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List of unreleased songs recorded by Michael Jackson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An African American man in his mid-twenties wearing a sequined military jacket and dark sunglasses. He walks and waves his right hand, which is adorned with a white glove. His left hand is bare.
Michael Jackson in 1984

Michael Jackson was an American musician and entertainer. He is known to have written, recorded and filmed material that has never been officially released. Many of his unreleased songs have been registered—usually by his company Mijac Music—with professional bodies such as the United States Copyright Office, the Songwriters Hall of Fame, Broadcast Music Incorporated (BMI), American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP), the Canadian Musical Reproduction Rights Agency (CMRRA) and EMI Music Publishing.[1] This list, however, only documents the songs explicitly cited as unreleased, and therefore does not contain every unreleased Jackson song registered with such bodies.

In 1993, Jackson—along with Lionel Richie, Quincy Jones, Rod Temperton and Joseph Jackson—faced a copyright infringement suit. The lawsuit came after three songwriters alleged that the pop star and his fellow defendants had plagiarized the hits "The Girl Is Mine", "Thriller" and "We Are the World".[2][3] During a seven-hour deposition, Jackson named numerous unreleased songs that he had written or co-written.[1][4] Following the testimony, a nine-member jury found the defendants not guilty.[5]

Many officially unreleased Jackson songs had been scheduled, at one point, for release, through ways such as his six solo studio albums with music label Epic Records: Off the Wall (1979), Thriller (1982), Bad (1987), Dangerous (1991), HIStory (1995) and Invincible (2001) and the remix album Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix (1997). For varying reasons, the tracks were rejected and, as of 2018, remain unreleased. Jackson's unreleased material includes songs recorded as a solo artist (including covers of songs released by other artists and The Jackson 5 songs) and demo versions, some featuring established artists such as Freddie Mercury and Barry Gibb.

In 2009, after Jackson's sudden death, La Toya Jackson said that she had discovered two hard disks at her brother's home which contain more than 1,000 unreleased songs, many of which were unregistered.[citation needed] It has been said[by whom?] that Jackson, in his lifetime, recorded more than 50,000 songs.[citation needed]

Several of Jackson's songs have been leaked onto the Internet, such as a 24-second segment of "A Place with No Name" leaked by TMZ.com following Jackson's death.[6] At the time of the leak, it was claimed that there were "hundreds" of unreleased songs by Jackson, and that they could be issued for years to come. The curator of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Jim Henke, noted that any future releases would garner significant attention.[7][8][9] On March 16, 2010, Sony Music Entertainment signed a record-breaking $250 million deal with Jackson's estate to retain distribution rights to his recordings until 2017 and release ten posthumous albums—some of which will feature unreleased material—over the next decade.[10]

Key

Denotes songs registered with Broadcast Music Incorporated
Denotes songs registered with EMI Music Publishing
*
Denotes songs cited by Jackson in his 1993 deposition
(Year) Denotes songs registered with the United States Copyright Office and the year of registration
*(Year)
Denotes songs cited by Jackson in his 1993 deposition and the year they were registered with the United States Copyright Office

