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List of tallest structures in the United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML

This list contains all types of structures 150 metres (490 ft) in height or more, which is the accepted criterion for a building to qualify as a skyscraper in the United Kingdom.

Entries in italics denote approximate figures.

Structures taller than 300 metres

Name Pinnacle height Image Year Primary use Town Construction type Coordinates Remarks
Skelton Mast 365 metres (1,198 ft)
2001 communication Skelton, Cumbria guyed steel lattice mast 54°43′54.5″N 2°52′58.9″W / 54.731806°N 2.883028°W / 54.731806; -2.883028 (Skelton Radio Mast) Insulated against ground.
Belmont Mast 351.65 metres (1,154 ft)
1965 communication Donington on Bain, Lincolnshire guyed tubular steel mast 53°20′9.07″N 0°10′19.11″W / 53.3358528°N 0.1719750°W / 53.3358528; -0.1719750 (Belmont TV Mast) Originally 1,265', modified height of 1,272 feet (387.7 m) was the tallest construction in the EU, and tallest tubular steel mast in the world.
New Caldbeck Mast 337 metres (1,106 ft) 2008 communication Caldbeck, Cumbria guyed steel lattice mast 54°46′24″N 3°5′26″W / 54.77333°N 3.09056°W / 54.77333; -3.09056 (Caldbeck TV Mast) Replaced the original Caldbeck mast, which was dismantled in 2008.
Emley Moor Tower 330.5 metres (1,084 ft)
1970 communication Huddersfield, West Yorkshire concrete tower 53°36′43.4″N 1°39′51.89″W / 53.612056°N 1.6644139°W / 53.612056; -1.6644139 (Emley Moor TV Tower) Tallest freestanding structure in UK. Original 137 m (450 ft) tower built in 1956, replaced 1964. Second 385 m (1265 ft) guyed tubular mast was built 1964 to replace the tower, but collapsed 1969 due to icing and strong winds.
Durris Mast 322.0 metres (1,056 ft) 1961 communication Durris, Aberdeenshire guyed steel lattice mast 57°0′0″N 2°23′24″W / 57.00000°N 2.39000°W / 57.00000; -2.39000 (Durris TV Mast) Tallest structure in Scotland.
Arfon Mast 317.4 metres (1,041 ft) 1962 communication Penygroes, Gwynedd guyed steel lattice mast 53°1′11.77″N 4°16′24.61″W / 53.0199361°N 4.2735028°W / 53.0199361; -4.2735028 (Arfon TV Mast) Tallest structure in Wales.
Emley Moor Temporary Broadcasting Mast 317 metres (1,040 ft) 2018 communication Huddersfield, West Yorkshire guyed lattice steel mast 53°36′39.87″N 1°39′56.28″W / 53.6110750°N 1.6656333°W / 53.6110750; -1.6656333 (Emley Moor Temporary Broadcasting Mast) Temporary mast, used for transmitting at Emley Moor while renovation of antenna system.
Winter Hill Mast 309.48 metres (1,015 ft) 1965 communication Bolton, Greater Manchester guyed tubular steel mast 53°37′32.14″N 2°30′53.25″W / 53.6255944°N 2.5147917°W / 53.6255944; -2.5147917 (Winter Hill TV Mast) Original 137 m (450 ft) tower built 1956, replaced 1964. DTT mast raised height to 315.4, but was removed after digital switchover.
Waltham Mast 315 metres (1,033 ft) 1968 communication Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire guyed tubular steel mast 52°48′5.18″N 0°48′3.04″W / 52.8014389°N 0.8008444°W / 52.8014389; -0.8008444 (Waltham TV Mast) Original mast built in 1966, collapsed before completion later that year. Replaced by a new mast with the same height.
The Shard 309.6 metres (1,016 ft)
Shard London Bridge May 2012.JPG
2012 various Southwark, London skyscraper 51°30′16.2″N 0°05′11.4″W / 51.504500°N 0.086500°W / 51.504500; -0.086500 (Shard) Tallest building in Europe outside Russia. (Was the tallest building in the EU until Britain's departure on 31 January 2020).
Black Hill Mast 306.6 metres (1,006 ft) 1961 communication Salsburgh, North Lanarkshire guyed steel lattice mast 55°51′42.53″N 3°52′20.85″W / 55.8618139°N 3.8724583°W / 55.8618139; -3.8724583 (Black Hill TV Mast) Original 228 m (750 ft) mast built 1957, replaced 1961.
Strabane Mast 305.5 metres (1,002 ft) 1963 communication Strabane, Co Tyrone guyed steel lattice mast 54°47′58″N 7°23′19″W / 54.79944°N 7.38861°W / 54.79944; -7.38861 (Strabane TV Mast) Tallest structure in Ireland.
Mendlesham Mast 305.4 metres (1,002 ft) 1959 communication Mendlesham, Suffolk guyed steel lattice mast 52°14′4.36″N 1°6′26.39″E / 52.2345444°N 1.1073306°E / 52.2345444; 1.1073306 (Mendlesham TV Mast) Tallest television mast in Europe at time of construction.
Lichfield Mast 305.2 metres (1,001 ft) 1961 communication Tamworth, Staffordshire guyed steel lattice mast 52°38′11.83″N 1°45′32.37″W / 52.6366194°N 1.7589917°W / 52.6366194; -1.7589917 (Lichfield TV Mast) Original 137 m (450 ft) tower built 1956, replaced 1961.
Mendip Mast 305.0 metres (1,001 ft) 1967 communication St Cuthbert Out, Somerset guyed tubular steel mast 51°14′13.45″N 2°37′31.32″W / 51.2370694°N 2.6253667°W / 51.2370694; -2.6253667 (Mendip TV Mast)

Structures 250 to 300 metres tall

Name Pinnacle height Image Year Primary Use Town Construction Type Coordinates Remarks
22 Bishopsgate 278 metres (912 ft)
2019 office City of London Skyscraper 51.5145°N 0.0829°W Tallest building in the City of London.
