Mulazzo. Its marquises were:
    • Azzone II, 1446
    • Bonifazio (1531–1555)
    • Stefano –1592
    • Bonifazio II
    • Stefano II –1600
    • Giulio Cesare –1631
    • Rinaldo of Suvero
    • Moroello of Mulazzo
    • Gian Cristoforo II (1710–1763), consignore of Mulazzo
    • Cesare –1772, consignore of Mulazzo

Malaspina of Castevoli

An autonomous branch of the family starting from the 15th century with Azzone of Antonio of Mulazzo as its forefather. This branch possessed the feuds of Stadomelli, Cavanella and had some ruling authority over Villafranca. Its main representatives were Thomas II (–1603) and his son Francesco (–1649). The main branch went extinct in 1759 and with imperial approval, the feuds were unified with Villafranca (1796). In 1794, some revolts against the authoritarian regime of Thomas III started. In 1757, part of the feud was acquired by the Mulazzo branch.

The rulers of the branch were:[19]

  • Azzone 1465
  • Cristofano
  • Tommaso –1547
  • Giovan Battista, consignore of Villafranca (1547–1561)
  • Tommaso II –1603
  • Francesco –1640
  • Tommaso II –1649
  • Niccolò –1676
  • Clarice –1678
  • (Alfonso 1561–1584; Stadomelli lineage)
  • (Alessandro –1604)
  • (Marzio –1616)
  • (Scipione –1656)
  • Alfonso III (1678–1722), heir of Castevoli
  • Scipione II –1744
  • Opizzone Paolo –1759
  • Thomas III –1797, heir of Villafranca.

Malaspina of Giovagallo

The forefather of this branch was Manfredo, son of Conrad Malaspina The Old, around 1260. They possessed the castle of Giovagallo (Tresana) and some surrounding land. The branch went extinct in 1365 and their feuds were inherited by the Villafranca branch. Most of the marquisate was absorbed by the marquisate of Tresana.[20]

Malaspina of Villafranca

Their forefather was Frederick, son of Conrad Malaspina The Old; they ruled over the castle of Malnido as well as Villafranca in Lunigiana and the surrounding lands. The branch was greatly weakened and impoverished due to many hereditary divisions, wars and the loss of numerous territories in the valleys close to the river Vara, Auella and Taverone. In the 16th century they were taken under the protection of Modena and thanks to their loyalty, with the May 3, 1726, decree, the duke Rinaldo d'Este of Modena gave them the name "Malaspina Estensi". Their newly formed dominion included Garbugliaga, Beverino, Villa, Rocchetta di Vara, and the castles of Virgoletta and Malnido in Villafranca, where they ruled together with the consignori of the Castevoli branch. The marquises ruling the branch were:[20]

  • Federico –1367
  • Spinetta –1402
  • Federico I –1406
  • Gabriele –1437
  • Giovanni Spinetta –1469
  • Tommaso –1521
  • Bartolomeo –1549
  • Federico II –1580
  • Alfonso –1601 and Scipione –1656
  • Tommaso and Federico III –1603
  • Bartolomeo II –1628
  • Annibale –1652
  • Niccolò - 1697
  • Giovanni –1715
  • Annibale II Malaspina Estense –1721
  • Federico IV Estense –1786
  • Giovanni II Estense –1796
  • Tommaso III –1797 (of the Castevoli branch).

The branch expanded efficiently, surviving after the end of feudalism and many co-branches still exist. Some of them had their own rulers as well as a separate identity. These include:

  • Malaspina of Cremolino, from Cremolino in Monferrato; their forefather was Thomas I (1361), son of Frederick of Villafranca and of Agnese del Bosco, a blood relative of the Aleramica from which derived all of the family's feuds, including the consignoria over the city of Ovada. The branch went extinct in the 16th century.[20]
  • Malaspina of Lusuolo, from Lusuolo a fraction of Mulazzo in Lunigiana. Their forefather was Azzone (died in 1364), son of Opizzino of Villafranca; he inherited the feuds of the Malaspina of Giovagallo that was already extinct. This branch went extinct in the 17th century after selling their feuds to the grand-duke of Tuscany.[20]
    • Malaspina of Podenzana from Podenzana in Lunigiana, whose forefather was Leonardo, son of Gian Spinetta of Lusuolo in 1536. During the Spanish war of succession, Alexander became the imperial governor of Aulla, greatly weakening the powers of the families of Genoa that had the right to rule over those territories since 1543. Refusing to pledge his loyalty to the king of Spain, Alexander's castle was demolished in 1706. In 1710, he regained the right to rule over the territories as the marquise of Aulla, purchasing the feud from the emperor at the price of 30.000 fiorini. In 1794, the branch inherited part of Licciana. They also possessed Montedivalli, Amola and a quarter of the feud of Monti. The branch went extinct in the 18th century. The marquises ruling the branch were:[20]
  • Leonardo (1535–1565)
  • Alexander–1587
  • Leonardo II –1637
  • Francesco –1676
  • Alexander II –1712
  • Francesco II Maria –1754
  • Alexander III –1789
  • Alfonso –1797
  • Malaspina of Tresana, from Tresana in Lunigiana. Their forefather was Opizzino, son of Giovanni Jacopo of Lusuolo, The branch went extinct with Guglielmo in 1652.[20]
  • Malaspina of Licciana, from Licciana Nardi in Lunigiana; their forefather was Gian Spinetta, son of Giovanni Spinetta of Villafranca> They became an independent branch in 1535 and ruled of the feud of Licciana. Their marquisate also had influence over Panicale, Monti, Piancastelli, Solaro, Bigliolo, Catanasco, Mulesano and Amola. Ferdinando, in the attempt to ask for Spanish protection, was killed during a riot in 1611. In 1778 the branch was put under the protection of Modena and in 1783 the family inherited in 1783 a part of the feud of Bastia. The branch went extinct at the end of the 18th century; after the death of Ignazio, the feud was acquired by the Podenzana branch (1795).[20]

The marquises ruling the branch were:

  • Jacopo (1535–1580), in 1549 he received the imperial investiture
    • Cornelio
    • Alfonso –1600
    • Ferdinando –1619
    • Obizzo –1641
    • Jacopo II –1669
    • Obizzo II –1704
    • Jacopo Antonio –1746
    • Francesco Maria –1749
    • Cornelio –1778
    • Ignazio –1794
    • Amedea –1796
    • Alfonso –1797 (from the Podenzana and Aulla lineage).
    • Malaspina of Bastia, from Bastia, a fraction of Licciana Nardi; their forefather was Fioramonte II, son of Gian Spinetta di Licciana (?–1528). The line became independent in 1535. During the 17th century, the feud was disgraced by the criminal activities of Nestore, the younger brother of the marquise Carlo; his criminal activity ended only after his death, which was caused by a violent popular revolt. Nestore completely disregarded the intervention of the grand duchy of Tuscany. In 1704 the feud became a Tuscan estate, gaining protection but having to be ruled by Florence officials. The marquee Anna, consort of the marquise Giovanni, was renowned in the territory as a woman of unmatched beauty; she was invited to Versailles in hopes of making her Luigi XV's favourite courtesan, replacing Pompadour. She failed in her efforts and came back to the feud with only a modest sum of money in compensation granted by the king. The line became extinct in 1783, leaving the feud to the line of Ponte Bosio.

The marquises ruling the branch were:[20]

      • Fioramonte II of Licciana (1535–1574).
      • Camillo –1619.
      • Camillo II –1629.
      • Ippolito –1641.
      • Francesco –1671.
      • Serafino –1736.
      • Antonio –1740.
      • Giovanni –1783.
      • Claudio –1797 (of the Pontebosio branch).
      • Malaspina of Terrarossa, from Terrarossa, a fraction of Licciana Nardi; their forefather was Fabrizio, son of Fioramonte of Bastia, who sold his feud to the Grand-Duke of Tuscany in 1617. This branch was extinguished after only two generations.[20]
      • Malaspina of Ponte Bosio, from Pontebosio, a fraction of Licciana Nardi; their forefather was Ludovico I, the abiotic grandson of Fioramonte of Bastia. This branch became the sovereign branch in 1631, receiving the official imperial investiture in 1639. They inherited the feud of Bastia in 1783 and in 1794 part of the feud of Licciana. They survived the end of feudalism but went extinct in the 19th century.

The marquises ruling the branch were:[20]

        • Ludovico -(1639–1659).
        • Giulio II –1664.
        • Claudio –1662.
        • Ferdinando –1722.
        • Ludovico II –1748.
        • Giulio III –1768.
        • Claudio II –1797.
        • Giulio IV –1797.
    • Malaspina of Monti from Monti, a fraction of Licciana Nardi; their forefather was Moroello (1535–1575), son of Gian Spinetta of Licciana. This line went extinct in two generations with Orazio (1575–1585).[20]
    • Malaspina of Suvero, from Suvero, a fraction of Rocchetta di Vara, a province of Spezia on the borders of Lunigiana; their forefather was Rinaldo (1535), son of Gian Spinetta II of Licciana. This branch inherited Monti, which was later sold in 1664 to the Podenzana branch of the family The branch survived the end of feudalism and still exists today. An outstanding representative of the branch was Torquato (–1594), who favoured philanthropic initiatives and constructed a "monte frumentario" to prevent famines. After the hereditary war between Rinaldo II and Spinetta of the Olivola branch (1627), the imperial feud was at peace until the Spanish invasion of 1733, which destroyed the family's castle.[20] The marquises ruling the branch were:
      • Rinaldo (1535–1563).
      • Torquato –1594.
      • Rinaldo II –1639.
      • Pier Torquato II –1663.
      • Francesco Antonio –1714.
      • Torquato III –1736.
      • Rinaldo III –1770.
      • Francesco Antonio II –1771.
      • Torquato IV –1796.

Malaspina of Pregòla

This branch's forefather was Alberto (–1298), son of Conrad Malaspina (The Old). They inherited the feud of Pregòla—a fraction of Brallo di Pregola—and vast territory on the left side of the Val Trebbia; the river divided their feuds from the ones owned by the branch of Mulazzo. They also owned some territories near Bobbio. In 1304 Corradino Malaspina, the lord of the castle of Carana (Corte Brugnatella), in agreement with Visconte Pallavicino and the abbot of Bobbio, Guido took control over Bobbio, transformed it into a lordship and built its current castle. In 1341 the Visconti Milan took control of Bobbio and of the Brugnatella court, stripping the Malaspina of the castle of Carana and destroying the famous Castello Nero, a black castle famous for the unusual stones used to build it. After 1347, when Corradino died, the feud was distributed between his heirs but in 1361 they had to give it to the Visconti family. in 1436 it was given to the Dal Verme family, who had become counts of Bobbio and Voghera. The Malaspinas also lost control over the ancient church of San Cristoforo in the Valle del Carlone. The only territory they still owned was Dezza, which was later given to the Malaspina of Pregòla. The branch endured a division in 1347, from which the feuds of Prato (a fraction of Cantalupo Ligure, in Val Borbera, near Val Trebbia) and of Corte Brugnatella, which both had a short history. In another division in 1453 the four quartieri were separated from the feud of Pergola; each of the estates was given to a distinct branch of the family. These branches were:[20]

  • Malaspina of Vezimo, from Vezimo, a fraction of Zerba in Val Trebbia. They went extinct at the end of the 16th century.[20]
  • Malaspina of Pei and Isola from Pei, a fraction of Zerba; and Isola, a currently abandoned town in the fraction of Brallo di Pregola. The main branch went extinct in the 17th century but it is plausible that some descendants of the family survive between the Malaspinas currently living in the area, whose genealogy is still unknown.
  • Malaspina of Alpe and Artana from Alpe, a fraction of Gorreto; and Artana, a fraction of Ottone. This line went extinct in the 17th century.
  • Malaspina of Pregòla, Campi and Zerba from Zerba and Campi, a fraction of Ottone. They originated the branch, which later re-acquired a majority of the main feud and regained the title of Marques of Pregòla, which are still remembered today during a town celebration called "Sfilata Medioevale in Costume di Bobbio", which is held every November. Thanks to marquise Oliviero, in 1541 they obtained the investiture as an imperial feud and remained so despite continuous threats of invasion by the Savoia until the end of feudalism in Italy (1797). The last marquise ruling the feud was Baldassarre, who had strong pressure coming from the court of Tourin to renounce to his feudal rights. Because of hereditary distress the feud had fostered many family branches as well as the marquises of Pallavicino and Cabella, who with Gerolamo had usurped portions of the Malaspinian feud in 1660. In 1782 Gian Galeazzo Malaspina, the marquise of Santa Margherita; Antonio Giuseppe Malaspina, marquise of Orezzoli; heirs of Conrad Malaspina of Pregòla whose widowed wife Maria Teresa Farnese dal Pozzo in 1777 had become part of the Savoia; as well as Giovan Carlo Spinola Pallavicino, claimed their feudal rights in the court of Vienna regarding the recent annexations by the Savoia, asking for intervention from the Emperor.[21] The direct line survived the end of feudalism and still remains a branch of the family. The line emigrated to Greece and later to the United States.[22]

Spino Fiorito branch

Original coat of arms of the Malaspina of the Spino Fiorito("truncated in gold and red, with a blooming thorn crossing it.")
Original coat of arms of the Malaspina of the Spino Fiorito
("truncated in gold and red, with a blooming thorn crossing it.")

in 1275, the son and three grandchildren of the forefather of the branch, Obizzo Malaspina also known as Obizzino, created four other sub-branches of the family.