Songs

Song Writer(s) Notes Ref(s).
"A Baby Smiles"* Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1979
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album
  • Lyrics to the song were featured as a poem titled "When Babies Smile" in the 1992 book Dancing the Dream
[11]
"A Deeper Love" Rodney Jerkins
Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1999 for Invincible
[12]
"A Pretty Face Is" Stevie Wonder
  • Written c. 1974
  • The song was originally intended for The Jackson 5 or as a duet between Wonder and Jackson. The two reportedly recorded the song for Wonder's 1987 Characters album
[12]
"Addams Groove" Michael Jackson
  • Recorded in 1993
  • Planned song for Addams Family Values movie
  • Cancelled due to allegations of 1993
  • Also known as "Family Thing", "Family values", or "Family morales"
  • Multiple snippets leaked online, original was a one minute snippet leaked online in a promotional video from www.inthestudiowithmj.com
[12]
"Adore You" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer 
  • Title listed on a note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Written and recorded in 2000 during Michael Jackson's Invincible recordings.
  • Reworked in 2008
[13]
”Al Capone Ft. Roger Troutman Michael Jackson
  • Written and Recorded during the Bad sessions (1985)
  • Version without Roger Troutman released posthumously on Bad 25
  • During early stages of working on the Bad album, Michael sought out the legendary composer and Zapp band member, Roger Troutman. “Michael Jackson called me to work on Bad. He said he was impressed with my song ‘The Dance Floor’ and liked its guitar sound. I actually went to his house and worked with him.”
  • John Barnes later recalled, “He worked with us on several early Bad tracks. It wasn’t kept, but it felt and sounded great. Al Capone had Roger as a guest musician. The track was mostly done when he came in.”
[14]
”All The Truth You Need” Michael Jackson
Bryan Loren
  • Written and recorded during the Dangerous sessions
  • One of the 20-25 songs worked on with Bryan Loren
  • Title leaked in a video by Shana Mangatal
[15]
"Angel" Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds
  • Recorded by Jackson around 1998
  • Had been scheduled to be featured on a shelved greatest hits compilation
[16]
”Apocalypse Now” Michael Jackson
  • Recorded during the Bad sessions
  • Track consists of numerous military cadences composed by drummer John Robinson. “There was a track I did called ‘Apocalypse Now’ that I wrote six and a half minutes of military drum cadences for. I brought in Don Williams, Dan Greco, and Bob Zimmitti. We recorded with four field snares, four piccolo snares, two sets of piatti, and one gran casa. It was a very hip tune, but it never made the record.”
[17]
"Attitude" Michael Jackson
Kathy Wakefield
Michel Pierre
  • Recorded during Thriller sessions
  • Failed to make the Thriller album
[18]
”Baby's on Fire” Michael Jackson
Ryan Groves
  • Written and recorded in 2009
[19]
”Bang Your Head” Michael Jackson
Theron Feemster
  • Written and recorded in 2009 during the This Is It rehearsals
[20]
"Basszouille" Michael Jackson
Bruce Swedien
  • Written in 1994 but failed to make Jackson's HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I album
[21]
"Be Me 4 a Day" Michael Jackson
Gray Calix Days
  • Written in 1987
  • Also known as "Be me for a day", "Just for one day be Michael", "Just for a Day", "Me 4 a Day" and "Be Michael"
[22]
"Belong 2" Michael Jackson
Teddy Riley
  • Written and recorded in 1999 for Jackson's album Invincible
[23]
"Bio" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Written in 1997
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
  • Was one of the first songs written for Invincible
[24]
"Bottle of Smoke" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded during the Dangerous album sessions (1989-1991)
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album.
[25]
”Boy No” Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Written and recorded in 2008
[26]
”Breaking” Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2004
[27]
"Breathe" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2009
  • Planned for the cancelled "This Is It" concerts
  • One of the last songs recorded in Jackson's lifetime
[25]
”Breed” Michael Jackson
  • A mellow piece written in June 2009, three weeks prior to his death
[28]
”Broken Chair” Michael Jackson
Theron Feemster
  • Written and recorded during the Bad sessions
  • Reworked in 2009 during the This Is It rehearsals
[29]
”Bubbles” Michael Jackson
  • Recorded during the Dangerous sessions
[30]
"Buffalo Bill"* Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1983 for The Jacksons' Victory album in 1984. The song is about William Cody.
  • Planned for Michael's BAD album but shelved
[31]
"Butter Funk" Michael Jackson
Michael Prince
  • Song title found on note in Jackson's bedroom
[31]
"California Grass"* Michael Jackson
  • Completed in 2003.
[32]
”Call It Off” Michael Jackson
Bryan Loren
  • Written and recorded during the Dangerous sessions
  • One of the 20-25 songs worked on with Bryan Loren
  • Title leaked in a video by Shana Mangatal
[33]
”Can You” Michael Jackson
will.i.am 
  • Recorded in 2006 with will.i.am
  • May have incomplete vocals
[34]
”Can You Feel Me” Michael Jackson
Jackie Jackson
Todd Gaither
Teddy Riley
  • Possibly written in the 90s
[35]
"Can't Stop Loving You" Michael Jackson [36]
”Casino Night” Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2008 in Las Vegas
[37]
”Changes” Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Written and recorded in 2008
[38]
"Cheater Ft. Fats" Michael Jackson
  • Reworked during Invincible sessions (1999-2001)
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
  • Features rapper "Fats"
  • Also known as “Cheater 2001”
  • Song title listed on note in Jackson's bedroom
[36]
"Chicago 1945" Steve Porcaro
  • Written and recorded during Bad sessions (1986-1987)
  • Also known as “Chicago Nights”
  • Unrelated to "Al Capone"
  • Considered for Xscape album but was rejected by the songwriter because of its inevitability of being remixed
  • The song was reworked during the Invincible sessions and later at Neverland in 2004.
  • The lyrics tell a story about three girls who went out at night and disappeared .
  • Hook is "Three girls disappeared on a cold windy night, never to be found again, never to be found again! Who solved the mystery late Chicago night? You can’t hide the truth so won’t ya turn on the light?".
[39]
”Children's Holiday” Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1995
  • Recorded by J-Friends and released as a single in 1995
