To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Major League Soccer on television

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Major League Soccer has been broadcast live in the U.S. nationally since the league's inception in 1996 and in Canada since 2007.[1] In the United States the game is broadcast in English on ESPN (most games), ABC (MLS Cup in odd-numbered years; 3 games in 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic), Fox Sports 1 and Fox, in Spanish on Univision Networks. In Canada, MLS is broadcast on TSN and DAZN in English and TVA Sports in French.

Games not televised nationally are aired by regional sports networks or local broadcast television stations. Teams may also have a contract with a local radio broadcaster to air their games. Some teams air games exclusively in Spanish on radio, others have English only or an English and Spanish radio broadcaster.

United States television

1990s–2006

Major League Soccer with ESPN and ABC Sports announced the league's first television rights deal on March 15, 1994, without any players, coaches, or teams in place. The three-year agreement covered English-language broadcasting for the 1996–1998 seasons, and committed 10 games on ESPN, 25 on ESPN2, and the MLS Cup on ABC. The deal gave MLS no rights fees, but the advertising revenue was divided between the league and networks.[2]

During the 1990s, Univision and Galavisión broadcast matches in Spanish. The original Univision deal ended in 1999.[3] Telemundo picked up MLS in 2000,[4] but disputes over time slots led to the network dropping MLS after the 2001 season.[5] ABC and ESPN were left as the only MLS broadcasters in 2002.

In 2003, Fox Sports World (later Fox Soccer Channel) also became an English-language TV partner to MLS, while Fox Sports en Español became the Spanish-language partner in the same year.[6]

2007–2014

In August 2006, MLS and ESPN announced an eight-year contract spanning 2007–2014 giving the league its first rights-fee agreement worth US$8 million annually. The deal gave the MLS a regular primetime slot on Thursdays, televised coverage of the first round of the MLS SuperDraft and an expanded presence on other ESPN properties, such as ESPN360 (now ESPN3) and Mobile ESPN. The agreement also placed each season's opening match, the MLS All-Star Game and the MLS Cup on ABC.[7]

In September 2006, the media announced a deal between the Univision network and Soccer United Marketing (SUM) worth US$80 million. The network agreed to broadcast 25 MLS games per season, ten U.S. men's national team games and five international matches operated by SUM;[8] although, ratings were volatile.[9]

Disappointing ratings led to a 2008 push by ESPN to bolster its popularity through measures such as using JP Dellacamera, a veteran play-by-play soccer commentator, instead of baseball announcer Dave O'Brien, as well as an arrangement to simulcast MLS games in Spanish on ESPN Deportes, with the intention of gaining additional Hispanic viewers with a Spanish style. ESPN programming executive Scott Guglielmino explained: "From my perspective, the only question in my mind when it comes to growth is how quickly over time MLS and its management group want to spend on players ... You’re in a worldwide market. The question is how quickly the ownership group wants to push that envelope."[6]

After two years of low ratings, network executives decided to transfer all ABC games to ESPN. The MLS Cup had been broadcast on ABC each year from 1996 to 2008, but with ratings declining from 1.4, in 1996 and 1997, to 0.6 in 2008, the MLS Cup was moved to ESPN at the start of 2009.[10] The network also replaced the regular Thursday night telecast with a "game of the week" on either Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, or Saturday nights, to give MLS games better lead-in programming and more flexibility to air better matchups.[11]

In 2011, Fox Soccer Channel and MLS agreed to a one-year extension to televise up to 31 regular-season games and three playoff game, in a deal worth around US$7 million.[12][13][14] MLS Wrap was a MLS highlight show that aired on Fox Soccer Channel that was often hosted by Sean Wheelock, with analyst John Harkes.[15]

In 2012, NBC Sports Group replaced Fox Sports as the league's second English-language broadcaster, with games airing on NBCSN (which was available in approximately twice as many homes as Fox Soccer), and selected games on the NBC broadcast network. NBCSN broadcast 44 matches and NBC broadcast 5 matches—the average combined audience for NBC and NBCSN's games in 2012 was 122 percent higher than the average audience for Fox Soccer's games in 2011.[16] ESPN ratings also increased in 2012 from the prior year, as a number of MLS games were shown on ESPN in 2012, instead of a primary focus on ESPN2, as had been the case previously.[17]

