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List of special elections to the United States House of Representatives

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Below is a list of special elections to the United States House of Representatives. Such elections are called by state governors to fill vacancies that occur when a member of the House of Representatives dies or resigns before the biennial general election. Winners of these elections serve the remainder of the term and are usually candidates in the next general election for their districts.

In the United States, these contests are called "special elections." They are sometimes held on the regular Election Day like regular congressional elections but often they are on different days as determined by local statutes. Despite their name, however, special elections to the U.S. House happen often. Furthermore, one published study shows that special elections are explained by the same factors as regular congressional elections.[1] Special elections to the U.S. House of Representatives have occurred at least once in all states except Iowa and Idaho. A few special elections for territorial delegates to Congress have also been held.

A 2016 study of special elections to the United States House of Representatives found "that while candidate characteristics affect special election outcomes, presidential approval is predictive of special election outcomes as well. Furthermore, we find that the effect of presidential approval on special election outcomes has increased in magnitude from 1995 to 2014, with the 2002 midterm representing an important juncture in the nationalization of special elections."[2]

List of special elections

Con-
gress[a]
District Original Cause of vacancy Winner Date[b]
(linked to election article)
1st New Hampshire at-large Benjamin West[c] (Pro-Admin) Declined to serve Abiel Foster (Pro-Admin) June 22, 1789[d]
1st Virginia 9 Theodorick Bland (Anti-Admin) Died William B. Giles (Anti-Admin) July 1790[d]
1st Connecticut at-large Pierpont Edwards[e] (Pro-Admin) Resigned Jeremiah Wadsworth (Pro-Admin) December 16, 1790[d]
2nd New York 1 James Townsend[e] (Pro-Admin) Died Thomas Tredwell (Anti-Admin) April 26–28, 1791[d]
2nd Connecticut at-large Roger Sherman (Pro-Admin) Declined to serve Amasa Learned (Pro-Admin) September 19, 1791[d]
2nd Maryland 3 William Pinkney (Pro-Admin) Resigned John Francis Mercer (Anti-Admin) October 26–29, 1791[d]
2nd Georgia 1 Anthony Wayne (Anti-Admin) Disqualified John Milledge (Anti-Admin) July 9, 1792[d]
2nd Maryland 2 Joshua Seney (Anti-Admin) Resigned William Hindman (Pro-Admin) January 7–10, 1793[d]
3rd Connecticut at-large Jonathan Sturges[e] (Pro-Admin) Resigned Uriah Tracy (Pro-Admin) April 8, 1793[d][f]
3rd Connecticut at-large Benjamin Huntington (Pro-Admin) Declined to serve Jonathan Ingersoll (Pro-Admin) September 16, 1793[d]
3rd Connecticut at-large Stephen M. Mitchell (Pro-Admin)
Jonathan Ingersoll (Pro-Admin)
Declined to serve Joshua Coit (Pro-Admin)
Zephaniah Swift (Pro-Admin)
November 11, 1793[d]
3rd Maryland 2 John Francis Mercer (Anti-Admin) Resigned Gabriel Duvall (Anti-Admin) May 5, 1794[d]
3rd South Carolina 5 Alexander Gillon (Anti-Admin) Died October 6, 1794 Robert Goodloe Harper (P) October 13–14, 1794
3rd Maryland 3 Uriah Forrest (P) Resigned Benjamin Edwards (P) December 8, 1794
3rd New Jersey at-large Abraham Clark (Pro-Admin) Died September 15, 1794 Aaron Kitchell (Pro-Admin) January 11, 1795
4th South Carolina 2 John Barnwell[e] (F) Declined to serve Wade Hampton (DR) January 19–20, 1795[d]
