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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Macchi M.52
Macchi M.52.jpg
Role Racing seaplane
National origin Italy
Manufacturer Macchi
Designer Mario Castoldi
First flight early August 1927
Number built 3 (M.52)
1 (M.52bis or M.52R)

The Macchi M.52 was an Italian racing seaplane designed and built by Macchi for the 1927 Schneider Trophy race. The M.52 and a later variant, the M.52bis or M.52R, both set world speed records for seaplanes.[1]

Design and development

M.52

Mario Castoldi (1888–1968) designed the M.52, following the formula he used in designing the successful Macchi M.39, which Major Mario de Bernardi (1893–1959) piloted to victory and a world seaplane speed record in the 1926 Schneider Trophy race and to another world seaplane speed record four days later. Like the M.39, the M.52 was a single-engined, low-wing monoplane on twin floats. Slightly smaller than the M.39, it was powered by a much more powerful engine, the 746 kW (1,000 hp) Fiat AS.3. Despite the significant increase in engine power, the M.52 had a maximum takeoff weight 60 kg (130 lb) less than that of the M.39. Macchi built three M.52s.[2]

M.52bis or M.52R

A restyled version, known both as the M.52bis and M.52R, was also built. Its wingspan (7.85 metres (25.8 ft)) and maximum takeoff weight were reduced further from that of the M.52, and it had streamlining improvements including floats with a smaller frontal area. Macchi built a single M.52bis.[2]

Operational history

M.52

Macchi M.52 right side.jpg
Italy's three entrants in the 1929 Schneider Trophy race. The M52R, which took second place, is at right; the other two aircraft are Macchi M.67 floatplanes.
Italy's three entrants in the 1929 Schneider Trophy race. The M52R, which took second place, is at right; the other two aircraft are Macchi M.67 floatplanes.

Italy entered all three M.52s in the 1927 Schneider Trophy race, which was held at Venice, Italy, on 26 September 1927. All three suffered engine trouble, and none of them finished the race; the 1926 winner de Bernardi officially finished 10th after dropping out, and the best result among the M.52s was that achieved by the one piloted by Captain Federico Guazetti, which did not drop out of the race until the final lap. Major de Bernardi, however, used one of the M.52s to establish a new world speed record of 479.3 kilometres per hour (297.8 mph) over a 3-kilometre (1.9 mi) course at Venice on 4 November 1927.[2][3]

M.52bis or M.52R

At Venice on 30 March 1928, de Bernardi, flying the lone M.52bis (or M.52R), set a new world speed record of 512.776 kilometres per hour (318.624 mph).[2] De Bernardi thus became both the first person to exceed 300 miles per hour (483 km/h) and the first person to exceed 500 kilometres per hour (310 mph).[3]

Although Italy had planned to enter all three of the later Macchi M.67 racing seaplanes in the 1929 Schneider Trophy race, one of them crashed during training. As a substitute, the M.52R was entered alongside the two surviving M.67s to represent Italy in the race, hosted by the United Kingdom, which took place on 7 September 1929 at Calshot on the Isle of Man. Flown by Pilot Marshal (Warrant Officer) Tommaso Dal Molin, it was the only one of the three Italian aircraft to finish, gaining second place with a speed of 457.380 km/h (284.20 mph).[2] This was well behind the winner, a British Supermarine S.6 piloted by Richard Waghorn, which set a world speed record of 331.17 miles per hour (532.97 km/h) during one lap of the race and finished with an average speed of 329 miles per hour (529 km/h) over the course of the entire seven-lap race, but the M.52bis′s average speed nonetheless was 2.71 miles per hour (4.36 km/h) higher than that of the winner of the previous Schneider Cup race in 1927.[4]

Operators

 Kingdom of Italy

Specifications (M.52bis / M.52R)

Data from The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft,[2] Velivoli Macchi dal 1912 al 1963[5]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 7.14 m (23 ft 5 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.85 m (25 ft 9 in)
  • Wing area: 10.2 m2 (110 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,170 kg (2,579 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,480 kg (3,263 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Fiat AS.3 V-12 liquid-cooled piston engine, 746 kW (1,000 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed pitch propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 512 km/h (318 mph, 276 kn)

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists

References

Notes
  1. ^ Taylor, Michael J.H; Gunston, Bill (1989). Jane's encyclopedia of aviation. New York: Portland House. p. 618. ISBN 0-517-69186-8.
  2. ^ a b c d e f . (1997). Donald, David (ed.). The complete encyclopedia of world aircraft (Reprinted ed.). New York, NY: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 954. ISBN 0-7607-0592-5.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b "Mario de Bernardi" on Italian Wikipedia
  4. ^ Associated Press, "British Flyer Breaks World Record and Wins Cup," Suffolk News-Herald, Volume 7, Number 160, 7 September 1929, pp. 1, 8.
  5. ^ Rosario Abate; Giulio Lazzati. Velivoli Macchi dal 1912 al 1963 (in Italian). 38 Via Ettore Ponti, Milan: Ali Nel Tempo. p. 84.CS1 maint: location (link)
Bibliography

Further reading

  • Stroud, [edited by] Enzo Angelucci ; English-language edition supervised by John (1984). World encyclopedia of civil aircraft : from Leonardo to the present day (English language ed.). London: Willow Books. ISBN 0-00-218148-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Eves, Edward (2001). The Schneider Trophy story. England: Airlife. ISBN 1-84037-257-5.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Aircraft. London: Orbis Publications. 1985.

External links

This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 18:57
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