Crimond Royal Naval Wireless Telegraphy Station, Large Mast 274.3 metres (900 ft)
? communication Crimond, Aberdeenshire guyed steel lattice mast 57°37′2.88″N 1°53′15.42″W / 57.6174667°N 1.8876167°W / 57.6174667; -1.8876167 (Crimond Royal Naval Wireless Telegraphy Station, Large Mast)
Sutton Coldfield Mast 270.5 metres (887 ft) 1983 communication Birmingham, West Midlands guyed steel lattice mast 52°36′2.17″N 1°50′1.94″W / 52.6006028°N 1.8338722°W / 52.6006028; -1.8338722 (Sutton Coldfield TV Mast) Original mast built 1949, replaced 1983.
Wenvoe Mast 265 metres (869 ft) 1985 communication Vale of Glamorgan guyed steel lattice mast 51°27′33.68″N 3°16′53.53″W / 51.4593556°N 3.2815361°W / 51.4593556; -3.2815361 (Wenvoe TV Mast) Original mast built 1952, replaced 1985. Extended by 23m with new antenna system (February 2008).
Drax Power Station 259 metres (850 ft)
1969[1] chimney Selby, North Yorkshire concrete tower 53°44′13.77″N 0°59′56.5″W / 53.7371583°N 0.999028°W / 53.7371583; -0.999028 (Drax Power Station chimney) Tallest chimney in UK.[2]
Rugby VLF Mast 250 metres (820 ft) 1925 communication Rugby, Warwickshire guyed steel lattice mast 52°22′26.89″N 1°11′17.35″W / 52.3741361°N 1.1881528°W / 52.3741361; -1.1881528 (Rugby VLF Mast); 52°22′16.24″N 1°11′5.63″W / 52.3711778°N 1.1848972°W / 52.3711778; -1.1848972 (Rugby VLF Mast (destroyed)); 52°22′3.25″N 1°11′7.76″W / 52.3675694°N 1.1854889°W / 52.3675694; -1.1854889 (Rugby VLF Mast (destroyed)); 52°21′57.93″N 1°11′27.41″W / 52.3660917°N 1.1909472°W / 52.3660917; -1.1909472 (Rugby VLF Mast (destroyed)); 52°22′5.69″N 1°11′44.59″W / 52.3682472°N 1.1957194°W / 52.3682472; -1.1957194 (Rugby VLF Mast (destroyed)); 52°22′16.46″N 1°11′56.81″W / 52.3712389°N 1.1991139°W / 52.3712389; -1.1991139 (Rugby VLF Mast (destroyed)); 52°21′44.9″N 1°11′29.75″W / 52.362472°N 1.1915972°W / 52.362472; -1.1915972 (Rugby VLF Mast (destroyed)); 52°21′33.04″N 1°11′21.23″W / 52.3591778°N 1.1892306°W / 52.3591778; -1.1892306 (Rugby VLF Mast (destroyed)); 52°21′25.34″N 1°11′4.1″W / 52.3570389°N 1.184472°W / 52.3570389; -1.184472 (Rugby VLF Mast (destroyed)); 52°21′55.43″N 1°10′50.84″W / 52.3653972°N 1.1807889°W / 52.3653972; -1.1807889 (Rugby VLF Mast (destroyed)); 52°21′43.51″N 1°10′42.34″W / 52.3620861°N 1.1784278°W / 52.3620861; -1.1784278 (Rugby VLF Mast (destroyed)); 52°21′30.57″N 1°10′44.64″W / 52.3584917°N 1.1790667°W / 52.3584917; -1.1790667 (Rugby VLF Mast (destroyed)) 12 guyed masts insulated against ground, demolished in June 2004 and August 2007.

Structures 200 to 250 metres tall

Name Pinnacle height Image Year Primary Use Town Construction Type Coordinates Remarks
Grain Power Station 244 metres (801 ft)
1979[3] chimney Isle of Grain, Kent concrete tower 51°26′46.84″N 0°42′42.2″E / 51.4463444°N 0.711722°E / 51.4463444; 0.711722 (Grain Power Station Chimney) Demolished on 7 September 2016.[4]
Mounteagle Mast 243.8 metres (800 ft) 1961 communication Fortrose, Ross-shire guyed steel lattice mast 57°35′30″N 4°16′36″W / 57.59167°N 4.27667°W / 57.59167; -4.27667 (Mounteagle TV Mast)
Dover Mast 243.2 metres (798 ft) 1960 communication Dover, Kent guyed steel lattice mast 51°6′42.11″N 1°14′50.83″E / 51.1116972°N 1.2474528°E / 51.1116972; 1.2474528 (Dover TV Mast)
Landmark Pinnacle 239 metres (784 ft)
2020 Residential Isle of Dogs skyscraper 51° 30′ 9.6″ N, 0° 1′ 31.5″ W
Sandy Heath Mast 240.8 metres (790 ft)
1965 communication Sandy, Bedfordshire guyed steel lattice mast 52°7′48.67″N 0°14′29.09″W / 52.1301861°N 0.2414139°W / 52.1301861; -0.2414139 (Sandy Heath TV Mast)
Selkirk Mast 238.8 metres (783 ft) 1961 communication Selkirk, Scottish Borders guyed steel lattice mast 55°33′21.08″N 2°47′35.61″W / 55.5558556°N 2.7932250°W / 55.5558556; -2.7932250 (Selkirk TV Mast)
Caradon Hill Mast 237.7 metres (780 ft)
1961 communication Liskeard, Cornwall guyed steel lattice mast 50°30′41″N 4°26′12.3″W / 50.51139°N 4.436750°W / 50.51139; -4.436750 (Caradon Hill TV Mast)
Inverkip Power Station 236 metres (774 ft)
1976[5] chimney Wemyss Bay, Inverclyde concrete tower 55°53′58.16″N 4°53′12.84″W / 55.8994889°N 4.8869000°W / 55.8994889; -4.8869000 (Inverkip Power Station Chimney) Former tallest free-standing structure in Scotland; demolished on 28 July 2013 with explosives.[6]
Preseli Mast 235.4 metres (772 ft)