4th Connecticut at-large Jonathan Trumbull[e] (F) Resigned Nathaniel Smith (F) April 13, 1795[d]
4th North Carolina 4 Alexander Mebane (DR) Died July 5, 1795 Absalom Tatom (DR) August 13–14, 1795[d]
4th Maryland 2 Gabriel Duvall (DR) Resigned March 28, 1796 Richard Sprigg (DR) April 18, 1796[d]
4th Massachusetts 10 Benjamin Goodhue (F) Resigned Samuel Sewall (F) September 12, 1796[d]
4th Connecticut at-large James Hillhouse (F) Elected U.S. Senator May 12, 1796; resigned in the fall of 1796 James Davenport (F) September 19, 1796[d]
4th Maryland 3 Jeremiah Crabb (F) Resigned in 1796 after June 1 William Craik (F) October 3, 1796[d]
4th Pennsylvania 5 Daniel Hiester (DR) Resigned George Ege (F) October 11, 1796[d]
4th Rhode Island at-large Benjamin Bourne (F) Resigned in October 1796 Elisha R. Potter (F) November 15, 1796[d]
4th Massachusetts 1 Theodore Sedgwick (F) Resigned in early June 1796 Thomson J. Skinner (DR) November 21, 1796[d]
4th North Carolina 4 Absalom Tatom (DR) Resigned June 1, 1796 William Strudwick (F) November 23, 1796[d]
4th Connecticut at-large Uriah Tracy (F) Resigned October 13, 1796 Samuel W. Dana (F) December 5, 1796[d]
5th Rhode Island at-large Benjamin Bourne (F) Resigned in October 1796 Elisha R. Potter (F) November 15, 1796[d]
5th Connecticut at-large Uriah Tracy[e] (F)
Zephaniah Swift (F)
Declined to serve October 13, 1796 John Allen (F)
James Davenport (F)
April 10, 1797[d]
5th Vermont 2 Daniel Buck (F) Declined to serve Lewis R. Morris (F) May 23, 1797[d]
5th Massachusetts 11 Theophilus Bradbury (F) Resigned July 24, 1797 Bailey Bartlett (F) August 4, 1797[d]
5th New Hampshire at-large Jeremiah Smith (F) Resigned Peleg Sprague (F) August 28, 1797
5th Rhode Island at-large Elisha R. Potter (F) Resigned in July 1797 Thomas Tillinghast (F) August 29, 1797[d]
5th South Carolina 1 William L. Smith (F) Resigned July 10, 1797 Thomas Pinckney (F) September 4–5, 1797[d]
5th Connecticut at-large James Davenport (F) Died August 3, 1797.[3] William Edmond (F) September 18, 1797[d]
5th Pennsylvania 5 George Ege (F) Resigned in October 1797 Joseph Hiester (DR) October 10, 1797[d]
5th New Hampshire at-large Jeremiah Smith (F) Resigned June 26, 1797 Peleg Sprague (F) October 30, 1797[d]
5th North Carolina 10 Nathan Bryan (DR) Died June 4, 1798 Richard D. Spaight (DR) August 2, 1798[d]
5th Pennsylvania 1 John Swanwick (DR) Died August 1, 1798 Robert Waln (F) October 9, 1798[d]
5th Pennsylvania 4 Samuel Sitgreaves (F) Resigned in 1798 Robert Brown (DR) October 9, 1798[d]
5th Connecticut at-large Joshua Coit (F) Died September 5, 1798 Jonathan Brace (F) October 22, 1798[d]
5th Virginia 9 William B. Giles (DR) Resigned October 2, 1798 Joseph Eggleston (DR) November 1, 1798[d]
6th Maryland 7 Joshua Seney[e] (DR) Died October 20, 1798 Joseph H. Nicholson (DR) November 29, 1798[d]
6th Connecticut at-large John Allen (F) Declined to serve Elizur Goodrich (F) September 16, 1799[d]
6th New Hampshire at-large Peleg Sprague (F) Declined to serve James Sheafe (F) November 18, 1799[d]
6th New York 1 Jonathan N. Havens (DR) Died October 25, 1799 John Smith (DR) December 27–29, 1799[d]
6th Virginia 13 John Marshall (F) Resigned Littleton W. Tazewell (DR) June 7, 1800
6th New Hampshire at-large William Gordon (F) Resigned Samuel Tenney (F) August 25, 1800
6th Connecticut at-large Jonathan Brace (F) Resigned in May 1800 John C. Smith (F) September 15, 1800[d]
6th Massachusetts 10 Samuel Sewall (F) Resigned January 10, 1800 Nathan Read (F) October 20, 1800[d]