[40]
"Color of My Soul" Michael Jackson
  • Michael's brother, Randy Jackson, recorded a demo titled "Color of Love".
  • Written in 2000.
  • Possibly recorded in 2006 with Whitney Houston's background vocals.
[39]
"Crack Kills"* Michael Jackson
  • Recorded in 1986
  • Planned to have been recorded with rappers Run–D.M.C. for Jackson's Bad album, but was shelved.
  • Lyrics consisting of two verses put up for auction in November 2005, and again on the Internet auction site eBay a year later.
  • Run–D.M.C.'s verse was released on the remastered version of Tougher Than Leather.
  • DMC claims the song wasn't finished due to an incident where Bubbles accidentally bit Jam Master Jay according to an interview he gave to HipHopStan.com, which is available to watch on YouTube and he also noted the experience they had with Michael Jackson was positive rather than negative as rumored.
  • Run–D.M.C. was thanked on the Bad album regardless.
[41]
”Creepin’ In” Michael Jackson
  • Written in 2000
[42]
”Crush” Michael Jackson [43]
”Cry (1)”* Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1991
[44]
”Cry (2)” Michael Jackson
Marsha Ambrosius
  • Written in June 2009 before his death
  • Ambrosius performed a snippet of the song at the Jazz Cafe in London in July 2009 as a tribute
[45]
"Coco Butter" Michael Jackson
Michael Prince
  • Title listed on a note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Also known as "Butter Funk"
[13]
"D.I.E." Michael Jackson
Ron Feemster
  • Found on a list taped to the wall in Jackson's bedroom on June 25[year needed]
  • Stands for "Dance Is Entertainment"
  • Written and recorded in 2008.
[46]
"Dark Lady" Michael Jackson
Ron Feemster
  • Song title found on note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Written and recorded in 2008
[47]
"Days in Gloucestershire" Michael Jackson
Michael Prince
Brad Buxer
  • Also known as "Gloucestershire"
  • Written and recorded in 2004
  • Leaked online
[48]
"Dead or Alive" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2004.
  • Instrumental leaked online
[48]
"Deep in the Night" Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1987
  • Run time: 4:00
  • Snippet leaked online
[48]
"Destruction" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2005
  • Sequel to "Scream"
  • Duet with Janet Jackson
  • Planned for Janet's comeback album, "Unbreakable", but was cancelled
[48]
"Dig it" John Lennon
  • Song from The Beatles
  • Michael Jackson has been recorded in studio singing a little part of this song when he was talking to his team.
[48]
”Disco Kids” Ja]mes Whitney
  • Written and recorded between 1976-1979
  • Failed to make the Off the Wall album
[49]
"Do You Love Me?" Michael Jackson
Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds
  • Would have been written and recorded around 1998
[50]
"Do You Want Me?" Sisqó
Dru Hill
  • Would have been written and recorded around 1999
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[50]
"Doing Dirty" Michael Jackson
Marlon Jackson
[51]
”Don’t Believe It” Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded during the Dangerous sessions
  • Title leaked in a video by Shana Mangatal
[52]
"Dreams" Michael Jackson
  • Recorded in 1993
[53]
"Easy" Michael Jackson
  • Would have been written and recorded around 1999 for an album that was shelved due to contract difficulties.
[54]
"Eaten Alive" Michael Jackson
Maurice Gibb
Barry Gibb
  • Original version of the song written by the Gibb brothers from the Bee Gees, but was reworked by Michael Jackson
  • Later recorded by Diana Ross and released on the Eaten Alive album in 1985 with vocal backgrounds by Michael Jackson
[55]
"Ekam Satyam (The One Truth)" A.R. Rahman
A.R. Parthasarathi
Kanika Myer Bharat
  • Recorded as a duet around September 1999 with Jackson (singing in English) and singer Rahman (singing in Sanskrit language)
  • Intended to be on the rumored upcoming album in 2003 but cancelled
[56]
"Elizabeth, I Love You" Michael Jackson
  • Written and performed by Michael Jackson as a tribute to his friend Elizabeth Taylor in 1997
  • Also known as “Elizabeth”
  • 1 1/2 Minutes of studio CD version leaked
[56]
”Entertainment Tonight” Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2000
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[57]
"Faces" Michael Jackson
  • Failed to make the HIStory album
  • Also known as "Face"
  • The song is about African pride
  • Michael Jackson has never recorded any vocals on this track except the introduction words
  • Originally intended to feature a spoken intro by South African Nelson Mandela made by Jackson on the demo
  • Features a performance by the percussion group STOMP
  • The song has never been completed due to Mandela's advisors not allowing him to send back the song to Jackson with his intro because of the scandals surrounding him during this time
  • Short low quality snippet leaked online
[58]
"Fanfare Transition" (1992) Michael Jackson
  • Would have been written and recorded during the Dangerous album sessions (1989-1991)
  • Also named as "Fanfare 1992"
[58]
"Fantasy"* Michael Jackson
Jermaine Jackson
  • Recorded in 1983
[59]
"Far, Far Away"* Michael Jackson
  • Recorded in 1983
[59]
"Fear" Michael Jackson
  • Written around 1993
  • Failed to make the 1995 HIStory album, remains unreleased in 2018
[60]
"Fever" Michael Jackson
Bryan Loren
  • Written and recorded in 1991 during Dangerous sessions
  • One of around 20–25 songs Jackson been working with Bryan Loren
[60]
"From The Bottom of My Heart" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded around 2005/2006 as a charity single recording for the victims of Hurricane Katrina
  • Worked on again in 2008
  • One of the last songs worked by Michael Jackson before his death in 2009
[61]
”Get Around” Michael Jackson
  • Written and Recorded during the Bad Sessions (1987)
  • Later reworked during the Invincible sessions (2000)
[62]
"Get Your Weight Off Of Me" Michael Jackson
Rodney Jerkins
Fred Jerkins III
LaShawn Daniels
  • Written and recorded in 2001 during the Invincible sessions with Rodney Jerkins (1999-2001)
  • Finalized and mixed in 2004
  • One of numerous tracks recorded with Rodney Jerkins that is vocally complete and ready for release
  • Often referred to with the wrong title ("Can't Get Your Weight Off Of Me")
  • Only three very short (6/2/2 seconds) snippets are online
  • Much fake audio, fake lyrics and fan-made mixes based on the 6-seconds-snippet online
  • Run time: 5:17
[63]
"Ghost of Another Lover" Michael Jackson
  • From the "Dangerous" sessions (1989-1991)