2015–2022

On May 12, 2014, MLS announced an eight-year broadcasting deal between ESPN and Fox Sports in English, and Univision in Spanish, covering television, digital, and the possibility of radio rights. The biggest change under the new deal was the establishment of a consistent national window for each broadcaster; UniMas airs matches on Friday nights, while ESPN2 and Fox Sports 1 air matches on Sunday evenings and nights respectively (jointly promoted as Soccer Sunday). All three broadcasters will air at least 34 regular-season matches per-season during these windows. ESPN and Fox Sports will also share in English-language coverage of the playoffs, and alternate airing the All-Star Game and MLS Cup yearly. Univision will air Spanish-language coverage of the MLS Cup and All-Star Game, and exclusively air two playoff knockout-round matches per season. Matches exclusively televised by Univision include English-language commentary via second audio program. The deal also includes options for national radio rights for ESPN Radio and Fox Sports Radio, rights to United States men's national team matches for all three broadcasters, rights for ESPN International, and an option for ESPN to take over the distribution of the league's out-of-market package.[18][19]

ESPN and Fox Sports pay a combined $75 million per season, and Univision pays $15 million per-season. Totaling at around $90 million per-season, nearly five times the value of the league's previous deal, it is the highest-valued television rights deal in MLS history.[20] Commissioner Garber stated at the announcement that the new contracts were "another strong indicator of the League's continued growth and the overall fan interest in our sport".[18][19]

In March 2017, it was announced that Facebook had reached a deal to stream English-language coverage of the nationally-televised games allotted to Univision. The streams would include interactive features, while MLS also announced that it would stream a news program known as Matchday Live on its Facebook page to complement the new deal.[21]

Prior to the 2018 season, ESPN invoked its option to take over the out-of-market streaming rights to Major League Soccer. The MLS Live service was discontinued, and out-of-market matches became an overall component of the new ESPN+ subscription streaming service that launched in April 2018 (with MLS Live temporarily made available for free prior to the service's official launch).[22][23] Twitter replaced Facebook as the English streaming rightsholder for Univision's games under a three-year deal.[24]

The 2018 season also saw significant developments in regional broadcast rights, as Chicago Fire and newly-established Los Angeles FC chose to sell their regional television rights exclusively to subscription streaming services (the aforementioned ESPN+, and YouTube TV, respectively), rather than a local broadcaster or regional sports network. Several teams (including Real Salt Lake and the Seattle Sounders) also reached in-market streaming deals alongside a flagship television broadcaster.[25] In 2019, D.C. United similarly signed with FloSports (replacing Sinclair Broadcast Group), however the partnership was met with criticism over the more-limited availability of the broadcasts, as well as promised supplemental coverage that never materialized. The team broke away from FloSports prior to the final game of the season,[26][27] and re-signed Sinclair for the 2020 season.[28] Also in 2020, Chicago Fire FC returned to regional linear television with a multi-year deal with WGN-TV, concurrent with the final year of its agreement with ESPN+.[29]

Canadian television

Coverage of MLS expanded into Canada in 2007 with the addition of Toronto FC. From 2007 to 2010, CBC, Sportsnet, and later GolTV Canada (owned by team parent company Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment), broadcast Toronto FC games nationwide, and GolTV carried broadcasts of selected regular-season games not involving Toronto FC.

Bell Media has held national English-language rights to Major League Soccer in Canada since 2011, and reached a 5-year extension for English-language rights only beginning in the 2017 season. Games primarily air on the TSN networks, and beginning in 2017, selected games are simulcast on the CTV Television Network.[30] As of the 2017 season, TVA Sports holds the national French-language rights to Major League Soccer in Canada.[31]

As in the United States, the individual Canadian clubs have also negotiated separate broadcast deals for games not aired under the Bell Media national contract (although there are no blackouts of these "regional" broadcasts outside of the team's territory). TSN and Sportsnet formerly split coverage of Toronto FC regional games (their parent companies hold a joint majority stake in MLSE), TVA Sports airs Montreal Impact games in a separate deal,[32] and TSN broadcasts the Vancouver Whitecaps in a separate deal.[33][34] As of the 2017 season, TSN holds exclusive rights to all Toronto FC games.[30]