1962 communication Crymych, Pembrokeshire guyed steel lattice mast 51°56′39.69″N 4°39′39.61″W / 51.9443583°N 4.6610028°W / 51.9443583; -4.6610028 (Preseli TV Mast)
One Canada Square 235.1 metres (771 ft)
London MMB S6 Canary Wharf.jpg
1991 office Canary Wharf, London skyscraper 51°30′18.33″N 0°1′10.41″W / 51.5050917°N 0.0195583°W / 51.5050917; -0.0195583 (One Canada Square)
Stockland Hill Mast 235.0 metres (771 ft)
1961 communication Honiton, Devon guyed steel lattice mast 50°48′25.81″N 3°6′17.81″W / 50.8071694°N 3.1049472°W / 50.8071694; -3.1049472 (Stockland Hill TV Mast)
Moel-y-Parc Mast 230 metres (755 ft)
1963 communication Caerwys, Flintshire guyed steel lattice mast 53°13′15.8″N 3°18′51.86″W / 53.221056°N 3.3144056°W / 53.221056; -3.3144056 (Moel-y-Parc TV Mast)
Heron Tower 230 metres (755 ft)
Heron Tower, Bishopsgate, London.JPG
2010 office City of London skyscraper 51°30′58.0″N 0°4′51.0″W / 51.516111°N 0.080833°W / 51.516111; -0.080833 (Heron Tower)
Angus Mast 229.5 metres (753 ft)
1965 communication Angus guyed steel lattice mast 56°33′18.3″N 2°59′9.47″W / 56.555083°N 2.9859639°W / 56.555083; -2.9859639 (Angus TV Mast)
Rumster Forest Mast 229.2 metres (752 ft) 1965 communication Wick, Caithness guyed steel lattice mast 58°19′40.98″N 3°22′17.05″W / 58.3280500°N 3.3714028°W / 58.3280500; -3.3714028 (Rumster Forest TV Mast)
Ashkirk Mast 229.1 metres (752 ft)
1963 communication Selkirk, Scottish Borders guyed steel lattice mast 55°30′38.52″N 2°50′26.39″W / 55.5107000°N 2.8406639°W / 55.5107000; -2.8406639 (Ashkirk TV Mast)
Chillerton Down Mast 228.9 metres (751 ft)
1958 communication Newport, Isle of Wight guyed steel lattice mast 50°38′57.36″N 1°19′43.94″W / 50.6492667°N 1.3288722°W / 50.6492667; -1.3288722 (Chillerton Down TV Mast)
Black Mountain Mast 228.6 metres (750 ft) 1959 communication Belfast, Northern Ireland guyed steel lattice mast 54°35′13.39″N 6°1′19.48″W / 54.5870528°N 6.0220778°W / 54.5870528; -6.0220778 (Black Mountain TV Mast)
Burnhope Mast 228.6 metres (750 ft)
1958 communication Burnhope, County Durham guyed steel lattice mast 54°49′18.8″N 1°42′53.3″W / 54.821889°N 1.714806°W / 54.821889; -1.714806 (Burnhope TV Mast)
St. Hilary Mast 227.1 metres (745 ft)
1957 communication Cowbridge, Vale of Glamorgan guyed steel lattice mast 51°27′26.8″N 3°24′10.6″W / 51.457444°N 3.402944°W / 51.457444; -3.402944 (St. Hilary TV Mast)
Anthorn Radio Station 227 metres (745 ft)
Anthorn array.jpg
1964 communication Anthorn, Cumbria guyed steel lattice mast 54°54′41.93″N 3°16′43.47″W / 54.9116472°N 3.2787417°W / 54.9116472; -3.2787417 (Anthorn transmitter, Central Mast) ; 54°54′53.26″N 3°16′33.22″W / 54.9147944°N 3.2758944°W / 54.9147944; -3.2758944 (Anthorn transmitter, Inner Ring Mast 1) ; 54°54′42.97″N 3°16′20.76″W / 54.9119361°N 3.2724333°W / 54.9119361; -3.2724333 (Anthorn transmitter, Inner Ring Mast 2) ; 54°54′31.56″N 3°16′30.01″W / 54.9087667°N 3.2750028°W / 54.9087667; -3.2750028 (Anthorn transmitter, Inner Ring Mast 3) ; 54°54′30.49″N 3°16′51.78″W / 54.9084694°N 3.2810500°W / 54.9084694; -3.2810500 (Anthorn transmitter, Inner Ring Mast 4) ; 54°54′40.83″N 3°17′4.25″W / 54.9113417°N 3.2845139°W / 54.9113417; -3.2845139 (Anthorn transmitter, Inner Ring Mast 5) ; 54°54′52.21″N 3°16′54.98″W / 54.9145028°N 3.2819389°W / 54.9145028; -3.2819389 (Anthorn transmitter, Inner Ring Mast 6) ; 54°55′2.99″N 3°16′45.62″W / 54.9174972°N 3.2793389°W / 54.9174972; -3.2793389 (Anthorn transmitter, Outer Ring Mast 1) ; 54°54′53.99″N 3°16′12.34″W / 54.9149972°N 3.2700944°W / 54.9149972; -3.2700944 (Anthorn transmitter, Outer Ring Mast 2) ; 54°54′32.9″N 3°16′9.23″W / 54.909139°N 3.2692306°W / 54.909139; -3.2692306 (Anthorn transmitter, Outer Ring Mast 3) ; 54°54′20.82″N 3°16′39.35″W / 54.9057833°N 3.2775972°W / 54.9057833; -3.2775972 (Anthorn transmitter, Outer Ring Mast 4) ; 54°54′29.83″N 3°17′12.68″W / 54.9082861°N 3.2868556°W / 54.9082861; -3.2868556 (Anthorn transmitter, Outer Ring Mast 5) ; 54°54′50.92″N 3°17′15.88″W / 54.9141444°N 3.2877444°W / 54.9141444; -3.2877444 (Anthorn transmitter, Outer Ring Mast 6)
Holme Moss Mast 225 metres (738 ft)
1984 communication Holmfirth, West Yorkshire guyed steel lattice mast 53°31′59.88″N 1°51′29″W / 53.5333000°N 1.85806°W / 53.5333000; -1.85806 (Holme Moss TV Mast) Original 229 m (750 ft) mast built 1951, replaced.