  • Song title found on note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Bootleg snippet leaked online without intro in low quality
[64]
"Goin' to Rio"* Michael Jackson
Carole Bayer Sager
[65]
”Goodness Knows” James Whitney
  • Written and recorded between 1976-1979
  • Failed to make the Off the Wall album due to disagreements around publishing rights
[66]
"Got To Find A Way Somehow" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1979
  • Failed to make "Off the Wall"
[67]
”Granite” Michael Jackson [68]
"Groove of Midnight" Rod Temperton
  • From the "Bad" album sessions (1986-1987)
  • A short demo snippet by Jackson surfaced online in 2003 in low quality
  • Was later recorded by singer/songwriter Siedah Garrett for her debut solo album
[69]
"Halloween Night" Michael Jackson
  • Supposed to have been written and recorded around 2004
  • Would feature a guitar solo by Slash
[70]
"Heaven Is Here" Michael Jackson
  • Supposed to have been written and recorded during the "Dangerous" album sessions
[32]
"He Who Makes The Sky Grey" Jermaine Jackson
Sheik Abdullah of Bahrain
  • Would features vocals by Jackson
  • Would have been written and recorded in 2005
[71]
"Higher Ground" Stevie Wonder
  • A Stevie Wonder song that musician Donny Osmond confirmed he had been working with Jackson on in a 2003 television interview
  • Recorded in 2003
[70]
"Holiday Inn" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1976
  • Recorded in 1984
[72]
"Hollywood" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Not to be confused with "Hollywood Tonight"
  • Would have been written and recorded around 2000
  • Would have been reworked in 2007
[73]
"Hot Fever" (1985) Michael Jackson [72]
"Hot Fun In The Summertime" Sly Stone
  • Would have been recorded during or just after the Dangerous album sessions
  • Cover song of Sly Stone
  • Would features vocals parts by Mary J Blige & D Angelo
  • A new version would have been completed in 2012, was planned for "Xscape", but was cancelled
[74]
"Hot Street" Rod Temperton
  • Recorded during the Thriller album sessions (1981-1982)
  • The early demo of this song is called "Slapstick".
  • Failed to make the Thriller album.
  • In the 1993 deposition Michael is quoted as saying "Yes I like 'Hot street', but Quincy Jones and Rod Temperton said it wasn't good enough."
  • Leaked online
[72]
”House Of Style” Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded c.2003
  • Planned for release on the cancelled 2003 album “Resurrection”
[75]
"H2O" Michael Jackson
Ron Feemster
  • Title found on a note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Written and recorded in 2008
[72]
"I Am A loser" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Early version of "I was the loser"
  • Also known as "The loser"
  • Written and recorded around January 2003
  • This song is cited, among others, on a list found taped to the wall in Jackson's bedroom on June 25 2009[year needed].
  • Leaked online
  • Jackson's daughter, Paris, was to have sung with her father to some degree, but it never materialized.
[76]
"I Am Forever" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2009
  • Planned to be the final song for the final night of the cancelled "This Is It" concerts
  • Demo version of "Best of Joy"
  • Leaked online in low quality
[77]
"I Can't Get You Off My Mind" Michael Jackson
  • Jackson worked on the song in the early 1970s
  • A demo version/mono acetate is known to exist
  • Snippet leaked online
[78]
"I Don't Live Here Anymore" Michael Jackson
  • Written c. 2001
  • Also known by the title "I Don't Live Anymore"
  • Was supposed to be a promo for a shelved 2002 album.
[79]
"I Forgive You"* Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2007 possibly with will.i.am.
[80]
"I Have This Dream" Michael Jackson
Carole Bayer Sager
David Foster
  • Re-written as "From the Bottom of My Heart" (see above).
  • Also known as "I Have a Dream"
  • An instrumental version leaked online in 2006.
[81]
”I Have This Love of Me” Michael Jackson
  • Possibly written for the Bad album
[82]
"I Love You" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2004
  • According to Jackson, it's the best song about Love
[81]
"I Love You More" Michael Jackson
Michael Prince
  • Written and recorded in 2005
  • Recorded by Jackson featuring Britney Spears
  • According to Jackson, it's a continuation of the song "I Love You" (see above)
  • Also known as "I Love You Too"
[81]
"I Was The Loser" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Recorded in 2008
  • Also known as "The Loser" and “I Was A Loser”
  • This song is cited, among others, on a list found taped to the wall in Jackson's bedroom on June 25,2009.
  • Short snippets are online
[81]
”I Will Miss You” Michael Jackson
will.i.am 
  • Recorded in 2006
  • Meant as a tribute to James Brown who passed in late 2006
  • One of three tracks recorded with will.i.am that has completed vocals
[83]
”If We Still Love” Michael Jackson
will.i.am 
  • Recorded in 2007 with will.i.am
  • May have unfinished, but has complete vocals
[84]
"If You Don't Love Me" Michael Jackson
Bill Bottrell
  • Written and recorded in 1991
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album
  • Had been scheduled for release on a shelved special edition of the Dangerous album.
  • Leaked online in 2006 in low quality
[85]
”I’m Dreamin’” Michael Jackson
will.i.am 
  • Recorded in 2006
  • Also known as “Dreamin’”
  • One of three tracks recorded with will.i.am that has completed vocals
  • Instrumental snippets are online
[86]
"I'm Still the King" Michael Jackson
will.i.am 
  • One of the songs Jackson worked on with will.i.am in 2006
  • Also known as "Still the King"
  • Failed to make the Michael album
  • One of three tracks recorded with will.i.am that has completed vocals
  • Instrumental snippets are online
[73]
”In The Future” Michael Jackson
will.i.am 
  • Recorded in 2006 with will.i.am
  • Also known as “The Future”
  • May have incomplete vocals
  • Instrumental snippets are online
[87]
"In the Valley"* Michael Jackson
  • May have written in the 1990s
  • Recorded with Tyrese Gibson during "Invincible" sessions
  • While working on the song, Michael found the song "2000 Watts" and included it on "Invincible"
[88]
"Innocent Man" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Written and recorded around 1993
  • Failed to make the HIStory album
  • Also known as “The Innocent Man”
  • Lyrics auctioned off in 2009
  • Hook is “If they won’t take me to Cairo, then Lord where will I go? I’ll die a man without a country and only God knew I’m innocent now.”
[89]
”In the Life of Chico” Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1979
[90]
"Iowa" Michael Jackson
