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Los Angeles Fire Department

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Los Angeles Fire Department
Seal of the Los Angeles Fire Department.png
Patch of the Los Angeles Fire Department.png
"Serving With Courage, Integrity, and Pride"
Operational area
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
City Los Angeles
Agency overview[1][2]
EstablishedFebruary 1, 1886
Annual calls406,088 (2013)
Employees3,574 (2014)
Annual budget$632,940,936 (2016)
Fire chiefRalph Terrazas
Facilities and equipment[3][4]
Ambulances140 (42 ALS & 34 BLS (24 reserve))
Airport crash8
Wildland15 Type 6 & 5 Type 3
Official website
IAFF website

The Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD) provides firefighting, rescue and emergency medical services for the city of Los Angeles, California, United States.[5] The LAFD is responsible for approximately 4 million people who live in the agency's 471-square-mile (1,220 km2) jurisdiction.[6]

The Los Angeles Fire Department was founded in 1886 and is the third largest municipal fire department in the United States, after the Chicago Fire Department and the New York City Fire Department. The department may be unofficially referred to as the Los Angeles City Fire Department or "LA City Fire" to distinguish it from the Los Angeles County Fire Department which serves the county and whose name may directly confuse people, as the county seat is the city, and the city often borders unincorporated counties and contract cities serviced by LACoFD. The department is currently under the command of Fire Chief Ralph Terrazas.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    181 241
    17 989
    7 245
    3 767
  • ✪ (Pre-Arrival + On Scene) LAFD Structure Fire Response
  • ✪ Firestorm (Emergency Service Heroes Documentary) - Real Stories
  • ✪ Los Angeles Fire Department Training at Manchester Square
  • ✪ How to give probationary drills. LAFD
  • ✪ (Ride Along + Fire Station Tone Out) LACo.FD Squad 173 (x2)




LAFD on the scene of a fire in the Bradbury Building, Downtown Los Angeles in 1947.
LAFD on the scene of a fire in the Bradbury Building, Downtown Los Angeles in 1947.

The Los Angeles Fire Department has it origins in the year 1871.[7][8][9] In September of that year, George M. Fall, the County Clerk for Los Angeles County organized Engine Company No. 1. It was a volunteer firefighting force with an Amoskeag fire engine and a hose jumper (cart). The equipment was hand-drawn to fires. In the spring of 1874, the fire company asked the Los Angeles City Council to purchase horses to pull the engine. The Council refused and the fire company disbanded.[10]

Many of the former members of Engine Company No. 1 reorganized under the name of Thirty-Eights No. 1 in May 1875, Engine Co. No. 2 was organized under the name Confidence Engine Company.[10]

Los Angeles acquired its first "hook and ladder" truck for the Thirty-Eights. It proved to be too cumbersome and was ill-adapted to the needs of the city. It was sold to the city of Wilmington. In 1876, another "hook and ladder" truck was purchased, serving in the city until 1881.[10]

In 1878, a third fire company was formed by the residents in the neighborhood of Sixth Street and Park. It was given the name of "Park Hose Co. No. 1". East Los Angeles formed a hose company named "East Los Angeles Hose Co. No. 2" five years later. The final volunteer company was formed in the fall of 1883 in the Morris Vineyard area. This company was called "Morris Vineyard Hose Co. No.3."[10]

All of these companies remained in service until February 1, 1886, when the present paid fire department came into existence.[10]

In 1877, the first horses were bought for the city fire department. The department would continue to use horses for its equipment for almost fifty years, phasing out the last horse drawn equipment on July 19, 1921.[11]

By 1900, the Department had grown to 18 fire stations with 123 full-time paid firefighters and 80 fire horses.[11] The city had also installed 194 fire-alarm boxes allowing citizens to sound the alarm if a fire was spotted. 660 fire hydrants were placed throughout the city, giving firefighters access to a reliable water source.[12] In 1955 Station 78 in Studio City became the first racially integrated station in the department.[13]

Los Angeles Fire Department has been contracted to provide fire suppression and EMT services to the city of San Fernando since 1978.[14]


LAFD on the scene of a Major Emergency Structure Fire in 2007.
LAFD on the scene of a Major Emergency Structure Fire in 2007.

Emergency Operations

The Emergency Operations Section oversees the four geographical suppression Bureaus (Central, South, Valley, and West), which are further divided amongst fourteen battalions, the EMS Section, and the Medical Director.

Central Bureau

The Central Bureau comprises three Battalions, commanding 22 Fire Stations. The Deputy Chief of the Central Bureau is quartered at Fire Station 3, Downtown.

