To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Little golden-mantled flying fox

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Little golden-mantled flying fox
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Pteropodidae
Genus: Pteropus
P. pumilus
Binomial name
Pteropus pumilus
Miller, 1911
Little Golden-mantled Flying Fox area.png
Little golden-mantled flying fox range

The little golden-mantled flying fox (Pteropus pumilus) is a species of bat in the family Pteropodidae. It is found in Indonesia and the Philippines. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by hunting and habitat loss, as well as pollution.


The little golden-mantled flying fox is one of the smallest species of fruit bat, weighs about 200 g (7 oz) and has a wingspan of about 76 centimetres (30 in).[2] The fur on its body is golden brown and it often has a paler head and mantle. This bat has claws on its feet and one (its thumbnail) on the end of its wings.[3]

Distribution and habitat

The little golden-mantled flying fox is native to the Philippines and Miangas (Palmas), the northernmost island in Indonesia. In the Philippines, it is known from Balut, Camiguin, Leyte, Maripipi, Masbate, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Panay, Sibuyan, Siquijor and Tablas. It occurs at altitudes of up to about 1,100 metres (3,600 ft) and is most common on smaller islands. Its habitat is primary forest and well-grown secondary forest.[1]


The little golden-mantled flying fox is a solitary species and does not roost in large groups as do many other fruit bats. Instead it makes a nest and roosts in a tree. It feeds on fruit but little is known of its precise diet. Like other fruit bats, it plays an important role in dispersing the seeds of forest trees. This bat usually breeds in the autumn. One offspring (or occasionally two) is generally produced each year and becomes independent of its mother after about eleven weeks.[3]


Populations of the little golden-mantled flying fox are in general in decline. The principle threats it faces are destruction of its rainforest habitat and hunting by humans for food. It is listed in Appendix II of CITES and occurs in a number of national parks and protected areas but nevertheless, the IUCN has rated it as "Near Threatened".[1]


  1. ^ a b c Heaney, L.; Rosell-Ambal, R.G.B.; Tabaranza, B.; Carino, A.; Garcia, H.J.D.; Paguntalan, L.M.; Ramala, S.P.; Alcala, E. (2020). "Pteropus pumilus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T18753A22086307. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T18753A22086307.en. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Pteropus pumilus - Golden-mantled Flying Fox". Lubee Bat Conservancy. Archived from the original on 2013-12-09. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
  3. ^ a b Batz, A. (2011). "Pteropus pumilus: little golden-mantled flying fox". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
This page was last edited on 6 March 2021, at 20:22
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.