Leadenhall Building 225 metres (738 ft)
Cheesegrater and Gherkin.jpg
2014 office City of London skyscraper 51°30′49.68″N 0°4′55.56″W / 51.5138000°N 0.0821000°W / 51.5138000; -0.0821000 (122 Leadenhall Street)
Crystal Palace Tower 219 metres (719 ft)
Cp mast.jpg
1950 communication Norwood, London lattice tower 51°25′27.05″N 0°4′29.88″W / 51.4241806°N 0.0749667°W / 51.4241806; -0.0749667 (Crystal Palace Tower)
Pembroke Power Station 217.3 metres (713 ft)
1968[7] chimney Pembroke, Pembrokeshire concrete tower 51°41′8″N 4°59′21.17″W / 51.68556°N 4.9892139°W / 51.68556; -4.9892139 (Pembroke Power Station Chimney) Demolished on 25 November 2000.[8]
Littlebrook "D" Power Station 215 metres (705 ft)
1981[9] chimney Dartford, Kent concrete tower 51°28′0.8″N 0°14′31.03″E / 51.466889°N 0.2419528°E / 51.466889; 0.2419528 (Littlebrook Power Station Chimney) Demolished with explosives on 15 December 2019.[10]
Droitwich Mast 1 213.4 metres (700 ft)
1934 communication Droitwich, Worcestershire guyed steel lattice mast 52°17′46.9″N 2°6′24.32″W / 52.296361°N 2.1067556°W / 52.296361; -2.1067556 (Droitwich Mast 1) Consists of two masts of the same height. Broadcasts Radio 4 LW on 198 kHz.
Droitwich Mast 2 213.4 metres (700 ft)
1934 communication Droitwich, Worcestershire guyed steel lattice mast 52°17′40.4″N 2°6′20.62″W / 52.294556°N 2.1057278°W / 52.294556; -2.1057278 (Droitwich Mast 2)
Queensferry Crossing 207 metres (679 ft)
2017 bridge Lothian and Fife cable-stayed bridge concrete towers 56°00′17″N 3°24′45″W / 56.0046°N 3.4124°W / 56.0046; -3.4124 (Queensferry Crossing)
Tacolneston Mast (replacement) 206.1 metres (676 ft)
2009 communication Tacolneston, Norfolk guyed steel lattice mast 52°31′4″N 1°8′20″E / 52.51778°N 1.13889°E / 52.51778; 1.13889 (Tacolneston TV Mast) Built to replace the 165m mast, ready for Digital Switchover in 2011. Mast construction started in September 2009, and took five weeks build.
Ironbridge "B" Power Station 205 metres (673 ft)
1969[11] chimney Telford, Shropshire concrete tower 52°37′47.6″N 2°30′48″W / 52.629889°N 2.51333°W / 52.629889; -2.51333 (Ironbridge Power Station Chimney) Also known as Buildwas Power Station. Demolished on 3 September 2021.[12]
European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre 204 metres (669 ft)
2018 wind farm Aberdeenshire (3 km offshore) 11 x MHI Vestas Offshore V164-8.8 MW turbines[13] 57°13′N 1°59′W / 57.217°N 1.983°W / 57.217; -1.983 (European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre)
Deansgate Square South Tower 201 metres (659 ft)
2018 residential Manchester, Greater Manchester skyscraper 53°28′18.8″N 2°15′5.72″W / 53.471889°N 2.2515889°W / 53.471889; -2.2515889 (Deansgate Square South Tower) Tallest building in the UK outside of London.
Fiddlers Ferry Power Station 200 metres (656 ft)
1971[14] chimney Cuerdley, Cheshire concrete tower 53°22′22.2″N 2°41′8.85″W / 53.372833°N 2.6857917°W / 53.372833; -2.6857917 (Fiddlers Ferry Power Station Chimney)
West Burton "A" Power Station 200 metres (656 ft)
1966[15] chimney West Burton, Nottinghamshire concrete tower 53°21′44.42″N 0°48′47.09″W / 53.3623389°N 0.8130806°W / 53.3623389; -0.8130806 (West Burton Power Station Chimney) ; 53°21′46.83″N 0°48′38.83″W / 53.3630083°N 0.8107861°W / 53.3630083; -0.8107861 (West Burton Power Station Chimney) Twin chimneys. Original chimneys were demolished and replaced in 2003.[16][17]
Eggborough Power Station 200 metres (656 ft)
1966[18] chimney Eggborough, North Yorkshire concrete tower 53°42′42.4″N 1°7′30.85″W / 53.711778°N 1.1252361°W / 53.711778; -1.1252361 (Eggborough Power Station Chimney)

Structures 150 to 200 metres tall

Name Pinnacle height Image Year Primary Use Town Construction Type Coordinates Remarks
Citigroup Centre 199.5 metres (655 ft)
25CanadaSquare.jpg
2001 office Canary Wharf, London skyscraper 51°30′14.26″N 0°1′4.37″W / 51.5039611°N 0.0178806°W / 51.5039611; -0.0178806 (Canary Wharf)
HSBC Tower 199.5 metres (655 ft)
HSBC Headquarters Canary Wharf.jpg
2002 office Canary Wharf, London skyscraper 51°30′19.5″N 0°1′2.72″W / 51.505417°N 0.0174222°W / 51.505417; -0.0174222 (HSBC Tower)
Didcot "A" Power Station 199.5 metres (655 ft)
1968[19] chimney Didcot, Oxfordshire concrete tower 51°37′20.17″N 1°15′39.02″W / 51.6222694°N 1.2608389°W / 51.6222694; -1.2608389 (Didcot A Power Station Chimney) Demolished on 9 February 2020.[19]
Ratcliffe-on-Soar Power Station 199 metres (653 ft)
1967[20] chimney Kegworth, Nottinghamshire concrete tower 52°52′1.11″N 1°15′23.93″W / 52.8669750°N 1.2566472°W / 52.8669750; -1.2566472 (Ratcliffe-on-Soar Power Station Chimney)
Cottam Power Station 198 metres (650 ft)
1968[21] chimney Retford, Nottinghamshire concrete tower 53°18′17.2″N 0°46′53.96″W / 53.304778°N 0.7816556°W / 53.304778; -0.7816556 (Cottam Power Station Chimney)
Kilroot power station 198 metres (650 ft)
1981[22] chimney Carrickfergus, Northern Ireland concrete tower 54°43′28.25″N 5°46′2.15″W / 54.7245139°N 5.7672639°W / 54.7245139; -5.7672639 (Kilroot power station)
