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List of universities in Finland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of the universities in Finland. Institutions of higher education are designated as universities by Finnish legislation.[1] Only universities have the right to confer degrees in the categories of alempi korkeakoulututkinto/lägre högskoleexamen (bachelor's degree) and ylempi korkeakoulututkinto/högre högskoleexamen (master's degree) and doctoral degrees.[2]

In addition to the universities, Finland has another, separate system of tertiary education consisting of the ammattikorkeakoulus/yrkeshögskolas, which used to be translated as polytechnics but now call themselves universities of applied sciences according to international usage (see the list of polytechnics in Finland). The universities of applied sciences have the right to confer degrees in the categories of ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/yrkeshögskoleexamen and ylempi ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/högre yrkeshögskoleexamen. In international usage, these degrees have the same names as those conferred by Finnish (normal) universities, i.e. bachelor's and master's degrees.[2]


Multidisciplinary universities

The Finnish universities are (sorted by the year of establishment):

No Name Established date Type Location Students Administrative staff
1 University of Helsinki 1640 Public Helsinki 34,833 8,000 [3]
2 Åbo Akademi University 1918 Public Åbo, Vasa and Jakobstad 5,500 1,300 [4]
3 University of Turku 1920 Public Turku, Pori 19,488 3,319 [5]
4 University of Jyväskylä 1934 Public Jyväskylä 14,492 2,583 [6]
5 University of Oulu 1958 Public Oulu 14,221 2,852 [7]
6 University of Vaasa 1968 Public Vaasa 5,048 498 [8]
7 University of Lapland 1979 Public Rovaniemi 4,349 633 [9]
8 University of Eastern Finland 2010 Public Joensuu and Kuopio 15,000 2,800 [10]
9 Aalto University 2010 Public Espoo and Helsinki 18,116 4,424 [11]
10 Tampere University 2019 Public Tampere, Pori and Seinäjoki[12] 20,600 3,550 [13]

Specialised universities

In Finland, there are also some institutions of higher education that have full university status, but which specialise in certain academic fields:

No Name Established date Type Location Students Administrative staff
1 Hanken School of Economics 1909 Public Helsinki, Vaasa 2200 130
2 Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT 1969 Public Lappeenranta, Lahti 5200 926
3 National Defence University 1993 Public Helsinki 850 350
4 University of the Arts Helsinki 2013 Public Helsinki 1993 729

The National Defence University is not considered a university by Finnish law, although it has the authority to award bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees and to pursue free research, and its rector is a member of the Council of Finnish University rectors.[14] The practical effect of this distinction is minor, and most notable in the administrative organisation of the university, which is military instead of civilian.

See also


  1. ^ Yliopistolaki/Universitetslag (558/2009). 1 §. Retrieved 10-3-2007. (in Finnish and Swedish)
  2. ^ a b Asetus korkeakoulututkintojen järjestelmästä/Förordning om högskolornas examenssystem (464/1998) as amended by decree 426/2005 1.1 §, section 1 and 8 §. Retrieved 10-3-2007. (in Finnish and Swedish)
  3. ^ "The University of Helsinki in Brief - University of Helsinki". 17 September 2015.
  4. ^ "Åbo Akademi - Startsida". Åbo Akademi.
  5. ^ "Yliopiston avaintiedot". Archived from the original on 2018-04-01. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
  6. ^ "Graafiset esitykset - Statistics". Jyväskylän yliopisto.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2014-06-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Avaintiedot". 27 January 2012.
  9. ^ "Yliopisto - Lapin yliopisto".
  10. ^ "Introduction - UEF".
  11. ^ "Avaintietoa ja vuosittaiset raportit". 12 November 2013.
  12. ^ "Yliopiston kampukset | Tampereen korkeakouluyhteisö". (in Finnish). Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  13. ^ "Facts and figures".
  14. ^ Finnish Council of University Rectors. Member Universities Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 10-3-2007.
This page was last edited on 4 October 2021, at 08:06
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