Malaspina of Varzi

Their forefather was Azzolino, Obizzino 's grandson and son of Isnardo, who had already died before the division in 1275. With his brother Gabriele, Azzolino inherited a third of the estates of his grandfather Obizzino, some of which were in Lunigiana and some in Lombardy. After some time, in agreement with his brother, Azzolino took full control of the Lombardy feuds, mostly located in the Staffora valley surrounding Varzi. The Marquisate of Varzi was divided between Azzolino's three sons; the sub-branch of Isnardo, which ruled over Menconico, went extinct in the 15th century but the other two branches survived:[23]

  • Malaspina of Fabbrica, from Fabbrica Curone in a valley that borders with Staffora valley, had Obizzo as their forefather, Azzolino's son. They went extinct at the end of the 19th century after they had become Sforza-Malaspina.
  • Malaspina of Varzi (first-born righteous branch); this branch went extinct in the 19th century after having created many ramifications and lost control over the marquisate. It is plausible that there could still be some heirs of the line between the many Malaspinas living in the Staffora valley to this day. From the Varzi branch other two branches were created:
    • Malaspina of Santa Margherita, from Santa Margherita, a fraction of Santa Margherita di Staffora; their forefather was Cristoforo, who died after 1420. They went extinct in 1821.
    • Malaspina of Casanova, from Casanova Staffora, a fraction of Santa Margherita di Staffora. Their forefather was Baldassarre son of Bernabò di Varzi. They generated another sub-branch but went extinct in the 17th century.
      • Malaspina of Bagnaria, from Bagnaria, of which they only had the nominal 'ruling title'. Their forefather was Bernabò son of Bernabò di Varzi. They went extinct in the 17th century.[24]

Malaspina of Fivizzano

This branch's forefather was Gabriele, Obizzino's grandson and Isnardo's son, who died before the division of the feuds in 1275. Gabriele ruled over a third of the family's estates alongside his brother Azzolino; some feuds were in Lunigiana and some in Lombardy; thanks to a political agreement between him and Azzollino, Gabriele took control of the feuds in Lunigiana, which consisted of the castle of Verrucola in Fivizzano and the bordering territories in eastern Lunigiana. Gabriele had three children; Isnardo's family went extinct in the 15th century, leaving Fivizzano to the Republic of Florence, with which the family were allied. This event determined the future, creating the strong influence Florence had over Lunigiana and the bordering territories. The famous Lunigiana Granducale, which fought for supremacy with the Malaspinian dominium as well as the one of Modena. Spinetta Malaspina pledged his loyalty to Verona; by doing so he was awarded the feud of Fosdinovo. Spinetta had no natural heirs so his bloodline went extinct with his sons; Azzolino's descendants were rewarded with the feud of Fosdinovo and generated the line of Malaspina of Fosdinovo, who were imperial vicars in Italy from whom Antonio Alberico I Malaspina descended. Because Antonio was the marquise of Fosdinovo, he obtained the feud of Massa in 1441.[25] His son, Giacomo I Malaspina (?–1481), succeeded his father and added to the lordship of Massa the feud of Carrara and its surrounding territories.[26] Giacomo's son, Alberico[27] banished his brother Francesco and Francesco's offspring, depriving them of all succession rights and leaving his daughter Ricciarda as his sole heir. Ricciarda married Lorenzo Cibo, from which descended the Cybo-Malaspina, the new Duchess of Massa and Carrara.[28]

This branch of the family generated several other sub-branches, including:

  • Malaspina of Sannazzaro from Sannazzaro de' Burgondi near Pavia; their forefather was Francesco, the son of Giacomo I of Massa, who had been invested as the rightful ruler of the feud by the Sannazzaro in 1466. They went extinct in 1835 with Luigi, an outstanding citizen of Pavia, in which he had a prominent political and social role.[23]

Malaspina of Fosdinovo

The Malaspinian castle of Fosdinovo
The Malaspinian castle of Fosdinovo

This branch's forefather was the son of Azzolino, Galeotto, who died in 1367. In 1340, Spinetta Malaspina consolidated the family's power over its estates, granting them the lordship for the following centuries. The marquisate of Fosdinovo became sovereignly autonomous in 1367, engulfing the territories of Viano, Castel dell'Aquila, Gragnola (1646), Cortila, Pulica, Giucano, Ponzanello, Tendola, Marciaso and Posterla, Caniparola. Gabriele, son of Antonio Alberico I of Fosdinovo, took control of the feud of Fosdinovo, leaving the other estates to his siblings.[29]

In 1529 the hereditary status of imperial Vicary was recognised to him and his feuds. In 1666 the emperor granted the branch the right to produce its own currency. The last sovereign marquise was Carlo Emanuele, who was in favour of abolishing the imperial feuds in Italy; he agreed with the Napoleonic edict of 2 July 1797 and renounced his feuds. The Torrigiani-Malaspina family still owns the Castle Fosdinovese.I The ruling marquises were:[23]

  • Galeotto (1361–1367)
  • Gabriele I (1367–1390)
  • Spinetta II (1393–1398)
  • Antonio Alberico I (1398–1445)
  • Giacomo I (1445–1467)
  • Gabriele II (1467–1508)
  • Lorenzo (1508–1533) alongside Galeotto II (1508–1523)
  • Giuseppe (1533–1565)
  • Andrea (1565–1610)
  • Giacomo II (1610–1663)
  • Pasquale (1663–1669)
  • Ippolito (1669–1671)
  • Carlo Francesco Agostino (1671–1722)
  • Gabriele III (1722–1758)
  • Carlo II Emanuele (1758–1797).
    • Malaspina of Olivola, from Olivola, a fraction of Aulla; their forefather was Lazzaro, son of Giovanni Battista of Fosdinovo and nephew of Gabriele, who had taken control of the feud of Olivola after the assassination of the original heirs of the main branch. The marquisate also possessed Pallerone (1572), Bibola, Bigliolo, Agnino, Quercia, Saracco and Vaccareccia. In 1569 their feud was absorbed by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. This branch went extinct in the 19th century; the ruling marquises were:[23]
      • Lazzaro (1509–1544), in 1525 he received the imperial investiture.
      • Spinetta II –1571.
      • Lazzaro II –1630.
      • Spinetta III –1655.
      • Giuseppe –1682.
      • Lazzaro III –1714.
      • Giuseppe Massimiliano –1758.
      • Lazzaro IV –1783.
      • Carlo –1796
    • Malaspina of Verona; their forefather was Spinetta, son of Antonio Alberico I of Fosdinovo, who gave up his feudal rights but had many estates in Verona. This branch became part of Verona's nobility in 1406 and acquired the marchional title with imperial placet on 13 April 1638, which was then re-confirmed on 7 January 1821. They went extinct in the 20th century.[30]
    • Malaspina of Gragnola, from Gragnola a fraction of Fivizzano; their forefather was Leonardo, brother of Spinetta the Great. They went extinct with Leonardo II (–1419) after two generations but their feud was passed down to the marquise of Fosdinovo, which went extinct in 1642.
      • Lazzaro III (1445–1451)
      • Galeotto
      • Leonardo III –1505
      • Giacomo
      • Giovanni –1550
      • Leone –1568
      • Alfonso –1594. Part of a sub-branch (inherited the feud in 1594)
      • Galeotto –1544
      • Corrado –1576
      • Giovan Battista –1602
      • Cosimo –1638
      • Alessandro –1642.

Malaspina of Olivola

Their forefather was Francesco, son of Bernabò and grandson of Obizzino who, after the division of 1275, inherited land in Lunigiana (the castle of Olivola, in a fraction of Aulla) and Lombardy, including the castle of Pizzocorno, a fraction of Ponte Nizza. The heirs of the main branch were assassinated in 1413 in the castle of Olivola; their feuds were divided between the Fosdinovo and Godiasco branches of the family. Olivola was given to the line of Gragnola; after the extinction of the line, it was given to Alberico I of Fosdinovo and his son Gabriele IV (–1485), who left it to his son Giovan Battista. The feud was later inherited by Lazzaro, who in 1525 created an independent line, which survived until the abolition of the imperial feuds in 1797. The ruling marquises were:[31]

  • Bernabò (1249–1265)
  • Franceschino –1339
  • Domenico –1355
  • Marco –1398
  • Manfredi, Bernabò II, Giovanni –1413.

Malaspina of Godiasco

The forefather of this branch was Alberto, son of Obizzino, who in the division of 1275 with his grandchildren had feuds in both Lunigiana and Lombardy, mainly close to the castle of Filattiera. They were initially called Malaspina of Filattiera; this title was kept by the first generation only. They also had a castle in Oramala—a fraction of Val di Nizza, and later acquired control over the Borgo of Godiasco and set it as their centre of power. In 1743 the province of Bobbio was established under the marquisate of Bobbio from 1516; the Savoia and the mandate of Varzi delimitated their territories. The five main sub-branches of the family were created by Nicolò (also known as Marchesotto) the son of Alberto, and his five children; they all had feuds in Lunigiana and in the marquisate of Godiasco:[23]

  • Malaspina of Castiglione and Casalasco from Castiglione del Terziere, a fraction of Bagnone in Lunigiana, and from Casalasco, a fraction of Val di Nizza in the Oltrepò Pavese; their forefather was Franceschino, son of Marchesotto who was also known as The soldier. They went extinct in three generations; the feud of Castiglione went to Florence and that of Casalasco went to the Malaspina of Oramala.
  • Malaspina of Bagnone and Valverde from Bagnone in Lunigiana and Valverde in the Oltrepò Pavese; their forefather was Antonio, son of Marchesotto. Antonio's children divided their estates equally; Bagnone was given to Riccardo and was later sold by his grandchildren to Florence. His bloodline went extinct in 1987. The bloodline of Cardinal Aragonio Malaspina Bartolelli lives on; its last heir is still alive in the Marca Anconetana. Valverde was given to Antonio, whose bloodline probably continued in the Oltrepò.
  • Malaspina of Treschietto and Piumesana, from Treschietto, a fraction of Bagnone in Lunigiana; and from Piumesana, a fraction of Godiasco in the Oltrepò Pavese; their forefather was Giovanni, son of Marchesotto. In 1698 they sold Treschietto and their lordship over Piumesana to the Grand-Duke of Tuscany. The consignoria on Godiasco was reduced significantly. They went extinct in the 19th century.
  • Malaspina of Filattiera and Cella from Filattiera in Lunigiana and Cella, a fraction of Varzi in the Oltrepò Pavese; their forefather was Obizzino, son of Marchesotto. In 1514 Bernabò, rebelled against the Sforza, and was executed in Voghera. The feud of Cella was confiscated; his son Manfredi sold Filattiera to the Grand-Duke of Tuscany. They went extinct in the 18th century.
  • Malaspina of Malgrate and Oramala from Malgrate, a fraction of Villafranca in Lunigiana; and from Oramala, a fraction of Val di Nizza in the Oltrepò Pavese. Their forefather was Bernabò, son of Marchesotto. This is one of the few branches of the family, alongside the one of Fosdinovo, that never diminished its power over time; it acquired almost full control of the marquisates of Godiasco, Pozzol Groppo and Fortunago they also acquired substantial control over many of the other Malaspinian feuds of the Oltrepò. This branch was later called Malaspina of Godiasco-Pozzol Groppo and Fortunago.[32] They went extinct in the 19th century. The ruling marquises were:[23]
    • Bernabò (1351–1368)
    • Niccolò –1408
    • Bartolomeo –1456
    • Ercole –1477
    • Malgrate –1499
    • Giambattista –1514
    • Cesare –1549
    • Ercole II –1581
    • Pier Francesco –1622
    • Giuseppe
    • Pier Francesco II –1692
    • Ercole III Benedetto –1723
    • Agostino –1750
    • Ercole IV –1797.
  • Malaspina of Sagliano from Sagliano Crenna, a fraction of Varzi; their forefather was Azzo, son of Nicolò of Oramala and Malgrate. This branch went extinct in the 18th century.[30]
  • Other branches

    Malaspinian Baroque gate - Ascoli Piceno
    Malaspinian Baroque gate - Ascoli Piceno
    • Malaspina of Ascoli Piceno, from Ascoli Piceno in Marche; the feud was later inherited by the Malatesta but the Sforza later gave it back to the Malaspina, who held it until 1502 when it was acquired by the papacy.
    • Malaspina of Grondona; they only held the feud of Grondona until the end of feudalism.
    • Sorce-Malaspina; their forefather was the marquise of Olivola, Giuseppe Massimiliano Malaspina (1700 - 1º of November 1758). Alberico was born from Giuseppe's union with Maria Teresa Malaspina, (1703 - Pisa, 3 November 1770) (? - 1789); he married Maria Migliore in Palermo. The daughter of Maria Angelica Malaspina married Don Antonino Sorce, the heir of a rich family of Mussomeli, giving origin to the Sorce-Malaspina branch of the family. In 1770, their son Salvatore Sorce-Malaspina was born; with his wife Antonina Padronaggio he had these children:[33]
      • Antonino Sorce Malaspina (born in 1793);
      • Vincenzo Sorce Malaspina (born in 1806), married with Donna Gaetana Sorce;
      • Maria Angelica Sorce Malaspina (born in 1801);
      • Maria Carmela Sorce Malaspina (born in 1800). the line is currently still alive thanks to the heirs of Giuseppe Mistretta, born from Cavalier Antonino and Donna Stefanina Mistretta.

