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Lists of holidays

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lists of holidays by various categorization.

Consecutive holidays

Religious holidays

Abrahamic holidays

Christian holidays

The Christian Patronal feast days or 'name days' are celebrated in each place's patron saint's day, according to the Calendar of saints.

Islamic holidays

  • Ashura (Day of Atonement; Tenth day of Muharram. Muharram is the first month of the lunar year)
  • Eid (feast): Date determined by the lunar calendar and observation of the moon
    • Eid ul-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice; Tenth day of Dhulhijjah, the twelfth and final month of the lunar year)
    • Eid ul-Fitr (Feast of Breaking the Fast; First day of Shawal. It marks the end of Ramadan, the fasting month. Part of honoring this occasion is "zakaat ul-fitr" (giving alms to the needy on the day of Eid ul-Fitr))
  • Holy Month of Ramadan (First day of Ramadan; A 30-day period of fasting to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran)
  • Isra and Miraj (Night Journey; Ascension of Prophet Muhammad into Heaven)
  • Jumu'ah (More commonly known as the Day of Assembly or the Day of Gathering; Held every Friday of the lunar year as an alternative to the Zuhr prayer)
  • Mawlid (Birth of the Prophet; Birth of Prophet Muhammad)
  • Nisfu Shaaban (Bara'a Night; Decisions of the fortunes of men in the approaching year)
  • Nuzul Al Qur'an (First revelation of the Quran)
  • Raʼs al-Sanah al-Hijrīyah (Islamic New Year; First day of Muharram every year)
  • Jewish holidays

  • Chag HaMatzot (Feast of Unleavened Bread - 7 days of consumption of matzo with wine and avoidance of leavened foods)
  • Hanukkah (Feast of Dedication; Also called the Festival of Lights - Commemoration of the rededication of the Jerusalem Temple)
  • Pesach (Passover - Deliverance of Jews from slavery in Egypt)
    • Lag B'Omer (A holiday celebrated on the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer, which occurs on the 18th day of the Hebrew month of Iyar)
  • Purim (Feast of Lots - Deliverance of Jews in Persia from extermination by Haman)
  • Reishit Katzir (Feast of Firstfruits - Collecting and waving of grain bundles (barley or wheat); Occurs during the 7 days of unleavened bread)
  • Rosh Hashanah (Feast of Trumpets; Also called the Jewish New Year - First day of Tishrei every year)
  • Shabbat (The 7th Day Sabbath - The day of rest and holiest day of the week, Saturday)
  • Shavuot (Feast of Weeks - Wheat harvesting in Israel and the receiving of the Torah at Mount Sinai)
  • Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles; Also called the Feast of Ingathering - Dwelling within sukkahs for 7 days (in Israel) or 8 days (the diaspora); Considered by some to be a mini-campout)
    • Shemini Atzeret (A holiday sometimes confused as being the 8th day of Sukkot; Beginning of the rainy season in Israel)
      • Simchat Torah (Observed after Shemini Atzeret; Completion of the Sefer Torah)
  • Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement - A day of fasting and repentance of one's sins from the past year)
  • Dharmic holidays (Indian)

    Buddhist holidays

    Hindu holidays

    Jain holidays

    Sikh holidays

    Pagan holidays (Ancient Cultures)

    Ancient Greek/Roman holidays

    Celtic, Norse, and Neopagan holidays

    In the order of the Wheel of the Year:

    Other holidays

    Bahá'í holidays

    East Asian holidays

    Western winter holidays in the Northern Hemisphere

    The following holidays are observed to some extent at the same time during the Southern Hemisphere's summer, with the exception of Winter Solstice.

    • Winter Solstice (the longest night and shortest day of the year) or Yule (Winter solstice, Around 21–22 December in the Northern Hemisphere and 21–22 June in the Southern Hemisphere) The solstice celebrations are traditionally marked with anything that symbolizes or encourages life. Decorations of evergreens, bright objects and lights; singing songs, giving gifts, feasting and romantic events are often included. For Neopagans this is the celebration of the death and rebirth of the Sun and is one of the eight sabbats on the wheel of the year.
    • Christmas Eve (24 December) – Day before Christmas. Traditions usually include big feasts at night to celebrate the day to come. It is the night when Santa Claus delivers presents to all the good children of the world.
    • Christmas Day (25 December) – Christian holiday commemorating the birth of Jesus. Traditions include gift-giving, the decoration of trees and houses, and Santa Claus folktales.
    • Hanukkah (25 Kislev – 1 Tevet – almost always in December) – Jewish holiday celebrating the defeat of Seleucid forces who had tried to prevent Israel from practicing the Jewish faith, and also celebrating the miracle of the Menorah lights burning for eight days with only enough olive oil for one day.
    • Saint Stephen's Day or Second Day of Christmas (26 December) – Holiday observed in many European countries.
    • Boxing Day (26 December or 27 December) – Holiday observed in many Commonwealth countries on the first non-Sunday after Christmas.
    • New Year's Eve (31 December) – Night before New Year's Day. Usually observed with celebrations and festivities in anticipation of the new year.
    • New Year's Day (1 January) – Holiday observing the first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.