  • Battalion 1
    • 8 Fire Stations (2[Boyle Heights Station], 3[Civic Center/Bunker Hill Station], 4[Little Tokyo / Olvera Street / Chinatown Station], 9[Central City Station], 10[Convention Center District Station], 14[Newton Station], 17[Industrial Eastside Station], 25[South Boyle Heights Station])
  • Battalion 2
    • 8 Fire Stations (1[Lincoln Heights Station], 12[Highland Park / Arroyo Seco Station], 16[South El Sereno Station], 42[Eagle Rock Station], 44[Cypress Park Station], 47[El Sereno Station], 50[Glassell Park / Atwater Village Station], 55[Eagle Rock Station])
  • Battalion 11
    • 6 Fire Stations (6[Angeleno Heights Station], 11[Westlake / MacArthur Park Station], 13[Pico-Union / Koreatown Station], 20[Echo Park Station, 26[West Adams Station], 29[Hancock Park Station])

South Bureau

The South Bureau comprises three Battalions, commanding 25 Fire Stations. The Deputy Chief of the South Bureau is quartered at San Pedro City Hall, San Pedro.

  • Battalion 6
    • 11 Fire Stations (36[North San Pedro Station], 38[Wilmington Station], 40[Terminal Island Station], 48[San Pedro Station], 49[East Harbor Basin Station], 79[Harbor Gateway Station], 85[Harbor City Station], 101[San Pedro South Shores Station], 110[Fort MacArthur Area Station], 111[Fish Harbor Station], 112[Ports O' Call / Cruise Terminal Station])
  • Battalion 13
    • 8 Fire Stations (15[University Village / USC Station], 21[South Los Angeles Station], 33[South Central Station], 46[Coliseum Area Station], 57[South Los Angeles Station], 64[South Los Angeles Station], 65[Watts Station], 66[Southwest Los Angeles / Hyde Park Station])
  • Battalion 18
    • 7 Fire Stations (34[Crenshaw Station], 43[Palms Station], 58[Pico / Robertson Station], 61[Fairfax Station], 68[Mid-City Station], 92[Century-City Station], 94[Crenshaw District / Baldwin Hills Station])

Valley Bureau

The Valley Bureau comprises five Battalions, commanding 38 Fire Stations. The Deputy Chief of the Valley Bureau is quartered at Fire Station 83, Encino.

  • Battalion 10
    • 9 Fire Stations (39[Van Nuys Station], 81[Panorama City Station], 83[Encino Station], 88[Sherman Oaks Station], 90[Van Nuys Airport Area Station], 99[Beverly Glen Station], 100[West Van Nuys / Lake Balboa Station], 109[Encino Hills Station], 114[Air Operations / Crash Rescue Station])
  • Battalion 12
    • 7 Fire Stations (7[Panorama City Station], 24[Shadow Hills / Sunland Station], 74[Tujunga / Sunland Station], 75[Mission Hills Station], 77[Sun Valley Station], 91[Sylmar Station], 98[Pacoima Station])
  • Battalion 14
    • 7 Fire Stations (60[North Hollywood Station], 78[Studio City / Valley Village Station], 86[Toluca Lake Station], 89[North Hollywood Station], 97[Laurel Canyon / Mulholland Station], 102[South Van Nuys / Valley Glen Station], 108[Franklin Canyon Station])
  • Battalion 15
    • 8 Fire Stations (8[Porter Ranch Station], 18[Knollwood / Granada Hills Station], 28[Porter Ranch Station], 70[Northridge Station], 87[Granada Hills Station], 96[Chatsworth Station], 103[Northridge / CSUN Station], 107[Chatsworth Station])
  • Battalion 17
    • 7 Fire Stations (72[Canoga Park Station], 73[Reseda Station], 84[Woodland Hills Station], 93[Tarzana Station], 104[Winnetka Station], 105[Woodland Hills Station], 106[West Hills Station])

West Bureau

The West Bureau comprises three Battalions, commanding 20 Fire Stations. The Deputy Chief of the West Bureau is quartered at Fire Station 82, Hollywood.