Fawley Power Station 198 metres (650 ft)
1969[23] chimney Fawley, Hampshire concrete tower 50°49′3.66″N 1°19′45.14″W / 50.8176833°N 1.3292056°W / 50.8176833; -1.3292056 (Fawley Power Station Chimney) Demolished on 31 October 2021.[24]
Ferrybridge "C" Power Station 198 metres (650 ft)
1966[25] chimney Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire concrete tower 53°42′57.07″N 1°16′47.78″W / 53.7158528°N 1.2799389°W / 53.7158528; -1.2799389 (Ferrybridge Power Station, Chimney1) ; 53°42′55.45″N 1°16′52.34″W / 53.7154028°N 1.2812056°W / 53.7154028; -1.2812056 (Ferrybridge Power Station, Chimney2) Twin chimneys. Demolished on 22 August 2021.[26]
Kingsnorth Power Station 198 metres (650 ft)
1970[27] chimney Rochester, Kent concrete tower 51°25′6.25″N 0°36′13.79″E / 51.4184028°N 0.6038306°E / 51.4184028; 0.6038306 (Kingsnorth Power Station Chimney) Demolished on 22 March 2018.[28]
North Hessary Tor Mast 196.0 metres (643 ft)
1955 communication Princetown, Devon guyed steel lattice mast 50°33′0.84″N 4°0′29.9″W / 50.5502333°N 4.008306°W / 50.5502333; -4.008306 (North Hessary Tor Mast)
Samsung Heavy Industries 7 MW wind turbine prototype 196.0 metres (643 ft) 2014 wind turbine Methil, Fife tower 56°10′26″N 3°1′9″W / 56.17389°N 3.01917°W / 56.17389; -3.01917 (Samsung 7MW prototype Methil)
400 kV Thames Crossing 190 metres (623 ft)
electricity pylon River Thames, Swanscombe lattice tower 51°28′3.73″N 0°17′15.86″E / 51.4677028°N 0.2877389°E / 51.4677028; 0.2877389 (400 kV Thames Crossing, Tower North) ; 51°27′43.77″N 0°18′19.33″E / 51.4621583°N 0.3053694°E / 51.4621583; 0.3053694 (400 kV Thames Crossing, Tower South) Consists of two equal height pylons, one on either bank of the River Thames.
BT Tower 188.4 metres (618 ft)
BT Tower-1.jpg
1964 communication Fitzrovia, London concrete tower 51°31′17.4″N 0°8′20.04″W / 51.521500°N 0.1389000°W / 51.521500; -0.1389000 (BT Tower London) Formerly known as the Post Office Tower and had a revolving restaurant at the top.
Rowridge transmitting station, new mast 187 metres (614 ft)
2009 communication Rowridge, Isle of Wight guyed steel lattice mast
Crimond Royal Naval Wireless Telegraphy Station, Mast Southwest 183.2 metres (601 ft)
? communication Crimond, Aberdeenshire guyed steel lattice mast 57°36′44.24″N 1°53′36.62″W / 57.6122889°N 1.8935056°W / 57.6122889; -1.8935056 (Crimond Royal Naval Wireless Telegraphy Station, Mast Southwest)
Kirk o' Shotts Mast 183 metres (600 ft)
1952 communication Salsburgh, North Lanarkshire guyed steel lattice mast 55°51′9.92″N 3°49′33.81″W / 55.8527556°N 3.8260583°W / 55.8527556; -3.8260583 (Kirk o' Shotts Mast) Original height 228.6 metres (750 ft).
Masts of RNAS Inskip 183 metres (600 ft)
? communication Inskip, Lancashire guyed steel lattice mast 53°49′46.51″N 2°49′48.65″W / 53.8295861°N 2.8301806°W / 53.8295861; -2.8301806 (RNAS Inskip, Mast 1) ; 53°49′48.26″N 2°50′3.37″W / 53.8300722°N 2.8342694°W / 53.8300722; -2.8342694 (RNAS Inskip, Mast 2) ; 53°49′54.06″N 2°50′14.65″W / 53.8316833°N 2.8374028°W / 53.8316833; -2.8374028 (RNAS Inskip, Mast 3) ; 53°49′45.37″N 2°50′17.54″W / 53.8292694°N 2.8382056°W / 53.8292694; -2.8382056 (RNAS Inskip, Mast 4)
Stirling Transmitting Station 183 metres (600 ft) communication Stirling guyed mast 56°04′17.65″N 4°03′37.41″W / 56.0715694°N 4.0603917°W / 56.0715694; -4.0603917 (Stirling Transmitting Station) Used for DECTRA-Navigation.
Kidsdale Transmitting Station 183 metres (600 ft) communication Whithorn, Dumfries and Galloway guyed mast 54°42′1.66″N 4°25′22.13″W / 54.7004611°N 4.4228139°W / 54.7004611; -4.4228139 (Kidsdale Transmitting Station ( demolished)) Used for DECTRA-Navigation, demolished ( when?)
Tower 42 183 metres (600 ft)
Tower 42 looking north from Bishopsgate 2011-05-04.jpg
1980 office City of London skyscraper 51°30′54.89″N 0°5′1.79″W / 51.5152472°N 0.0838306°W / 51.5152472; -0.0838306 (Tower 42) Previously known as "The Nat West Tower".
Rugeley "B" Power Station 183 metres (600 ft)
1970 chimney Rugeley, Staffordshire concrete tower 52°45′29.79″N 1°55′8.51″W / 52.7582750°N 1.9190306°W / 52.7582750; -1.9190306 (Rugeley Power Station Chimney) Original chimney was replaced in 2009.[29] Replacement chimney was later demolished on 24 January 2021.[30]
Longannet Power Station 183 metres (600 ft)
1969[31] chimney Longannet, Fife concrete tower 56°02′54.86″N 3°40′57.24″W / 56.0485722°N 3.6825667°W / 56.0485722; -3.6825667 (Longannet Power Station Chimney) Demolished on 9 December 2021.[32]
Crimond Royal Naval Wireless Telegraphy Station, Mast Southeast 182.88 metres (600 ft)
? communication Crimond, Aberdeenshire guyed steel lattice mast 57°36′23.28″N 1°52′49.48″W / 57.6064667°N 1.8804111°W / 57.6064667; -1.8804111 (Crimond Royal Naval Wireless Telegraphy Station, Mast Southeast)
30 St Mary Axe 179.8 metres (590 ft)
30 St Mary Axe from Leadenhall Street.jpg
2004 office City of London skyscraper 51°30′51.9″N 0°4′49.21″W / 51.514417°N 0.0803361°W / 51.514417; -0.0803361 (30 St Mary Axe) Also known as "The Gherkin" and "Swiss Re Centre".
