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List of suffragists and suffragettes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This list of suffragists and suffragettes includes noted individuals active in the worldwide women's suffrage movement who have campaigned or strongly advocated for women's suffrage, the organisations which they formed or joined, and the publications which publicized – and, in some nations, continue to publicize – their goals. Suffragists and suffragettes, often members of different groups and societies, used or use differing tactics. "Suffragette" in the British usage denotes a more "militant" type of campaigner, while suffragettes in the United States organized such nonviolent events as the Suffrage Hikes, the Woman Suffrage Procession of 1913, and the Silent Sentinels.

Statue of Esther Hobart Morris, located at the front exterior of the Wyoming State Capitol
Statue of Esther Hobart Morris, located at the front exterior of the Wyoming State Capitol


  • Cecilia Grierson (1859–1934) – the first woman physician in Argentina; supporter of women's emancipation, including suffrage
  • Julieta Lanteri (1873–1932) – physician, freethinker, and activist; the first woman to vote in Argentina
  • Alicia Moreau de Justo (1885–1986) – physician, politician, pacifist and human rights activist
  • Eva Perón (1919–1952) – First Lady of Argentina, created the first large female political party in the nation
  • Elvira Rawson de Dellepiane (1867–1954) – physician, activist for women's and children's rights; co-founder of the Association Pro-Derechos de la Mujer


  • Maybanke Anderson (1845–1927) – promoter of women's and children's rights, campaigner for women's suffrage and federation
  • Eliza Ashton (1851/1852 – 15 July 1900) – journalist and founding member of the Womanhood Suffrage League of New South Wales
  • Annette Bear-Crawford (1853–1899) – women's suffragist and federationist in Victoria
  • Rosetta Jane Birks (1856–1911) – social reformer, philanthropist and South Australian women's suffragist
  • Dora Meeson Coates (1869–1955) – artist, member of British Artists' Suffrage League
  • Mary Colton (1822–1898) – president of the Women's Suffrage League from 1892 to 1895
  • Edith Cowan (1861–1932) – politician, social campaigner, first woman elected to an Australian parliament
  • Henrietta Dugdale (1827–1918) – initiated the first female suffrage society in Australia
  • Kate Dwyer (1861–1949) – schoolteacher and Labor leader, member of the Womanhood Suffrage League of New South Wales
  • Fanny Furner (1864–1938) – activist, first women to stand for election in local government in Manly
  • Belle Theresa Golding (1864–1940) – feminist, suffragist and labor activist
  • Vida Goldstein (1869–1949) – feminist politician, first woman in British Empire to stand for election to a national parliament
  • Serena Lake (1842–1902) – South Australian evangelical preacher, social reformer, campaigner for women's suffrage
  • Louisa Lawson (1848–1920) – poet, writer, publisher, and feminist
  • Mary Lee (1821–1909) – suffragist and social reformer in South Australia
  • Muriel Matters (1877–1969) – lecturer, journalist, educator, actress, elocutionist, member of the Women's Freedom League
  • May Jordan McConnel (1860–1929) – trade unionist and suffragist, member of the Women's Equal Franchise Association
  • Emma Miller (1839–1917) – pioneer trade union organiser, co-founder of the Women's Equal Franchise Association
  • Elizabeth Webb Nicholls (1850–1943) – campaigner for women's suffrage in South Australia
  • Jessie Rooke (1845–1906) – Tasmanian suffragist and temperance reformer
  • Rose Scott (1847–1925) – founder of the Women's Political Education League
  • Catherine Helen Spence (1825–1910) – author, teacher, and journalist; commemorated on a special issue of the Australian five-dollar note
  • Jessie Street (1889–1970) – feminist, human rights campaigner
  • Mary Hynes Swanton (22 June 1861 – 25 November 1940) Australian women's rights and trade unionist
  • Mary Windeyer (1836–1912) – women's suffrage campaigner in New South Wales




  • Nellie Weekes (1896-1990) – campaigner for women's involvement in politics, who ran for office in 1942, before women were allowed to vote in the country