    Family members of unknown lines

    • Ricordano Malaspina: (also known as Malespini); a historiographer from Florence (* around 1200, †; 1281). He wrote a book about the history of Florence ("Istoria Fiorentina") in Italian, which was completed after his death by his grandson Giaccotto. After the Battle of Montaperti (1260) he was exiled to Rome and returned to Florence after the battle of Benevento in 1266.
    • Giacotto Malaspina, who documented Florence's history until 1286.[33]
    • Saba Malaspina the secretary of Pope John XXI; he wrote the history of Sicily ("Rerum sicularum", 1250–76) from a Guelph's point of view.


    Marquesses of Malaspina

    House of Malaspina

    Rulers of Lunigiana under Malaspina rule

    Marquisate of Malaspina[34]
    (c.1130-1254)
    (divided in Spino Secco and Spino Fiorito since 1212)
    Spino Secco, Dried Thorn
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    Spino Fiorito, Blossomed Thorn
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    Marq. Pregòla[35]
    (1254-1797)
    Marquisate of Mulazzo
    (1254-1797)
    Marq. Giovagallo
    (1254-1365)
           Marquisate of Godiasco/Filattiera
    (1254-1535)
    Marq. Olivola
    (1st creation)
    (1254-
    1413)
          
           Marq. Cremolino
    (1275-1467)
    Marquisate of
    Verrucola/Fivizzano

    (1254-1418)
    Marquisate of Varzi[36]
    (1289-1776)
    Marquisate of Villafranca
    (1254-1796)
    Marq. Lusuolo
    (1301-1616)
           Marq. Sta. Margherita
    (1320-1790)
    Marq. Lunassi
    (1320-
    1743)
    Marq. Fabbrica
    (1320-
    1759)
           Marq.
    Treschietto/
    Piumesana

    (1339-1716)
    Marq.
    Castiglione

    (1339-1451)
    Marq. 
    Bagnone

    (1339-
    1471)
    Marq.
    Malgrate

    (1339-
    1615)
          
                  Marq. Fosdinovo
    (1340-1797)
          
    Marquisate of Villafranca
    (1254-1796)
                        
    Marq. Carisetto
    (1407-
    1540)
    Marq. Sto. Stefano
    (1407-
    1590)
    Marq. Mulazzo
    (1254-1797)
           Marq. Tresana
    (1407-
    1651)
                        
                                Marq. Gragnola/
    Castel d'Aquila

    (1367-1642)

    (Brief reannexation by Fosdinovo 1441-51)
                 
                  Marq. Fosdinovo
    (1340-1797)
                 
                  Sold to the Republic of Florence Marq. Olivola
    (2nd creation, Fosdinovo line
    (1451-
    1796)
                        
                                      
           Marquisate of Licciana
    (1469-1796)
           Annexed to the Marquisate of Montferrat               Marq. Massa-Carrara
    (1467-
    1553)
          
                         Sold to the Republic of Florence, later Grand Duchy of Tuscany              
    Marq.
    Edifizi

    (1475-
    1624)
                                             
                  Marq. Madrignano
    (1517-1631)

    Suvero line retained Madrignano
    (1631-39)
                                      
                         Marq. Podenzana
    (1528-1797)
           Marq. Monti
    (1528-
    87)
    Marq. Bastia
    (1528-1783)
    Marq. Suvero
    (1528-
    1797)
                               
                                       Sold to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany              
    Sold to the Fieschi family                                                 
                                              Marq.
    Oramala

    (1549-
    1797)
                 
                                                     Inherited by the Cybo family       
                         Marq. Castevoli
    (1560-
    1797)
                                      
                  Marq. Montereggio
    (1573-1646)
                         Marq.
    Ponte
    Bosio

    (1574-
    1797)
    Marq. Terrarossa
    (1st creation)
    1574-1617)
                               
                                                                  
                                                           
                                Sold to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany Sold to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany Sold to the Kingdom of Spain              
    Marq. Mulazzo
    (1254-1797)
                         Marq. Terrarossa
    (2nd creation) (Filattiera line)
    (1628-1787)
                 
                                       '      
    Marq. Mulazzo
    (1254-1797)
                         Marq.
    Fosdinovo

    (1340-1797)
          
                         Sold to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany       
                         Sold to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany       
                                Sold to the House of Savoy
                                Sold to the House of Savoy
                         Sold to the House of Savoy
                  Marq. Ponte Bosio
    (1574-
    1797)
                  Sold to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
                  Sold to the House of Savoy
    Marq. Castevoli
    (1560-1797)
    Marq. Podenzana
    (1528-1797)

    Table of rulers

    Ruler Branch Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
    Alberto I <i>Malaspina</i> Malaspina ?
    Son of Oberto Obizzo II, Marquis of Milan
    1130-1141 1141 Marquisate of Malaspina Adelisa
    three children

    Picenna
    no children
    Founder of the family and of the marquisate.
    Obizzo I <i>the Great</i> Malaspina ?
    Son of Alberto I <i>Malaspina</i>, Marquis of Malaspina and Adelisa
    1141-1186 1186 Marquisate of Malaspina Maria Bianco da Vezzano
    three children
    Alberto II the Moor
    BnF ms. 854 fol. 155v - Albert Marques de Malaspina (2).jpg
    Malaspina 1165
    Son of Obizzo I and Maria da Vezzano
    1186-1212 1212
    aged 46/47
    Marquisate of Malaspina (Giordana?) of Montferrat
    one child
    Sons of Obizzo I, ruled jointly, until the death of Alberto in 1212. The surviving nephews, then divided the marquisate between the two: Alberto's brother Obizzo's line became known as Spino Secco (Dried Thorn) and Moroello's as Spino Fiorito (Blossomed Thorn).
    Obizzo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Obizzo I and Maria da Vezzano
    1186-1193 1193 Marquisate of Malaspina Beatrice? of Montferrat
    two children
    Moroello I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1140
    Son of Obizzo I and Maria da Vezzano
    1186-1199 1199
    aged 58/59
    Marquisate of Malaspina (Giordana?) Frangipan
    four children
    Corrado I the Elder
    Dante sieht zwei Engel mit Flammenschwertern zu den Seiten einer Schar Seelen, unter welchen Malaspina, der ihm seine Verbannung aus Florenz prophezeit (SM 942k).png
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1180
    Son of Obizzo II and Beatrice of Montferrat
    1212-1254 7 July 1254
    aged 73/74
    Marquisate of Malaspina Constance of Sicily

    Agnesina

    six children (in total)
    In 1254 divided his lands between his sons.
    Guglielmo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Moroello I and (Giordana?) Frangipan
    1212-1219 May 1219 Marquisate of Malaspina Unknown
    at least one child
    Obizzo III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Guglielmo I
    1219-1249 1249 Marquisate of Malaspina Caterina della Volta
    seven children
    In 1249 divided his lands between his sons.
    Alberto
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Obizzo III and Caterina della Volta
    1249-1320 1320
    Marquisate of Godiasco/Filattiera Fiesca Fieschi
    eight children
    In 1249, on the partition between his brothers, received Godiasco.
    Bernabò I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Obizzo III and Caterina della Volta
    1249-1265 1265
    Marquisate of Olivola Anna Maria of Sicily
    three children
    In 1249, on the partition between his brothers, received Olivola.
    Isnardo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Obizzo III and Caterina della Volta
    1249-1275 June 1275
    Marquisate of Verrucola/Fivizzano Cubitosa d'Este
    (b.1233)
    eight children
    In 1249, on the partition between his brothers, received Verrucola.
    Moroello I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1225
    Son of Corrado I and Constance of Sicily/Agnesina
    1254-1284 1284
    aged 48/49
    Marquisate of Mulazzo Berlanda Argentina Grimaldi (1230-1281)
    five children
    In 1254, on the partition between his brothers, received Mulazzo.
    Federico I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Corrado I and Constance of Sicily/Agnesina
    1254-1275 1275 Marquisate of Villafranca Agnese del Bosco
    seven children
    In 1254, on the partition between his brothers, received Villafranca.
    Manfredo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Corrado I and Constance of Sicily/Agnesina
    1254-1285 1285 Marquisate of Giovagallo Beatrice
    three children
    In 1254, on the partition between his brothers, received Giovagallo.
    Francesco
    (under guardianship of Anna Maria of Sicily until 1275[37])
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1262[38]
    Son of Bernabò I and Anna Maria of Sicily
    1265-1339 1339
    (aged 76/77)
    Marquisate of Olivola Unknown
    six children
    Obizzo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Federico I and Agnese del Bosco
    1275-1301 1301 Marquisate of Villafranca Tobia Spinola
    eight children
    Received a smaller Villafranca, after the partition with his brother.
    Tommaso I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Federico I and Agnese del Bosco
    1275-1309 1309 Marquisate of Cremolino Richilda of Fosdinovo

    Ughetta

    eight children (in total)
    Received the marquisate of Cremolino after the partition with his brother.
    Gabriele
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Isnardo I and Cubitosa d'Este
    1275-1289 1289 Marquisate of Verrucola/Fivizzano Unknown
    seven children
    In 1249, on the partition between his brothers, received Verrucola.
    Francesco
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Moroello I and Berlenda-Argentina Grimaldi
    1284-1319 1319 Marquisate of Mulazzo Unknown
    five children
    Moroello I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1268
    Son of Manfredo I and Beatrice
    1285-1315 8 April 1315
    aged 46/47
    Marquisate of Giovagallo Alagia Fieschi
    four children
    Isnardo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gabriele
    1289-1351 1351
    Marquisate of Verrucola/Fivizzano Angelica Verona
    five children
    Sons of Isnardo I, shared Verrucola. Azzolino's descendants would later rule the Marquisate of Fosdinovo.
    Azzolino[39]
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gabriele
    1289-1327 1327
    Marquisate of Verrucola/Fivizzano Giovanna Cagnoli
    five children
    Federico II
    (under guardianship of Tobia Spinola until c.1310)[40]
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    c.1290
    Son of Obizzo I and Tobia Spinola
    1301-1367 1367
    (aged around 76/77)
    Marquisate of Villafranca Elisabetta Malaspina of Fosdinovo
    two children
    Azzone
    (under guardianship of Tobia Spinola until c. 1310)
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    c.1290
    Son of Obizzo I Malaspina, Marquis of Villafranca and Tobia Spinola
    1301-1364 1364
    (aged around 73/74)
    Marquisate of Lusuolo ? Malaspina of Oramala
    five children
    Received the marquisate of Lusuolo from his father.
    Isnardo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Tommaso I and Richelda of Fosdinovo[41]
    1309-1348 1348 Marquisate of Cremolino Eleonora Asinari
    three children
    Manfredo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Moroello II and Alagia Fieschi
    1315-1345 1345 Marquisate of Giovagallo Anna Torelli
    two children
    Moroello II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Francesco
    1319-1365 1365 Marquisate of Mulazzo Alagia Malaspina of Giovagallo
    seven children
    Niccolò
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Alberto and Fiesca Fieschi
    1320-1339 1339
    Marquisate of Godiasco/Filattiera Beatrice Malaspina of Mulazzo
    seven children
    Brothers and co-rulers. The sons of Niccolò divided the territory between them after their father's death.
    Manfredo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Alberto and Fiesca Fieschi
    1320-1330 1330
    Marquisate of Godiasco/Filattiera Unmarried
    Domenico
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Francesco
    1339-1355 1355 Marquisate of Olivola Unknown
    two children
    Riccardo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Obizzo Malaspina of Godiasco and Taddea Malaspina of Fosdinovo
    1339-1392 1392
    Marquisate of Filattiera Teodora Grimaldi of Genoa
    seven children
    Grandson of Niccolò, received Filattiera after the partition with his uncles.
    Giovanni I <i>Beretta</i>
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Niccolò Malaspina and Beatrice Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1339-1375 1375
    Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Masina Picciolini
    four children
    Received Treschietto and Piumesana after the partition with his brothers and nephew.
    Francesco I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Niccolò Malaspina, Marquis of Godiasco and Beatrice Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1339-1396 1396
    Marquisate of Castiglione Unknown
    three children
    Received Castiglione after the partition with his brothers and nephew.
    Bernabò
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Niccolò Malaspina, Marquis of Godiasco and Beatrice Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1339-1368 1368 Marquisate of Malgrate Unknown
    one child
    Received Malgrate after the partition with his brothers and nephew.
    Antonio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Niccolò Malaspina, Marquis of Godiasco and Beatrice Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1339-1359 1359 Marquisate of Bagnone Unknown
    four children
    Received Bagnone after the partition with his brothers and nephew.
    Spinetta I the Great
    Malaspina5.png
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1282
    Verrucola
    Son of Gabriele Malaspina, Marquis of Verrucola
    1340-1352 1352
    Fosdinovo
    (aged 69/70)
    Lordship of Fosdinovo Beatrice Visconti of Milan
    (b.1280)
    1310
    three children
    In 1340, Spinetta became ruler of Fosdinovo, taking it from the Republic of Lucca, and founded a new marquisate. However, left no male descendants, nominating his nephews (sons of his brother Azzolino) as heirs.
    Moroello II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Manfredo II and Anna Torelli
    1345-1365 1365 Marquisate of Giovagallo Argentina Grimaldi of Genoa[42]
    one child
    Left no surviving children. After his death Giovagallo was annexed to Villafranca.
    Giovagallo was annexed to Villafranca
    Antonio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Isnardo I and Eleonora Asinari
    1348-1355 1355 Marquisate of Cremolino Unknown
    one child[43]
    Also Podestà of Tortona in 1332.
    Niccolò
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Isnardo II and Angelica Verona
    1351-1416 1416
    Marquisate of Verrucola/Fivizzano Unknown
    three children
    Galeotto I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Azzolino Malaspina, Marquis of Verrucola and Giovanna Cagnoli
    1352-1367 15 March 1367
    Fosdinovo
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Argentina Grimaldi of Genoa
    three children
    His feud was elevated to a Marquisate in 1355, by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
    Tommaso II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Isnardo I and Eleonora Asinari
    1355-1402 1402 Marquisate of Cremolino Unknown
    three children
    Probably ruled with his son, who predeceased him.
    Gian Isnardo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Tommaso II
    1355-1385 1385 Marquisate of Cremolino Unknown
    five children
    Marco
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Domenico
    1355-1404 1404 Marquisate of Olivola Doralice Malaspina
    five children
    Riccardo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Antonio
    1359-1427 1427 Marquisate of Bagnone Unknown
    three children
    Gian Jacopo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Azzone
    1364-1407 1407 Marquisate of Lusuolo Unknown
    five children
    Antonio I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Moroello II and Alagia Malaspina of Giovagallo
    1365-1407 1407 Marquisate of Mulazzo Sofia Buzzacarini
    nine children
    After his death he divided his marquisate between his sons.
    Spinetta
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Federico II and Elisabetta Malaspina of Fosdinovo
    1367-1403 1403 Marquisate of Villafranca Costanza
    ten children
    Gabriele I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Galeotto I and Argentina Grimaldi of Genoa
    1367-1390 1390
    Fosdinovo
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Unmarried Left no descendants. The marquisate was inherited by his brother.
    Leonardo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Galeotto I Malaspina, Marquis of Fosdinovo and Argentina Grimaldi of Genoa
    1367-1403 13 July 1403 Marquisate of Gragnola Caterina Rossi[44] or Caterina Malaspina of Lusuolo[45]

