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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Longbenton
Quorum Business Park, redboxdesign, Critical Tortoise.jpg

Quorum Business Park situated in North of Longbenton
Longbenton is located in Tyne and Wear
Longbenton
Longbenton
Location within Tyne and Wear
Population10,617 (2011 Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceNZ2668
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
Postcode districtNE12
Dialling code0191
PoliceNorthumbria
FireTyne and Wear
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
55°00′N 1°34′W / 55.00°N 1.57°W / 55.00; -1.57

Longbenton is a district of North Tyneside, England. It is largely occupied by an extensive estate originally built as municipal housing by Newcastle City Council in the 1950s and 1960s. It is served by the Tyne and Wear Metro stations Longbenton Metro station and Four Lane Ends Metro Station. Nearby places are Killingworth, Forest Hall, Four Lane Ends, West Moor, Heaton and South Gosforth, in Newcastle upon Tyne. The Longbenton and Killingworth Urban Area had a population of 34,878 in 2001.[2] This figure increased to 37,070 in 2011.[3]

History

The name Longbenton probably means "long (i.e. large) bean town", to distinguish it from the smaller village of Little Benton to its south-east.[4]

Longbenton has a long history of coal mining. Meadow Pit,[5] Dyke Pit [6] and First and Second Engine Pits [7] were in operation by 1749. In 1774 an "experimentally-determined" model of the Newcomen atmospheric engine, designed by John Smeaton, was installed there. It was rated at 40 horsepower and used for drainage.[8] In the 1860s Long Benton or Benton Colliery stood at OS grid reference NZ 27093 67438,[9] where Benton Road crossed the Coxlodge Waggonway,[10] a site now occupied by housing on Ferndene Grove. Coal was exported via the wagonway to the Coxlodge Staithes on the Tyne at Wallsend. Later, between 1901 and 1930, much of the route was converted into a tram line operated by the Tyneside Tramways and Tramroads Company.[11]

Demography

Longbenton had a population of 10,617 in 2011. The figure is given as a ward because the Longbenton Urban Subdivision also encompasses its larger neighbour, Killingworth as well as parts of neighbouring areas. Details are as follows:[12][13]

Ethnic Groups 2011 Longbenton ward Metropolitan Borough of North Tyneside
White British 92.6% 95.1%
Asian 3.5% 1.9%
Black 0.7% 0.4%

Education

Two secondary schools are located in the township, Longbenton Community College and St Mary's Catholic Comprehensive School, along with four primary schools. The four primary schools are Benton Dene Primary School,[14] Balliol Primary School, St Bartholomew's, and St. Stephen's Primary School. Nurseries offering childcare in Longbenton include Leigh's Nurseries.[15]

Longbenton Football Club is an FA-affiliated team and as of 2012/13 season play in the Northern Alliance Division 2.[16]

Churches

Longbenton is served by St. Mary Magdalene (Church of England) on West Farm Ave, the Methodist church at one end of Chesters Ave and The King's Castle (independent) at the other end of Chesters Avenue.[17]

The parish church is St Bartholomew's Church, Long Benton.[18]

Business

Longbenton is the site of BT's Newcastle call centre. Balliol Business Park is located in Longbenton where a Greggs production site and, until recently, two large Sitel call centres were located.[19] The UK production site for the Findus frozen food brand was based in Longbenton until mid-January 2009 when, through cost-cutting and fire damage, the factory was closed, with the loss of around 400 jobs. Following the award of a grant from Regional development agency One North East the factory was repaired and reopened as Longbenton Foods in 2010.[20]

Government agencies

HM Revenue & Customs and Department for Work and Pensions share a major base on the Longbenton/City of Newcastle upon Tyne border, known as Benton Park View.[21]

Notable residents

Footballer Peter Beardsley grew up in Longbenton and attended Longbenton High School.[22]

Thomas Addison, 19th-century physician and scientist and discoverer of, among others, Addison's disease and Pernicious anaemia was born and educated in Longbenton.[22] He is widely regarded as one of the leading lights of 19th-century medicine, and was famous for his brilliant lecturing style, compassion and empathy for patients (not common among doctors at the time) and devotion to furthering medical science. He has a bust in his old place of work, Guy's Hospital, London.[23]

Writer and poet Michael Roberts lived nearby in Jesmond in the 1930s, and he included Longbenton in his poem Hymn to the Sun.[24]

References

  1. ^ "North Tyneside ward population 2011". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 2007-02-08 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-08-26
  3. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Longbenton Built-up area sub division (1119883721)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Shiremoor, Longbenton and Killingworth". England's North East.
  5. ^ "Longbenton, Meadow Pit". sitelines.newcastle.gov.uk. 14 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Longbenton, Dyke Pit". sitelines.newcastle.gov.uk. 14 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Longbenton, First and Second Engine Pits". sitelines.newcastle.gov.uk. 14 October 2015.
  8. ^ "Long Benton Colliery - Graces Guide". www.gracesguide.co.uk.
  9. ^ "Durham Mining Museum - Long Benton Colliery". www.dmm.org.uk.
  10. ^ "Durham Mining Museum - Longbenton Colliery 1860s". www.dmm.org.uk.
  11. ^ "Coxlodge Wagonway". Suscram.
  12. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Longbenton Ward (as of 2011) (1237320784)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  13. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – North Tyneside Local Authority (1946157066)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  14. ^ "Benton Dene Schools - Home". www.bentondeneschools.org.uk.
  15. ^ "Leigh's Nurseries". Leigh's Nurseries. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  16. ^ Longbenton Football Club
  17. ^ "Longbenton". Church Search. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  18. ^ Briggs, G. W. D. (1985). St. Bartholomew's Church. Potts Printers Limited. p. 3.
  19. ^ "Jobs boost Sitel new office". The Journal.
  20. ^ "Findus factory refurbishment will create more than 300 jobs". News Guardian.
  21. ^ "Benton Park View: HM Revenue and Customs". Government Buildings. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  22. ^ a b Chronicle, Evening (1 January 2012). "Six interesting facts about Longbenton". ChronicleLive.
  23. ^ "Bust of Thomas Addison in profile, courtesy of Guy's Hospital, London". Wellcome Foundation. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  24. ^ "How To Download Guides for Everythings - Tech Tips and Tricks". How To Download. Archived from the original on 13 December 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links

This page was last edited on 7 April 2021, at 13:46
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