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Makedonski Železnici

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Македонски Железници
Voz dizel 800px.jpg
National railwayMakedonski Železnici
Infrastructure companyMakedonski Železnici Infrastruktura
Passenger km154.705.000
System length
Total925 km (575 mi)
Electrified315 km (196 mi)
Track gauge
Main1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Main25 kV 50 Hz AC
No. stations117
Map of North Macedonia's railway network

Makedonski Železnici (; Macedonian: Македонски Железници (МЖ), "Macedonian Railways") is the public enterprise for railways in the Republic of North Macedonia. Railway operations are run by Železnici na Republika Severna Makedonija Transport and the infrastructure maintained by Makedonski Železnici Infrastruktura.

The Republic of North Macedonia is a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC). The UIC Country Code for the Republic of North Macedonia is 65.

Macedonian Railways operates 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge rail tracks in North Macedonia and maintains 925 km (575 mi) of lines, 315 km (196 mi) of which are electrified with the 25 kV 50 Hz AC system.


Macedonian Railways Transport operates a large number of train sets, which consist of passenger trains (diesel and electric trains) and freight trains.

A contract for the purchase of 6 new passenger train sets, manufactured by China's CRRC Corporation at the Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Works, was signed in 2014. The first train-set arrived in August 2015. Each train consists of 3 rail cars, and is designed to carry 200 passengers. They will be used on routes from Skopje to Bitola, Gevgelija, Kičevo, Kumanovo, and Veles.[1] This is the first time North Macedonia has bought new passenger trains since its independence,[1] and the first time a Chinese EMU or DMU manufacturer has entered the European market.[2]


The first standard gauge line in the area, from Skopje to Thessaloniki was built in 1873 during Ottoman rule.

North Macedonia has a well-developed railroad system. It is connected to Kosovo via Volkovo in the northwest, to Serbia via Tabanovci in the north and to Greece via Gevgelija in the southeast and via Kremenica in the southwest. North Macedonia's main rail line between the Serbian and Greek borders, from Tabanovci to Gevgelija, is entirely electrified.

The railway company has its headquarters in the capital Skopje. The original city railway station was partially destroyed in the 1963 earthquake and now houses the Museum of the City of Skopje. The new principal railway station forms the upper level of the integrated Transportation Center Skopje.

All domestic lines are operated by Macedonian Railways, with links from Skopje to Tetovo, Gostivar and Kicevo in the west, to Volkovo in the northwest, to Kumanovo and Tabanovci in the north, to Sveti Nikole, Štip, and Kocani in the east, to Veles, Negotino and Gevgelija in the south - southeast and to Bogomila, Prilep and Bitola in the southwest.

According to a local journalists' report dated 2011, passenger service within the country is quite slow, and trains and stations are often poorly maintained. Nonetheless, the inexpensive rail service is well patronized, and on occasions trains are standing-room only.[3]

Rolling stock

Electric Locomotives

Designation Producer Total units Power output(kwh) Wheel arrangement Top speed Building years Notes Image
MŽ 441 Rade Končar Zagreb 8 3800 kW Bo'Bo' 120 km/h (140 km/h) 1969–1988
23.04.10 Skopje 441.107 & 712.107 (5821492431).jpg
MŽ 442 Rade Končar Zagreb 3 3800 kW Bo'Bo' 120 km/h (140 km/h) 2001 Series 442 was obtained by restoring and thyristorizing of
3 former HŽ 1141 locomotives.
MŽ 461 Electroputere 3 5100 kW Co'Co' 120 km/h 1972–1980
MŽ 462 Rade Končar Zagreb 2 5100 kW Co'Co' 120 km/h 2008 Series 462 was obtained by restoring and thyristorizing of
2 MŽ 461 locomotives.

Diesel Locomotives

Designation Producer Total units Type Power output in kwh Wheel arrangement Top speed Building years Notes Image
MŽ 642 Brissonneau et Lotz
Đuro Đaković Slavonski Brod
8 Diesel electric shunter 606 kW Bo'Bo' 80 km/h 1960–1964
MŽ 643 Brissonneau et Lotz
Đuro Đaković Slavonski Brod
3 Diesel electric shunter 680 kW Bo'Bo' 80 km/h 1967
Đuro Đaković Slavonski Brod
23 Diesel electric 1454 kW Co'Co' 114 km/h (124 km/h) 1960–1971
22.04.10 Veles 661.236 (5822039256).jpg

Electric Multiple Units

Designation Producer Total units Power output in kwh Wheel arrangement Top speed Building years Notes Image
MŽ 412 Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca 3 1360 kW Bo'Bo'+2'2'+2'2'+Bo'Bo' 130 km/h 1985–1986's
Macedonia (5881146055).jpg
MŽ 411 Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., Ltd. 2 Bo'2'+2'Bo' 160 km/h 2015–2016's
MŽ 411-103@BCR (20160106155835).jpg

Diesel Multiple Units

Designation Producer Total units Power output in kwh Wheel arrangement Top speed Building years Notes Image
MŽ 712 MACOSA 20 2x 210 kW B'B'+2'2'+2'2' 120 km/h 1981–1986
22.04.10 Kočani 712.102 (5821476903).jpg
MZ 711 Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., Ltd. 4 Bo'2'+2'Bo' 160 km/h 2015–2016
Skopje train station by jcornelius 11.jpg

International connections and services

The train station in Prilep
The train station in Prilep

The main north–south line from Niš in Serbia to the port of Thessaloniki in Greece on the Aegean Sea (Corridor X), passes through Kumanovo, Skopje, Zelenikovo, Veles, Negotino, Demir Kapija, Miravci and Gevgelija.

Intercity trains link Kumanovo, Skopje, Zelenikovo, Veles, Negotino (Kavadarci), Demir Kapija, Miravci (Valandovo) and Gevgelija (Bogdanci) with Serbian Railways and Greek railways.

Connections to Bulgarian State Railways are via Niš in Serbia and via Thessaloniki in Greece.

Intercity trains from Kosovo Railways link Skopje with Pristina.

In 2010, Makedonski Železnici joined Cargo 10, a joint venture with other railways in the region.[4]


Corridor VIII

The railway station forms part of the Transportation Center Skopje
The railway station forms part of the Transportation Center Skopje

In the planning stage[when?] 2020 is a project to construct new rail links connecting to the existing east–west line (Beljakovci, Kumanovo, Skopje, Tetovo, Gostivar and Kičevo):

Corridor X

The Ministry of Transport and Communication has begun studies for the renewal and reconstruction of several section of the corridor X:

  • Renewal and reconstruction of railway track on the 16 km (9.9 mi) section between Bitola and Kremenica as a part of the Xd branch of Corridor X
  • Reconstruction of the 14 km (8.7 mi) railway section between Kumanovo and Deljadrovci
  • Reconstruction of the 35 km (22 mi) railway section between Dračevo and Veles


  1. ^ a b New Chinese Trains to Arrive in Macedonia in August Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine, July 7, 2015
  2. ^ “走出去”的中国动车串起世界“经济圈”, 2015-7-17
  3. ^ Aleksandar Pisarev (Александар Писарев), Патување со Македонски железници (Traveling with Makedonski Železnici), 2011-05-11
  4. ^ "Macedonian railways to join Cargo 10". ICT magazine. Archived from the original on 2010-10-26. Retrieved 2010-09-26.

External links

This page was last edited on 19 April 2021, at 00:12
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