To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Main Southern railway line, New South Wales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Main Southern Line
New Binalong station.jpg
New Binalong railway station on 1916 deviation
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Route map

to Main Northern line
Main Suburban line to Central
junction Olympic Park line
junction Port Botany line
Regents Park
Southern Sydney Freight Line
junction Bankstown line
Main Suburban line
Chester Hill
junction Main Western line
Canley Vale
Old Main South line
junction Warwick Farm Racecourse
Warwick Farm
junction Holsworthy line
junction Moorebank Intermodal Terminal
junction East Hills line
junction South West Rail Link
Macquarie Fields
junction Camden line
Southern Sydney Freight Line
limit of electrification &
suburban passenger services
junction Glenlee colliery line
Menangle Park
North Menangle
Nepean River Bridge
Douglas Park
junction Maldon – Dombarton line
Stonequarry Creek viaduct
junction Picton – Mittagong loop line
Bargo railway viaduct
Hill Top
Colo Vale
Bradken rolling stock works
junction Picton – Mittagong loop line
junction Box Vale colliery
Bong Bong
Berrima cement works
junction Unanderra – Moss Vale line
Moss Vale
Medway Quarry line
Murrays Flats
North Goulburn
junction Crookwell line
junction Bombala line
Fish River
Yass Junction
Yass Town line
junction Burrinjuck tramway
Illalong Creek
junction Boorowa line
Rocky Ponds
junction Blayney line
Morrisons Hill
junction Lake Cargelligo line
junction Tumut line
Bethungra Spiral
junction Hay line
Junee Racecourse
Murrumbidgee River
junction Tumbarumba line
Wagga Wagga
junction Kywong line
Bon Accord
junction Westby line
The Rock
junction Oaklands line
Yerong Creek
junction Rand line
junction Holbrook line
Billabong Creek
junction Corowa line
Table Top
Albury Racecourse
Murray River bridge & Victorian border
to Melbourne on North East line 

The Main Southern Railway is a major railway in New South Wales, Australia. It runs from Sydney to Albury, near the Victorian border. The line passes through the Southern Highlands, Southern Tablelands, South West Slopes and Riverina regions.

Description of route

The Main Southern Railway commences as an electrified pair of tracks in the Sydney metropolitan area. Since 1924, the line branches from the Main Suburban railway line at Lidcombe and runs via Regents Park to Cabramatta, where it rejoins the original route from Granville. The line then heads towards Campbelltown and Macarthur, the current limit of electrification and suburban passenger services. The electrification previously extended to Glenlee colliery, but this was removed following the cessation of electric haulage of freight trains in the 1990s.

The line continues as a double non-electrified track south through the Southern Highlands towns of Mittagong and Goulburn to Junee on the Southern Plains. Here the line becomes single track for the remainder of its journey south to the state border with Victoria at Albury. The North East railway line then continues through northern Victoria to Melbourne.

There are six tunnels on the line: the Picton tunnel,[1] the Yerrinbool tunnel,[2] the Aylmerton tunnel,[3] the Gib (Mt Gibraltar) tunnel,[4] and the two 'up' track tunnels in the Bethungra Spiral.

The line north of Macarthur is maintained by Transport Asset Holding Entity. South of Macarthur the line is leased to the Australian Rail Track Corporation until 2064.[5][6]

Though the bulk of the line has a maximum gradient of 1.5%, the ruling grade of the line is 2.5% due to short, steep sections of track, E.g. 2.5 km from Murrumburruh to Demondrille (in the direction of Albury) and 0.5 km of track 5 km south of Junee in the direction of Sydney.[7]

Development of the line

On 26 September 1855, the first railway in New South Wales, the Sydney to Granville railway opened. Exactly a year later, a branch was opened from what was known as Parramatta Junction (the present day Granville) to Liverpool. This line was extended to Campbelltown in 1858, Picton in 1863, Goulburn in 1869, Yass Junction in 1876, Galong, Harden-Murrumburrah and Cootamundra in 1877 and Junee and Bomen (on the north bank of the Murrumbidgee River) in 1878. The Murrumbidgee River Railway Bridge was completed in 1881[8] and the line was extended to Wagga Wagga, Uranquinty, The Rock, Henty and Albury in 1881.[9][10] Victorian Railways' North East 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) gauge line was extended from Wodonga to Albury in 1883.[11] To accommodate the break of gauge, a very long railway platform was built, the covered platform being one of the longest in Australia.