6th New Hampshire at-large William Gordon (F) Resigned Samuel Tenney (F) October 27, 1800[d]
6th Massachusetts 3 Samuel Lyman (F) Resigned November 6, 1800 Ebenezer Mattoon (F) December 15, 1800[d]
6th Massachusetts 4 Dwight Foster (F) Resigned Levi Lincoln (DR) December 15, 1800[d][f]
6th Pennsylvania 8 Thomas Hartley (F) Died December 21, 1800 John Stewart (DR) January 15, 1801[d][f]
7th Georgia at-large James Jones[e] (DR) Died January 11, 1801 John Milledge (DR) March 23, 1801[d]
7th Connecticut at-large Elizur Goodrich[e] (F) Resigned Calvin Goddard (F) April 9, 1801[d]
7th Massachusetts 14 George Thatcher[c] (F) Declined to seek re-election Richard Cutts (DR) June 22, 1801[d]
7th North Carolina 8 David Stone[e] (DR) Resigned Charles Johnson (DR) August 6–7, 1801[d]
7th Massachusetts 4 Levi Lincoln (DR) Declined to serve Seth Hastings (F) June 22, 1801[d]
7th Massachusetts 14 George Thatcher (F) Declined to serve Richard Cutts (DR) June 22, 1801
7th Connecticut at-large William Edmond[c] (F) Declined to serve Benjamin Tallmadge (F) September 21, 1801[d]
7th Massachusetts 12 Silas Lee (F) Resigned Vacant September 25, 1801
7th North Carolina 8 David Stone (F) Resigned before the start of the 7th Congress Charles Johnson (DR) August 6, 1801
7th New York 5 Thomas Tillotson[c] (DR) Resigned Theodorus Bailey (DR) October 6–8, 1801[d]
7th New York 6 John Bird[c] (F) Resigned July 25, 1801 John P. Van Ness (DR) October 6–8, 1801[d]
7th Pennsylvania 4 Peter Muhlenberg (DR) Declined to serve March 4, 1801 Isaac Van Horne (DR) October 13, 1801[d]
7th Pennsylvania 12 Albert Gallatin (DR) Declined to serve in May 1801 William Hoge (DR) October 13, 1801[d]
7th Tennessee at-large William C. C. Claiborne[c] (DR) Resigned William Dickson (DR) October 29–30, 1801[d]
7th Maryland 2 Richard Sprigg (DR) Resigned April 11, 1802 Walter Bowie (DR) March 2, 1802[d]
7th Georgia at-large Benjamin Taliaferro (DR) Resigned David Meriwether (DR) April 5, 1802[d]
7th South Carolina 4 Thomas Sumter (DR) Resigned Richard Winn (DR) April 12–13, 1802[d]
7th Massachusetts 12 None Failure to elect Samuel Thatcher (F) July 29, 1802[d]
7th New Hampshire at-large Joseph Peirce (F) Resigned Samuel Hunt (F) August 30, 1802[d]
7th North Carolina 8 Charles Johnson (DR) Died July 23, 1802 Thomas Wynns (DR) October 15, 1802[d]
8th New York 7 John Cantine[e] (F) Declined to serve Josiah Hasbrouck (DR) April 26–28, 1803[d]
8th Connecticut at-large Elias Perkins[c] (F) Declined to serve Simeon Baldwin (F) September 5, 1803[d]
8th New York 6 Isaac Bloom[c] (DR) Died Daniel C. Verplanck (DR) September 14–16, 1803[d]
8th Georgia at-large John Milledge[e] (DR) Milledge was elected Governor of Georgia Joseph Bryan (DR) October 3, 1803[d]
8th New York 1 John Smith (DR) Resigned Samuel Riker (DR) April 24–26, 1804[d]
9th New York 2 Daniel D. Tompkins[e] (DR) Declined to serve Gurdon S. Mumford (DR) September 11–13, 1804[d]
8th Massachusetts 12 Thomson J. Skinner (DR) Resigned Simon Larned (DR) September 17, 1804[d]
8th Pennsylvania 10 William Hoge (DR) Resigned October 15, 1804 John Hoge (DR) November 2, 1804[d][f]
8th Virginia 13 John Johns Trigg (DR) Died Christopher H. Clark (DR) October 1804[d]
8th Maryland 4 Daniel Hiester (DR) Died Roger Nelson (DR) October 1, 1804[d]
8th Virginia 5 Andrew Moore (DR) Resigned Alexander Wilson (DR) November 13, 1804[d]
8th New York 3 Samuel L. Mitchill (DR) Resigned George Clinton (DR) January 2–4, 1805[d]
9th South Carolina 8 John B. Earle[c] (DR) Declined to serve Elias Earle (DR) September 26–27, 1805[d]