  • Battalion 4
    • 7 Fire Stations (5[Westchester / LAX Area Station], 51[LAX / Terminal Area Station], 62[Mar VistaStation], 63[VeniceStation], 67[Playa Vista Station], 80[LAX / Crash Rescue Station], 95[LAX Area / Hotel District Station])
  • Battalion 5
    • 7 Fire Stations (27[Hollywood Station], 35[Los Feliz Station], 41[Hollywood (Hills & Northwest) Station], 52[Hollywood (Southeast)Station], 56[Silver Lake Station], 76[Cahuenga Pass Station], 82[Hollywood (Hills & Northeast) Station])
  • Battalion 9
    • 6 Fire Stations (19[Brentwood Station], 23[Palisades Highlands Station], 37[Westwood / UCLA Station], 59[West Los Angeles Station], 69[Pacific Palisades
 Station], 71[Bel Air / Holmby Hills Station])

Administrative Operations

The Administrative Operations section oversees the Employee Relations Division, Risk Management Section, Medical Liaison Unit, Fire Prevention Bureau, the Administrative Services Bureau, the Training and Support Bureau, Metropolitan Fire Communications and the Employee Relations Division.[citation needed]


Types of apparatus

The department utilizes a wide array of apparatus and equipment. These are most but not all types of fire apparatus utilized by the LAFD.

Triple combination engines

LAFD Engine Co. 11 responding to an emergency call in 2015.
LAFD Engine Co. 11 responding to an emergency call in 2015.

The triple combination fire engine or “triple” (as it is commonly called) is the most common type of firefighting apparatus in Los Angeles. The term “triple combination” refers to the apparatus having three components; water tank, high capacity water pump, and hose. The triple can be found as a one-piece engine company or as two engines assigned to a Task Force station. The “triples” used by the LAFD have several parallel main pumps of varying capacities; 1,000 gpm, 1,250 gpm, 1,500 gpm, and 2,000 gpm at 150 psi. Depending upon the area served, this apparatus may carry a combination of any or all of the following sizes of hose; 4″, 2 1/2″, 1 3/4″, 1 1/2″ and 1″. The water tank carrying capacity ranges from 300 gallons to 500 gallons. These apparatuses are staffed by four members, including a Captain 1 as the company commander. A number of triples in the LAFD are also paramedic assessment companies – meaning they include a paramedic as part of the crew.[citation needed]

Light Forces and Task Forces

The LAFD uses the concept of Light Forces and Task Forces which can be considered one "resource", although comprising more than one unit or company.[15]

A Light Force is composed of a Pump Engine (200 Series, for example Engine 201 or Engine 301 for 100 stations) and a Ladder Truck.[16] Light forces will almost always respond together as one unit or resource.[15]

A Task Force is simply a Light Force coupled with an Engine. An Engine is considered a single unit or "resource" when responding to incidents on its own.[16] A Task Force usually responds to larger incidents, such as structural fires, and is made up of an Engine, a 200 Series Pump Engine, and a Truck, all operating together. While a standard Engine is always staffed with a full crew, a 200 Series Pump Engine is only staffed by a driver (and one other firefighter if responding as part of a Task Force). The purpose of the 200 Series Pump Engine is to provide support and equipment to the Truck in a Light Force, and either the Truck or the Engine in a Task Force.[15]

Rescue Ambulances

Rescue Ambulance 11 responding to a call near MacArthur Park in 2015.
Rescue Ambulance 11 responding to a call near MacArthur Park in 2015.

Rescue Ambulances (RAs), often called 'rescues' for short, can be considered either advanced life support (ALS), or basic life support (BLS). Ambulances number 1-112 are frontline ALS staffed by 2 firefighter / paramedics, while those in the 200 series are ALS reserves.[17] Ambulances in the 800s are BLS staffed by 2 firefighter EMT's, while those in the 900s are BLS reserves.[17]


LAFD Bell 412 Helicopter in 2012.
LAFD Bell 412 Helicopter in 2012.

The Air Operations division of the LAFD operates out of Fire Station 114 at Van Nuys Airport. The division has six helicopters available for both aerial firefighting and air medical services. Copter 1 and Copter 4 are both Bell 412s.[18][19] Copter 2, Copter 3 and Copter 5 are all AgustaWestland AW139s.[20][21][22] The final helicopter, Copter 6, is a Bell 206B.[23]


LAFD Fireboat 2, the Warner Lawrence
LAFD Fireboat 2, the Warner Lawrence

The Port of Los Angeles is under the jurisdiction of the LAFD which operates 5 fireboats to provide fire protection for ships and dockside structures.[24] Fireboat 1, Fireboat 3 and Fireboat 5 are identical 39-foot (12 m) long aluminum fireboats capable of a top speed of 29 knots (33 mph; 54 km/h) while fully loaded.[25] They are equipped with a 2,400 US gal/min (9,100 L/min) pump and a 1,000 US gal/min (3,800 L/min) deluge gun.[25] They also have a 50-US-gallon (190 L) firefighting foam capacity.

