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List of suffragists and suffragettes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This list of suffragists and suffragettes includes noted individuals active in the worldwide women's suffrage movement who have campaigned or strongly advocated for women's suffrage, the organizations which they formed or joined, and the publications which publicized – and, in some nations, continue to publicize – their goals. Suffragists and suffragettes, often members of different groups and societies, used or use differing tactics. For example, "suffragette" in the British usage denotes a more "militant" type of campaigner, while suffragettes in the United States organized such nonviolent events as the Suffrage Hikes, the Woman Suffrage Procession of 1913, and the Silent Sentinels.

Statue of Esther Hobart Morris, located at the front exterior of the Wyoming State Capitol
Statue of Esther Hobart Morris, located at the front exterior of the Wyoming State Capitol

Argentine

  • Cecilia Grierson (1859–1934), the first woman physician in Argentina; supporter of women's emancipation, including suffrage
  • Julieta Lanteri (1873–1932) – physician, freethinker, and activist; the first woman to vote in South America
  • Alicia Moreau de Justo (1885–1986) – physician, politician, pacifist and human rights activist
  • Eva Perón (1919–1952) – First Lady of Argentina, created the first large female political party in the nation
  • Elvira Rawson de Dellepiane (1867–1954) – physician, activist for women's and children's rights; co-founder of the Association Pro-Derechos de la Mujer

Australian

  • Dora Meeson Coates (1869–1955) – artist, member of British Artists' Suffrage League
  • Edith Cowan (1861–1932) – politician, social campaigner, first woman elected to an Australian parliament
  • Fanny Furner (1864–1938) – activist, first women to stand for election in local government in Manly
  • Belle Theresa Golding (1864–1940) – feminist, suffragist and labor activist
  • Kate Dwyer (1861–1949) – schoolteacher and Labor leader, member of the Womanhood Suffrage League of New South Wales
  • Vida Goldstein (1869–1949) – feminist politician, first woman in British Empire to stand for election to a national parliament
  • Serena Lake – South Australian evangelical preacher, social reformer, campaigner for women's suffrage
  • Louisa Lawson (1848–1920) – poet, writer, publisher, and feminist
  • Mary Lee (1821–1909) – suffragist and social reformer in South Australia
  • Muriel Matters (1877–1969) – lecturer, journalist, educator, actress, elocutionist, member of the Women's Freedom League
  • May Jordan McConnel (1860–1929) – trade unionist and suffragist, member of the Women's Equal Franchise Association
  • Emma Miller (1839–1917) – pioneer trade union organiser, co-founder of the Women's Equal Franchise Association
  • Rose Scott (1847–1925) – founder of the Women's Political Education League
  • Catherine Helen Spence (1825–1910) – author, teacher, and journalist; commemorated on a special issue of the Australian five-dollar note
  • Jessie Street (1889–1970) – feminist, human rights campaigner

Austrian

Belgian

Brazilian

Bahamian

British

Mabel Capper (3rd from right, with petition) and fellow suffragettes, 1910
Mabel Capper (3rd from right, with petition) and fellow suffragettes, 1910

Bulgarian

Canadian

  • Edith Archibald (1854–1936) – writer who led the Maritime Women's Christian Temperance Union and the National Council of Women of Canada and the Local Council of Women of Halifax
  • Laura Borden (1861–1940) – wife of Sir Robert Laird Borden, the eighth Prime Minister of Canada
  • Henrietta Muir Edwards (1849–1931) – women's rights activist and reformer
  • Gertrude Harding (1889–1977) – one of the highest-ranking and longest-lasting members of the Women's Social and Political Union
  • Anna Leonowens (1831–1915) – travel writer, educator and social activist
  • Nellie McClung (1873–1951) – politician, author, social activist, member of The Famous Five
  • Louise McKinney (1868–1931) – politician, women's rights activist, Alberta legislature
  • Emily Murphy (1868–1933) – women's rights activist, jurist, author
  • Irene Parlby (1868–1965) – women's farm leader, activist, politician
  • Eliza Ritchie (1856–1933) – educator and member of the executive of the Local Council of Women of Halifax
  • Emily Stowe (1831–1903) – doctor, campaigned for the country's first medical college for women

Chilean

  • Henrietta Müller (1846–1906) – Chilean-British women's rights activist and theosophist
  • Marta Vergara (1898–1995) – co-founder of MEMch; Inter-American Commission of Women delegate

Chinese

  • Lin Zongsu (1878–1944) – founder of the first suffrage organization in China

Colombian

  • Lucila Rubio de Laverde co-founder of the suffrage organizations, Unión Femenina de Colombia (Women's Union of Colombia) (UFC) and the Alianza Femenina de Colombia (Women's Alliance of Colombia)
  • María Currea Manrique (1890–1985) – co-founder of the suffrage organizations, Unión Femenina de Colombia (Women's Union of Colombia) (UFC) and the Alianza Femenina de Colombia (Women's Alliance of Colombia)