    six children
    Received the marquisate of Gragnola from his father.
    Niccolò
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Bernabò
    1368-1408 1408 Marquisate of Malgrate Unknown
    two children
    Federico <i>the German</i>
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Giovanni I and Masina Picciolini
    1375-1419 1419 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Unknown
    seven children
    Spinetta II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Galeotto I and Argentina Grimaldi of Genoa
    1390-1398 1398
    Fosdinovo
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Giovanna Gambacorta
    no children

    Margherita Barbiano
    1390
    two children
    Niccolò II[46]
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Riccardo and Teodora Grimaldi of Genoa
    1392-1472 1472 Marquisate of Filattiera Rosana Malaspina of Villafranca
    no children
    Sons of Riccardo, they probably shared rule in Filattiera.
    Bernabò I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Riccardo and Teodora Grimaldi of Genoa
    1392-1468 1468 Marquisate of Filattiera Giovanna Malaspina of Bagnone
    four children
    Bernabò
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Francesco I
    1396-1430 1430
    Marquisate of Castiglione Unknown
    two children
    Antonio Alberico I
    (under guardianship of Margherita Barbiano until 1410)
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Spinetta II and Margherita Barbiano
    1398-1445 9 April 1445
    Fosdinovo
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Giovanna Malaspina of Verrucola
    1418[47]five children
    Acquired the Lordship of Massa in 1442.
    Tommaso III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Isnardo
    1402-1427 1427 Marquisate of Cremolino Unknown
    one child
    Probably ruled with his son, who predeceased him.
    Federico III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Spinetta and Costanza
    1403-1406 1406 Marquisate of Villafranca Unknown
    three children
    Leonardo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Leonardo I and Caterina Rossi/Caterina Malaspina of Lusuolo
    1403-1441 1441 Marquisate of Gragnola Ginevra Visconti of Milan
    (1385-1418)
    one child
    Brothers, they shared the fief. Despite surviving his brother, Galeotto possibly had to hand over the marquisate to Fosdinovo, as the land was reabsorbed by Fosdinovo and (probably because Galeotto had no male heirs) given to a new heir in 1445, with Galeotto still living.
    Galeotto I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Leonardo I and Caterina Rossi/Caterina Malaspina of Lusuolo
    1441 Marquisate of Gragnola Samaritana Foscari
    one child

    Mattea Bevilacqua
    four children
    Gragnola briefly absorbed by Fosdinovo
    Giovanni
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Marco and Doralice Malaspina
    1404-1411 1411 Marquisate of Olivola Unmarried Left no descendants. The marquisate went to his brother.
    Gabriele
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Spinetta and Costanza
    1406-1437 1437 Marquisate of Villafranca Maddalena Malaspina of Lusuolo
    five children
    Azzone
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Antonio I and Sofia Buzzacarini
    1407-1473 1473 Marquisate of Mulazzo Unknown
    twenty-four children
    Received a smaller marquisate, after the divisions with his brothers.
    Antonio II[48]
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Antonio I and Sofia Buzzacarini
    1407-1477 1477 Marquisate of Carisetto Unknown
    one child
    Received the marquisate of Carisetto, after the division made by his brothers.
    Ghisello I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Antonio I and Sofia Buzzacarini
    1407-1475 c.1475 Marquisate of Santo Stefano Unknown
    five children
    Received the marquisate of Santo Stefano, after the division made by his brothers.
    Jacopo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Jacopo
    1407-1460 1460 Marquisate of Lusuolo Unknown
    five children
    Divided the marquisate with his brother and kept a smaller Lusuolo.
    Obizzo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Jacopo Malaspina, Marquis of Lusuolo
    1407-1450 1450 Marquisate of Tresana Anna
    three children
    Kept Tresana after the division made with his brother.
    Bartolomeo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Niccolò
    1408-1456 1456 Marquisate of Malgrate Eleonora Vignoli of Lodi
    three children
    Bernabò II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Marco and Doralice Malaspina
    1411-1413 1413
    Varano
    Marquisate of Olivola Unmarried In 1413, on the same day, he and his brothers were assassinated. Olivola was eventually absorbed by the Marquisate of Fosdinovo.
    Olivola annexed by Fosdinovo
    Bartolomeo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Niccolò
    1416-1418 1418
    Marquisate of Verrucola/Fivizzano Margherita Anguissola
    two children
    After his death, Verrucola was absorbed by the still recent Marquisate of Fosdinovo.
    Verrucola annexed by Fosdinovo
    Giovanni II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Federico
    1419-1454 1454 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Unknown
    two children
    Isnardo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Tommaso III
    1427-1467 1467 Marquisate of Cremolino Costanza
    no children
    After his death with no descendants, the marquisate was annexed to the Marquisate of Montferrat.[49] The line survived, and died out in 1529.
    Annexed to the Marquisate of Montferrat
    Giorgio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Riccardo
    1427-1450 30 June 1450 Marquisate of Bagnone Unknown
    four children
    Francesco II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Bernabò
    1430-1451 after 1451 Marquisate of Castiglione Unmarried In 1451, Francesco sold his marquisate to the Republic of Florence
    Castiglione sold to the Republic of Florence
    Gian Spinetta I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Spinetta and Costanza
    1437-1469 1469 Marquisate of Villafranca Teodora Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1435
    five children
    After his death the marquisate was divided between his sons.
    Jacopo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1422
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Antonio Alberico I and Giovanna Malaspina of Verrucola
    1445-1467 18 May 1481
    Massa
    (aged 58/59)
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Taddea Pico
    May 1446
    five children
    In 1467, Jacopo abdicated from Fosdinovo to his brother Gabriele, and ruled solely in Massa-Carrara, where he established a short-lived independent line.
    1467-1481 Marquisate of Massa and Carrara
    Lazzaro
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1428
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Antonio Alberico I Malaspina, Marquis of Fosdinovo and Giovanna Malaspina of Verrucola
    1445-1451 4 July 1451 Marquisate of Gragnola Caterina Malaspina of Gragnola
    (1432-20 March 1500)
    one child
    Revived the marquisate of Gragnola after receiving it from his father. He established a relatively longer line of marquesses than the previous one. He also linked himself with the older Gragnola line by marriage with a daughter of the still living Galeotto I, previous holder of the marquisate.
    Gian Giorgio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Obizzo and Anna
    1450-1502 1502 Marquisate of Tresana Costanza
    three children
    Cristiano
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Riccardo
    1450-1471 1471 Marquisate of Bagnone Unknown
    four children
    In 1471, Francesco sold his marquisate to the Republic of Florence
    Bagnone sold to the Republic of Florence
    Leonardo III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Lazzaro and Caterina Malaspina of Gragnola
    1451-1505 28 June 1505 Marquisate of Gragnola Aurante Orsini
    five chldren
    Andrea I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Giovanni II
    1454-1477 1477 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Unknown
    two children
    Malgrate
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Bartolomeo and Eleonora Vignoli of Lodi
    1456-1499 1499 Marquisate of Malgrate Margherita Malaspina of Mulazzo

    Caterina Spinola

    two children (in total)
    Sons of Bartolomeo, shared the marquisate.
    Ercole I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Bartolomeo and Eleonora Vignoli of Lodi
    1456-1480 1480 Marquisate of Malgrate Unmarried
    Jacopo Ambrogio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Jacopo
    1460-1506 1506 Marquisate of Lusuolo Caterina Suardi
    eight children
    Gabriele II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1435
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Jacopo I and Taddea Pico
    1467-1508 3 February 1508
    Fosdinovo
    (aged 72/73)
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Bianca Malaspina of Gragnola
    (1439-1516)
    May 1456 or 1468[50]
    five children
    In 1467, received from his brother Jacopo the marquisate of Fosdinovo, following the latter's abdication.
    Gian Spinetta II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Spinetta I and Teodora Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1469-1528 1528 Marquisate of Licciana Maddalena Malaspina of Gragnola
    five children
    Received the marquisate of Licciana.
    Tommaso I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Spinetta I and Teodora Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1469-1521 1521 Marquisate of Villafranca Bianca di Collalto
    five children
    After the partition with his brother, received a smaller Villafranca.
    Manfredo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Bernabò I and Giovanna Malaspina of Bagnone
    1472-1493 1493 Marquisate of Filattiera Bernardina Isembardi
    three children
    Paolo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Azzone
    1473-1517 1517 Marquisate of Mulazzo Unknown
    nine children
    Sons of Azzone, shared the Marquisate of Mulazzo.
    Cristoforo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Azzone
    1473-1511 1511 Marquisate of Mulazzo Unknown
    five children
    Francesco I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Ghisello I
    1475-1525 c.1525 Marquisate of Santo Stefano Unknown
    five children
    Received the marquisate of Santo Stefano, after the division made by his brothers.
    Pietro
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Ghisello I Malaspina, Marquis of Santo Stefano
    1475-c.1500 c.1500 Marquisate of Edifizi Unknown
    one child
    Received the marquisate of Edifizi from his father, after the division made with his brother.
    Antonio III[51]
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Antonio II
    1477-1525 c.1525 Marquisate of Carisetto Unknown
    two children
    Gian Lorenzo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Andrea I
    1477-1512 1512 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Elisabetta Gambarana
    three children
    Antonio Alberico II[52]
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    c.1450?
    Massa
    Son of Jacopo I and Taddea Pico
    1481-1519 13 April 1519
    Massa
    (aged around 68/69?)
    Marquisate of Massa and Carrara Lucrezia d'Este
    1490
    four children
    Sons of Jacopo I, probably rule jointly.[53]
    Francesco
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    c.1450?
    Massa
    Son of Jacopo I and Taddea Pico
    1481-1484 24 August 1484
    Massa
    (aged around 33/34?)
    Marquisate of Massa and Carrara Costanza Fogliani
    December 1477
    four children
    Bernabò II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Manfredo II and Bernardina Isembardi
    1493-1514 1514 Marquisate of Filattiera Giovanna Maria Eustachi
    five children
    Sold Cella (a part of the marquisate) to the Duchy of Milan.
    Gian Battista
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Malgrate and Margherita Malaspina of Mulazzo/Caterina Spinola
    1499-1513 1513 Marquisate of Malgrate Adriana Guidoboni
    one child
    Ghisello
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Pietro
    1500-1525 c.1525 Marquisate of Edifizi Unknown
    one child
    Guglielmo I
    GugMal1.png
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Obizzo and Anna
    1502-1528 1528 Marquisate of Tresana Paola Arrigoni