9th North Carolina 5 James Gillespie[e] (DR) Died Thomas Kenan (DR) August 8, 1805[d]
9th Connecticut at-large Calvin Goddard[c] (F) Declined to serve Timothy Pitkin (F) September 16, 1805[d][f]
Roger Griswold[c] (F) Declined to serve Lewis B. Sturges (F)
9th Delaware at-large James A. Bayard (F) Declined to serve James M. Broom (F) October 1, 1805[d]
9th Pennsylvania 4 John A. Hanna (DR) Died July 23, 1805 Robert Whitehill (DR) October 8, 1805[d]
9th Pennsylvania 11 John B. Lucas (DR) Declined to serve Samuel Smith (DR) October 8, 1805[d]
9th North Carolina 10 Nathaniel Alexander[c] (DR) Resigned Evan S. Alexander (DR) January 23–24, 1806[d]
9th Georgia at-large Joseph Bryan (DR) Resigned Dennis Smelt (DR) September 1, 1806[d][f]
9th Connecticut at-large John C. Smith (F) Resigned Theodore Dwight (F) September 15, 1806[d]
9th Maryland 7 Joseph H. Nicholson (DR) Resigned Edward Lloyd (DR) September 27/October 4, 1806[d]
9th Virginia 13 Christopher H. Clark (DR) Resigned William A. Burwell (DR) November 1806[d]
9th Pennsylvania 1 Michael Leib (DR) Resigned John Porter (DR) November 27, 1806[d]
9th Georgia at-large Thomas Spalding (DR) Resigned William W. Bibb (DR) December 1, 1806[d]
10th South Carolina 6 Levi Casey[e] (DR) Died Joseph C. Calhoun (DR) June 1–2, 1807[d]
10th Massachusetts 12 Barnabas Bidwell[c] (DR) Resigned Ezekiel Bacon (DR) July 13, 1807[d]
10th Delaware at-large James M. Broom (F) Declined to serve Nicholas Van Dyke (F) October 6, 1807[d]
10th North Carolina 7 John Culpepper (F) Seat declared vacant from January to February 1808 John Culpepper (F) February 1, 1808[d]
10th New Jersey at-large Ezra Darby (DR) Died Adam Boyd (DR) March 8–9, 1808[d]
10th New York 12 David Thomas (DR) Resigned Nathan Wilson (DR) April 26–28, 1808[d]
10th Massachusetts 2 Jacob Crowninshield (DR) Died Joseph Story (DR) May 4, 1808[d]
10th Rhode Island at-large Nehemiah Knight (DR) Died Richard Jackson Jr. (F) August 30, 1808[d]
10th Vermont 1 James Witherell (DR) Resigned Samuel Shaw (DR) September 6, 1808[d][f]
10th Virginia 17 John Claiborne (DR) Died Thomas Gholson Jr. (DR) September 8, 12, 26, 1808[d]
10th Pennsylvania 1 Joseph Clay (DR) Resigned after March 28, 1808 Benjamin Say (DR) October 11, 1808[d]
11th Pennsylvania 1 Benjamin Say (DR) Resigned in June 1809 Adam Seybert (DR) October 10, 1809[d][f]
11th Virginia 21 Wilson C. Nicholas (DR) Resigned David S. Garland (DR) December 1809[d]
11th New York 2 William Denning[c] (DR) Resigned Samuel L. Mitchill (DR) April 24–26, 1810[d]
11th Kentucky 5 Benjamin Howa (DR) Resigned William T. Barry (DR) August 6, 1810[d]
11th Connecticut at-large Samuel W. Dana (F) Resigned Ebenezer Huntington (F) September 17, 1810[d]
11th Maryland 4 Roger Nelson (DR) Resigned Samuel Ringgold (DR) October 1, 1810[d]
11th New Jersey at-large James Cox (DR) Died John A. Scudder (DR) October 30–31, 1810[d]
11th Massachusetts 10 Jabez Upham (F) Resigned Joseph Allen (F) October 8, 1810[d][f]
11th Massachusetts 11 William Stedman (F) Resigned Abijah Bigelow (F) October 8, 1810[d][f]
11th Virginia 1 John G. Jackson (DR) Resigned William McKinley (DR) November 1810[d]
11th Maryland 7 John Brown (DR) Resigned Robert Wright (DR) November 15, 1810[d]
11th South Carolina 1 Robert Marion (DR) Resigned Langdon Cheves (DR) December 31, 1810[d][f]
12th Maryland 7 John Brown[e] (DR) Resigned before the close of the previous Congress Robert Wright (DR) November 15, 1810[d][g]
12th Maryland 6 John Montgomery[c] (DR) Resigned Stevenson Archer (DR) October 2, 1811[d]
