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List of wars involving Bangladesh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of battles and wars that involved and occurred in Bangladesh, and Bengal ( that includes both Indian State of West Bengal and Bangladesh ) throughout different periods in history. Most of the battles and wars occurred when the modern area of Bengal was under different empires, especially the Mughal Empire and the British Empire, and the Bengalis served in both the Mughal and the British militaries. Since the independence of Bangladesh in 1971, it has its own military.

Pala Empire (750–1200)

The Pala Empire is famous for the conquest of Kannuj held by Dharmapala by fighting a war Gujara Prahi, this war was also known as the great war

Sena dynasty (1070–1230)

The Sena dynasty was a Hindu dynasty.

Bengal Sultanate (1338–1576)

Bengal became independent from the Delhi Sultanate in 1338, and remained independent till 1576 (except for brief Mughal and Afghan occupations in the 1540s). During this period, the Bengal Sultanate had its own military, and took part in various wars and armed conflicts.

Conflict Bangladesh
and allied forces
Opposition forces Results
Bengali expedition in Nepal

Location: Nepal

Bengal Nepal Victory[1]
  • Bengali withdrawal after gaining spoils of war
First Delhite invasion of Bengal

Location: Bengal

Bengal Delhi Empire Victory[2]
Second Delhite invasion of Bengal

Location: Bengal

Bengal Delhi Empire Victory[3]
Bengal Sultanate–Jaunpur Sultanate War

Location: Bengal

Timurid Empire
Ming China
Jaunpur Sultanate Victory[4][5]
Bengal Sultanate–Kamata Kingdom War

Location: Assam

Bengal Kamata Kingdom Victory[6]
  • Overthrow of the Khen dynasty
  • Kamata ruled by Bengal in the early 16th century
Bengali conquest of Chittagong

Location: Chittagong

Bengal Arakan Victory[7]
Mughal invasion of Bengal

Location: Bengal

Bengal Mughal Empire Defeat
  • Mughal annexation of Bengal
  • Start of the anti-Mughal insurgency in Bengal

Bengal Subah (1576–1717)

In 1576, the Mughal Empire conquered Bengal and turned it into a province of the empire. The Mughal rule continued until 1717, when Mughal Subadar (provincial governor) Murshid Quli Khan declared the independence of Bengal. During this period, Bengalis served in the Mughal military, and took part in manh wars undertaken by the Mughals.

Conflict Bangladesh
and allied forces
Opposition forces Results
Conquest of Chittagong

Netherlands Netherlands
Portugal Portugal

Arakan Victory

Nawab of Bengal (1717–1765)

In 1717, Murshid Quli Khan, who was the provincial governor of the Mughal province of Bengal, taking advantage of the weakness of the declining Mughal Empire, declared the independence of Bengal and established himself as the Nawab of Bengal. Bengal remained independent until 1764, when the British annexed the region. During this period, Bengal had its own military, and Bengalis served in it.

Conflict Bangladesh
and allied forces
Opposition forces Results
Maratha invasions of Bengal
Bengal  Maratha Military victory
Political defeat
  • De facto Maratha occupation of Orissa, but de jure it remained a part of Bengal
First Anglo–Bengal War
Bengal  United Kingdom Defeat
Second Anglo–Bengal War


 United Kingdom Defeat
  • Significant expansion of British influence over Bengal
Third Anglo–Bengal War

Mughal Empire

 United Kingdom Defeat

Bengal Presidency (1765–1947)

Conflict Bangladesh
and allied forces
Opposition forces Results
Indian War of Independence

Indian Sepoys (including Bengali sepoys)
Mughal Empire
Maratha Empire
Gwalior Jhansi

Flag of Awadh.svg Oudh
Many other factions

 British Empire

Flag of Nepal (19th century).png Kingdom of Nepal


East Bengal (1947–1955)

In 1947, East Bengal became a province of the newly established state of Pakistan, and retained this name till 1955. During this period, Bengalis served in the Pakistani military and took part in various conflicts involving Pakistan.

Conflict Bangladesh
and allied forces
Opposition forces Results
Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
 Pakistan  India Ceasefire

East Pakistan (1955–1971)

East Bengal was renamed East Pakistan in 1955, and it became one of the two units of Pakistan under the Pakistani policy of 'One Unit'. East Pakistan remained a part of Pakistan till 1971. During this period, Bengalis continued to serve in the Pakistani military and took part in the wars in which Pakistan participated during this period.

Conflict Bangladesh
and allied forces
Opposition forces Results
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
 Pakistan  India Ceasefire

Provisional Government of Bangladesh (1971–1972)

Conflict Bangladesh
and allied forces
Opposition forces Results
Bangladeshi War of Independence

Location: Bangladesh, Pakistan and Bay of Bengal

A Mukti Bahini 3.7 inch howitzer used during the war
A Mukti Bahini 3.7 inch howitzer used during the war
Bangladesh Bangladesh

 India (3–16 December 1971)
 Soviet Union

 United States
 Saudi Arabia
 Sri Lanka

Bangladesh (1972–present)

Conflict Bangladesh
and allied forces
Opposition forces Results
Communist insurgency in Bangladesh

Location: Bangladesh

 Bangladesh Communist insurgents Victory
  • Crushing of the insurgency
  • Establishment of military rule in Bangladesh
Chittagong Hill Tracts Conflict