  • "I have seen him write things which I don't think the public will ever hear," said Janet Jackson. "He has a song called 'Iowa' that he wrote. People will never hear that song. Just before he left to film The Wiz, he put all the songs he had written on to tape in the studio in our parents' house. Not one of them has been heard and those were songs to cry for. There are things that he's written for orchestras that are classical music, I swear to you. Like something by Bach or Beethoven."
  • Supposed to have been recorded around 1977
[91]
”It” Michael Jackson
Bryan Loren
  • Written and recorded during the Dangerous sessions
  • One of around 20-25 songs recorded with Bryan Loren
[92]
”It’s Not Worth It” Rodney Jerkins
Fred Jerkins III
Brandy Norwood
Michael Jackson
  • Written during the Invincible sessions
  • Originally intended for Jackson, who rejected it after recording background vocals
  • Song later given to Brandy and released in 2002 on her Full Moon album
[93]
“Jane Is A Groupie” Michael Jackson
Sly Stone
  • Written and recorded during “Dangerous” album sessions (1989-1990)
  • Incomplete and repetitive draft
  • Short snippets leaked online
  • Run time: 3:43
[94]
"Joy" Michael Jackson
Teddy Riley
  • Written and recorded during the "Dangerous" album sessions
  • A different version of the song "Someone put your hand out" by Michael Jackson contains the instrumental version of "Joy" by Blackstreet.
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album
  • Riley mentioned "Joy" in a radio interview that Jackson had recorded a solo version of this track and that he would endeavour to hand the tapes over to the Estate.
  • A fake version of "Joy" by voice-alike singer Marcus Williams is online
  • Later released as a single for Blackstreet's 1994 debut album.
[95]
"Jungle" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Written and recorded in 2008.
[96]
"Just Remember" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Written and recorded in 2008.
[97]
"Khalifa" Abdullah bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
  • Written and recorded in 2005 to raise funds for the victims of the Indian Ocean tsunami in December 2005
[98]
"Kick It" Michael Jackson
LaShawn Daniels
Rodney Jerkins
Fred Jerkins III
  • Written and recorded during the Invincible sessions.
[99]
"Kentucky"* Michael Jackson
  • Written in the mid-1970s
  • Recorded around 1975
[99]
"Kreeton Overture" (1984) Michael Jackson
Jai Winding
Marty Paich
Patrick Leonard
[100]
"Lady of Summer" Michael Jackson
Ron Feemster
  • Written and recorded in 2008
[101]
"Learned My Lesson" (1985) Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1981
  • Two versions of the song were registered with the United States Copyright Office.
  • Alternate recording of "Much Too Soon" featuring either alternate lyrics or music.
[72]
"Let Him Burn" Michael Jackson
will.i.am 
  • One of the songs Jackson worked on with will.i.am in 2006
  • Also known as “Let Them Burn”
  • Failed to make the Michael album
  • May have incomplete vocals
  • Short instrumental snippet is online
[73]
"Light the Way" Michael Jackson
Abdullah bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
  • Written and recorded in 2005
[99]
"Little Girls"* Michael Jackson
  • Possibly recorded for Dangerous album
[102]
"Llama Lola"* Michael Jackson
  • Possibly recorded for Dangerous album
[102]
"Lonely Bird"* Michael Jackson
  • Possibly recorded for Dangerous album
[103]
"Lonely Man"* Michael Jackson
  • Possibly recorded for Dangerous album
[103]
"Lucy Is In Love With Linus"* Michael Jackson
  • Possibly recorded for Dangerous album
[104]
"Make or Break" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1986
  • Failed to make the Bad album
  • Also known as "For God's Sake", and "Make a Break".
[105]
"Maybe We Can Do It" Michael Jackson
Rodney Jerkins
Sean Combs
  • Written and recorded in 2000/2001
  • Features Sean Combs
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[106]
"Man in Black" Michael Jackson
Bryan Loren
  • Written and recorded during the dangerous album sessions (1989-1991)
  • Planned for release on the later cancelled greatest hits compilation album "Decade 1979-1989"
  • One of around 20–25 songs that Michael and Bryan Loren worked on
  • A low quality snippet streamed, followed by being taking and uploaded onto the internet in 2018
  • Hook is “But the man in black, they say, get the man in black, I want the man”
  • Run time: 6:00
[107]
"Michael's Affirmation" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Written and recorded in 2008
[108]
"Michael McKellar"* Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1991
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album
[109]
"Midnight Man" Rod Temperton
  • Written and recorded in 1981 during Thriller sessions
  • Evolved into "Thriller"
  • On coming up with the title "Thriller", Rod Temperton said, "I went back to the hotel, wrote two or three hundred titles and came up with Midnight Man. The next morning I woke up and I just said this word. Something in my head just said, 'This is the title'. You could visualise it at the top of the Billboard charts. You could see the merchandising for this one word, how it jumped off the page as 'Thriller'."
[110]
"MJ Melody" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1982
  • Recorded in 1992
[111]
"Monster" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Written in 1997 during the Invincible sessions
  • Reworked in 2009 during the This Is It rehearsals
  • Completely unrelated to track on Michael album with the same name
  • Bassist CJ DeVillar (produced "Break of Dawn") revealed the song in an interview "Now, I guess Monster is the name of it - the hook I recorded, he sang "you created a monster", There was an orchestra laid out, huge amount of percussion... It was very experimental. It sounded like a very personal Michael Jackson song to me. It was like one of his SGT Pepper songs, that he went kind of 'art' instead of hitting us with 'pop'. He reached down to a different place with this song, it's more challenging to listen to."
[112]
"Mother Dear" Michael Jackson [113]
"Neverland Landing"* Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1993
[114]
"Night line" Glen Ballard
Brie Howard
Davey Faragher
  • Written and recorded during the "Thriller" album sessions (1981-1982)
  • Failed to make the Thriller album
  • Full song leaked on the internet in high stereo quality
  • Also known as "Nite line"
  • Written and composed by Glen Ballard, Davey Faragher, Brie Howard
  • As Michael and his team rejected "Night line", it was instead given and recorded by The Pointer Sisters on Break out in 1983.