  • Edith Archibald (1854–1936) – writer who led the Maritime Women's Christian Temperance Union and the National Council of Women of Canada and the Local Council of Women of Halifax
  • Francis Marion Beynon (1884–1951) – Canadian journalist, feminist and pacifist
  • Laura Borden (1861–1940) – wife of Sir Robert Laird Borden, the eighth Prime Minister of Canada
  • Henrietta Muir Edwards (1849–1931) – women's rights activist and reformer
  • Helena Gutteridge (1879–1960) – first woman elected to city council in Vancouver
  • Gertrude Harding (1889–1977) – one of the highest-ranking and longest-lasting members of the Women's Social and Political Union
  • Anna Leonowens (1831–1915) – travel writer, educator and social activist
  • Nellie McClung (1873–1951) – politician, author, social activist, member of The Famous Five
  • Louise McKinney (1868–1931) – politician, women's rights activist, Alberta legislature
  • Emily Murphy (1868–1933) – women's rights activist, jurist, author
  • Irene Parlby (1868–1965) – women's farm leader, activist, politician
  • Eliza Ritchie (1856–1933) – educator and member of the executive of the Local Council of Women of Halifax
  • Octavia Ritchie (1868–1948) physician
  • Emily Stowe (1831–1903) – doctor, campaigned for the country's first medical college for women
  • Jennie Fowler Willing (1834–1916) – educator, author, preacher, social reformer, suffragist


  • Celinda Arregui (1864-1941), feminist politician, writer, teacher, suffrage activist
  • Henrietta Müller (1846–1906) – Chilean-British women's rights activist and theosophist
  • Marta Vergara (1898–1995) – co-founder of MEMch; Inter-American Commission of Women delegate


  • Lin Zongsu (1878–1944) – founder of the first suffrage organization in China


  • Lucila Rubio de Laverde – co-founder of the suffrage organizations, Unión Femenina de Colombia (Women's Union of Colombia) (UFC) and the Alianza Femenina de Colombia (Women's Alliance of Colombia)
  • María Currea Manrique (1890–1985) – co-founder of the suffrage organizations, Unión Femenina de Colombia (Women's Union of Colombia) (UFC) and the Alianza Femenina de Colombia (Women's Alliance of Colombia)

Czech Republic (Czechoslovakia)

  • Františka Plamínková (1875–1942) – founded the Committee for Women's Suffrage (Czech: Výbor pro volební právo ženy) in 1905 and served as a vice president of the International Council of Women, as well as the International Woman's Suffrage Alliance
  • Zdeňka Wiedermannová-Motyčkova (1868–1915) – founder of the Provincial Organization of Progressive Moravian Women



El Salvador


  • Maikki Friberg (1861–1927) – educator, journal editor, suffragist and peace activist
  • Alexandra Gripenberg (1857–1913) – writer, newspaper publisher, suffragist, women's rights activist
  • Lucina Hagman (1953–1946) – feminist, suffragist, early politician
  • Hilda Käkikoski (1864–1912) – women's activist, suffragist, writer, schoolteacher, early politician
  • Olga Oinola (1865–1949) – President of the Finnish Women Association




Leaders of the women's movement in Germany, 1894
Leaders of the women's movement in Germany, 1894



  • Yvonne Sylvain (1907–1989) – first female doctor from Haiti and advocate for gender equality





  • Annie Besant (1847–1933) – British socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer, orator, educationist, philanthropist
  • Sarojini Naidu (1879–1949) – political activist, poet
  • Catherine Hilda Duleep Singh (1871–1942) – activist, second daughter of H.H. Maharaja Sir Duleep Singh and Maharani Bamba née Müller
  • Sophia Duleep Singh (1876–1948) – had a leading role Women's Tax Resistance League, the Women's Social and Political Union
  • Herabai Tata (1879–1941) – argued before British government commissions that suffrage should be extended in India


  • Thung Sin Nio (1902–1996) – women's rights activist, physician, economist, politician


  • Táhirih (1817–1852) – also known as Fatimah Baraghani, renowned poet, removed her veil in public, "first woman suffrage martyr"





  • Emily Bisharat (d. 2004) – first female lawyer in Jordan, fought for women's suffrage


  • Melitta Marxer (1923–2015) – one of the "Sleeping Beauties" who took the issue of women's suffrage to the Council of Europe in 1983




New Zealand

See also

List of New Zealand suffragists



  • Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti (1900–1978) – educator and activist who fought for women's enfranchisement and political representation


  • Randi Blehr (1851–1928) – chairperson and co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Anna Bugge (1862–1928) – chairman of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights, also active in Sweden
  • Gudrun Løchen Drewsen (1867–1946) – Norwegian-born American women's rights activist and painter, promoted women's suffrage in New York City
  • Betzy Kjelsberg (1866–1950) – co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights (1884), the National Association for Women's Suffrage (1885)
  • Gina Krog (1847–1916) – co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Ragna Nielsen (1845–1924) – chairperson of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Thekla Resvoll (1871–1948) – head of the Norwegian Female Student's Club and on the board of the women's suffrage movement (Kvinnestemmeretsforeningen)
  • Anna Rogstad (1854–1938) – vice president of the Association for Women's Suffrage
  • Hedevig Rosing (1827–1913) – co-leader of the movement in Norway; author, educator, school founder