The original alignment was built under the supervision of John Whitton, Engineer-in-Charge for the New South Wales Government Railways from 1856 to 1898.[12]

The two main sections of the line that were deviated; the Old Main South line (in blue) and the Picton - Mittagong Loop line (in purple)

The original single track was duplicated from Granville to Liverpool in 1857,[13] to Campbelltown in 1891,[14] to Picton in 1892.[15] Between 1913 and 1922 the 343 km (213 mi) section from Picton to Cootamundra was duplicated.[16] At the same time, the section between Picton and Mittagong was deviated by a less direct route in 1919 to ease the steep grades of the original alignment, and the old line became known as the Picton – Mittagong loop railway line which is now largely closed. (The Main Southern Railway Deviation, was estimated in the 1914 Act of Parliament to have construction costs of £630,353).[17] Other sections of the original Whitton alignment between Goulburn and Wagga Wagga were also replaced by more curvy sections with lower grades. The section between Granville and Cabramatta via Fairfield was bypassed with a more direct route from Lidcombe via Regents Park in 1924. The former route through Fairfield became known as the Old Main South. The section from Cootamundra to Junee, including a rail spiral at Bethungra, was duplicated between 1941 and 1945.[18][19]

Construction of a standard gauge track parallel with the broad gauge track from Albury to Melbourne commenced in 1959, completing the Sydney-Melbourne railway.[20] The first freight train operated on the line on 3 January 1962, followed by the first passenger train on 16 April 1962.[20]

The original wrought iron Murrumbidgee River Railway Bridge at Wagga Wagga was replaced in 2007 by a new concrete and steel bridge.[21][22]

The main line south of Junee was substantially upgraded in 2007 and 2008, including the construction of passing loops up to 7 km (4.3 mi).[23]

Redbank Tunnel near Tahmoor closed on 30 November 2012 when replaced by a deviation funded by Xstrata to allow expansion of its Tahmoor Colliery under the tunnel which was sealed.[24][25]

In January 2013, the Australian Rail Track Corporation opened the Southern Sydney Freight Line between Sefton and Macarthur as a dedicated line for freight services.


Several lines branched from the Main South, some of which are closed either fully or in part:

Passenger services

Commuter services

Sydney Trains operates electric commuter passenger trains between Sydney and Macarthur. The section between Macarthur and Glenfield is operated as part of the T8 Airport & South Line, the section between Glenfield and Granville along the Old Main South line is operated as part of the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line, and the section between Liverpool and Lidcombe via Regents Park is operated as part of the T3 Bankstown Line.

NSW TrainLink diesel railcars operate south from Campbelltown to Goulburn on an irregular frequency as part of the Southern Highlands Line.

Country services

Prior to 1962, travelling south of Albury into Victoria required a change of trains (due to gauge differences between NSW and Victoria) and often an overnight stay. From March 1956, a daylight connection was introduced between Sydney and Melbourne whereby a train from Sydney connected at Albury with a train to Melbourne and vice versa. In 1962, an additional Standard Gauge track was built from Albury to Melbourne alongside the existing Broad Gauge line, allowing through operation of trains between Sydney and Melbourne. Between April 1962 and August 1991, the Main South was served by the Intercapital Daylight, a locomotive hauled limited stop passenger train. It was operated jointly by the New South Wales Government Railways and the Victorian Railways with the former's air-conditioned rolling stock. Two overnight services also ran, the limited stops Southern Aurora and the Spirit of Progress. Until 1982, locomotives were exchanged at Albury for a locomotive of the respective state that the train was entering.