[115]
"Not Guilty" George Harrison [116]
"Nymphette Lover" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1981
  • Failed to make the Thriller album
[117]
"Ode to Sorrow" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1977
  • Recorded in 1984
[118]
"On My Anger" Michael Jackson
Teddy Riley
  • Written and recorded in 1999
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[119]
"Painting by Numbers" Steve Porcaro
  • Written and possibly recorded in 2004
[120]
”Pajamas” Michael Jackson
Michael Prince
{{sortname|Brad|Buxer
  • Written and recorded in 2008
[121]
"Peaceful Journey" Michael Jackson
Edward Ferrell
Dwight Myers
  • Written and recorded in 2009
[122]
"People Have to Make Some Sort of Joke"* Michael Jackson
  • Possibly written at some point in the early 1990s
[123]
"People of the World" Michael Jackson
J Friends
  • Written and produced in 1998 for the Japanese fund raising group J-Friends. The song was released by J-Friends on January 13, 1999.
  • Original demo leaked online
[123]
"Peter Pan" Michael Jackson
  • Song mentioned by Jackson on the 1993 CD The Michael Jackson Interview
  • Written and recorded in 1983
[124]
"Pray for Peace" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Written and recorded in 2008
[99]
"Pressure (1)" Michael Jackson
Bryan Loren
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album
  • One of the 20-25 tracks worked on with Bryan Loren
[125]
"Pressure (2)" Michael Jackson
Rodney Jerkins
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
  • Short snippet is online
[126]
"Pyramid Girl" Michael Jackson [127]
"Rampage" Rodney Jerkins
  • Written and recorded in 1999
  • Snippet is online
"Red Eye"* Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1991
[128]
"Resurrection" Michael Jackson
  • Working title for cancelled 2003 album
  • Early speculation suggests that it would have been a double album, similar to "HIStory"
  • Another report suggested the album would also feature remixes from "Invincible"
  • Cancelled due to increased speculation around Jackson and "Number Ones" was released instead
  • Several tracks from the album were instead put on the final disc of "The Ultimate Collection"
[129]
”Revolution” Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2001
[130]
"River Ripple" Michael Jackson
  • Recorded in 2009
  • Planned for the cancelled "This Is It" concerts
  • It is the last song recorded by Michael Jackson, and was recorded just a few days before his death
  • Short instrumental snippet is online
[131]
"Rocker" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Song found on note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Also known as "Rock Tonight"
  • Recorded in 2008
[132]
"Rolling the Dice"* Rod Temperton
  • Written and recorded in 1981 for Thriller
  • In the 1993 deposition Michael is quoted as saying "Yes, 'Rolling the Dice' [...] we did a demo that day we rehearsed but we never released it. We never thought it was strong enough."
[133]
"Satisfy" Terry Lewis
James Harris III
[134]
"Saturday Woman" Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1990/1991 for Dangerous
  • Cited in the book My Friend Michael.
[135]
"Saved By the Bell"* Michael Jackson
Jermaine Jackson
[136]
”Secret Passage” Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1998-1999 during the Invincible sessions
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[137]
"Seduction" Michael Jackson
Shelby Lee Myrick III
  • Written and recorded in 2000
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[138]
"Seeing Voices" Sidney Fine
Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1999
  • from Invincible era
  • Song features The Ray Charles Choir
  • Leaked online
[139]
"Serious Effect" Michael Jackson
Bryan Loren
  • Recorded in 1990 for Dangerous
  • One of the songs Michael Jackson and Bryan Loren worked on together
  • Features LL Cool J
  • Scheduled for release on a shelved special edition of Dangerous
  • Leaked online
[139]
"Seven Digits" Michael Jackson
Bryan Loren
  • Also known as "7 Digits"
  • One of the 20 songs the pair worked on together
  • Was later considered for inclusion on the Blood on the Dancefloor album, but was replaced by Superfly Sister due to time constraints
[140]
"She Got It" Michael Jackson
Bill Bottrell
Bryan Loren
  • Recorded in 1990 for Dangerous
  • Scheduled for release on a shelved special edition of the Dangerous album
  • Leaked online
[141]
"She's Not a Girl"* Michael Jackson
  • Citied by Jackson at Mexican Depostion in 1993
  • A demo he did at his home studio at Hayvenhurst Encino.
[142]
"She's Not It" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2002
  • Reworked "Billie Jean"
[142]
"She's Only Fifteen" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Scratch demo made in 1999 during "Invincible" sessions
  • Early version of "Hollywood Tonight"
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
  • Later reworked in 2008
  • Song title listed on note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Leaked online
[142]
"She's Trouble" Sue Shifrin
Bill Livsey
Terry Britten
[143]
"Shut Up & Dance" Michael Jackson
Michael Prince
  • Written in 1999, failed to make the Invincible album
  • Reworked in 2008
  • Found on a list taped to the wall in Jackson's bedroom on June 25[year needed]
[142]
"Siegfried & Roy" (1990) Michael Jackson [144]
"Silent Spring" Michael Jackson
Ron Feemster
  • Title listed on a note in Jackson's bedroom
[13]
"Sister Sue"* Michael Jackson [145]
"Slapstick" Rod Temperton
  • Written and recorded in 1982 for Thriller
  • Early version of "Hot Street"
  • Leaked online
[146]
"Soldier's Entrance" Michael Jackson
  • Worked on by Jackson in 1999 with a view to have it featured on the Invincible album
[147]
"Somewhere in Time" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1980
[148]
”Son Of Thriller” Michael Jackson
  • Instrumental track recorded during the “Dangerous” sessions
  • Title leaked in a video by Shana Mangatal
[149]
"Spice of Life"* Rod Temperton
  • Recorded in 1981 for Thriller
  • Later it was recorded by "The Manhattan Transfer" and released on their Bodies and Souls album in 1983
[139]
"Splash We Can Get Wet Babe" Michael Jackson
Joe Jackson (manager)
Danny de Pree Brack
Danny Brack Jr.
  • Written in 1988
[150]
"Stand Tall" (1985) Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1981
[151]
"Starlight"* Rod Temperton
  • Recorded in 1981
  • Referred to by Jackson as "Starlight Sun" during his 1993 deposition; he sang, "Starlight ... Starlight Sun ... Gimme some starlight, for a new day has begun"
  • Evolved into "Thriller"
  • Leaked online
[152]
"Sympathy"* Michael Jackson