12th Massachusetts 4 Joseph B. Varnum[c] (DR) Resigned William M. Richardson (DR) November 4, 1811[d][f]
12th Massachusetts 17 Barzillai Gannett[c] (DR) Resigned Francis Carr (DR) April 6, 1812[d][f]
12th Georgia at-large Howell Cobb (DR) Resigned before October 1812 William Barnett (DR) October 5, 1812[d][f]
12th New York 6 Robert L. Livingston (F) Resigned Thomas P. Grosvenor (F) December 15–17, 1812[d]
12th North Carolina 3 Thomas Blount (DR) Died February 7, 1812 William Kennedy (DR) January 11, 1813[d]
13th Pennsylvania 13 John Smilie[e] (DR) Died December 30, 1812 Isaac Griffin (DR) February 16, 1813[d]
13th Ohio 6 John S. Edwards[e] (F) Died Reasin Beall (DR) April 20, 1813[d]
13th New York 15 William Dowse[e] (F) Died John M. Bowers[h] (F) April 27–29, 1813[d]
13th Kentucky 8 John Simpson[e] (DR) Died January 22, 1813 Stephen Ormsby (DR) April 29, 1813[d]
13th Pennsylvania 15 Abner Lacock[e] (DR) Resigned March 3, 1813 Thomas Wilson (DR) May 4, 1813[d][f]
13th Ohio 3 Duncan McArthur[c] (DR) Declined to serve William Creighton (DR) May 10, 1813[d]
13th Pennsylvania 5 Robert Whitehill (DR) Died April 8, 1813 John Rea (DR) May 11, 1813[d][f]
13th Pennsylvania 3 John Gloninger (F) Resigned August 2, 1813 Edward Crouch (DR) October 12, 1813[d][f]
13th Pennsylvania 7 John M. Hyneman (DR) Resigned August 2, 1813 Daniel Udree (DR) October 12, 1813[d][f]
13th Georgia at-large William W. Bibb (DR) Resigned Alfred Cuthbert (DR) December 13, 1813[d][f]
13th New York 2 Egbert Benson (F) Resigned William Irving (DR) December 28–30, 1813[d]
13th Kentucky 2 Henry Clay (DR) Resigned Joseph H. Hawkins (DR) February 28, 1814[d]
13th Massachusetts 4 William M. Richardson (DR) Resigned Samuel Dana (DR) May 23, 1814[d]
13th Virginia 11 John Dawson (DR) Died Philip P. Barbour (DR) June 1814[d]
13th Massachusetts 12 Daniel Dewey (F) Resigned John W. Hulbert (F) August 4, 1814[d]
13th New Hampshire at-large Samuel Smith (F) Failure to elect.[i] Vacant August 29, 1814[d]
13th Tennessee 5 Felix Grundy (DR) Resigned Newton Cannon (DR) September 15–16, 1814[d]
13th New Jersey 3 Jacob Hufty [j] (F) Died May 20, 1814 Thomas Bines (DR) October 10–11, 1814[d]
13th Ohio 6 Reasin Beall (DR) Resigned June 7, 1814 David Clendenin (DR) October 11, 1814[d][f]
13th Pennsylvania 2 Jonathan Roberts (DR) Resigned February 24, 1814 Samuel Henderson (F) October 11, 1814[d][f]
13th Pennsylvania 3 James Whitehill (DR) Resigned September 1, 1814 Amos Slaymaker (F) October 12, 1814[d][f]
14th New York 6 Jonathan Fisk (DR) Resigned James W. Wilkin (DR) April 1815
14th New York 12 Benjamin Pond (DR) Died October 14, 1814 Asa Adgate (DR) April 1815
14th Virginia 15 Matthew Clay (DR) Died May 27, 1815 John Kerr (DR) October 1815
14th Pennsylvania 1 Jonathan Williams (DR) Died May 16, 1815 John Sergeant (F) October 10, 1815
14th Pennsylvania 3 Amos Ellmaker (DR) Resigned July 3, 1815 James M. Wallace (DR) October 10, 1815
14th Pennsylvania 9 David Bard (DR) Died March 12, 1815 Thomas Burnside (DR) October 10, 1815
14th Tennessee 2 John Sevier (DR) Died September 24, 1815 William G. Blount (DR) December 7–8, 1815
14th North Carolina 6 Nathaniel Macon (DR) Resigned Weldon N. Edwards (DR) January 22, 1816
14th Maryland 5 Nicholas R. Moore (DR) Resigned in 1815 Samuel Smith (DR) January 27, 1816
14th New York 20 Enos T. Throop (DR) Resigned Daniel Avery (DR) September 1816
14th Maryland 5 William Pinkney (DR) Pinkney was named Minister to Russia Peter Little (DR) September 3, 1816