Danish

  • Mathilde Fibiger (1830–1872) – feminist writer
  • Eline Hansen (1859–1919) – co-founder of Dansk Kvinderaad, later Danske Kvinders Nationalråd (DKN)
  • Line Luplau (1823–1891) – co-founder and chairperson of the Danske Kvindeforeningers Valgretsforbund or DKV
  • Elna Munch (1871–1945) – co-founder of the Landsforbundet for Kvinders Valgret (National Association for Women's Suffrage) or LKV
  • Louise Nørlund (1854–1919) – co-founder and chairperson of the Danske Kvindeforeningers Valgretsforbund or DKV
  • Johanne Rambusch (1865–1944) – co-founder of the Landsforbundet for Kvinders Valgret (Country Association for Women's Suffrage) or LKV
  • Caroline Testman (1839–1919) – co-founder and chairman of the Dansk Kvindesamfund

Dutch

Egyptian

French

German

Greek

Haitian

Icelandic

Indian

Irish

Italian

Japanese

Jordanian

  • Emily Bisharat (d. 2004), first female lawyer in Jordan, fought for women's suffrage

Liechtensteinerin

  • Melitta Marxer (1923–2015) – one of the "Sleeping Beauties" who took the issue of women's suffrage to the Council of Europe in 1983

Mexican

New Zealander

Nicaraguan

Norwegian

  • Randi Blehr (1851–1928) – chairperson and co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Anna Bugge (1862–1928) – chairman of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Betzy Kjelsberg (1866–1950) – co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights (1884), the National Association for Women's Suffrage (1885)
  • Gina Krog (1847–1916) – co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Ragna Nielsen (1845–1924) – chairperson of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Thekla Resvoll (1871–1948) – head of the Norwegian Female Student’s Club and on the board of the women's suffrage movement (Kvinnestemmeretsforeningen)
  • Anna Rogstad (1854–1938) – vice president of the Association for Women's Suffrage

Panamanian

Peruvian

Filipino

Puerto Rican

Romanian

Russian

South African

Spanish

  • Concepción Arenal (1820–1893)- Pioneer and founder of the feminist movement in Spain. Activist, writer, journalist and lawyer.
  • Emilia Pardo Bazán (1851–1921)- Spanish writer, journalist, university professor and support for women's rights and education.
  • Carmen de Burgos (1867–1932)- Spanish journalist, writer, translator and women's rights activist.
  • Clara Campoamor (1888–1972) – Spanish politician and feminist best known for her advocacy for women's rights and suffrage during the writing of the Spanish constitution of 1931.
  • Victoria Kent (1891–1987)- Spanish lawyer, suffragist and politician.

Swedish

Swiss

  • Simone Chapuis-Bischof (born March 16, 1931) – head of the Association Suisse Pour les Droits de la Femme (ADF) and the president of the journal Femmes Suisses
  • Caroline Farner (1842–1913) – the second female Swiss doctor
  • Marie Goegg-Pouchoulin (1842–1913) – Swiss doctor and campaigner for the Swiss women's movement
  • Marthe Gosteli (1917–2017) – Swiss suffrage activist and creator of the Swiss archive of women's history
  • Ursula Koch (born 1941) – politician, refused the 'male' oath in the Zürich cantonal parliament; first women president of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (SP)
  • Emilie Lieberherr (1924–2011) – Swiss politician who was a leading figure in the final struggle for women suffrage in Switzerland, and the famous 1969 March to Bern for women suffrage
  • Rosa Neuenschwander (1883–1962) – pioneer in vocational education, founder of the Schweizerische Landfrauenverband or SLFV (Swiss Country Association for Women Suffrage)
  • Julie von May (von Rued)
  • Helene von Mülinen (1850–1924) – founder of Switzerland's organized suffrage movement; created and served as first president of Bund Schweizerischer Frauenvereine (BSF)

Trinidadian

United States

Uruguayan

  • Paulina Luisi Janicki (1875–1949) – leader of the feminist movement in Uruguay, first Uruguayan woman to earn a medical degree in Uruguay (1909)

Venezuelan

Yishuvian

Major suffrage organizations

Women's suffrage publications

Back cover of The Woman Citizen magazine from Jan 19, 1918
Back cover of The Woman Citizen magazine from Jan 19, 1918