    Benedetta Pio

    four children (in total)
    Galeotto II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Leonardo III and Aurante Orsini
    1505-1544 1544 Marquisate of Gragnola Isabella Maggi
    two chldren
    Brothers, they ruled jointly.
    Giovanni
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Leonardo III and Aurante Orsini
    1505-1550 1550 Marquisate of Gragnola Unknown
    six chldren
    Federico
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Jacopo Ambrogio and Caterina Suardi
    1506-1537 1537 Marquisate of Lusuolo Antonia Malaspina of Tresana
    two children
    Shared the marquisate of Lusuolo.[54] Antonio was ousted of rulership by Federico's son, Girolamo Ambrogio.
    Antonio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Jacopo Ambrogio and Caterina Suardi
    1542 Marquisate of Lusuolo Anna Malaspina of Mulazzo
    five children
    Teodoro
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Jacopo Ambrogio and Caterina Suardi
    1506-1536 1536 Marquisate of Lusuolo Angelica Medici
    five children
    Rolando
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Jacopo Ambrogio and Caterina Suardi
    1506-1524 1524 Marquisate of Lusuolo Mattea Malaspina of Fosdinovo
    one child
    Lorenzo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Gabriele II and Bianca Malaspina of Gragnola
    1508-1533 1533
    Fosdinovo
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Teodosia Mattea Malaspina of Gragnola
    1501
    three children[55]
    Brothers, they shared the marquisate of Fosdinovo.
    Galeotto II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Gabriele II and Bianca Malaspina of Gragnola
    1508-1523 1523
    Fosdinovo
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Zaffira Pio of Carpi
    22 July 1476
    two children
    Lazzaro I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Battista Malaspina of Fosdinovo and Giovanna Rossi of Santo Secundo
    1510[56]-1544 1544 Marquisate of Olivola
    (Fosdinovo line)
    Margherita Malaspina of Licciana
    c.1530
    nine children
    In 1510, he received Olivola from his uncles.
    Pompeo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Lorenzo I and Elisabetta Gambarana
    1512-1578 1578 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Unmarried Probably shared the marquisate. After the death of his brother Gian Andrea, Pompeo still shared and survived his nephew Gian Lorenzo II.
    <i>Gian</i> Andrea II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Lorenzo I and Elisabetta Gambarana
    1512-1540 1540 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Francesca Malaspina of Lusuolo
    seven children
    Gian Lorenzo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of <i>Gian</i> Andrea II and Francesca Malaspina of Lusuolo
    1540-1577 1577 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Paola Malaspina of Mulazzo
    two children
    Cesare I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Battista and Adriana Guidoboni
    1513-1549 1549 Marquisate of Malgrate Lucrezia Castiglioni
    four children
    Manfredo III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Bernabò II and Giovanna Maria Eustachi
    1514-1535 1554 Marquisate of Filattiera Giovanna Malaspina of Olivola
    five children
    In 1535 Manfredo sold Filattiera to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
    Filattiera sold to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
    Moroello III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Paolo I
    1517-1573 1573 Marquisate of Mulazzo Caterina Malaspina of Gragnola
    five children
    Shared in condominium the Marquisate of Mulazzo, rule that would apply to the descendants of Paolo and Cristoforo.
    Gian Gaspare I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Cristoforo
    1517-1531 1531 Marquisate of Mulazzo Margherita Malaspina of Lusuolo
    two children
    Gian Cristoforo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Gaspare I and Margherita Malaspina of Lusuolo
    1531-1574 1574 Marquisate of Mulazzo Nicola Vivaldi
    five children
    Bonifazio I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Paolo I
    1517-1555 1555 Marquisate of Madrignano Nicola Spinola
    three children

    Grazia Calcagnini
    Received the marquisate of Madrignano in inheritance of his father.
    Riccarda[57]
    Marchesa di Massa Ricciarda Malaspina.jpg
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1497
    Massa
    Daughter of Antonio Alberico II and Lucrezia d'Este
    1519-1546

    1547-1553
    15 June 1553
    Bagni di Lucca
    (aged 55/56)[58]
    Marquisate of Massa and Carrara Scipione Fieschi
    c.1515
    no children

    Lorenzo Cybo
    1520
    three children
    Deposed once by her son, Giulio I Cybo-Malaspina, in 1546, she rapidly regained the control of her lands. She was the last of the Malaspinas in Massa-Carrara; her descendants, until then part of the Cybo family would join her name with her husband's, founding the Cybo-Malaspina family.
    Massa-Carrara inherited by the Cybo family
    Gian Battista
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Spinetta I and Teodora Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1521-1562 1562 Marquisate of Villafranca Margherita Malaspina of Mulazzo
    five children
    Sons of Tommaso I, shared Villafranca. The sons of Gian Battista would later found the branch of Castevoli.
    Bartolomeo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Spinetta I and Teodora Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1521-1549 1549 Marquisate of Villafranca Ottavia Malaspina?
    five children
    Pietro
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Illegitimate son of Antonio III
    1525-1540 After 1540 Marquisate of Carisetto Unknown In 1540 he sold his lands to the Fieschi.
    Carisetto was sold to the Fieschi family
    Ghisello II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Ghisello I
    1525-1560 c.1560 Marquisate of Santo Stefano Bettina Fregoso
    (d.1506)
    one child
    Gaspare Vincenzo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Ghisello
    1525-1550 c.1550 Marquisate of Edifizi Unknown
    one child
    Francesco Guglielmo I
    (under guardianship of Benedetta Pio during minority)
    FranGugMal1.png
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1528
    Posthumous son of Guglielmo I and Benedetta Pio
    1528-1574 9 July 1574 Marquisate of Tresana Susanna Malaspina of Montereggio
    four children
    Fioramonte
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Spinetta II Malaspina, Marquis of Licciana and Maddalena Malaspina of Gragnola
    1528-1574 1574
    Cortemaggiore
    Marquisate of Bastia Caterina Passeri-Bonacolsi
    nine children
    Received the marquisate of Bastia.
    Rinaldo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Spinetta II Malaspina, Marquis of Licciana and Maddalena Malaspina of Gragnola
    1528-1562 1562 Marquisate of Suvero Lavinia Malaspina of Villafranca
    four children
    Received the marquisate of Suvero.
    Moroello
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Spinetta II and Maddalena Malaspina of Gragnola
    1528-1578 1578 Marquisate of Monti Lucrezia Stroggi-Maggi
    one child
    Received the marquisate of Monti.
    Jacopo I
    Sigillo di Jacopo Malaspina, Marchese di Panicale.jpg
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Spinetta II and Maddalena Malaspina of Gragnola
    1528-1573 1573 Marquisate of Licciana Maria Lucrezia Malaspina of Lusuolo
    three children
    Leonardo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Spinetta II Malaspina, Marquis of Licciana and Maddalena Malaspina of Gragnola
    1528-1565 1565 Marquisate of Podenzana Caterina Orlandi
    eight children
    Received the marquisate of Podenzana.
    Giuseppe
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Lorenzo and Teodosia Mattea Malaspina of Gragnola
    1533-1565 1565
    Fosdinovo
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Luigia Doria
    1529
    eleven children[59]
    Girolamo Ambrogio <i>Comparino</i>
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Jacopo Ambrogio and Caterina Suardi
    1537-1616 1616 Marquisate of Lusuolo Susanna Malaspina of Mulazzo

    Maddalena Cerati

    five children
    After his death without surviving children, Lusuolo was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
    Lusuolo annexed by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
    Spinetta I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Lazzaro I and Margherita Malaspina of Licciana
    1544-1590 1590 Marquisate of Olivola
    (Fosdinovo line)
    Eleonora della Gherardesca
    five children
    Giuseppe
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Cesare I and Lucrezia Castiglioni
    1549-1590 1590 Marquisate of Malgrate Giulia of Vervea
    two children
    After the partition made with his brother, Giuseppe received a smaller Malgrate.
    Ercole II[60]
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Cesare I Malaspina, Marquis of Malgrate and Lucrezia Castiglioni
    1549-1581 1581 Marquisate of Oramala Emilia Nocetti
    two children
    Ercole received Oramala after the partition with his brother.
    Pier Francesco
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gaspare Vincenzo
    1550-1624 1624 Marquisate of Edifizi Unmarried After his death the marquisate reverted to Mulazzo.
    Edifizi annexed to Mulazzo
    Corrado
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Galeotto II and Isabella Maggi
    1550-1559 1559 Marquisate of Gragnola Donella Sarego<br
    Girolama Castelbarco

    three children (in total)
    Stefano I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Bonifazio I
    1555-1594 1594 Marquisate of Madrignano Silvia Malaspina of Mulazzo
    five children
    Supposedly hated by his vassals.[61]
    Gian Battista
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Corrado and Donella Sarego/Girolama Castelbarco
    1559-1606 25 December 1606 Marquisate of Gragnola Caterina Guidotti
    1563

    Fiametta Soderini

    four children (in total)
    Cousins, ruled jointly. Disinherited by his father, Leone managed to co-rule with his cousin's nephew. Leone was then succeded in the co-rulership by his own son Alfonso, who also didn't outlive Gian Battista.
    Leone
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Giovanni
    1559-1568 1568 Marquisate of Gragnola Manella Angarana
    six chldren
    Alfonso
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Leone and Mandella Angarana
    1568-1594 1594 Marquisate of Gragnola Ginevra Marioni
    (d.1612)
    one child
    Francesco II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Ghisello I
    1560-1590 c.1590 Marquisate of Santo Stefano Bettina Fregoso
    (d.1506)
    one child
    After his death the marquisate reverted to Mulazzo.
    Santo Stefano annexed to Mulazzo
    Federico IV
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Battista Malaspina, Marquis of Villafranca and Margherita Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1562-1580 1580[62] Marquisate of Villafranca Elena Cybo
    five children
    Kept a smaller marquisate of Villafranca after the partition with his brother.
    Tommaso I[63]
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Battista Malaspina, Marquis of Villafranca and Margherita Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1562-1605 1605 Marquisate of Castevoli Bianca Sicco
    four children

    Marzia Malaspina of Podenzana
    four children
    Kept the marquisate of Castevoli after the partition with his brother.
    Torquato I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Rinaldo I and Lavinia Malaspina of Villafranca
    1562-1594 1594
    Ferrara
    Marquisate of Suvero Euridice Malaspina of Madrignano
    (1570-1602)
    one child
    Alessandro I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Leonardo I and Caterina Orlandi
    1565-1587 1587 Marquisate of Podenzana Dejanira Bianca Malaspina of Villafranca
    four children
    Andrea
    (under guardianship of Luigia Doria until 1573)
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1544
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Giuseppe and Luigia Doria
    1565-1610 1610
    Fosdinovo
    (aged 65/66)
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Vittoria of Negro
    six children
    Alfonso
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1540
    Son of Jacopo I and Maria Lucrezia Malaspina of Lusuolo
    1573-1608 1608
    (aged 67/68)
    Marquisate of Licciana Regina of Cles
    1565
    twelve children
    Sons of Jacopo I, shared the marquisate of Licciana.
    <i>Lucio</i> Cornelio I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Jacopo I and Maria Lucrezia Malaspina of Lusuolo
    1573-1616 1616 Marquisate of Licciana Bartolomea Formentini
    five children
    <i>Gian</i> Paolo II[64]
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Moroello III and Caterina Malaspina of Gragnola
    1573-1584 1584 Marquisate of Montereggio Taddea Malaspina of Mulazzo
    five children
    In 1573 he was given the marquisate of Montereggio by his father.
    Camillo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Fioramonte and Caterina Passeri-Bonacolsi
    1574-1619 1619 Marquisate of Bastia Beatrice Malaspina of Tresana
    (d.1616)
    eight children
    Giulio I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Fioramonte Malaspina, Marquis of Bastia and Caterina Passeri-Bonacolsi
    1574-1587 1587 Marquisate of Ponte Bosio Euridice Biagiotti
    two children
    Received the marquisate of Ponte Bosio.
    Fabrizio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Fioramonte Malaspina, Marquis of Bastia and Caterina Passeri-Bonacolsi
    1574-1617 1621 Marquisate of Terrarossa Lucrezia
    three children
    In 1617 sold his marquisate, which he received from his father, to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
    Terrarossa briefly annexed to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
    Francesco Antonio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Moroello III and Caterina Malaspina of Gragnola
    1574-1590 1590 Marquisate of Mulazzo Mattea Malaspina of Podenzana
    1577
    two children
    Shared in condominium the Marquisate of Mulazzo.
    Gian Gaspare II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Cristoforo I and Nicola Vivaldi
    1574-1584 1584 Marquisate of Mulazzo Caterina Malaspina of Mulazzo
    one child
    Francesco Guglielmo II
    Moneta francesco guglielmo di Tresana, 1595.jpg
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Francesco Guglielmo I and Susanna Malaspina of Montereggio
    1574-1613 1613 Marquisate of Tresana Unknown
    seven children
    Orazio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Moroello and Lucrezia Stroggi-Maggi
    1578-1582 1582 Marquisate of Monti Lucrezia
    no children
    Left no legitimate descendants. After his death Monti reverted to Licciana.
    Monti annexed by Licciana
    Gian Gaspare I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Lorenzo II and Paola Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1578-1608 1608 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Maria Spinola