In the 2018 season, DAZN took over rights to out-of-market streaming of matches as part of its overall service, with live and on-demand coverage of all-U.S., matches, and on-demand streaming of matches featuring Canadian clubs 48 hours after their original broadcast.[35]

Current broadcasting contracts

United States

Network Current contract Annual rights fee Regular-season games Playoff games Language Ref
ESPN 2015–2022 $75 million 34+ 8/7†† English [36][37]
[38][39][40]
ESPN2
ABC†††
ESPN Deportes 6 Spanish
FS1 34+ 8/7†† English
Fox
Fox Deportes 4 Spanish
UniMás 2015–2022 $15 million 34+ 4 Spanish, English audio on SAP [36][37]
[38][39]
TUDN
Univision

† ESPN Deportes will simulcast all 34+ ESPN, ESPN2, and ABC games. Fox Deportes will simulcast all FS1 and Fox games respectively, except the MLS Cup final and MLS All-Star Game

†† English language rights for the MLS Cup Final and MLS-All Star Game alternate between ESPN, ABC, & Fox

††† ABC will broadcast 10 matches in 2020.[41] The network also aired the MLS Cup in 2019

Canada

Network Current contract Annual rights fee Regular-season games Playoff games Language Ref
TSN 2017–2021 TBD English [42]
TSN2
TVA Sports 2017–2021 50+ French

Regional

Team Network Team Network
Atlanta United FC Fox Sports South
Fox Sports Southeast
Nashville SC WZTV
WUXP
WNAB
Chicago Fire ESPN+
WGN Sports
New England Revolution NBC Sports Boston
Colorado Rapids Altitude New York City FC YES Network
Columbus Crew SC Fox Sports Ohio
SportsTime Ohio
New York Red Bulls MSG Network
D.C. United WJLA 24/7 News Orlando City SC WRBW
FC Cincinnati WSTR-TV Philadelphia Union WPHL-TV
WPVI-TV
Localish
FC Dallas KTXA
Fox Sports Southwest
Portland Timbers Root Sports Northwest
KPTV
KPDX
Houston Dynamo KHOU
KTBU
Real Salt Lake KMYU
KUTV
Inter Miami CF WBFS
WFOR
San Jose Earthquakes NBC Sports California
NBC Sports Bay Area
KNTV
KSTS
Los Angeles FC YouTube TV
KRCA
Seattle Sounders FC Root Sports Northwest
KCPQ
KZJO
Prime Video
LA Galaxy Spectrum SportsNet Sporting Kansas City Fox Sports Kansas City
Minnesota United Fox Sports North Toronto FC TSN
Montreal Impact TVA Sports Vancouver Whitecaps FC TSN

Ratings and viewers

Regular season

Year English Language Spanish Language
Channel Telecasts Viewers (Ratings) Channel Telecasts Viewers (Ratings)
2006[43] ESPN2 21 263,000 (0.2)
Fox Soccer
2007[43][44] ESPN2 25 289,000 (0.2) TeleFutura 24 282,000
Fox Soccer
2008[44][45] ESPN2 26 253,000 (0.2) TeleFutura 26 254,000
Fox Soccer* 30,000 (0.1)
2009[44][46] ESPN2 26 299,000 TeleFutura 24 229,000
Fox Soccer 34 53,000
2010[44][47] ESPN2 25 253,000 TeleFutura 23 211,000
Fox Soccer 31 53,000
2011[44][46] ESPN2 20 290,000 Galavisión 18 72,000
Fox Soccer 27 70,000 TeleFutura 12 233,000
2012[44][48] ESPN / ESPN2 20 311,000 Galavisión 20 57,000
NBCSN 40 125,000
2013[44][49] ESPN / ESPN2 20 220,000 (0.1) UniMás 23 223,000
NBCSN 37 112,000 (0.1)
2014[44][50] ESPN2 20 240,000 (0.2) UniMás 23 218,000
NBCSN 38 142,000 (0.1)
2015[44][51] ESPN (8) / ESPN2 (26) 34 245,000 UniMás/UDN 42 244,000
FS1 34 197,000
2016
[52][53][54][55][56]
ESPN (29) / ESPN2 (5) 34 274,000 UniMás/UDN 34+ 245,000
Fox (5) / FS1 (29) 34 224,000
Fox 5 696,000
2017[57][55][56] ESPN(26) / ESPN2(3) 29 272,000 UniMás(18) / UDN (6) 24 265,000
Fox (7) / FS1 (27) 34 236,000
Fox 7 644,000
2018[58][59][60] ESPN(28) / ESPN2(3) 31 241,000 Univision(13) UniMás/UDN (12) 25 292,000
Fox (6) / FS1 (27) 33 296,000
Fox 6 988,000