See also

References

  1. ^ Jackson, Sarah (12 October 2015). "The suffragettes weren't just white, middle-class women throwing stones". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 February 2018. 
  2. ^ "UK | 75 years of women solicitors". BBC News. 1997-12-19. Retrieved 2018-02-28. 
  3. ^ "Maud Crofts: "We women want not privileges but equality." – First 100 Years". first100years.org.uk. 
  4. ^ Krista Cowman (9 December 2010). Women in British Politics, c.1689–1979. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 63–. ISBN 978-1-137-26801-3. 
  5. ^ Graham Neville (1998). Radical Churchman: Edward Lee Hicks and the New Liberalism. Clarendon Press. pp. 165–. ISBN 978-0-19-826977-9. 
  6. ^ Adelaide Knight, leader of the first east London suffragettes — East End Women's Museum
  7. ^ Diane Atkinson (8 February 2018). Rise Up Women!: The Remarkable Lives of the Suffragettes. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 578–. ISBN 978-1-4088-4406-9. 
  8. ^ Robinson [née Wilkie], Annot Erskine [Annie]. "Robinson [née Wilkie], Annot Erskine [Annie] (1874–1925), suffragist and pacifist | Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxforddnb.com. Retrieved 2018-02-26. 
  9. ^ "Wilkie, Annot (Robinson) – Socialist, Suffragette Wilkie, Helen – Socialist, Suffragette | Dundee Women's Trail". Dundeewomenstrail.org.uk. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2018-02-26. 
  10. ^ "Photograph of Indian suffragettes on the Women's Coronation Procession, 17 June 1911 at Museum of London". Museumoflondonprints.com. 1911-06-17. Retrieved 2018-02-26. 
  11. ^ Izzy Lyons. "Lolita Roy – the woman who simultaneously fought for British and Indian female suffrage". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-02-26. 
  12. ^ "Huygens, Cornélie Lydie (1848–1902)". Huygens ING. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  13. ^ Knight, R. Cecilia. "Adams, Mary Newbury (or Newberry)". University of Iowa. Retrieved January 15, 2018. 
  14. ^ "Senators to Vote on Suffrage Today; Fate of Susan B. Anthony Amendment Hangs in Balance on Eve of Final Test". New York Times. September 26, 1918. 
  15. ^ Parker, Jacqueline (1974). Helen Valeska Bary: Labor Administration and Social Security: A Woman's Life. Berkeley CA: University of California. 
  16. ^ Santiago-Valles, Kelvin A. (1994). Subject People and Colonial Discourses: Economic Transformation and Social Disorder in Puerto Rico, 1898–1947. SUNY Press. p. 58, 161. ISBN 9781438418650. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  17. ^ a b "Services For Mrs. Dudley To Be Held Thursday". Nashville Banner. September 14, 1955.
  18. ^ a b Anastatia Sims (1998). "Woman Suffrage Movement". In Carroll Van West. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Tennessee Historical Society. ISBN 1-55853-599-3.
  19. ^ "L.F.Feickert". Njwomenshistory.orgpx. Archived from the original on March 14, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  20. ^ https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffo43
  21. ^ "Mount Airy: Home of Helen Hoy Greeley". Piedmont Virginia Digital History: The Land Between the Rivers. 1913-02-07. Retrieved 2018-07-09. 
  22. ^ "Helen Hoy Greeley Collected Papers (CDG-A), Swarthmore College Peace Collection". Swarthmore Home. 2015-08-21. Retrieved 2018-07-09. 
  23. ^ Yung, Judy (1995). Unbound Feet: A Social History of Chinese Women in San Francisco. University of California Press. 
  24. ^ The African-American history of Nashville, Tennessee, 1780–1930: elites and dilemmas, by Bobby L. Lovett, University of Arkansas Press, 1999, page 232
  25. ^ Tennessee Through Time, The Later Years. Gibbs Smith. 1 August 2007. pp. 174–. ISBN 978-1-58685-806-3. 
  26. ^ "Black History Month: J. Frankie Pierce founded school for girls | The Tennessean | tennessean.com". Archive.tennessean.com. 2014-02-14. Retrieved 2015-09-07. [dead link]
  27. ^ "Frankie Pierce & the Tennessee Vocational School for Colored Girls". Ww2.tnstate.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-07. 
  28. ^ "Juliet Barrett Rublee Papers, 1917–1955: Biographical and Historical Note". Asteria.fivecolleges.edu. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  29. ^ "Mrs. Juliet Barrett Rublee, Grand Marshal of the procession organized by the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage which on May 9th, 1914 marched to the Capitol to present resolutions gathered in all parts of the United States calling on Congress to take favorable action on the National Woman Suffr | Library of Congress". Loc.gov. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  30. ^ "Juliet Barrett Rublee – Women Film Pioneers Project". Wfpp.cdrs.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  31. ^ "Belfast suffragettes". Archived from the original on 31 July 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
This page was last edited on 9 July 2018, at 18:20
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