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List of tautological place names

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A place name is tautological if two differently sounding parts of it are synonymous. This often occurs when a name from one language is imported into another and a standard descriptor is added on from the second language. Thus, for example, New Zealand's Mount Maunganui is tautological since "maunganui" is Māori for "great mountain". The following is a list of place names often used tautologically, plus the languages from which the non-English name elements have come.

Tautological place names are systematically generated in languages such as English and Russian, where the type of the feature is systematically added to a name regardless of whether it contains it already. For example, in Russian, the format "Ozero X-ozero" (i.e. "Lake X-lake") is used. In English, it is usual to do the same for foreign names, even if they already describe the feature, for example Lake Kemijärvi (Lake Kemi-lake), or Saaremaa island (Island land island). On rare occasions, they may be named after a specific individual who shares their name with the feature. Examples include the Outerbridge Crossing across Arthur Kill, named after Eugenius Harvey Outerbridge and the Hall Building on the campus of Concordia University, named after Henry Floss Hall.

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Lakes and other bodies of water

Mountains and hills


Human structures


See also


  1. ^ Victor Wadds, ed., The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place Names, 2004, s.n. river AVON
  2. ^ Maqqarī, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-; al-Khaṭīb, Ibn (2 March 2018). "The History of the Mohammedan Dynasties in Spain: Extracted from the Nafhu-t-tíb Min Ghosni-l-Andalusi-r-rattíb Wa Táríkh Lisánu-d-Dín Ibni-l-Khattíb". Oriental translation fund of Great Britain and Ireland, sold – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Okrent, Arika (11 April 2013). "11 Totally Redundant Place Names". Mental Floss. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Abhainn Eathar/Owenaher River".
  5. ^ "Owenakilla River".
  6. ^ "'Bunowen River'".
  7. ^ "Abhainn Fhia/Owenea River".
  8. ^ Blake, Les (1977), Place names of Victoria, Adelaide: Rigby, p. 294, ISBN 0-7270-0250-3, cited in Bird (2006)
  9. ^ Reed, A.W. (1975). Place names of New Zealand. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed. pp. 442ff
  10. ^ a b "Karttapaikka - Maanmittauslaitos".
  11. ^ Government of Ontario, "About Ontario: History",, March 7, 2019
  12. ^ Reed, A.W. (1975). Place names of New Zealand. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed. pp. 365-6
  13. ^ McDonald, Fred; Julia Cresswell (1993). The Guinness Book of British Place Names. London: Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-576-X.
  14. ^ Francis, Darryl (2003). "The Debunking of Torpenhow Hill". Word Ways. 36 (1): 6–8.
  15. ^ David Mills, 2011, A Dictionary of British Place-Names
  16. ^ "holm — Den Danske Ordbog".
  17. ^ Hywel Wyn Jones, The Place-Names of Wales, 1998
  18. ^ Merriam-Webster (1998). Merriam-Webster's Spanish-English Dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam Webster. ISBN 0-87779-165-1.
  19. ^ Nielsen, Oluf (1877). "Kjøbenhavn i Middelalderen" (in Danish). G.E.C. Gad. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  20. ^ Bronner, Ethan (July 25, 2008). "Museum Offers Gray Gaza a View of Its Dazzling Past". New York Times. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  21. ^ "ePodunk".
  22. ^ Gannon, Megan (23 June 2017). "10 Fascinating Facts About the La Brea Tar Pits". Mental Floss. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  23. ^ Reed, A.W. (1975). Place names of New Zealand. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed. p. 396
  24. ^ Reed, A.W. (1975). Place names of New Zealand. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed. p. 424
This page was last edited on 7 October 2019, at 11:38
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