14th Pennsylvania 9 Thomas Burnside (DR) Resigned in April 1816 William P. Maclay (DR) October 8, 1816
14th Virginia 18 Thomas Gholson Jr. (DR) Died July 4, 1816 Thomas M. Nelson (DR) October 10–28, 1816
14th Kentucky 1 James Clark (DR) Resigned Thomas Fletcher (DR) December 2, 1816
14th Maryland 3 Alexander C. Hanson (F) Resigned George Peter (F) December 2, 1816
14th Massachusetts 11 Elijah Brigham (F) Died Benjamin Adams (F) December 2, 1816
14th North Carolina 8 Richard Stanford (DR) Died April 16, 1816 Samuel Dickens (DR) December 2, 1816
14th Ohio 1 John McLean (DR) Resigned in April 1816 William Henry Harrison (DR) October 8, 1816
14th Georgia at-large Alfred Cuthbert (DR) Resigned Zadock Cook (DR) December 1816
15th Pennsylvania 10 David Scott (DR) Resigned John Murray (DR) October 14, 1817
15th Connecticut at-large Sylvanus Blackus (F)
Charles Dennison (F)
Died February 15, 1817 Ebenezer Huntington (F)
Nathaniel Terry (F)
December 1, 1817
15th New York 4 Henry B. Lee (DR) Died February 18, 1817 James Tallmadge Jr. (DR) December 1, 1817
15th North Carolina 7 Alexander McMillan (F) Died James Stewart (F) January 1, 1818
15th South Carolina 6 John C. Calhoun (DR) Resigned Eldred Simkins (DR) February 9, 1818
15th Pennsylvania 6 John Ross (DR) Resigned February 24, 1818 Thomas J. Rogers (DR) March 3, 1818
15th Pennsylvania 6 Samuel D. Ingham (DR) Resigned July 6, 1818 Samuel Moore (DR) October 13, 1818
15th Massachusetts 20 Albion Parris (DR) Resigned Enoch Lincoln (DR) November 4, 1818
15th North Carolina 11 Daniel M. Forney (DR) Resigned William Davidson (F) November 7, 1818
15th Connecticut at-large Uriel Holmes (F) Resigned Sylvester Gilbert (DR) November 16, 1818
15th Pennsylvania 4 Jacob Spangler (DR) Resigned April 20, 1818 Jacob Hostetter (DR) November 16, 1818
15th Louisiana at-large Thomas B. Robertson (DR) Resigned Thomas Butler (DR) November 16, 1818
15th Virginia 19 Peterson Goodwyn (DR) Died February 21, 1818 John Pegram (DR) November 16, 1818
15th Georgia at-large John Forsyth (DR) Resigned Robert R. Reid (DR) January 4, 1819
16th Georgia at-large John Forsyth (DR) Resigned Robert R. Reid (DR) January 4, 1819
16th New Jersey at-large John Condit (DR) Resigned November 4, 1819 Charles Kinsey (DR) February 1–2, 1820
16th Massachusetts 13 Edward Dowse (DR) Resigned William Eustis (DR) August 21, 1820
16th Pennsylvania 5 David Fullerton (DR) Resigned May 15, 1820 Thomas G. McCullough (F) October 10, 1820
16th Maine 1 John Holmes (DR) Resigned Joseph Dane (F) November 7, 1820
16th Virginia 1 James Pindall (F) Resigned Edward B. Jackson (DR) November 13, 1820
16th Virginia 10 George F. Strother (DR) Resigned Thomas L. Moore (DR) November 13, 1820
16th Virginia 20 James Johnson (DR) Resigned John C. Gray (DR) November 13, 1820
16th Pennsylvania 7 Joseph Hiester (DR) Resigned in December 1820 Daniel Udree (DR) December 26, 1820
16th North Carolina 4 Jesse Slocumb (DR) Died December 20, 1820 William S. Blackledge (DR) February 7, 1821
17th New Jersey at-large John Linn (DR) Died January 5, 1821 Lewis Condict (DR) October 8–9, 1821
17th Ohio 4 John C. Wright (DR) Resigned March 3, 1821 David Chambers (DR) October 9, 1821
17th Pennsylvania 5 James Duncan (DR) Resigned in April 1821 John Findlay (DR) October 9, 1821
17th Pennsylvania 10 William Cox Ellis (F) Resigned July 20, 1821 Thomas Murray Jr. (DR) October 9, 1821
17th New York 6 Selah Tuthill (DR) Died September 7, 1821 Charles Borland Jr. (DR) November 6–8, 1821
17th South Carolina 9 John S. Richards (DR) Declined to serve James Blair (DR) December 3, 1821