Fireboat 4, also known as the Bethel F. Gifford, was commissioned in 1962 and is the oldest of the fleet. It is capable of pumping water at 9,000 US gal/min (34,000 L/min) and carries 550 US gallons (2,082 L) of foam solution for petrochemical fires.[26] It is equipped with jet-stream nozzles to allow for increased maneuverability.[26]

The newest and most technologically advanced of the fireboats is the 105-foot (32 m) long Fireboat 2, also known as the Warner Lawrence, which has the capability to pump up to 38,000 US gallons per minute (140,000 L/min) up to 400 feet (120 m) in the air.[27] Boat 2 also has an onboard area for treatment and care of rescued persons.[28]

USAR Task Force 1

The Los Angeles Fire Department is the founding member of one of California's eight FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces.[29] California Task Force 1 (CA-TF1) is available to respond to natural or man-made disasters around the county and world and assist with search and rescue, medical support, damage assessment and communications.[30]

Heavy Rescue

The LAFD operates a specialized tow-truck as a "Heavy Rescue" out of Fire Station 3 in downtown Los Angeles. This apparatus is useful in a wide variety of situations, including but not limited to righting overturned big rigs, pulling crushed vehicles apart, and lifting heavy objects.[15]

Closed Fire Stations

  • Fire Station 22 - 4366 S. Main St. (Closed 1/22/1980)
  • Fire Station 30 - 1401 S. Central Ave. (Closed 1980) (Now African American Firefighter's Museum)
  • Fire Station 31 - 700 W. Slauson Ave. (Closed 1971)
  • Fire Station 32 - 2930 Beverly Blvd. (Closed 7/1/1972)
  • Fire Station 45 - 947 S. Norton Ave. (Closed 1987)
  • Fire Station 53 - 438 N. Mesa St. (Closed 1986) (Engine 53 became Engine 112 in 1995)
  • Fire Station 54 - 5730 Crenshaw Blvd. (Closed 9/20/1989)

In pop culture

The LAFD has been featured in many TV shows and movies. Sometimes the LAFD or LAFD equipment is just seen in the background.

  • (1962) The Story of a Fireman (David L Wolper TV series), Directed by Academy Award winner Terry Sanders.
  • (1974) Firehouse, starring James Drury
  • (1981–1982) Code Red, starring Lorne Greene
  • (1995–2000) "LAPD Life On The Beat (Reality TV show)", the fire department was featured often responding to various emergency calls with the "LAPD".
  • (1999) Rescue 77
  • (2008) Quarantine, LAFD as the "Los Angeles Fire Rescue".
  • (2015) San Andreas
  • (2018) 9-1-1 (US TV Series)

The Los Angeles Fire Department is featured in Grand Theft Auto V and Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas as the Los Santos Fire Department (LSFD).

See also


  1. ^ "Budget 2014-2015" (PDF). City of Los Angeles. p. 18. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Fire Chief". Los Angeles Fire Department.
  3. ^ "Find Your Station". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Apparatus". California Firefighters. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Welcome to the Los Angeles Fire Department". Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  6. ^ "About the LAFD". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
  7. ^ "LAFD History". Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  8. ^ "LAFD History". Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  9. ^ "The Origins of the LAFD". Retrieved 2014-02-07.
  10. ^ a b c d e "The Volunteers, 1871 to 1885". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
  11. ^ a b "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
  12. ^ "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Archived from the original on September 2, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
  13. ^ Company, Johnson Publishing (January 13, 1955). "Los Angeles Ends Jim Crow Fire Department". Jet. 7 (10). Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  14. ^ Santana, Miguel A. (2013). "AGREEMENT FOR COMPREHENSIVE FIRE AND EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES FOR THE CITY OF SAN FERNANDO" (PDF). City of Los Angeles Office of the City Clerk. City of Los Angeles.
  15. ^ a b c d "Apparatus | Los Angeles Fire Department". Retrieved 2017-10-28.
  16. ^ a b "Deployment Plan" (PDF). The South Robertson Neighborhoods Council. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  17. ^ a b "EMS Resources". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  18. ^ "N301FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  19. ^ "N304FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  20. ^ "N302FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  21. ^ "N303FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  22. ^ "N301FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  23. ^ "N306FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  24. ^ "Fire Stations". Port of Los Angeles. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  25. ^ a b "Fireboats 1, 3 & 5". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  26. ^ a b "Fireboat 4". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  27. ^ "Fireboat 2". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  28. ^ "Los Angeles Fire Department New Fireboat Fleet Dedication" (Press release). Los Angeles Fire Department. March 28, 2003. Retrieved 2006-09-05.
  29. ^ "Task Force Locations". FEMA. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  30. ^ "Los Angeles Fire Department Urban Search and Rescue" (PDF). Fire Watch. 2 (3). March 2005. Retrieved 2 March 2015.

External links

This page was last edited on 7 January 2019, at 03:38
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