Notes:

  • Although the viewing numbers on ESPN2 declined by 36,000 from 2007 to 2008, ESPN began simulcasting MLS games on ESPN Deportes in 2008, attracting an average of 40,000 viewers.[43]
  • Fox Soccer began getting ratings in October 2008. The Fox Soccer numbers for 2008 represent only the last four matches of the season. Viewership numbers prior to October 2008 are unavailable.[43]
  • FOX OTA- (Over-The-Air) average viewing numbers includes the FOX Deportes Spanish language Simulcast average viewing number for the 2016–2017 seasons.[55]

MLS Cable Viewership Average

Season Avg. Viewers Change Ref
2012 164,000 [44][48]
2013 185,000 +13% [44][49]
2014 200,000 +8% [44][50]
2015 229,000 +15% [44][51]
2016 248,000 +8% [52][53][54][55][56]
2017 258,000 +4% [55][56][57]
2018 276,000 +6% [59][58][60]
2019 260,000 -6% [61]

Notes:

  • Cable viewership average includes MLS average Television Viewing Audience across the National Broadcast Networks in which games air.
  • Numbers do not include streaming viewership.

MLS Cup Finals

  • The MLS Cup Final has also been aired on Spanish-language networks TeleFutura in 2007 and 2008,[66][67] Galavision from 2009 to 2011,[68][69] TeleFutura / UniMás from 2012 to 2018, and Univision in 2019.[1], [2], [3], [4], [5] MLS Cup viewing numbers listed do not include Spanish-language viewing numbers but only English-language viewing numbers reported from Nielsen.

Single-game records

Regular season
No. Viewers Date Network Matchup
1 1,609,000 July 7, 2019 FOX Atlanta United vs New York Red Bulls[70]
2 1,558,000 July 15, 2018 FOX Atlanta United vs Seattle Sounders FC[71]
3 1,159,000 June 30, 2018 FOX Seattle Sounders FC vs Portland Timbers[72]
4 1,109,000 July 1, 2018 FOX Toronto FC vs New York Red Bulls[73]
5 1,074,000 June 24, 2018 FOX Atlanta United vs Portland Timbers[74]