17th Kentucky 8 Wingfield Bullock (DR) Died October 13, 1821 James D. Breckinridge (DR) January 2, 1822
17th New York 9 Solomon Van Rensselaer (DR) Resigned Stephen Van Rensselaer (F) February 25–27, 1822
17th Delaware at-large Caesar A. Rodney (DR) Resigned January 24, 1822 Daniel Rodney (F) October 1, 1822
17th Pennsylvania 1 William Milnor (F) Resigned May 8, 1822 Thomas Forrest (F) October 1, 1822
17th Pennsylvania 6 Samuel Moore (DR) Resigned May 20, 1822 Samuel D. Ingham (DR) October 1, 1822
17th Pennsylvania 14 Henry Baldwin (DR) Died May 8, 1822 Walter Forward (DR) October 1, 1822
17th Indiana at-large William Hendricks (DR) Resigned Jonathan Jennings (DR) December 2, 1822
17th Maine 2 Ezekiel Whitman (F) Resigned June 1, 1822 Mark Harris (DR) December 2, 1822
17th Pennsylvania 7 Ludwig Worman (F) Died October 17, 1822 Daniel Udree (F) December 10, 1822
17th South Carolina 9 James Blair (DR) Resigned John Carter (DR) December 11, 1822
17th South Carolina 2 William Lowndes (DR) Resigned May 8, 1822 James Hamilton Jr. (DR) January 6, 1823
17th Maryland 5 Samuel Smith (DR) Resigned December 22, 1822 Isaac McKim (DR) January 8, 1823
18th Maryland 5 Samuel Smith (DR) Resigned December 22, 1822 Isaac McKim (Jackson DR) January 8, 1823
18th New York 28 William B. Rochester (Adams DR) Resigned William Woods (Adams DR) December 1, 1823
18th Virginia 13 William Lee Ball (Crawford DR) Died February 29, 1824 John Taliaferro (Crawford DR) April 8, 1824[k]
18th Pennsylvania 8 Thomas J. Rogers (Jackson DR) Resigned April 20, 1824 George Wolf (Jackson DR) October 12, 1824
18th Pennsylvania 13 John Tod (Jackson DR) Resigned Alexander Thomson (Jackson DR) October 12, 1824
18th Massachusetts 10 None[l] (See note) John Bailey (DR) December 13, 1824
18th Vermont at-large Charles Rich (DR) Died October 15, 1824 Henry Olin (DR) December 13, 1824[f]
18th Indiana 1 William Prince (DR) Died September 8, 1824 Jacob Call (Jackson DR) December 23, 1824[f]
18th North Carolina 2 Hutchins Gordon Burton (Crawford DR) Resigned George Outlaw (Crawford DR) January 6, 1825
18th Georgia at-large Thomas W. Cobb (Crawford DR) Resigned Richard Henry Wilde (Crawford DR) February 7, 1825
19th Pennsylvania 16 James Allison Jr. (J) Resigned Robert Orr Jr. (J) October 11, 1825
19th Pennsylvania 18 Patrick Farrelly (J) Died January 12, 1826 Thomas H. Sill (Anti-J) March 14, 1826
19th Maine 5 Enoch Lincoln (DR) Resigned James W. Ripley (J) September 11, 1826
19th Ohio 10 David Jennings (Anti-J) Resigned May 25, 1826 Thomas Shannon (Anti-J) October 10, 1826
19th Pennsylvania 2 Joseph Hemphill (J) Resigned May 1, 1826 Thomas Kittera (Anti-J) October 10, 1826
19th Pennsylvania 7 Henry Wilson (J) Died August 14, 1826 Jacob Krebs (J) October 10, 1826
19th Pennsylvania 13 Alexander Thomson (J) Resigned May 1, 1826 Chauncey Forward (J) October 10, 1826
20th Maine 1 William Burleigh (Anti-J) Died July 2, 1827 Rufus McIntire (J) September 10, 1827
20th Georgia 1 Edward Fenwick Tattnall[m] (J) (See note) George Rockingham Gilmer (J) October 1, 1827
20th Delaware at-large Louis McLane (F) Resigned Kensey Johns Jr. (F) October 2, 1827
20th Ohio 8 William Wilson (Anti-J) Died June 6, 1827 William Stanbery (J) October 9, 1827
20th Pennsylvania 2 None[n] Previous election was tied John Sergeant (Anti-J) October 9, 1827
20th Georgia 2 John Forsyth (J) Resigned Richard Henry Wilde (J) November 17, 1827
20th New Jersey at-large George Holcombe (J) Died January 4, 1828 James F. Randolph (Anti-J) November 3–4, 1828