Puerto Rico

  • Isabel Andreu de Aguilar (1887–1948) – educator, helped establish the Puerto Rican Feminist League, was President of Puerto Rican Association of Women Suffragists, and first woman to run for Senate in PR
  • Milagros Benet de Mewton (1868–1948) – teacher who filed a lawsuit to press for suffrage
  • Carlota Matienzo (1881–1926) – teacher, one of the founders of the Puerto Rican Feminine League and the Suffragist Social League
  • Felisa Rincón de Gautier (1897–1994) – mayor of San Juan, first woman to hold post of mayor of a capitol city in the Americas


  • Maria Baiulescu (1860–1941) – Austro-Hungarian born Romanian writer, suffragist and women's rights activist
  • Ana Conta-Kernbach (1865–1921) – teacher, pedagogue, writer, women's rights activist, suffragist
  • Eugenia de Reuss Ianculescu (1866–1938) – teacher, writer, women's rights activist, suffragist
  • Clara Maniu (1842–1929) – feminist, suffragist
  • Elena Meissner (1867–1940) – feminist, suffragist, headed Asociația de Emancipare Civilă și Politică a Femeii Române


South Africa

  • Anna Petronella van Heerden (1887–1975) – campaigned for women's suffrage in the 1920s
  • Julia Solly (1862–1953) – British-born South African feminist and suffragist who helped acquire the vote for white women in 1930
  • Lady Barbara Steel (1857–1943) – helped acquire the vote for white women in 1930


  • Concepción Arenal (1820–1893) – pioneer and founder of the feminist movement in Spain; activist, writer, journalist and lawyer
  • Emilia Pardo Bazán (1851–1921) – Spanish writer, journalist, university professor and support for women's rights and education
  • Carmen de Burgos (1867–1932) – Spanish journalist, writer, translator and women's rights activist
  • Clara Campoamor (1888–1972) – Spanish politician and feminist best known for her advocacy for women's rights and suffrage during the writing of the Spanish constitution of 1931
  • María Espinosa de los Monteros (1875–1946) – Spanish women's rights activist, suffragist and business executive
  • Victoria Kent (1891–1987) – Spanish lawyer, suffragist and politician



  • Simone Chapuis-Bischof (born 16 March 1931) – head of the Association Suisse Pour les Droits de la Femme (ADF) and the president of the journal Femmes Suisses
  • Caroline Farner (1842–1913) – the second female Swiss doctor
  • Marie Goegg-Pouchoulin (1826–1899) – Swiss doctor and campaigner for the Swiss women's movement
  • Marthe Gosteli (1917–2017) – Swiss suffrage activist and creator of the Swiss archive of women's history
  • Ursula Koch (born 1941) – politician, refused the 'male' oath in the Zürich cantonal parliament; first women president of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (SP)
  • Emilie Lieberherr (1924–2011) – Swiss politician who was a leading figure in the final struggle for women suffrage in Switzerland, and the famous 1969 March to Bern for women suffrage
  • Rosa Neuenschwander (1883–1962) – pioneer in vocational education, founder of the Schweizerische Landfrauenverband or SLFV (Swiss Country Association for Women Suffrage)
  • Julie von May (von Rued)
  • Helene von Mülinen (1850–1924) – founder of Switzerland's organized suffrage movement; created and served as first president of Bund Schweizerischer Frauenvereine (BSF)


United Kingdom

Mabel Capper (3rd from right, with petition) and fellow suffragettes, 1910
Mabel Capper (3rd from right, with petition) and fellow suffragettes, 1910
Margaret McPhun
Margaret McPhun
Dr Elizabeth Pace
Dr Elizabeth Pace
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-09812, Jessie Stephen no-text
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-09812, Jessie Stephen no-text
Jessie Newbery
Jessie Newbery

United States

See also

United States Virgin Islands

  • Bertha C. Boschulte (1906–2004) – Secretary of the St. Thomas Teacher's Association, which sued for women's suffrage in the territory in 1935
  • Edith L. Williams (1887–1987) – first woman to attempt to register to vote in the US Virgin Islands


  • Paulina Luisi Janicki (1875–1949) – leader of the feminist movement in Uruguay, first Uruguayan woman to earn a medical degree in Uruguay (1909)



Major suffrage organizations

Women's suffrage publications

Back cover of The Woman Citizen magazine from 19 Jan 1918
Back cover of The Woman Citizen magazine from 19 Jan 1918

See also


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