Randy Jackson
  • Recorded in 2003 with his brother Randy.
  • Was supposed to be on an album in 2003 but was later cancelled due to trial
  • Demo version recorded December 2, 2002
[152]
"State of Shock" Michael Jackson
Randy Hansen
  • One of three songs Jackson worked on with Queen's Freddie Mercury
  • Demo version by Mercury and Jackson was leaked onto the Internet on July 7, 2002 in high quality
  • Different version later released on Victory with Mick Jagger
[153]
"Stay" Michael Jackson
Bryan Loren
  • Written c.1990
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album
[154]
"Stop the War" Michael Jackson
Carole Bayer Sager
  • Written and recorded in 1999
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[155]
"Susie" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1978
  • Could have evolved into "Little Susie", a song featured on Jackson's 1995 album HIStory; or "Blood On The Dance Floor", a song featured on Jackson's 1997 album Blood On The Dance Floor: HIStory In The Mix
[156]
"Sweet Music" James Whitney
  • Written and recorded betweeen 1976-1979
  • Failed to make the Off the Wall album
[157]
"Thank Heaven" (1998) Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1998
[154]
"Thank You for Life"* (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1976
[155]
"That" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Written in 1997
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[158]
"That Kind of Lover" Michael Jackson
Ray Ruffin
  • Written c. 2001
[155]
"The Children's Hour"* Michael Jackson
  • Japanese version released by "J-Friends" in 1998
  • Instrumental leaked online
  • Snippets of demo version are online
[159]
The Fields of Athenry Pete St. John
  • Recorded in 2006 with the Caheraggin Village Choir
[160]
"The Future" Michael Jackson
will.i.am 
  • One of the songs Jackson worked on with will.i.am in 2006
  • Also known as "In The Future"
  • Failed to make the Michael album
  • Instrumental snippets are online
[161]
"The Gloved One" Sisqó
  • Written c. 2001
  • Also known as "Gloved One"
  • Written by Sisqó for Jackson
[162]
"The Nelson Mandela Song" Michael Jackson
  • The song, title unknown, was written in 1996
  • It was reported that Michael was writing a similar song in 1987 as a duet with George Michael, however, the project was shelved once the idea leaked
[120]
"The Nightmare of Edgar Allan Poe" Michael Jackson
Walter Afanasieff
  • Written c. 2000
  • Also known as "Edgar Allan Poe"
  • Recorded in 2000 for a canceled indie film of the same name starring Jackson
[135]
"The Pain" Shawn Stockman
Jay Harvey Mason
Rodney Jerkins
  • Written during the Invincible album sessions
[163]
"The Sky Is the Limit"* Michael Jackson
  • Recorded in 1983
[164]
"The Toy" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1981 for a Richard Pryor movie of the same name.
  • Early version of "Best of Joy"
[165]
"The Truth on Youth" (1990) Michael Jackson
Bryan Loren
[166]
"The World Is No Church" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1999
  • Had been scheduled to released as an album/compilation in 1999
  • One of the unreleased songs from the Invincible sessions
[167]
"This is It" (1984) Michael Jackson [168]
"This Is Our Time" Michael Jackson
Lauryn Hill
David Foster
  • Written and recorded in 1999
  • Despite rumours to the contrary, the song was not recorded as a duet with Hill.
[169]
"Throwin' Your Life Away" (1988) Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1988
  • Short snippet leaked online
[170]
"To Satisfy You" Bryan Loren
  • Written and recorded in 1990-1992
  • One of the tracks worked on with Bryan Loren
  • Features Jackson on backing vocals
  • Leaked online
[171]
"Tomboy"*(1985) Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1985 for "Bad”
  • Features Roger Troutman as guest musician
  • Also known as "Townboy"
[172]
"Tragedy of a Cheer-leader"* Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1991 during Dangerous sessions
  • Instrumental leaked online
[173]
"Tubeway" Michael Jackson
  • Written c. 1999
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[167]
"Turning Me Off"* Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1987 during Bad sessions
[174]
"Under Your Skin" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1979
  • Also known as "Under My Skin"
[175]
"Unknown" Michael Jackson
  • It is unclear whether the song is titled "Unknown" or the song title is unknown.
  • Possibly written in 1999 or 1996
[175]
"Verdicts" Michael Jackson
Bryan Loren
  • Written and recorded in 1990 for Dangerous album
  • One of around 20–25 songs that Michael Jackson and Bryan Loren worked on
[172]
"On the Rain" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1998
[176]
"Vibrationalist" Michael Jackson
Teddy Riley
  • Written c. 1999
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
  • Alternatively titled "The Vibrationalist"
[177]
"Victory" Michael Jackson
Freddie Mercury
  • One of three songs Jackson worked on with Queen's Freddie Mercury in 1983
  • Demo version known to exist
[177]
"We Are the Ones" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1978
[178]
"We Be Ballin'" Michael Jackson [179]
"What A Lonely Way To Go"* Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1975
[180]
"What About Us" Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1988
  • Recorded 1989-91 for Dangerous
  • Scheduled for release on the special edition Dangerous album in 2001
  • Original version of "Earth Song"
  • Leaked online
[181]
"What You Do to Me" (1985, 1998) Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1985
  • First registered with the United States Copyright Office in 1985
  • Re-registered with the United States Copyright Office in 1998
[182]
"What's A Guy Gotta Do" Pharrell Williams
  • Written in 2000
  • Song was later given to Usher
[183]
"What's It Gonna Be" Michael Jackson [182]
"What's Your Life"* Michael Jackson
Jermaine Jackson
[184]
"When You Wish Upon A Star Medley" Michael Jackson [185]
"Who Is the Girl with Her Hair Down"* Michael Jackson [186]
"Why Can't I Be" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1980 for "Triumph"
[185]
"Why Shy"* Michael Jackson [185]
"Willing and Waiting" Michael Jackson
  • Failed to make the HIStory album
  • Produced by Babyface
  • In an interview, Jackson's assistant engineer said it was one of his favorite songs "A very pretty song - but I think Michael was looking to push things pretty hard on HIStory, Willing and Waiting was maybe a bit softer than the direction he was going"
[185]
"World of Candy" Michael Jackson
Brad Buxer
  • Written and recorded in 2008
[187]
''Work That Body'' Michael Jackson