    Lucrezia Malaspina of Malgrate

    five children (in total)
    Bartolomeo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Federico IV and Elena Cybo
    1580-1622 1622[65] Marquisate of Villafranca Laura d'Este
    three children
    Pier Francesco I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Ercole II Malaspina, Marquis of Oramala and Emilia Nocetti
    1581-1622 1622 Marquisate of Oramala Giulia Spinola
    two children
    Gian Vincenzo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of <i>Gian</i> Paolo II and Taddea Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1584-1595 c.1595 Marquisate of Montereggio Margherita Malaspina of Licciana
    three children
    Leonardo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Alessandro I and Dejanira Bianca Malaspina of Villafranca
    1587-1637 1637 Marquisate of Podenzana Luigia Malaspina of Fosdinovo
    (b.12 January 1587)
    five children
    Ludovico I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Giulio I and Euridice Biagiotti
    1587-1659 1659 Marquisate of Ponte Bosio Silvia of Diana
    four children
    Moroello IV
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Francesco Antonio and Mattea Malaspina of Podenzana
    1590-1657 1657 Marquisate of Mulazzo Caterina Malaspina of Mulazzo
    (1614-1664)
    ten children
    Shared in condominium the Marquisate of Mulazzo. Gian Cristoforo II sold his part to his cousin Francesco Maria (nephew of Antonio Maria and brother of Caterina, wife of Moroello IV).
    Antonio Maria
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Cristoforo I and Nicola Vivaldi
    1590-1600 1600 Marquisate of Mulazzo Euridice Malaspina of Castevoli
    six children
    Gian Cristoforo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Antonio Maria and Euridice Malaspina of Castevoli
    1600-1617 1643 Marquisate of Mulazzo Agnese Ricci

    Lucrezia Rinaldi
    1610

    six children (in total)
    Francesco Maria
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Antonio Maria and Euridice Malaspina of Castevoli
    1617-1635 1635 Marquisate of Mulazzo Ippolita Malaspina of Castevoli
    five children
    Cesare II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Bernabò
    1590-1615 1615 Marquisate of Malgrate Unknown
    one child
    In 1615, Cesare sold the marquisate to Spain.[66]
    Malgrate sold to the Kingdom of Spain
    Lazzaro II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Spinetta I and Eleonora della Gherardesca
    1590-1630 1630 Marquisate of Olivola
    (Fosdinovo line)
    Teodora Malaspina of Licciana
    nine children
    Bonifazio II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Stefano I and Silvia Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1594-1596 1596 Marquisate of Madrignano Diana di Passano
    one child
    Took his father as example,[67] probably being as hated as him. Ended assassinated in 1596.
    Rinaldo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Torquato I and Euridice Malaspina of Madrignano
    1594-1639 1639 Marquisate of Suvero Maria del Carretto
    two children
    In 1631 received Madrignano from his maternal uncle, Giulio Cesare. However, after his own death, this land reverted to Mulazzo.
    Gian Vincenzo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Vincenzo I and Margherita Malaspina of Licciana
    1595-1625 c.1525 Marquisate of Montereggio Isabella Sanvitale of Fontanellato
    four children
    Stefano II
    (under guardianship of Diana di Passano[68])
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    6 September 1592
    Son of Bonifazio I
    1596-1601 1601
    (aged 9)
    Marquisate of Madrignano Unmarried Died as a minor. His uncle Giulio Cesare then took the reins of the marquisate.
    Giulio Cesare
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Stefano I and Silvia Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1601-1631 25 November 1631 Marquisate of Madrignano Isabella Grassi
    one child
    After his acession, and given his predecessors' behaviours, the inhabitants rebelled against him, and offered the marquisate to the Republic of Genoa. The republic asked Gianbattista Doria to oppress the rebellion, but it was Cosimo Centurione, affraid of the rebellion spreading to his own feuds, that subjugated the Madrignano populace to Giulio Cesare's rule. With no surviving descendants, left the marquisate to Rinaldo II Malaspina, Marquis of Suvero, son of his sister Euridice.
    Madrignano annexed by Suvero, and then reverted to Mulazzo in 1639
    Francesco
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1598
    Son of Niccolò Malaspina of Castevoli and Clarice della Gherardesca
    1605-1649 1649
    (aged 50/51)
    Marquisate of Castevoli Beatrice Baglioni
    four children
    Grandson of Tommaso I, his predecessor.
    Cosimo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Battista and Caterina Guidotti/FIametta Soderini
    1606-1638 1638
    Vienna
    Marquisate of Gragnola Anna Malaspina of Treschietto
    no children
    Had almost continuous fights with his brothe Alessandro for inheritance, and desired to exclude him from inheritance.[69] As he left no descendants, the marquisate passed to his hated brother.
    Pompeo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Gaspare I and Maria Spinola/Lucrezia Malaspina of Malgrate
    1608-1636 1636 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Clevia Malaspina of Lusuolo[70]
    four children
    Jacopo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    22 October 1593
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Andrea and Vittoria of Negro
    1610-1663 1663
    Fosdinovo
    (aged 69/70)
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Maria Grimaldi della Rocca
    1612
    twelve children
    Guglielmo II
    Gug2Mal1.png
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1596
    Son of Francesco Guglielmo II
    1613-1651 6 August 1651
    (aged 54/55)
    Marquisate of Tresana Anna Malaspina of Olivola
    (1603-1675)
    September 1613[71]
    one child
    After his death the marquisate was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
    Tresana annexed by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
    Ferdinando
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1568
    Son of Alfonso and Regina of Cles
    1616-1619 29 July 1619
    (aged 50/51)
    Marquisate of Licciana Isabella Malaspina of Olivola
    three children
    Had a suspicious character. His rule was marked by various incidents. Died assassinated by his own brother, and it is told that at the time Ferdinando's wife tried to defend him with pistols.[72]
    Camillo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Carlo Malaspina of Bastia
    1619-1629 1629 Marquisate of Bastia Unmarried Grandson of his predecessor. Left no descendants, and the marquisate went to his uncle, Ippolito.
    Obizzo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1569
    Son of Alfonso and Regina of Cles
    1619-1641 1641
    (aged 50/51)
    Marquisate of Licciana Amedea de Chevron
    three children
    Annibale
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Bartolomeo II and Laura d'Este
    1622-1652 1652 Marquisate of Villafranca Caterina di Ricasoli-Riario
    1611
    two children
    Giuseppe
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1593
    Son of Pier Francesco I and Giulia Spinola
    1622-1646 1646
    (aged 52/53)
    Marquisate of Oramala Lucrezia Guidoboni-Cavalchini
    four children
    Ottavio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Vincenzo II and Isabella Sanvitale of Fontanellato
    1625-1646 1646 Marquisate of Montereggio Matilde Malaspina of Mulazzo
    (d.1680)
    no children
    After his death with no descendants, Montereggio reverted to Mulazzo.
    Montereggio annexed by Mulazzo
    Manfredo I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Bernabò Malaspina of Filattiera and Eleonora Bartorelli
    1628-1642 1642 Marquisate of Terrarossa
    (Filattiera line)
    Cassandra della Seta
    two children
    Grandson of Manfredo III Malaspina, Marquis of Filattiera. In 1628, Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany gave him the marquisate of Terrarossa, which had been sold in 1617 by Fabrizio Malaspina.
    Ippolito
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Camillo I and Beatrice Malaspina of Tresana
    1629-1645 1645 Marquisate of Bastia Taddea Malaspina of Tresana
    1627
    six children
    Spinetta II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Lazzaro II and Teodora Malaspina of Licciana
    1630-1655 1655 Marquisate of Olivola
    (Fosdinovo line)
    Mary Magdalene Dudley
    1648
    twelve children
    Gian Gaspare II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Pompeo II and Clevia Malaspina of Lusuolo
    1636-1678 1678 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Ottavia Gorai
    seven children
    Francesco Maria I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    10 September 1619
    Son of Leonardo II and Luigia Malaspina of Fosdinovo
    1637-1676 12 October 1676
    Podenzana
    (aged 57)
    Marquisate of Podenzana Maria Caterina Lucrezia Malaspina of Mulazzo
    six children
    Alessandro
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Battista and Caterina Guidotti/FIametta Soderini
    1638-1642 1642 Marquisate of Gragnola Unmarried The feud was re-absorbed by the main branch of Fosdinovo in 1644 after a dispute with the Grand Duke of Tuscany, who Alessandro had nominated to be the feud's heir.[73][23]
    Gragnola definitely annexed to Fosdinovo
    <i>Pier</i> Torquato II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Rinaldo II and Maria del Carretto
    1639-1663 1663 Marquisate of Suvero Caterina della Seta
    three children
    Jacopo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1621
    Son of Obizzo I and Amedea de Chevron
    1641-1659 11 June 1659
    (aged 37/38)
    Marquisate of Licciana Bianca Rangoni
    three children
    Bernabò I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1619
    Son of Manfredo I and Cassandra della Seta
    1642-1663 24 September 1663
    Pisa
    (aged 43/44)
    Marquisate of Terrarossa
    (Filattiera line)
    Costanza della Gherardesca
    six children
    Francesco
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    3 August 1631
    Son of Fioramonte and Taddea Malaspina of Tresana
    1645-1695 1695
    (aged 63/64)
    Marquisate of Bastia Scolastica Zambini
    thirteen children
    Pier Francesco II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1630
    Son of Giuseppe and Lucrezia Guidoboni-Cavalchini
    1646-1692 20 September 1692
    (aged 61/62)
    Marquisate of Oramala Unmarried Left no descendants. The marquisate went to his brother, Ercole.
    Tommaso II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1605
    Son of Francesco and Clarice della Gherardesca
    1649 1649[74]
    (aged 43/44)
    Marquisate of Castevoli Camilla Arrighi
    three children
    Niccolò[75]
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Tommaso II and Camilla Arrighi
    1649-1676 1676[76] Marquisate of Castevoli Unmarried
    Niccolò
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    After 1611
    Son of Annibale and Caterina di Ricasoli-Riario
    1652-1697 1697 Marquisate of Villafranca Isabella Molza
    1611
    nine children
    Giuseppe
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    22 December 1633
    Son of Spinetta II and Mary Magdalene Dudley
    1655-1682 11 July 1682
    (aged 48)
    Marquisate of Olivola
    (Fosdinovo line)
    Claudia of Santa Croce
    no children
    Cesare Maria
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Francesco Maria and Ippolita Malaspina of Castevoli
    1657-1697 7 December 1697 Marquisate of Mulazzo Caterina Baglioni
    two children
    Shared in condominium the Marquisate of Mulazzo. After his death with no surviving descendants, his part of Mulazzo returned to the descendant and namesake of Gian Cristoforo II, Gian Cristoforo III.
    Azzo Giacinto I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Moroello IV and Caterina Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1657-1674 1674 Marquisate of Mulazzo Pannina Fogiliani
    (d.1665)
    eight children
    Giulio II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Ludovico I and Silvia of Diana
    1659-1662 1662 Marquisate of Ponte Bosio Laura Farsetti
    five children
    Obizzo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1641
    Son of Jacopo II and Bianca Rangoni
    1659-1704 1704
    (aged 62/63)
    Marquisate of Licciana Paola Cechinelli
    six children
    Ferdinando
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Giulio II and Laura Farsetti
    1662-1722 1722 Marquisate of Ponte Bosio Vittoria Farsetti
    1661
    six children
    Francesco Antonio I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of <i>Pier</i> Torquato II and Caterina della Seta
    1663-1714 1714 Marquisate of Suvero Elisabetta Malaspina of Olivola
    (24 May 1636-12 January 1712)
    1658
    three children
    Manfredo II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1642
    Son of Bernabò I and Costanza della Gherardesca
    1663-1708 19 November 1708
    Florence
    (aged 65/66)
    Marquisate of Terrarossa
    (Filattiera line)
    Margherita Romoli
    (b. 11 X 1655)
    two children

