To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Mahavir Janma Kalyanak

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mahavir Janma Kalyanak
Vardhaman Keezhakuyilkudi.jpg
Vardhaman Mahavir image at Keezhakuyilkudi, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India.
Official nameMahavir Jayanti
Also calledTranslation: Birth Anniversary of Lord Mahavir; Mahavir Janma Kalyanak
Observed byJains
TypeReligious, India (National holiday)
SignificanceBirth Anniversary of Mahavir Swami
CelebrationsGoing to the Jain Temple
ObservancesPrayers, religious rituals
DateChaitra Sud Triyodashi (Vira Nirvana Samvat)
2020 date6 April (Monday)[1]
2021 date25 April (Sunday)[2]
FrequencyAnnual

Mahavir Janma Kalyanak is one of the most important religious festivals in Jainism. It celebrates the birth of Mahavir, the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankara of present Avasarpiṇī.[a] On the Gregorian calendar, the holiday occurs either in March or April.

Birth

According to Jain texts, Mahavir was born on the thirteenth day of the bright half of the moon in the month of Chaitra in the year 599 BCE (Chaitra Sud 13).[3][4] Most modern historians consider Kundagram (which is today's Kundalpur in Champaran district of Bihar) as his birthplace.[5] Mahavir was born in a democratic kingdom (Ganarajya), Vajji, where the king was chosen by votes. Vaishali was its capital.[6]

Mahavir was named 'Vardhaman', meaning "One who grows", because of the increased prosperity in the kingdom at the time of his birth.[7] In Vasokund, Mahavir is revered by the villagers. A place called Ahalya bhumi has not been ploughed for hundreds of years by the family that owns it, as it is considered to be the birthplace of Mahavir.[6]

Legend

Sixteen auspicious dreams seen by the mother of all Tirthankara
Sixteen auspicious dreams seen by the mother of all Tirthankara

Mahavirswami was born into Ikshvaku dynasty as the son of King Siddhartha of Kundagrama and Queen Trishala. During her pregnancy, Trishala was believed to have had a number of auspicious dreams, all signifying the coming of a great soul. Digambara sect of Jainism holds that the mother saw sixteen dreams which were interpreted by the King Siddhartha.[8] According to the Svetambara sect, the total number of auspicious dreams is fourteen. It is said that when Queen Trishala gave birth to Mahavir, Indra, the head of heavenly beings (devas) performed a ritual called abhisheka on Sumeru Parvat, this being the second of five auspicious events (Panch Kalyanakas), said to occur in the life of all Tirthankaras.[9]

Celebrations

Ancient image of Lord Mahavir at Thirakoil
Ancient image of Lord Mahavir at Thirakoil

The idol of Lord Mahavir is carried out on a chariot, in a procession called rath yatra.[10] On the way stavans (religious rhymes) are recited.[11] Statues of Mahavir are given a ceremonial anointment called the abhisheka. During the day, most members of the Jain community engage in some sort of charitable act, prayers, pujas, and vratas. Many devotees visit temples dedicated to Mahavir to meditate and offer prayers.[12] Lectures by monks and nuns are held in temples to preach the path of virtue as defined by Jainism. Donations are collected in order to promote charitable missions like saving cows from slaughter or helping to feed poor people. Ancient Jain temples across India typically see an extremely high volume of practitioners come to pay their respects and join in the celebrations.[13]

Ahimsa runs and rallies preaching Lord Mahavir's message of Ahiṃsā (non-violence) are taken out on this day.[14][15][16]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ descending half of the worldly time cycle as per Jain cosmology which is actually current now

Citations

  1. ^ https://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/india/mahavir-jayanti
  2. ^ https://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/india/mahavir-jayanti
  3. ^ (India), Gujarat (1975). Gazetteers: Junagadh. p. 13.
  4. ^ Kristi L. Wiley: Historical Dictionary of Jainism, Lanham 2004, p. 134.
  5. ^ "Row over Mahaveer's birthplace". The Times of India.
  6. ^ a b Jalaj 2011, p. 4.
  7. ^ Kailash Chand Jain 1991, p. 32.
  8. ^ Pannalal Jain 2015, p. 460.
  9. ^ Pramansagar, Muni (2008), Jain tattvavidya, India: Bhartiya Gyanpeeth, p. 30, ISBN 978-81-263-1480-5
  10. ^ "Piety marks Mahaveer Jayanthi". Deccan Herald.
  11. ^ "Both sects of Jain community take out attractive joint procession". Archived from the original on 6 April 2015.
  12. ^ "Mahaveer Jayanti 2015: The importance of a Satvik meal", NDTV, 2 April 2015, archived from the original on 4 April 2016
  13. ^ "How and Why Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated". India Today.
  14. ^ "Jain youth to hold vegan promotion rally on Mahaveer Jayanti in pink city Jaipur". merinews.com. 28 March 2015.
  15. ^ "Jains gear up for Mahaveer Janma Kalyanak tomorrow". dnaindia.com. 1 April 2015.
  16. ^ Staff Reporter (30 March 2015). "Over 900 run for spreading Bhagwan Mahaveer's message". The Hindu.

Sources

External links

This page was last edited on 10 June 2020, at 03:39
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.