Previous national broadcasting networks

MLS broadcasts

See also

References

  1. ^ "ESPN acquires rights to Major League Soccer". OurSports Central. August 6, 2006. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
  2. ^ "U.S. Pro League Moves Along By Signing a Television Deal". The New York Times. March 16, 1994. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
  3. ^ "MLS:Telemundo Line-up". Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  4. ^ Network, Telemundo. "Telemundo Network Enters Into Exclusive Agreement With Major League Soccer". Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  5. ^ "Investor slots filled for last team". Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  6. ^ a b Tripp Mickle (March 24, 2008). "ESPN kicks up efforts to bolster MLS ratings". Sports Business Daily Global Journal. American City Business Journals. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  7. ^ "ESPN, MLS Reach Eight-Year TV Deal That Includes Rights Fees". SportsBusiness Daily. August 7, 2006. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
  8. ^ "Univision Signs Eight-Year Agreement To Broadcast MLS Games". SportsBusiness Daily. September 26, 2006. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
  9. ^ "A breakdown of TV viewership-worse than we thought". The Soccerist. January 8, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Paulsen (November 24, 2010). "Record Low Rating For 2010 MLS Cup". Sports Media Watch. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  11. ^ "ESPN booting MLS from its Thursday slot". SportsBusiness Journal. January 19, 2009. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
  12. ^ "MLS extends TV deal with Fox Soccer Channel for one year". USA Today. February 18, 2011. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
  13. ^ "MLS And FOX Soccer Channel Agree on One-Year Contract Extension". Goal.com. February 18, 2011. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
  14. ^ "Fox Soccer Channel Finalizes Deal With MLS, Reportedly Worth $6.25 Million A Year". SBNation. February 18, 2011. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
  15. ^ "Memo to Fox Soccer Channel: 5 Ways to Improve FSC", World Soccer Talk, November 25, 2007.
  16. ^ Jonathan Tannenwald (July 14, 2014). "Analyzing NBC's ratings in its first season of broadcasting Major League Soccer". Philadelphia Daily News.
  17. ^ SportsBusiness Journal (November 29, 2012). "TV ratings for MLS up across the board". Sporting News.com Soccer. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  18. ^ a b "MLS, U.S. Soccer sign landmark TV and media rights partnerships with ESPN, FOX & Univision Deportes". MLSSoccer.com. Major League Soccer. May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  19. ^ a b "MLS's big play". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  20. ^ John McDuling (May 12, 2014). "Here's more evidence that Americans are growing fond of soccer". Quartz. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  21. ^ "Facebook signs deal with MLS, Univision to stream live soccer games". Ars Technica. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  22. ^ "How to watch out-of-market MLS matches in 2018". MLSSoccer.com. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
  23. ^ "ESPN's Web Service Gains Exclusive Pro Soccer Rights". Bloomberg L.P. February 13, 2018. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
  24. ^ Spangler, Todd (March 9, 2018). "Twitter Inks Three-Year MLS Content Deal, Including Live-Streaming Matches (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  25. ^ "MLS gambles on local digital play". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  26. ^ Goff, Steven (October 3, 2019). "D.C. United severs ties with streaming partner FloSports". The Washington Post.
  27. ^ Allen, Scott (March 12, 2019). "FloSports offers full refunds after rough debut, vows to win back D.C. United fans' trust". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  28. ^ "DC United and Sinclair confirm 2020 local TV rights deal". SportsPro Media. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  29. ^ Jeremy Mikula (February 19, 2020). "Chicago Fire reach a multiyear deal with WGN to televise games". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing.
  30. ^ a b "Canadian national broadcast schedule for 2017 revealed; CTV to air 7 games". MLSSoccer.com. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  31. ^ "MLS reaches deals with TSN and TVA for Canadian television rights". ESPN FC. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  32. ^ Delia-Lavictoire, Yvan (July 14, 2011). "Impact sign multimedia deal, name TVA Sports broadcaster". MLSSoccer.com. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  33. ^ "Every Game, All Season Long: MLS ON TSN Kicks Off its Complete Coverage of Vancouver Whitecaps FC This Saturday". Retrieved April 5, 2014.
  34. ^ "TSN to broadcast all Whitecaps FC games beginning in 2014". The Sports Network. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  35. ^ Armstrong, Laura (March 2, 2018). "MLS partners with DAZN to live stream U.S. matches for Canadian soccer fans". Toronto Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