The South Mail operated overnight between Sydney and Albury until it ceased in June 1985. In August 1986, the Southern Aurora and the Spirit of Progress were merged into the Sydney/Melbourne Express. In August 1991, airline deregulation and falling patronage saw the Intercapital Daylight replaced by a coach service between Melbourne and Albury, connecting with the Riverina XPT at Albury. In November 1993 the delivery of additional XPT rollingstock saw the introduction of a through overnight XPT service between Sydney and Melbourne, replacing the Sydney/Melbourne Express, and the Riverina XPT extended to Melbourne from December 1994.[56]

As at October 2019, NSW TrainLink services operated on the Main South line were:[57]

  • Sydney to Canberra - 3 in each direction per day
  • Sydney to Griffith - 2 in each direction per week
  • Sydney to Melbourne - 2 in each direction per day


  1. ^ "Picton Tunnel". Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Yerrinbool Tunnel". Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Aylmerton Tunnel". Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  4. ^ "The Gib Tunnel". Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  5. ^ Memorandum between The Commonwealth of Australia & The State of New South Wales & Australian Rail Track Corporation Limited Archived 11 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine Australian Rail Track Corporation
  6. ^ The Agreement in Summary Australian Rail Track Corporation
  7. ^ NSW Curve and Gradient Diagram Main South Australian Rail Track Corporation
  8. ^ "Murrumbidgee River Rail Bridge, Wagga Wagga, NSW (Place ID 15910)". Australian Heritage Database. Australian Government. Retrieved 30 January 2007.
  9. ^ "Albury Railway Precinct". Department of Environment and Heritage.
  10. ^ "Main South Line". Retrieved 16 April 2008.
  11. ^ T. Richards (1883). The Union of the railway systems of New South Wales and Victoria : celebration at Albury on the 14th June, 1883. New South Wales Government.
  12. ^ C. C. Singleton. "Whitton, John (1820–1898)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  13. ^ "Liverpool Railway Precinct". Department of Environment and Heritage.
  14. ^ "Campbelltown Railway Precinct". Department of Environment and Heritage.
  15. ^ "Picton Railway Precinct". Department of Environment and Heritage.
  16. ^ "Goulburn Viaduct (Mulwaree Ponds)". Heritage Council of New South Wales.
  17. ^ Main Southern Railway Deviation - Picton to Mittagong Act 1899 (NSW)
  18. ^ "Picton Railway Precinct". Department of Environment and Heritage.
  19. ^ "Bethungra Spiral". Heritage Council of New South Wales.
  20. ^ a b "VR timeline". Victorian Railways. Mark Bau. Archived from the original on 30 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
  21. ^ "Wagga Wagga" (PDF). Railway Lattice Bridge and Viaducts. Institution of Engineers. Archived from the original (pdf) on 15 June 2005. Retrieved 30 January 2007.
  22. ^ "Iron Lattice Girder Railway Bridges" (PDF). Endangered Places. National Trust of Australia. Archived from the original (pdf) on 8 October 2006. Retrieved 30 January 2007.
  23. ^ "Main rail line to get better passing loops". Border Mail. 10 June 2007.
  24. ^ "Rail tunnel will soon be history". Wollondilly Advertiser. 15 January 2013.
  25. ^ "Signaling & Infastructure" Railway Digest February 2013 page 51
  26. ^ "Bombala Line". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  27. ^ "Canberra Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  28. ^ "Captains Flat Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  29. ^ "Crookwell Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  30. ^ "Taralga Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  31. ^ "Yass Branch". Retrieved 12 December 2006.
  32. ^ "Goondah–Burrinjuck Line". Retrieved 12 December 2006.
  33. ^ "Boorowa Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  34. ^ "Vale Boorowa" Railway Digest December 1987 page 392
  35. ^ Date, Ken; Dominik Giemza (December 2006). "Southern Semaphore Swansong". Railway Digest. Australian Railway Historical Society NSW Div. 44 (12).
  36. ^ "Blayney – Demondrille Line". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  37. ^ "Grenfell Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  38. ^ "Eugowra Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  39. ^ "Lake Cargelligo Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  40. ^ "Lost Railways: Potts Hill Branch Line". Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  41. ^ "Stockinbingal – Parkes Line". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  42. ^ "Temora – Roto Line". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  43. ^ "Rankins Springs Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  44. ^ "Tumut Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  45. ^ "Kunama Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  46. ^ "Hay Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  47. ^ "Tocumwal Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  48. ^ "Yanco – Griffith Line". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  49. ^ "Tumbarumba Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  50. ^ "Kywong Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  51. ^ "Oaklands Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  52. ^ "Westby Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  53. ^ "Rand Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  54. ^ "Holbrook Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  55. ^ "Corowa Branch". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
  56. ^ Banger, C. The Intercapital Daylight, 1956–1991 Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin June 2001
  57. ^ "Southern timetable". NSW Trainlink. 7 September 2019.
This page was last edited on 9 December 2021, at 22:07
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.