Wrotham Mast 176.6 metres (579 ft) 1981 communication Wrotham, Kent guyed steel lattice mast 51°19′14.52″N 0°17′15.87″E / 51.3207000°N 0.2877417°E / 51.3207000; 0.2877417 (Wrotham Mast) Carried first broadcasts of VHF FM radio in the UK. Replaced equal height mast on same site built in 1951.
Redruth Mast 173 metres (568 ft)
1962 communication Redruth, Cornwall guyed steel lattice mast 50°12′35.4″N 5°14′18.33″W / 50.209833°N 5.2384250°W / 50.209833; -5.2384250 (Redruth Mast)
Rowridge Mast 172 metres (564 ft)
2010 communication Newport, Isle of Wight guyed steel lattice mast 50°40′35″N 1°22′7″W / 50.67639°N 1.36861°W / 50.67639; -1.36861 (Rowridge Mast) Replacement to original 149.6 metres (491 ft) mast.
Peterhead Power Station 170.6 metres (560 ft)
1980[33] chimney Peterhead, Aberdeenshire concrete tower 57°28′39.77″N 1°47′24.81″W / 57.4777139°N 1.7902250°W / 57.4777139; -1.7902250 (Peterhead Power Station Chimney)
Spinnaker Tower 170 metres (558 ft)
2005 observation Portsmouth, Hampshire concrete tower 50°47′44.22″N 1°6′30.86″W / 50.7956167°N 1.1085722°W / 50.7956167; -1.1085722 (Spinnaker Tower) Tallest structure in UK open to public outside London (though not to its pinnacle).
Blyth B Power Station 170 metres (558 ft)
1962[34] chimneys Blyth, Northumberland concrete tower 55°8′33″N 1°31′39″W / 55.14250°N 1.52750°W / 55.14250; -1.52750 (Blyth B Power Station) Twin chimneys, demolished on 7 December 2003.[35]
Oxford Mast 169.0 metres (554 ft)[36] 1968 communication Oxford, Oxfordshire guyed steel lattice mast 51°47′26.28″N 1°10′44.85″W / 51.7906333°N 1.1791250°W / 51.7906333; -1.1791250 (Oxford Mast)
Beetham Tower (Manchester) 168.9 metres (554 ft)
2006 residential Manchester, Greater Manchester skyscraper 53°28′31.63″N 2°15′0.79″W / 53.4754528°N 2.2502194°W / 53.4754528; -2.2502194 (Beetham Tower Manchester) Until 2018 the tallest building in the UK outside of London.
Also known as "Hilton Tower".
Tilbury "B" Power Station 168 metres (551 ft)
1968[37] chimney Tilbury, Essex concrete tower Twin chimneys, demolished on 28 September 2017.[38]
Divis Mast B 165.8 metres (544 ft)
2011 communication Hannahstown, County Antrim guyed steel lattice mast 54°36′28.22″N 6°00′28.41″W / 54.6078389°N 6.0078917°W / 54.6078389; -6.0078917 (Divis Mast B)
Broadgate Tower 165.0 metres (541 ft)
Broadgate Tower.jpg
2008 office City of London skyscraper 51°31′15.84″N 0°4′46.32″W / 51.5210667°N 0.0795333°W / 51.5210667; -0.0795333 (Broadgate Tower)
Tacolneston Mast 165.0 metres (541 ft)
1956 communication Norwich, Norfolk guyed steel lattice mast 52°31′3.89″N 1°8′19.38″E / 52.5177472°N 1.1387167°E / 52.5177472; 1.1387167 (Tacolneston Mast) To be replaced by 206.1 metres (676 ft) mast by 2011.
Ridge Hill Mast 164.6 metres (540 ft)
1968 communication Ledbury, Herefordshire guyed steel lattice mast 51°59′50.89″N 2°32′23.51″W / 51.9974694°N 2.5398639°W / 51.9974694; -2.5398639 (Ridge Hill Mast)
Huntshaw Cross Mast 163.7 metres (537 ft)
communication Great Torrington, Devon guyed steel lattice mast 50°58′45.48″N 4°5′55.49″W / 50.9793000°N 4.0987472°W / 50.9793000; -4.0987472 (Huntshaw Cross Mast)
Sudbury "A" Mast 163 metres (535 ft)[39]
communication Sudbury, Suffolk guyed steel lattice mast 52°0′15.54″N 0°47′9.08″E / 52.0043167°N 0.7858556°E / 52.0043167; 0.7858556 (Sudbury A Mast)
British Airways i360 162 metres (531 ft)
2016 observation Brighton steel tower
Eitshal Mast 161.3 metres (529 ft)
1976 communication Stornoway, Isle of Lewis guyed steel lattice mast 58°10′45.11″N 6°35′6.52″W / 58.1791972°N 6.5851444°W / 58.1791972; -6.5851444 (Eitshal Mast)
Chatton Mast 161.0 metres (528 ft)[40]
communication Alnwick, Northumberland guyed steel lattice mast 55°31′54.98″N 1°50′3.01″W / 55.5319389°N 1.8341694°W / 55.5319389; -1.8341694 (Chatton Mast)
Aberthaw Power Station 160 metres (525 ft)
1971[41] chimney Gileston, Vale of Glamorgan concrete tower 51°23′34.32″N 3°24′16.64″W / 51.3928667°N 3.4046222°W / 51.3928667; -3.4046222 (Aberthaw Power Station Chimney)
Blackpool Tower 158 metres (518 ft)
1894 observation Blackpool, Lancashire lattice tower 53°48′57.09″N 3°3′18.44″W / 53.8158583°N 3.0551222°W / 53.8158583; -3.0551222 (Blackpool Tower)
Deansgate Square East Tower 158 metres (518 ft)
2019 residential Manchester, Greater Manchester skyscraper
Moorside Edge
Mast 1
158 metres (518 ft)
1982 communication Huddersfield, West Yorkshire guyed steel lattice mast 53°38′9.15″N 1°53′41.67″W / 53.6358750°N 1.8949083°W / 53.6358750; -1.8949083 (Moorside Edge transmitting station, Mast 1) Consists of two masts of the same height.
