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Lorraine and Barrois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lorraine and Barrois
Government of Kingdom of France
1766[1]–1790[1]
Lorraine-et-Barrois in France (1789).svg

CapitalNancy
History 
• Established
1766[1]
• Disestablished
1790[1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Lorraine
Duchy of Bar
Meurthe (department)
Meuse (department)
Moselle (department)
Vosges (department)
BlasonLorraine.svg
Part of the series on
Lorraine
Flag of Lorraine.svg
Flag of Lorraine since the 13th century

Lorraine and Barrois (French: Lorraine et Barrois) was a government of the Kingdom of France, formed in February 1766 from the duchies of Lorraine and Bar upon the death of Stanisław Leszczyński.[2]

History

1771 map of Lorraine and Alsace by Rigobert Bonne
Armorial of the members of the Sovereign Court of Lorraine and Barrois

King Louis XV of France (r. 1715–1774) had negotiated at the preliminaries of Vienna in 1735 "an arrangement by which Francis [III, Duke of Lorraine] received the duchy of Tuscany [...] in exchange for Lorraine, and Stanislaus Leszczynski, the dethroned king of Poland and father-in-law of Louis XV., obtained Lorraine, which after his death would pass to his daughter—in other words, to France."[2] The following year (1736), "by a secret agreement," Stanisław had "abandoned the financial administration of his estates to Louis XV. for a yearly subsidy."[2] Both treaties, however, guaranteed the legislation of Lorraine and Barrois, "the privileges enjoyed by the three orders, and their common law and customs tariffs, which they retained until the French Revolution."[2]

Meanwhile, the Three Bishoprics formed a little government.[2]


Barrois mouvant (composed of the bailiwicks of Bar and Bassigny) was under the jurisdiction of the Parliament of Paris whereas Barrois non-mouvant (i.e. the Bailiwick of Saint-Mihiel) and Lorraine were subject to the Sovereign Court of Lorraine and Barrois,[3] which became the Parliament of Nancy in 1776. There was also a chambre des comptes at Bar-le-Duc.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b L'Armée à Nancy, 1633–1966: mélanges d'histoire militaire, p. 72.
  2. ^ a b c d e f The Encyclopædia Britannica, p. 12.
  3. ^ Dictionnaire universel de la France ancienne & moderne (in French). 1726. p. 999.

Sources

This page was last edited on 15 September 2020, at 14:14
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