  36. ^ a b "MLS, U.S. Soccer sign landmark TV and media rights partnerships with ESPN, FOX & Univision Deportes". MLSSoccer.com. MLS Digital. May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  37. ^ a b "MLS, U.S. Soccer officially announce new TV deal with ESPN, Fox, Univision". Philadelphia Daily News. December 13, 2015. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  38. ^ a b "How to watch the 2016 MLS Cup playoffs on TV and online". December 7, 2016. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
  39. ^ a b "2015 Major League Soccer national television schedule". December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
  40. ^ MLSsoccer staff (February 29, 2020). "How to watch, stream and follow MLS in 2020". MLSSoccer.com. MLS Digital. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  41. ^ "ESPN and ABC to Televise 31 Regular Season Matches during Major League Soccer's 25th Season". ESPN Press Room U.S. December 19, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  42. ^ "MLS signs new media rights partnerships in Canada with TSN & TVA Sports". MLSsoccer.com. November 30, 2016. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
  43. ^ a b c d Sports Business Daily, MLS attendance, TV viewership numbers slip, November 3, 2008, http://www.sportsbusinessdaily.com/Journal/Issues/2008/11/20081103/This-Weeks-News/MLS-Attendance-TV-Viewership-Numbers-Slip.aspx
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m MLS 2016 TV Thread (Ratings, Historical Data, Contracts etc), July 8, 2016, http://forums.bigsoccer.com/threads/mls-2016-tv-thread-ratings-historical-data-contracts-etc.2027792/
  45. ^ World Soccer Talk, MLS TV Ratings Continue Decline, November 9, 2008, http://worldsoccertalk.com/2008/11/09/mls-tv-ratings-continue-decline/
  46. ^ a b Sports Business Daily, MLS Regular-Season Audience Up Across ESPN/ESPN2, Fox Soccer, October 26, 2011, http://www.sportsbusinessdaily.com/Daily/Issues/2011/10/26/Research-and-Ratings/MLS-TV.aspx
  47. ^ World Soccer Talk, "MLS 2010 Season Viewership Down 12% on ESPN2", October 31, 2010,
  48. ^ a b Sports Business Daily, "MLS Has Best Regular-Season Audience Yet on ESPN/ESPN2; NBCSN Off To Good Start", November 28, 2012,
  49. ^ a b Sports Business, Journal, "Attendance strong, but MLS sees TV dip", November 4, 2013,
  50. ^ a b "Big jump in MLS viewers on ESPN2 and NBCSN", Soccer America, November 3, 2014.
  51. ^ a b "MLS TV numbers increase on FOX Sports and ESPN for 2015 regular season – World Soccer Talk". October 27, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  52. ^ a b "TV ratings for MLS are up from last year on all ESPN platforms", July 27, 2016.
  53. ^ a b "MLS’s improved TV ratings on FOX and ESPN are welcome, but they’re only baby steps", July 28, 2016.
  54. ^ a b "FOX Sports’ MLS viewing numbers increased 37% in 2016 compared to last year", July 28, 2016.
  55. ^ a b c d e "Most-watched soccer games on US TV for September 19–24, 2017 – World Soccer Talk". World Soccer Talk. September 29, 2017. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
  56. ^ a b c d "Better TV windows boost viewership for MLS". sportsbusinessdaily.com. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
  57. ^ a b "MLS attendance, TV ratings up in 2017", Chicago Tribune, November 17, 2017.
  58. ^ a b "Most-watched soccer games on US TV for October 10-21, 2018 - World Soccer Talk". World Soccer Talk. October 25, 2018. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  59. ^ a b "The 2018 MLS TV Thread". BigSoccer Forum. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  60. ^ a b "MLS Regular-Season Viewership Up For Fox Sports, Down On ESPN". sportsbusinessdaily.com. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  61. ^ "The 2020 MLS TV thread". BigSoccer Forum. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  62. ^ "MLS Wrap: MLS Cup Earns Second-Lowest Rating; Regular Season Up", Sports Media Watch, December 7, 2012.
  63. ^ ", Sports Media Watch, December 13, 2016 .
  64. ^ ", Sports Media Watch, December 15, 2017 .
  65. ^ [https://www.sportsmediawatch.com/2019/11/ratings-nfl-overnights-panthers-packers-mls-cup-nba/ .
  66. ^ Fallas, Bernardo (November 17, 2007). "MLS strives to find place on U.S. sports landscape". Houston Chronicle. p. 1. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  67. ^ "Angles abound for grand MLS Cup". Sports Illustrated. November 21, 2008. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  68. ^ Jones, Grahame L. (November 22, 2009). "David Beckham's injury could add twist to MLS final". Los Angeles Times. p. C3. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  69. ^ MLS Cup viewers on UniMas surpass those on ESPN - Soccer America, December 10, 2013
  70. ^ Werner, Collin (July 10, 2019). "Most-watched soccer games on US TV for June 24-July 7, 2019". World Soccer Talk. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  71. ^ "Fox's Atlanta United-Seattle Sounders broadcast right after the World Cup final drew 1.558 million viewers", Philadelphia Inquirer/Daily News Twitter, July 17, 2018.
  72. ^ "Most-watched soccer games on US TV for June 25-July 3, 2018 - World Soccer Talk". World Soccer Talk. July 7, 2018. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  73. ^ "Most-watched soccer games on US TV for June 25-July 3, 2018 - World Soccer Talk". World Soccer Talk. July 7, 2018. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  74. ^ "Most-watched soccer games on US TV for June 25-July 3, 2018 - World Soccer Talk". World Soccer Talk. July 7, 2018. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 19:43
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.