    Claudia Santa Croce
    three children
    Pasquale
    PasqMal1.png
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    27 January 1622
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Jacopo II and Maria Grimaldi della Rocca
    1663-1669 8 November 1669
    Fosdinovo
    (aged 47)
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Maria Maddalena Centurione
    three children[77]
    Left no descendants. The marquisate was inherited by his brother.
    Ippolito
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    15 November 1628
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Jacopo II and Maria Grimaldi della Rocca
    1669-1671 15 February 1671
    Fosdinovo
    (aged 42)
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Cristina Adelaide Pallavicino of Frabosa
    (d.19 February 1723)
    12 November 1670
    one child
    Carlo Francesco Agostino
    (under guardianship of Cristina Adelaide Pallavicino of Frabosa until 1691)
    CristPallav.png
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    23 November 1671
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Ippolito and Cristina Adelaide Pallavicino of Frabosa
    1671-1722 1722
    Caniparola
    (aged 50/51)
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Maria Anna Caterina Santinelli
    1693
    seven children
    Clarice
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Daughter of Tommaso II and Camilla Arrighi[78]
    1676-1678 1678[79] Marquisate of Castevoli Gian Battista Gherardi
    unknown children
    After her death, the marquisate passed to Alfonso I, great-grandson of Alfonso, brother of Tommaso I.
    Alessandro II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    31 October 1659
    Son of Francesco Maria I and Maria Caterina Lucrezia Malaspina of Mulazzo
    1676-1719 1719
    (aged 59/60)
    Marquisate of Podenzana Euridice Malaspina of Suvero
    (d.1716)
    three children
    Alfonso
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Scipione Malaspina of Castevoli and Maria Spinola
    1678-1741 1741[80] Marquisate of Castevoli Elena Malaspina of Castevoli
    six children
    Great-grandson of Alfonso (brother of Tommaso I), and brother-in-law of the marquis Francesco.
    <i>Remigio</i> Pompeo III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1660[81]
    Son of Gian Gaspare II and Ottavia Gorai
    1678-1689 1689
    (aged 38/39)
    Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Leonella Dionisia Gargielli
    no children
    Eleonora Malaspina of Ponte Bosio
    1674
    no children
    Lazzaro III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    8 March 1635
    Son of Spinetta II and Mary Magdalene Dudley
    1682-1714 17 September 1714
    (aged 79)
    Marquisate of Olivola
    (Fosdinovo line)
    Beatrice of Sylva
    five children
    Carlo Alessandro
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Gaspare II and Ottavia Gorai
    1689-1692 1692 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Anna Caterina Malaspina
    three children
    Ferdinando
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Gian Gaspare II and Ottavia Gorai
    1692-1722 1722 Marquisate of Treschietto and Piumesana Anna Maria Gargiolli
    no children
    In 1716, Ferdinando sold the marquisate to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
    Treschietto and Piumesana sold to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
    Ercole III Benedetto
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Giuseppe and Lucrezia Guidoboni-Cavalchini
    1692-1723 1723 Marquisate of Oramala Maria Spinola
    nine children
    Serafino
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Francesco and Scolastica Zambini
    1695-1736 1736 Marquisate of Bastia Teresa Borri
    three children
    Giovanni I
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Niccolò and Isabella Molza
    1697-1725 1725 Marquisate of Villafranca Gliceria Stanga
    seven children
    Gian Cristoforo III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Obizzo Malaspina of Mulazzo and Anna Maria Cardi/Maria Felice Cambi
    1697-1765 1765 Marquisate of Mulazzo Dejanira Malaspina of Podenzana
    (d.26 May 1772)
    1717
    two children
    Shared in condominium the Marquisate of Mulazzo. Gian Cristoforo III was a cousin of Cesare Maria.
    Carlo Maria
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Azzo Giacinto I and Pannina Fogiliani
    1697-1705 1705
    Piacenza
    Marquisate of Mulazzo Luigia Malaspina of Podenzana
    ten children
    Azzo Giacinto II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Carlo Maria and Luigia Malaspina of Podenzana
    1705-1746 1746 Marquisate of Mulazzo Lucrezia Avogadro
    five children
    Jacopo Antonio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Obizzo II and Paola Cechinelli
    1704-1741 15 December 1741
    Licciana
    (aged 62/63)
    Marquisate of Licciana Barbara Cavalca
    twelve children
    Bernabò II
    Malaspina1.png
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Manfredo II and Margherita Romoli
    1708-1761 12 January 1761 Marquisate of Terrarossa
    (Filattiera line)
    Vittoria Ricciardi
    (1695-11 April 1775)
    1715
    four children
    Supposedly also held the Marquisate of Treschietto, but it didn't pass to his descendants.[82]
    Torquato III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1667
    Son of Francesco Antonio I and Elisabetta Malaspina of Olivola
    1714-1736 1736
    (aged 68/69)
    Marquisate of Suvero Livia Galetti
    (d.1746)
    six children
    Giuseppe Massimiliano
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    1700
    Son of Lazzaro III and Beatrice of Sylva
    1714-1758 1 November 1758
    (aged 57/58)
    Marquisate of Olivola
    (Fosdinovo line)
    Maria Teresa Malaspina of Fosdinovo
    (1703-3 November 1770)
    1723
    seven children
    Francesco Maria II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Alessandro II and Euridice Malaspina of Suvero
    1719-1754 1754
    Vienna
    Marquisate of Podenzana Beatrice Obizzi
    seven children
    Ludovico II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Ferdinando and Vittoria Farsetti
    1722-1748 1748 Marquisate of Ponte Bosio Teresa Maffei
    six children
    Gabriele III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    3 March 1695
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Carlo Francesco Agostino and Maria Anna Caterina Santinelli
    1722-1758 1758
    Fosdinovo
    (aged 62/63)
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Angelica Maria Pallavicino
    (d. 18 February 1732)
    five children

    Isabella Orsucci
    (d. 17 July 1762)
    1749
    eleven children
    Agostino
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Ercole III Benedetto and Maria Spinola
    1723-1750 15 July 1750 Marquisate of Oramala Vittoria Malaspina of Oramala
    six children
    <i>Azzo</i> Federico V <i>Estense</i>
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    After 1611
    Son of Giovanni I and Gliceria Stanga
    1725-1786 1786 Marquisate of Villafranca Dorotea Ratta
    nine children
    Gained the epithet Estense from Rinaldo d'Este, Duke of Modena, in 1726.
    Giovanni
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Serafino and Teresa Borri
    1736-1783 6 January 1783 Marquisate of Bastia Anna Malaspina of Mulazzo
    (28 November 1727-1797)
    four children
    After his death with no male descendants, Bastia was absorbed by Ponte Bosio
    Bastia annexed to Ponte Bosio
    Rinaldo III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Torquato III and Livia Galetti
    1736-1770 1770 Marquisate of Suvero Unmarried After his death without descendants, the marquisate passed to his brother, Francesco Antonio.
    Obizzo Paolo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Alfonso and Elena Malaspina of Castevoli
    1741-1759 1759[83] Marquisate of Castevoli Edvige Malaspina of Suvero
    four children
    Great-grandson of Alfonso (brother of Tommaso I), and brother-in-law of the marquis Francesco.
    Cornelio II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    Before 1714
    Son of Jacopo Antonio and Barbara Cavalca
    1741-1778 1778
    Parma
    Marquisate of Licciana Vittoria Olivazzi
    five children
    Giulio III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Ludovico II and Teresa Maffei
    1748-1762 8 September 1762 Marquisate of Ponte Bosio Chiara Cusani
    (b.13 October 1707)
    four children
    Ercole IV
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Agostino and Vittoria Malaspina of Oramala
    1750-1797 13 January 1805 Marquisate of Oramala Antonia Miraglia
    (d.4 February 1812)
    nine children
    Ercole was deposed by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1797 with the latter's invasion of Northern Italy and subsequent end of the Feudal Age.
    Alessandro III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1729
    Son of Francesco Maria II and Beatrice Obizzi
    1754-1789 13 September 1789
    Florence
    (aged 59/60)
    Marquisate of Podenzana Unmarried Left no descendants. The amrquisate passed to his younger brother Alfonso.
    Carlo Emanuele
    Under guardianship of Isabella Orsucci until 1759
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    31 May 1752
    Fosdinovo
    Son of Gabriele III and Isabella Orsucci
    1758-1797 14 January 1808
    Pisa
    (aged 55)
    Marquisate of Fosdinovo Eugenia Pinelli Salvago
    no children
    Carlo Emanuele was deposed by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1797 with the latter's invasion of Northern Italy and subsequent end of the Feudal Age.
    Lazzaro IV
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Giuseppe Massimiliano and Maria Teresa Malaspina of Fosdinovo
    1758-1783 1783 Marquisate of Olivola
    (Fosdinovo line)
    Tommasina Falconi of Chiavari
    two children
    Left no male heirs. The marquisate was nheiteed by his brother Carlo.
    Manfredo III
    Malaspina3.png
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    18 January 1720
    Son of Bernabò II and Vittoria Ricciardi
    1761-1787 2 January 1787
    (aged 66)
    Marquisate of Terrarossa
    (Filattiera line)
    Vittoria Ginori
    (d.23 March 1790)
    1752
    one child
    After Manfredo's death, Terrarossa returned to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
    Terrarossa definitely annexed by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
    Claudio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Giulio III and Chiara Cusani
    1762-1783

    1783-1797
    22 December 1803 Marquisate of Ponte Bosio

    Ponte Bosio and Bastia
    Anna Malaspina of Olivola
    (d.1783)
    1764
    six children
    Reunited, in 1783, the marquisates of Bastia and Ponte Bosio. Claudio was deposed by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1797 with the latter's invasion of Northern Italy and subsequent end of the Feudal Age.
    Cesare
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1709
    Son of Gian Cristoforo III and Dejanira Malaspina of Podenzana
    1765-1776 After 1776 Marquisate of Mulazzo Unmarried Shared in condominium the Marquisate of Mulazzo. In 1776, Cesare gave to Carlo Moroello's son his part on the marquisate.
    Carlo Moroello
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1709
    Son of Azzo Giacinto II and Lucrezia Avogadro
    1765-1774 1774
    Florence
    aged 64/65
    Marquisate of Mulazzo Caterina Meli-Lupi
    (d.27 June 1798)
    1745
    thirteen children
    Francesco Antonio II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    16 December 1714
    Son of Torquato III and Livia Galetti
    1770-1771 1771
    (aged 56/57)
    Marquisate of Suvero Livia Saporitti
    two children
    Torquato IV
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    22 June 1769[84]
    Son of Gian Spinetta II and Lavinia Malaspina of Villafranca
    1771-1797 1827
    Parma
    (aged 57/58)
    Marquisate of Suvero Teresa Garimberti
    eleven children
    Deposed by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1797 with the latter's invasion of Northern Italy and subsequent end of the Feudal Age.
    Azzo Giacinto III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    23 December 1746
    Mulazzo
    Son of Carlo Moroello and Caterina Meli-Lupi
    1776-1797 1800
    aged 53/54
    Marquisate of Mulazzo Unmarried First sole marquis of Mulazzo since the 16th century. However, he would be also the last, as the called Feudal Age in Italy ended with the invasion of Northern Italy in 1797 by Napoleon Bonaparte. One of his brothers was the famous Alejandro Malaspina.
    Ignazio
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    2 May 1714
    Son of Jacopo Antonio and Barbara Cavalca
    1778-1794 31 December 1794
    (aged 80)
    Marquisate of Licciana Margherita of Rossillon
    1767
    three children
    Carlo
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Fiorito) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of Giuseppe Massimiliano and Maria Teresa Malaspina of Fosdinovo
    1783-1797 21 February 1811 Marquisate of Olivola
    (Fosdinovo line)
    Unmarried Deposed by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1797 with the latter's invasion of Northern Italy and subsequent end of the Feudal Age.
    Giovanni II
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    ?
    Son of <i>Azzo</i> Federico V Malaspina and Dorotea Ratta
    1786-1796 1809 Marquisate of Villafranca Isabella Molza
    1611
    nine children
    In 1796, he was deposed by the marquis of Castevoli, who reunited the two marquisates.
    Villafranca annexed by Castevoli
    Amedea Gaspara
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    7 September 1777[85]
    Licciana
    Daughter of Ignazio and Margherita of Rossillon
    1794-1796 8 March 1847
    (aged 69)
    Marquisate of Licciana Massimiliano Montecuccoli
    1794
    unknown children
    Deposed or abdicated for her kin, the marquis of Podenzana, who united both marquisates.
    Tommaso III
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    5 November 1749
    Villafranca[86]
    Son of Obizzo Paolo and Edvige Malaspina of Suvero
    1759-1797


    1796-1797
    16 July 1834
    Villafranca[87]
    (aged 84)
    Marquisate of Castevoli

    Castevoli and Villafranca
    Luigia Malaspina of Ponte Bosio
    five children
    In 1796 reunited Castevoli and Villafranca, but he was deposed by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1797 with the latter's invasion of Northern Italy and subsequent end of the Feudal Age.
    Alfonso
    Coat of arms of the House of Malaspina (Spino Secco) (1).svg
    1737
    Son of Francesco Maria II and Beatrice Obizzi
    1789-1796

    1796-1797
    1797
    Florence
    (aged 49/50)
    Marquisate of Podenzana

    Podenzana and Licciana
    Unmarried Left no descendants. In 1796 reunited Licciana and Podenzana, but died at the wake of the invasion of Napoleon Bonaparte.