Bryan Loren

  • Written and recorded for Dangerous
  • Planned for the cancelled special edition version of Dangerous
  • Leaked online
"You Ain't Gonna Change Nothin'"*(1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1975
[188]
"You Are a Liar"* Michael Jackson
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
  • Also known as "You're a Liar" and "You're a Liar, Brother"
[188]
"You Are So Beautiful" Michael Jackson
  • Song Jackson began writing in 2005 as a thank you to his fans for their ongoing support
[189]
"You Not Me" Michael Jackson [190]
"You Told Me Your Lovin'" (1984) Michael Jackson
  • Written in 1979
  • A second version exists, with words and music by Jackson's brother Randy
[191]
"You Were There" Michael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1989 for Sammy Davis Jr.
[13]
"You're Supposed to Keep Your Love for Me" Stevie Wonder [192]

See also

References

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b Halstead 2007, p. 1.
  2. ^ Campbell, p. 89
  3. ^ Grant, p. 168
  4. ^ Collier, Aldore. Michael Jackson tries to keep career from crumbling as he fights addiction to painkiller drugs and charges of child molestation. Jet. Retrieved October 17, 2009. 
  5. ^ Federal jury rules in favour of Michael Jackson. Jet. January 31, 1994. Retrieved March 10, 2009. 
  6. ^ Kreps, Daniel (July 20, 2009). "America Respond To Michael Jackson's 'A Place With No Name'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 17, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Michael Jackson's second career really takes off this week". San Jose Mercury News. October 28, 2009. Retrieved November 29, 2009. 
  8. ^ Montgomery, James (July 20, 2009). "America 'Honored' By Michael Jackson's 'A Place With No Name' Sample". MTV. Retrieved August 28, 2009. 
  9. ^ Netter, Sarah (July 17, 2009). "Michael Jackson's Unreleased Songs, Continuing the Music Legacy". ABC News. Retrieved August 28, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Sony Places Big Bet on a Fallen 'King'". The Wall Street Journal. March 16, 2010. Retrieved March 17, 2010. 
  11. ^ Halstead, p. 6.
  12. ^ a b c Halstead, p. 8.
  13. ^ a b c d "Image: 28-songs-MJ-was-working-on.jpg, (720 × 420 px)". damienshields.com. Retrieved September 6, 2015. 
  14. ^ Halstead, pp. 14
  15. ^ Halstead, pp. 17
  16. ^ Halstead, p. 17.
  17. ^ Halstead, p. 15.
  18. ^ Halstead, p. 20.
  19. ^ Halstead, p. 29.
  20. ^ Halstead, p. 49.
  21. ^ Halstead, p. 25.
  22. ^ Halstead, p. 26.
  23. ^ Halstead, p. 32.
  24. ^ Smallcombe, p. 649.
  25. ^ a b Halstead, p. 51.
  26. ^ Halstead, p. 89.
  27. ^ Halstead, p. 58.
  28. ^ Halstead, p. 60
  29. ^ Halstead, p. 180.
  30. ^ Halstead, p. 36.
  31. ^ a b Halstead, p. 53.
  32. ^ a b Halstead, p. 389.
  33. ^ Halstead, p. 425.
  34. ^ Halstead, p. 481.
  35. ^ Halstead, p. 67.
  36. ^ a b Halstead, p. 388.
  37. ^ Halstead, p. 72.
  38. ^ Halstead, p. 70.
  39. ^ a b Halstead, p. 70.
  40. ^ Halstead, p. 72.
  41. ^ Halstead, p. 73.
  42. ^ Halstead, p. 86.
  43. ^ Halstead, p. 98.
  44. ^ Halstead, p. 79.
  45. ^ Halstead, p. 80.
  46. ^ Halstead, p. 383.
  47. ^ Halstead, p. 383.
  48. ^ a b c d e Halstead p. 386
  49. ^ Halstead, p. 90.
  50. ^ a b Halstead, p. 88.
  51. ^ Halstead, p. 89.
  52. ^ Halstead, p. 438.
  53. ^ Halstead, p. 95.
  54. ^ Halstead, p. 387.
  55. ^ Halstead, pp. 100–101.
  56. ^ a b Halstead, p. 102.
  57. ^ Halstead, p. 83.
  58. ^ a b Halstead, p. 107.
  59. ^ a b Halstead, p. 108.
  60. ^ a b Halstead, p. 109.
  61. ^ Halstead, p. 114.
  62. ^ Halstead, p. 59.
  63. ^ Halstead, p. 77.
  64. ^ Halstead p. 387.
  65. ^ Halstead, p. 125.
  66. ^ Halstead, p. 125.
  67. ^ Halstead, p. 129.
  68. ^ Halstead, p. 127.
  69. ^ Halstead, p. 130.
  70. ^ a b Halstead, p. 139.
  71. ^ Halstead, p. 133.
  72. ^ a b c d e Halstead, p. 142.
  73. ^ a b c Halstead, pp. 309–332
  74. ^ Halstead, p. 187
  75. ^ Halstead, p. 28.
  76. ^ Halstead, p. 143.
  77. ^ Halstead, p. 147.
  78. ^ Halstead, p. 147.
  79. ^ Halstead, p. 148.
  80. ^ Halstead, p. 149.
  81. ^ a b c d Halstead, p. 150.
  82. ^ Halstead, p. 147.
  83. ^ Halstead, p. 296.
  84. ^ Halstead, p. 163.
  85. ^ Halstead, p. 169.
  86. ^ Halstead, p. 175.
  87. ^ Halstead, p. 189.
  88. ^ Halstead, p. 178.
  89. ^ Halstead, p. 178.
  90. ^ Halstead, p. 172.
  91. ^ Q, June 1993
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  95. ^ Halstead, p. 189.
  96. ^ Halstead, p. 183.
  97. ^ Halstead, p. 185.
  98. ^ Halstead, p. 186-187.
  99. ^ a b c d Halstead, p. 194.
  100. ^ Halstead, p. 195.
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  102. ^ a b Halstead, p. 204.
  103. ^ a b Halstead, p. 205.
  104. ^ Halstead, p. 212.
  105. ^ Smallcombe, Mike (2016). Making Michael. Clink Street Publishing. p. 238. ISBN 978-1910782514. 
  106. ^ Halstead, p. 219.
  107. ^ Halstead, p. 220.
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  109. ^ Halstead, p. 223.
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  112. ^ ="Smallcombe, p. 649."
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  118. ^ Halstead, p. 242.
  119. ^ Halstead, p. 243.
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  124. ^ Halstead, p. 252.
  125. ^ Halstead, p. 237.
  126. ^ Halstead, p. 252.
  127. ^ Halstead, p. 200.
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  149. ^ Halstead, p. 482.
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  151. ^ Halstead, p. 300.
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  153. ^ Halstead, pp. 306
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  155. ^ a b c Halstead, p. 310.
  156. ^ Halstead, p. 306.
  157. ^ Halstead, p. 283.
  158. ^ Cite error: The named reference Smallcombe, p. 649 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  159. ^ Halstead, p. 67.
  160. ^ Halstead, p. 109.
  161. ^ Halstead, p.390.
  162. ^ Halstead, p. 123.
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  166. ^ YouTube
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  174. ^ Halstead, p. 332.
  175. ^ a b Halstead, p. 334.
  176. ^ Halstead 2007, p. 335.
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  179. ^ Halstead, pp. 345–346.
  180. ^ Halstead, p. 349.
  181. ^ Halstead, p. 350.
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  183. ^ Halstead, p. 353.
  184. ^ name="Halstead, p. 353.
  185. ^ a b c d Halstead, p. 362.
  186. ^ Halstead, p. 359.
  187. ^ Halstead, p. 337.
  188. ^ a b Halstead, p. 369.
  189. ^ Halstead, p. 373.
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  191. ^ Halstead, p. 377.
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Bibliography
  • Campbell, Lisa (1995). Michael Jackson: The King of Pop's Darkest Hour. Branden. ISBN 0-8283-2003-9. 
  • Grant, Adrian (2009). Michael Jackson: The Visual Documentary. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-1-84938-261-8. 
  • Halstead, Craig (2007). Michael Jackson: For the Record. Authors OnLine. ISBN 978-0-7552-0267-6. 

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