    Secular holidays

    Many other days are marked to celebrate events or people, around the world, but are not strictly holidays as time off work is rarely given.

    Regional

    Other secular holidays not observed internationally
    Name Date Place Details
    Hangul Day or Korean Alphabet Day 15 January North Korea
    9 October South Korea
    Lee-Jackson-King Day 20 January Virginia Combined holiday celebrated from 1984 to 2000.
    Martin Luther King Jr. Day 3rd Monday in January United States
    Groundhog Day 2 February United States and Canada
    Darwin Day 12 February Birthday of Charles Darwin to highlight his contribution to science.
    Family Day 18 February Various regions of Canada
    Presidents' Day 3rd Monday in February United States Federal holiday. Honors the birthdays of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.
    Confederate Memorial Day Celebrated by the original Confederate States at various times during the year; still celebrated on the fourth Monday in April in Alabama. Parts of the United States
    Patriots' Day 3rd Monday in April Massachusetts and Maine, United States
    Siblings Day 10 April Originally celebrated only in the United States. Can now be celebrated in various countries around the world.
    Earth Day 22 April Celebrated in many countries as a day to cherish nature.
    King's Day 27 April Netherlands
    Constitution Day 3 May Poland One of the two most important national holidays (the other is National Independence Day on 11 November). It commemorates the proclamation of the Constitution of May 3, 1791 (the first modern constitution in Europe) by the Sejm of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
    Youth Day 4 May People's Republic of China Commemorates Beijing students who protested against Western imperialism on this day.
    Cinco de Mayo 5 May Mexico
    Victoria Day Last Monday before 25 May Canada, also Edinburgh and Dundee in Scotland Birthday of Queen Victoria.
    Children's Day 2nd Sunday in June Various
    Flag Day 14 June United States
    2 May Poland
    Juneteenth 19 June United States Official holiday in 14 states; commemorates the abolition of slavery in Texas (unofficial in 5 other US states).
    Canada Day 1 July Canada Celebration of the date of the Confederation of Canada. Formerly known as Dominion Day, as this was the day on which Canada became a self-governing Dominion within the British Empire.
    Independence Day Various days; 4 July in the United States and other dates in many other nations
    Indian Arrival Day Various days Official holiday in Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, Mauritius, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Celebrated on the day when Indians arrived in various European colonies; Celebrated with parades re-enacting when indentured Indian immigrants landed in their respective colonies.
    Pioneer Day 24 July Utah, United States
    Army Day 1 August Mainland territory of the People's Republic of China
    Labor Day or Labour Day 1st Monday in September United States (federal holiday), and Canada, where it is known as Labour Day.
    1 May Many European and South American countries
    Grandparents Day Sunday after Labor Day United States Proclaimed by Jimmy Carter in 1978.
    Oktoberfest 3rd Saturday in September Munich, Germany
    Columbus Day 2nd Monday in October United States
    Indigenous Peoples' Day 2nd Monday in October United States Celebrates the Indigenous peoples of the Americas.
    Nanomonestotse Starts 3rd Monday in October Celebration of peace, observed within some Native American families.
    Day of the Dead 1 and 2 November Mexico
    Guy Fawkes Day 5 November Great Britain and other countries of the Commonwealth In memory of the failed Gunpowder Plot by Guy Fawkes.
    Melbourne Cup Day 1st Tuesday in November Melbourne metropolitan area The day of the Melbourne Cup.
    Remembrance Day or Veterans Day 11 November United States, Canada and other Commonwealth nations
    Thanksgiving 4th Thursday in November United States Generally observed as an expression of gratitude for the autumn harvest.
    2nd Monday in October Canada Since the climate is colder than in the US, the harvest season begins (and ends) earlier.
    Saint Nicholas Day 5 December Netherlands
    6 December Belgium
    Boxing Day 26 December British Commonwealth
    Kwanzaa 26 December to 1 January United States Celebration of African heritage created in 1966 by African-American activist Maulana Karenga.

    Unofficial holidays, awareness days, and other observances

    These are holidays that are not traditionally marked on calendars. These holidays are celebrated by various groups and individuals. Some are designed to promote a cause, others recognize historical events not recognized officially, and others are "funny" holidays, generally intended as humorous distractions and excuses to share laughs among friends.

    See also

    References

    1. ^ "Giving Tuesday".
    This page was last edited on 9 September 2019, at 11:00
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