    Malaspina branches at mid-18th century

      • Mulazzo, Montereggio and Castagnetoli (1746): Carlo Moroello 1746–74, Tuscan protectorate
      • Calice, Veppo, Madrignano, Mulazzo (1710): Gian Cristoforo 1710–63; feud given to Tuscany in 1772
      • Suvero, Monti: Rinaldo III 1736–70
      • Orezzoli, Volpedo: Marco Antonio 1691–52[clarification needed] (side-branch), sold to the Savoia
      • Fabbrica di Ottone (side-branch), sold to the Savoia
      • Ottone (side-branch), sold to the Savoia
      • Frassi (side-branch), sold to the Savoia
      • Villafranca, Virgoletta, Garbugliaga, Beverone: Federico III Malaspina Estense 1722–86; Modena feud
      • Castevoli, Cavanella, Stadomelli: Opizzone Paolo 1744–59, given to the Villafranca branch
      • Licciana, Monti, Panicale, Bigliolo: Cornelio 1741–78; extinct in 1794 later annexed by the Villafranca branch
      • Bastia, Varano, Monti: Giovanni 1740–83, annexed by Ponte Bosio
      • Ponte Bosio, Monti: Giulio 1748–68, from 1794 annexed by Licciana
      • Podenzana, Aulla (1710): Francesco Maria 1712–54
      • Pregola, Campi, sotto il Groppo: Corrado 1720–77 (side-branch); Ercole III of Malgrate 1750–97, sold to the Savoia.
      • Fosdinovo, Gragnola, Castel dell'Aquila: Gabriele III 1722–58, imperial vicary in Italy
      • Fabbrica Curone: Antonio Sforza Malaspina 1739–59 (side-branch), sold to the Savoia
      • Santa Margherita, Menconico: Francesco Agostino 1749–57; Corrado di Pregola 1720–77 (side-branches)
      • Malgrate, Filetto, Godiasco, Oramala, Fortunago, Piumesana: Ercole IV 1750–97, partially sold to the Savoia
      • Olivola, Pallerone, Bibola: Giuseppe Massimiliano 1714–58
      • Treschietto, Valle, Corlago: Giulio di Filattiera 1710–61 (side-branch), given to Tuscany in 1698
      • Sagliano, Godiasco, Piumesana: Francesco 1743–58 (side-branch)
      • Grondona (side-branch)
      • Valverde, S.Albano, Monfalcone, Godiasco, Piumesana: Carlo Antonio 1704–59 (side-branch)
      • Varzi (side-branch), sold to the Savoia
      • Verona (side-branch), took over by Venice.

    See also

    Footnotes

    1. ^ Although all branches of families died out before its main branch (Cybo-Malaspina), some descendants are still present in Greece and Americas.[3]
    2. ^

      Original version:

      La fama che la vostra casa onora,
      "Oh!", diss'io lui, "per li vostri paesi
      già mai non fui; ma dove si dimora
      per tutta Europa ch'ei non sien palesi?
      grida i segnori e grida la contrada,
      sì che ne sa chi non vi fu ancora;
      e io vi giuro, s'io di sopra vada,
      che vostra gente onrata non si sfregia
      del pregio de la borsa e de la spada.
      (Divina Commedia, Purgatorio, Dante Alighieri, Canto 8, Vv. 121–129 )[12]

    References

    1. ^ Treccani (ed.). "Malaspina" (in Italian). Retrieved June 21, 2019.
    2. ^ Bicchierai, Marco (2006). Treccani (ed.). MALASPINA, Alberto. Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (in Italian). LXVII.
    3. ^ Fiori, Giorgio (1995). http://tip.le.company/ (ed.). I Malaspina: castelli e feudi nell'Oltrepò piacentino, pavese, tortonese (in Italian). pp. 157–158.
    4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Castello di Fosdinovo - Albero genealogico" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2016.
    5. ^ La marca Obertenga e i Feudi Imperiali
    6. ^ Guagnini, p. 27
    7. ^ Guagnini, p. 49
    8. ^ Fiori, p. 6
    9. ^ Soddu, I Malaspina e la Sardegna, p. 36
    10. ^ Branchi, I, p. 161
    11. ^ E. Salvatori, Les Malaspina: bandits de grands chemins ou champions du raffinement courtois? Quelques considérations sur une cour qui a ouvert ses portes aux troubadours (XIIème - XIIIème siècles) , in Les élites lettrées, a cura di Patrick Gilli, Montpellier
    12. ^ a b Dante Alighieri, La Divina Commedia, ed. G. Petrocchi, Torino 1975.
    13. ^ Patrizia Meli (2008). Gabriele Malaspina marchese di Fosdinovo: condotte, politica e diplomazia nella Lunigiana del Rinascimento. Firenze: Firenze University Press. pp. X, 2. ISBN 978-88-8453-860-4.
    14. ^ Patrizia Meli (2008). Gabriele Malaspina marchese di Fosdinovo: condotte, politica e diplomazia nella Lunigiana del Rinascimento. Firenze: Firenze University Press. p. X. ISBN 978-88-8453-860-4.
    15. ^ In pratica più o meno l'attuale Lombardia, più il Novarese, la Svizzera Italiana e l'Emilia con Ferrara; il Genovesato fino alla Lunigiana e alla Garfagnana e parte del Piemonte, cioè Tortona, Novi Ligure, Ovada, la Val Bormida (l'Oltregiogo), e poi si aggiunse anche Ascoli Piceno
    16. ^ Guagnini, p. 52
    17. ^ Branchi, II, p. 121
    18. ^ Castello di Cariseto - Cerignale Piacenza Genova
    19. ^ [1]
    20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n http://www.adrianaghollett.it/site/books/feudi_di_lunigiana_spino_secco.pdf
    21. ^ Branchi, II, p. 205
    22. ^ Fiori, pp. 157–158
    23. ^ a b c d e f g Umberto Burla, Malaspina di Lunigiana, Luna editore, La Spezia 2001.
    24. ^ Caciagli, p. 60
    25. ^ Antonio Alberico Malaspina
    26. ^ Giacomo Malaspina
    27. ^ Alberico Malaspina
    28. ^ Branchi, III, p. 45
    29. ^ Caciagli, p. 82
    30. ^ a b c Umberto Burla, Malaspina di Lunigiana, Luna editore, La Spezia 2001.
    31. ^ Morosini, Roberta (February 2009). "'Fu in Lunigiana': La Lunigiana e l'epistola di frate Ilario (Codice 8, Pluteo XXIX, Zibaldone Mediceo-Laurenziano) nella geografia letteraria di Boccaccio". The Italianist. 29 (1): 50–68. doi:10.1179/026143409x409774. ISSN 0261-4340.
    32. ^ Branchi, III, pp. 58–60
    33. ^ a b http://www.archiviodistato.firenze.it/siasfi/cgi-bin/RSOLSearchSiasfi.pl?_op=printcomparch&id=IFBA8872XX&livello=&_cobj=yes&_language=eng&_selectbycompilationdate=SI
    34. ^ The branches shown are the ones where we can trace a genealogy and a feudal succession.
    35. ^ Pregòla branch and its derivatives will be added to the table in the future.
    36. ^ Varzi branch and its derivatives will be added to the table in the future.
    37. ^ He appears in documentation from this date on, which means he had to be adult by this year. See LITTA (1855)
    38. ^ He was thirteen years old in 1275. See LITTA (1855)
    39. ^ Sometimes numbered II to distinguish him from his uncle, marquis of Varzi
    40. ^ In 1312 Federico was already fighting in Tuscany. Cf. LITTA (1855).
    41. ^ LITTA (1855) assures that Isnardo is Richelda's son, despite not assigning a mother to his brothers and sisters.
    42. ^ Argentina later remarried Galeotto I Malaspina, Marquis of Fosdinovo. See Paola Cervia, L’archivio storico comunale di Fosdinovo - Inventario della sezione preunitaria (1615 - 1870).
    43. ^ The namesake son Antonio had was perhaps illegitimate, because he survived his father but didn't succeed in the marquisate.
    44. ^ LITTA (1855)
    45. ^ BRANCHI (1971)
    46. ^ The counting of marquesses of Filattiera usually follows Godiasco's, as seen in BRANCHI (1971).
    47. ^ The marriage had a dispensation from Pope Martin V. See LITTA (1855)
    48. ^ BRANCHI (1971) numbers him II, in probable continuity with the marquisate of Mulazzo
    49. ^ LITTA (1855)
    50. ^ LITTA (1855)
    51. ^ BRANCHI (1971) numbers him III, in probable continuity with the marquisate of Mulazzo
    52. ^ Sometimes called just Alberico. General sources tend to number him II, in probable continuity with the marquisate of Fosdinovo
    53. ^ MALASPINA, Alberico entry (in Italian) in the Enciclopedia italiana
    54. ^ BRANCHI (1971)
    55. ^ LITTA (1855)
    56. ^ LITTA (1855)
    57. ^ also styled Ricciarda
    58. ^ MALASPINA, Ricciarda entry (in Italian) in the Enciclopedia italiana
    59. ^ LITTA (1855)
    60. ^ BRANCHI (1971) numbered him II, in probable continuity with the marquisate of Malgrate.
    61. ^ LITTA (1855)
    62. ^ LITTA (1855)
    63. ^ BRANCHI (1971)
    64. ^ BRANCHI (1971) numbers him II, in probable continuity with the marquisate of Mulazzo
    65. ^ LITTA (1855)
    66. ^ LITTA (1855)
    67. ^ LITTA (1855)
    68. ^ LITTA (1855)
    69. ^ LITTA (1855)
    70. ^ Clevia as in BRANCHI (1971). LITTA (1855) uses the form Clelia
    71. ^ MALASPINA; Guglielmo
    72. ^ LITTA (1855)
    73. ^ Fiori, p. 104
    74. ^ BRANCHI (1971)
    75. ^ LITTA (1855) mistakes this Niccolò, son of Francesco, with the non-reigning Niccolò, son of Tommaso I
    76. ^ BRANCHI (1971)
    77. ^ LITTA (1855)
    78. ^ LITTA (1855) places her (wrongly) as daughter of Tommaso I and sister of the non-reigning Niccolò, father of the marquis Francesco.
    79. ^ BRANCHI (1971)
    80. ^ LITTA (1855)
    81. ^ Remigio Pompeo Malaspina - Geneall
    82. ^ LITTA (1855)
    83. ^ LITTA (1855)
    84. ^ Torquato Malaspina - Geneall
    85. ^ Amedea Malaspina - Geneall
    86. ^ LITTA (1855)
    87. ^ LITTA (1855)
    88. ^ Umberto Burla, Malaspina di Lunigiana, Luna editore, La Spezia 2001.

    Bibliography

    • Eugenio Branchi, Storia della Lunigiana feudale, ristampa anastatica, 3 vol., Forni, Bologna 1971.
    • Umberto Burla, Malaspina di Lunigiana, Luna editore, La Spezia 2001.
    • Giuseppe Caciagli, Storia della Lunigiana, Arnera, Pontedera 1992.
    • Giorgio Fiori, I Malaspina, Tip.Le.Co., Piacenza 1995.
    • Guido Guagnini, I Malaspina, Il Biscione, Milano 1973.
    • Pompeo Litta, Famigli celebri di Italia. Malaspina, 1855. (URL)
    • Patrizia Meli, Gabriele Malaspina marchese di Fosdinovo: condotte, politica e diplomazia nella Lunigiana del Rinascimento, University Press, Firenze 2008 ISBN 978-88-8453-859-8, ISBN 978-88-8453-860-4.
    • Franco Quartieri, Dante e i Malaspina, in "Analisi e paradossi su 'Commedia' e dintorni", p. 141, Longo editore, Ravenna 2006 ISBN 88-8063-501-8.
    • Alessandro Soddu (a cura di), I Malaspina e la Sardegna. Documenti e testi dei secoli XII-XIV, CUEC, Cagliari 2005.
    • Alessandro Soddu, Struttura familiare e potere territoriale nella signoria dei Malaspina, in "Giornale Storico della Lunigiana e del territorio Lucense", LV (2004), pp. 135–152, 2007.
    • Alessandro Soddu, Poteri signorili in Sardegna tra Due e Trecento: i Malaspina, in "RiMe. Rivista dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea", 4 (June 2010), pp. 95–105 [Atti del "12th Annual Mediterranean Studies Congress: Sardinia: A Mediterranean Crossroads", Cagliari 27–30 May 2009] on line http://rime.to.cnr.it/
    • Alessandro Soddu, "Magni baroni certo e regi quasi". I Malaspina fra Lunigiana, Lucca e Sardegna, in "Acta Historica et Archaelogica Mediaevalia", 30 (2009–2010), pp. 251–260, 2011.
    This page was last edited on 20 February 2021, at 15:49
    Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.