Moorside Edge
Mast 2
158 metres (518 ft)
1982 communication Huddersfield, West Yorkshire guyed steel lattice mast 53°38′5.39″N 1°53′38.1″W / 53.6348306°N 1.893917°W / 53.6348306; -1.893917 (Moorside Edge transmitting station, Mast 2)
Forth Road Bridge 156 metres (512 ft)
1964 bridge Firth of Forth, East Scotland steel tower 56°0′21.74″N 3°24′14.33″W / 56.0060389°N 3.4039806°W / 56.0060389; -3.4039806 (Forth Road Bridge) ; 55°59′48.91″N 3°24′15.67″W / 55.9969194°N 3.4043528°W / 55.9969194; -3.4043528 (Forth Road Bridge)
One Churchill Place 156 metres (512 ft)
Barclays HQ.jpg
2004 office Canary Wharf, London skyscraper 51°30′18.47″N 0°0′51.62″W / 51.5051306°N 0.0143389°W / 51.5051306; -0.0143389 (One Churchill Place)
Humber Bridge 155.5 metres (510 ft)
1981 bridge River Humber, Yorkshire/Lincolnshire concrete towers 53°42′51.49″N 0°27′2.19″W / 53.7143028°N 0.4506083°W / 53.7143028; -0.4506083 (Humber Bridge) ; 53°42′5.98″N 0°26′58.42″W / 53.7016611°N 0.4495611°W / 53.7016611; -0.4495611 (Humber Bridge)
Haverfordwest Mast 154.4 metres (507 ft)
communication Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire guyed steel lattice mast 51°53′57.11″N 4°51′59.13″W / 51.8991972°N 4.8664250°W / 51.8991972; -4.8664250 (Haverfordwest Mast)
Manningtree Mast 154.4 metres (507 ft)
communication Manningtree, Essex guyed steel lattice mast 51°55′26.1″N 1°5′9.74″E / 51.923917°N 1.0860389°E / 51.923917; 1.0860389 (Manningtree Mast)
Burghead Medium Wave Mast 154.2 metres (506 ft)
1936 communication Burghead, Moray guyed steel lattice mast 57°41′53.04″N 3°28′11.19″W / 57.6980667°N 3.4697750°W / 57.6980667; -3.4697750 (Burghead Medium Wave Mast) Insulated against ground.
Peterborough Mast 153.9 metres (505 ft)
2006 communication Morborne, Cambridgeshire guyed steel lattice mast 52°30′27.59″N 0°20′35.48″W / 52.5076639°N 0.3431889°W / 52.5076639; -0.3431889 (Peterborough Mast) Original mast was built in 1959 but was destroyed by fire in 2004.
400 kV Forth Crossing, Tower South 153.9 metres (505 ft)
electricity pylon Airth, Falkirk lattice tower 56°04′4.42″N 3°44′52.65″W / 56.0678944°N 3.7479583°W / 56.0678944; -3.7479583 (400 kV Forth Crossing, Tower South)
Burghead Long Wave Mast 153.6 metres (504 ft)
1936 communication Burghead, Moray guyed steel lattice mast 57°41′57.9″N 3°28′4.78″W / 57.699417°N 3.4679944°W / 57.699417; -3.4679944 (Burghead Long Wave Mast) Insulated against ground.
25 Bank Street 153 metres (502 ft)
25 Bank Street 2012.JPG
2003 office Canary Wharf, London skyscraper 51°30′11.55″N 0°1′15.42″W / 51.5032083°N 0.0209500°W / 51.5032083; -0.0209500 (25 Bank Street)
40 Bank Street 153 metres (502 ft)
40 Bank Street Heron Quay London.jpg
2003 office Canary Wharf, London skyscraper 51°30′9.44″N 0°1′10.58″W / 51.5026222°N 0.0196056°W / 51.5026222; -0.0196056 (40 Bank Street)
Sandale Mast 153 metres (502 ft)
1957 communication Wigton, Cumbria guyed steel lattice mast 54°44′56.94″N 3°8′26.64″W / 54.7491500°N 3.1407333°W / 54.7491500; -3.1407333 (Sandale Mast)
Croydon Tower 152.6 metres (501 ft)
Croydon Transmitter.JPG
1962 communication Norwood, London lattice tower 51°24′35.4″N 0°5′8.58″W / 51.409833°N 0.0857167°W / 51.409833; -0.0857167 (Croydon Tower) Original 61 m (200 ft) tower built 1955, replaced 1962.
