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Local color (visual art)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In painting, local color is the natural color of an object unmodified by adding unrealistic light and shadow or any other distortion. The color that the eye observes is altered by lighting conditions such as time of day or the surrounding environment. Local color is best seen on a matte surface, due to it not being reflected, and therefore distorted.

In fine art realism and scientific descriptions of color perception, local color is the color the brain perceives an object to be. This may be radically different from the actual wavelength of light received by the pupil. For example, an apple is painted to appear red in comparison to the colors around it, but the actual pigment mixture used may be a pale green. This effect, known as color constancy, can also be observed under colored lighting in reality, and in photographs with strong color tints such as The Dress.

In contemporary sculpture local color is the original color of raw material that remains unpainted in the completed work.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • Elements of Art: Color | KQED Arts
  • (Preview) Painting the Luminous Landscape in Oil with Brian Keeler
  • Fine Art Tips with Paul Stowe on Colour In Your Life

Transcription

[ MID-TEMPO DRUM BEAT PLAYS ] [ MID-TEMPO MUSIC PLAYS ] Narrator: A LOT OF REPRESENTATIONAL ART ATTEMPTS TO PORTRAY THE WORLD REALISTICALLY BY MIMICKING THREE-DIMENSIONAL SPACE AND ATTEMPTING TO FAITHFULLY RENDER OBJECTS AS WE SEE THEM. HOWEVER, MANY ARTISTS EMBRACE A DIFFERENT REALITY. SO-CALLED COLOR FIELD PAINTERS OF THE 1950s AND '60s WANTED TO REINFORCE THE IDEA THAT THE PAINTED CANVAS IS A FLAT, TWO-DIMENSIONAL SPACE. THEY MADE ENORMOUS, LARGE-SCALE PAINTINGS THAT WERE OFTEN COMPRISED OF JUST ONE OR TWO COLORS. THEIR ART DIDN'T REPRESENT THE OUTSIDE WORLD OR TRY TO TAKE YOU TO ANOTHER PLACE. IT REINFORCED THE FACT THAT YOU'RE LOOKING AT A PAINTING. THE BOLD, BRIGHT COLORS THEY USED WEREN'T MEANT TO REPRESENT ANYTHING ELSE. FOR THEM AND THE MANY ARTISTS THEY INSPIRED, COLOR IS A BEAUTIFUL AND WORTHY SUBJECT ALL ITS OWN. COLOR IS ONE OF THE SEVEN ELEMENTS OF ART, ALONG WITH LINE, SHAPE, FORM, TEXTURE, VALUE, AND SPACE. WHEN LIGHT HITS AN OBJECT, SOME OF IT IS ABSORBED AND SOME OF IT IS REFLECTED, DEPENDING ON THE MATERIALS THE OBJECT IS MADE OF. THE LIGHT THAT IS REFLECTED OFF OF THE OBJECT IS WHAT WE SEE AS AN OBJECT'S COLOR. RED, YELLOW, AND BLUE ARE CALLED PRIMARY COLORS BECAUSE THEY CANNOT BE MADE FROM THE MIXING OF OTHER COLORS. HOWEVER, THE THREE PRIMARY COLORS CAN BE MIXED TOGETHER TO PRODUCE NEARLY EVERY OTHER HUE IMAGINABLE. GREEN, ORANGE, AND VIOLET ARE THE THREE SECONDARY COLORS. THEY ARE CREATED BY MIXING TWO OF THE PRIMARY COLORS TOGETHER IN EQUAL AMOUNTS. WHEN YOU MIX A PRIMARY COLOR WITH A SECONDARY COLOR, YOU GET A TERTIARY COLOR, SUCH AS RED-ORANGE, BLUE-GREEN. EVERY INDIVIDUAL COLOR CAN BE ALTERED BY CHANGING ITS VALUE THROUGH TINTING, SHADING, AND TONING. TINT IS SIMPLY ANY COLOR WITH WHITE ADDED TO IT, SO RED BECOMES PINK, BLUE BECOMES LIGHT BLUE, GREEN BECOMES LIGHT GREEN, AND SO ON. A SHADE THEN IS CREATED BY ADDING BLACK TO ANY COLOR. ADDING BLACK AND WHITE TO A COLOR PRODUCES A TONE. SOMETIMES A WORK OF ART WILL BE MADE UP OF THE TINTS, SHADES, AND TONES OF ONLY ONE COLOR. THIS IS WHAT WE CALL A MONOCHROMATIC COLOR SCHEME. ONE WAY ARTISTS PERSONALIZE THEIR WORK IS BY CREATING THEIR OWN VERY UNIQUE COLORS, TINTS, SHADES, AND TONES. NOTICE HOW THE VIOLET COLORS IN THIS PRINT BY ANISH KAPOOR DIFFER FROM THE ONES USED BY PAINTER MORRIS LOUIS. IS THERE ONE THAT HAS MORE TINTING OR SHADING THAN ANOTHER? WHAT DO YOU THINK IS CREATING THE DIFFERENCE? ONE COMMON WAY PEOPLE CATEGORIZE COLORS IS BY TEMPERATURE. REDS, ORANGES, AND YELLOWS ARE REFERRED TO AS WARM BECAUSE THEY CAN BE EASILY ASSOCIATED WITH A WARM, SUNNY DAY. BLUES, VIOLETS, AND GREENS, ON THE OTHER HAND, ARE CALLED COOL BECAUSE THEY OFTEN COME TO MIND WHEN THINKING ABOUT OVERCAST OR RAINY DAYS. WHEN COOL AND WARM COLORS ARE MIXED TOGETHER IN A PAINTING, WHAT IS THE OVERALL MOOD OR FEELING THEN? BESIDES THE WEATHER, THERE ARE MANY OTHER ASSOCIATIONS AND FEELINGS THAT COLORS CAN SUMMON. IS THERE A COLOR OR COMBINATION OF COLORS THAT TRIGGERS A SPECIFIC MEMORY OR THOUGHT IN YOU? UNDERSTANDING THE EFFECTS COLORS HAVE ON YOU WILL HELP YOU READ AN ARTWORK AND DEVELOP YOUR OWN INTERPRETATION OF IT. AND WHEN MAKING YOUR OWN ARTWORK, KNOWING THE EFFECT COLORS HAVE WILL HELP YOU CONTROL THE MESSAGES YOU HOPE TO CONVEY.

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This page was last edited on 8 October 2018, at 16:23
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