Location: Chittagong Hill Tracts

Shanti Bahini militants in 1994
Shanti Bahini militants in 1994
 Bangladesh Tribal insurgents

Supported by:
 Myanmar (alleged)[8][9]

1978 South Lebanon conflict

Location: Southern Lebanon

South Lebanon Army
  • Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon.
Gulf War (Operation Moru-prantar)

Location: Iraq and Kuwait

 United States
 Saudi Arabia
 United Kingdom
Iraq Victory
Sierra Leone Civil War

Location: Sierra Leone

 Sierra Leone
Sl RUF.png
Sierra Leone AFRC (1997–2002)
West Side Boys (1998–2000)
 Liberia (1997–2002)
NPFL (1991–2002)
 Burkina Faso
Operation Clean and Beautiful Nation

Location: Bangladesh–Myanmar border and Northern Rakhine State

 Bangladesh (border skirmish)
Rohingya Solidarity Organisation
 Myanmar Victory
  • Burmese tactical failure
  • Failure to disarm and expel RSO insurgents
1999 East Timorese crisis

Location: East Timor

 East Timor
Pro-Indonesia militia Victory
  • Stabilisation of East Timor and defeat of militia. 1 Bangladeshi killed and 1 wounded by IED[17]
Naf War

Location: Bangladesh–Myanmar border

 Bangladesh (border skirmish)  Myanmar Victory
  • Myanmar had to stop the dam construction Project on Naf river.[18]
Bangladesh–India Border Conflict

Location: Bangladesh–India border

 Bangladesh  India

Status quo ante bellum

Bangladesh Rifles Revolt

Location: Dhaka

14.5 mm ZPU-4 of Bangladesh Army positioned over Satmasjid Road, near Dhanmondi 8A road, pointing towards Pilkhana
14.5 mm ZPU-4 of Bangladesh Army positioned over Satmasjid Road, near Dhanmondi 8A road, pointing towards Pilkhana
 Bangladesh Mutineers from Bangladesh Rifles Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt[20]
Bangladesh–Arakan Army Conflict

Location: Bangladesh–Myanmar border

 Bangladesh Arakan Army Victory

See also


  1. ^ Ahmed, ABM Shamsuddin (2012). "Iliyas Shah". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. ^ Tabori, Paul (1957). "Bridge, Bastion, or Gate". Bengali Literary Review. 3–5: 9–20.
  3. ^ "Sikandar Shah". Banglapedia. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  4. ^ Richard M. Eaton (1996). The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, 1204-1760. University of California Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-520-20507-9.
  5. ^ Chung Tan; Yinzeng Geng (2005). India and China: twenty centuries of civilization interaction and vibrations. Project of History of Indian Science, Philosophy and Culture, Centre for Studies in Civilizations. p. 361. ISBN 978-81-87586-21-0. The Bengali envoy....complained at the Ming court. In the 9th moon, the Ming ... The "Zhaonapuer"Jaunpur troops withdrew from Bengal. (Here is a unique episode of China's mediating in the conflict between two Indian states.
  6. ^ Manilal Bose (1989). Social History of Assam: Being a Study of the Origins of Ethnic Identity and Social Tension During the British Period, 1905-1947. Concept Publishing Company. p. 38. ISBN 978-81-7022-224-8.
  7. ^ a b c ড. মুহম্মদ আব্দুর রহিম. বাংলাদেশের ইতিহাস. হুসেন শাহী যুগ. ২২২–২২৩
  8. ^ Hazarika, Sanjoy (11 June 1989). "Bangladeshi Insurgents Say India Is Supporting Them". The New York Times.
  9. ^ A. Kabir. "Bangladesh: A Critical Review of the Chittagong Hill Tract (CHT) Peace Accord". Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  10. ^ Rashiduzzaman, M. (July 1998). "Bangladesh's Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord: Institutional Features and Strategic Concerns". Asian Survey. University of California Press. 38 (7): 653–70. doi:10.1525/as.1998.38.7.01p0370e. JSTOR 2645754.
  11. ^ Miller, Judith. "Syria Plans to Double Gulf Force." The New York Times, 27 March 1991.
  12. ^ "Den 1. Golfkrig". 24 September 2010. Archived from the original on 12 January 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  13. ^ "How Bengali became an official language in Sierra Leone". The Indian Express. 2017-02-21. Retrieved 2017-03-22.
  14. ^ "Why Bangla is an official language in Sierra Leone". Dhaka Tribune. 23 Feb 2017.
  15. ^ Ahmed, Nazir (21 Feb 2017). "Recounting the sacrifices that made Bangla the State Language".
  16. ^ "Sierra Leone makes Bengali official language". Pakistan. 29 Dec 2002. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013.
  17. ^ "UNTAET Daily Briefing 03 Aug 2000 - Timor-Leste". ReliefWeb.
  18. ^ "Bangladesh-Burma border clash". 2001-01-08. Retrieved 2020-10-02.
  19. ^ Habib, Haroon (21 April 2001). "Bodies of BSF men handed over". The Hindu. PTI. Archived from the original on 28 August 2017.
  20. ^ "Bangladesh guard mutiny 'is over'". BBC World. 26 February 2009. p. 1. Retrieved 5 January 2010.
  21. ^ "Army, BGB launch joint operation in Bandarban after firing by 'Arakan Army'". Retrieved 7 December 2016.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 March 2022, at 21:11
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