Darvel Mast 152.4 metres (500 ft)
communication Darvel, East Ayrshire guyed steel lattice mast 55°34′45.97″N 4°17′23.19″W / 55.5794361°N 4.2897750°W / 55.5794361; -4.2897750 (Darvel Mast)
Forfar Mast 152.4 metres (500 ft) communication Forfar, Angus guyed steel lattice mast 56°33′26.24″N 2°50′36.66″W / 56.5572889°N 2.8435167°W / 56.5572889; -2.8435167 (Forfar Mast)
Membury Mast 152.4 metres (500 ft)
1965 communication Hungerford, Berkshire guyed steel lattice mast 51°29′5.64″N 1°33′31.85″W / 51.4849000°N 1.5588472°W / 51.4849000; -1.5588472 (Membury Mast)
Washford Masts 152 metres (499 ft)
1933 communication Washford, Somerset guyed steel lattice mast 51°09′40.22″N 3°20′56.64″W / 51.1611722°N 3.3490667°W / 51.1611722; -3.3490667 (Washford Mast 1) ; 51°09′41.78″N 3°20′48.85″W / 51.1616056°N 3.3469028°W / 51.1616056; -3.3469028 (Washford Mast 2)
BT Tower (Birmingham) 152 metres (499 ft)
1965 communication Birmingham, West Midlands concrete tower 52°29′0.68″N 1°54′15.4″W / 52.4835222°N 1.904278°W / 52.4835222; -1.904278 (BT Tower Birmingham)
Cockenzie Power Station 152 metres (499 ft)
1966[42] chimney Cockenzie, East Lothian concrete tower 55°58′4.86″N 2°58′22.89″W / 55.9680167°N 2.9730250°W / 55.9680167; -2.9730250 (Cockenzie Power Station Chimney) ; 55°58′7.4″N 2°58′18.84″W / 55.968722°N 2.9719000°W / 55.968722; -2.9719000 (Cockenzie Power Station Chimney) Twin chimneys, demolished on 26 September 2015.[42]
Westerglen Mast 152 metres (499 ft)
1980 communication Falkirk, Stirlingshire guyed steel lattice mast 55°58′33″N 3°48′58.8″W / 55.97583°N 3.816333°W / 55.97583; -3.816333 (Westerglen Mast)
Carmel Mast 151.9 metres (498 ft)
communication Cross Hands, Carmarthenshire guyed steel lattice mast 51°49′6.65″N 4°4′2.73″W / 51.8185139°N 4.0674250°W / 51.8185139; -4.0674250 (Carmel Mast)
Hannington Mast 151.9 metres (498 ft)
1969 communication Hannington, Hampshire guyed steel lattice mast 51°18′28.73″N 1°14′40.99″W / 51.3079806°N 1.2447194°W / 51.3079806; -1.2447194 (Hannington Mast)
10 Upper Bank Street 151 metres (495 ft)
10 Upper Bank Street London.jpg
2003 office Canary Wharf, London skyscraper 51°30′10.64″N 0°1′0.43″W / 51.5029556°N 0.0167861°W / 51.5029556; -0.0167861 (10 Upper Bank Street)
Blaenplwyf Mast 150.5 metres (494 ft)
communication Aberystwyth, Ceredigion guyed steel lattice mast 52°21′38.46″N 4°6′9″W / 52.3606833°N 4.10250°W / 52.3606833; -4.10250 (Blaenplwyf Mast)

Other notable tall structures

A separate list also exists for the tallest of each architectural example or class.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Drax Power Station". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Harry harks back to his head for heights – 50 years on from building giant power station chimney". Drax. 23 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Grain Power Station". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  4. ^ Pyman, Tom (30 August 2016). "Chimney at Grain Power Station to become tallest concrete structure ever demolished next week". Kent News. Archived from the original on 31 August 2016.
  5. ^ "Inverkip Power Station". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Inverkip Power Station chimney demolished". BBC News. 29 July 2013.
  7. ^ "Pembroke Power Station, South Wales". Enigma Industrial Services.
  8. ^ "Landmark tower is demolished". BBC News. 25 November 2000.
  9. ^ "Littlebrook D Power Station". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  10. ^ Delaney, Sean (15 December 2019). "Littlebrook Power station chimney in Dartford is demolished". Kent Online.
  11. ^ "Chimney of Ironbridge Power Station". Emporis. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  12. ^ Pritchard, Chris (3 September 2021). "Ironbridge Power Station chimney demolished". Shropshire Live. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  13. ^ "Aberdeen Offshore Wind Farm". 4coffshore.com. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Fiddlers Ferry Power Station". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  15. ^ "Nottinghamshire's West Burton A power station to close in 2022". BBC News. 22 March 2021. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  16. ^ "No further risk from chimney". BBC News England. BBC. 30 January 2003. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  17. ^ "Large coal fired power station in England uses PennguardTM linings for its new FGD chimneys". Hadek. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  18. ^ "Eggborough Power Station". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  19. ^ a b "Chimney of Didcot Power Station". Emporis. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  20. ^ "Ratcliffe Power Station Chimney". Emporis. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  21. ^ "Power station closes after more than 50 years". BBC News. 30 September 2019.
  22. ^ "Chimney of Kilroot Power Station". Emporis. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  23. ^ "Fawley Power Station". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  24. ^ "Fawley Power Station: Chimney demolished as part of redevelopment". BBC News. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  25. ^ "Chimneys of Ferrybridge C Power Station". Emporis. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  26. ^ Pritchard, Jonathan (22 August 2021). "Ferrybridge Power Station demolition - Watch the moment chimney stacks are demolished". The Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  27. ^ "Kingsnorth Power Station". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  28. ^ "Chimney of Kingsnorth Power Station". Emporis.
  29. ^ "Chimney of Rugeley B Power Station". Emporis. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  30. ^ Kreft, Helen (24 January 2021). "Watch as Rugeley Power Station chimney is blown up". Staffordshire Live.
  31. ^ "Longannet Power Station". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  32. ^ Mcilkenny, Stephen (9 December 2021). "Longannet Power Station: First pictures show the moment chimney stack was demolished". The Scotsman. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  33. ^ "Peterhead Power Station". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  34. ^ "Chimneys of Blyth B Power Station". Emporis. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  35. ^ "Tyne Features - Blyth power station chimneys are demolished". BBC. 7 December 2003. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  36. ^ "Planning Application P99/N0820". Government of the United Kingdom.
  37. ^ "Tilbury 'B' Power Station Units 7+8". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  38. ^ "Tilbury Power Station chimneys demolished". Thurrock Gazette. 28 September 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  39. ^ "Babergh Council planning application" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2011.
  40. ^ Planning application 09/B/0409 Berwick Upon Tweed Council website
  41. ^ "Aberthaw B Power Station". Skscraper Page. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  42. ^ a b "Chimneys of Cockenzie Power Station". Emporis. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  43. ^ "25 tallest clock towers/government structures/palaces" (PDF). Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. January 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2008. Retrieved 9 August 2008.
  44. ^ "Monument". Government of the United Kingdom. 28 April 2009. Archived from the original on 20 June 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  45. ^ Adams, Tim (5 May 2012). "Anish Kapoor's Orbit tower: the mother of all helter-skelters". The Guardian.

External links

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