20th New Jersey at-large Hedge Thompson (Anti-J) Died July 23, 1828 Thomas Sinnickson (Anti-J) November 3–4, 1828
20th Ohio 6 William Creighton (Anti-J) Resigned Francis Swaine Muhlenberg (Anti-J) December 2, 1828
21st Maine 4 Peleg Sprague (Anti-J) Resigned George Evans (Anti-J) July 20, 1829
21st Pennsylvania 8 Samuel D. Ingham (J)
George Wolf (J)
Ingham became U.S. Treasury Secretary March 6, 1829
Wolf was elected Governor of Pennsylvania
Peter Ihrie Jr. (J)
Samuel A. Smith (J)
October 13, 1829
21st Pennsylvania 16 William Wilkins (J) Resigned Harmar Denny (Anti-M) December 15, 1829
21st Ohio 11 John M. Goodenow (J) Resigned April 9, 1830 Humphrey H. Leavitt (J) October 11, 1830
21st Maine 5 James W. Ripley (J) Resigned Cornelius Holland (J) December 6, 1830
22nd Vermont 2 Rollin Carolas Mallary (Anti-J) Died April 15, 1831 William Slade (Anti-M) November 1, 1831
22nd Pennsylvania 11 William Ramsey (J) Died September 29, 1831 Robert McCoy (J) November 22, 1831
22nd Vermont 1 Jonathan Hunt (Anti-J) Died May 15, 1832 Hiland Hall (Anti-J) January 1, 1833
23rd Pennsylvania 1 Joel B. Sutherland (J) Resigned March 5, 1833 Joel B. Sutherland (J){{efn|After his initial election, Sutherland resigned October 8, 1833
23rd Ohio 19 Humphrey H. Leavitt (J) Resigned July 10, 1834 Daniel Kilgore (J) October 14, 1834
23rd Ohio 1 Robert T. Lytle (J) Resigned March 10, 1834 Robert T. Lytle (J) November 8, 1834
23rd Vermont 5 Benjamin F. Deming (Anti-M) Died July 11, 1834 Henry Fisk Janes (Anti-M) November 10, 1834
23rd Connecticut at-large
Seat A
William W. Ellsworth (Anti-J) Resigned July 8, 1834 Joseph Trumbull (Anti-J) December 1, 1834
23rd Connecticut at-large
Seat B
Jabez W. Huntington (Anti-J) Resigned August 16, 1834 Phineas Miner (Anti-J) December 1, 1834
23rd Connecticut at-large
Seat C
Samuel A. Foot (Anti-J) Resigned May 9, 1834 Ebenezer Jackson Jr. (Anti-J) December 1, 1834
24th Pennsylvania 24 John Banks (Anti-M) Resigned April 2, 1836 John J. Pearson (Anti-J) October 11, 1836
24th Pennsylvania 13 Jesse Miller (J) Resigned October 30, 1836 James Black (J) November 4, 1836
24th New Jersey at-large Philemon Dickerson (J) Resigned November 3, 1836 William Chetwood (W) November 15–16, 1836
25th Pennsylvania 3 Francis J. Harper (D) Died March 18, 1837 Charles Naylor (W) June 29, 1837
25th Ohio 17 Andrew W. Loomis (W) Resigned October 20, 1837 Charles D. Coffin (W) November 30, 1837
25th Pennsylvania 9 Henry A. P. Muhlenberg (D) Resigned February 9, 1838 George M. Keim (D) March 8, 1838
25th Maine 3 Jonathan Cilley (D) Killed February 24, 1838 Edward Robinson (W) April 28, 1838
25th Maine 5 Timothy J. Carter (D) Died March 14, 1838 Virgil D. Parris (D) May 29, 1838
25th Ohio 16 Elisha Whittlesey (W) Resigned July 9, 1838 Joshua Reed Giddings (W) October 9, 1838
25th Ohio 19 Daniel Kilgore (D) Resigned July 4, 1838 Henry Swearingen (D) November 5, 1838
26th Pennsylvania 14 William W. Potter (D) Died October 28, 1839 George McCulloch (D) November 20, 1839
26th Ohio 4 Thomas Corwin (W) Resigned May 30, 1840 Jeremiah Morrow (W) October 13, 1840
26th Pennsylvania 22 Richard Biddle (Anti-M) Resigned May 13, 1840 Henry M. Brackenridge (W) October 13, 1840
26th Pennsylvania 13 William S. Ramsey (D) Died October 17, 1840 Charles McClure (D) November 20, 1840
27th Pennsylvania 13 William S. Ramsey (D) Died October 17, 1840 Amos Gustine (D) May 4, 1841
27th Pennsylvania 20 Enos Hook (D) Resigned April 18, 1841 Henry W. Beeson (D) May 25, 1841
27th Maine 4 George Evans (W) Resigned David Bronson (W) May 31, 1841
27th Pennsylvania 18 Charles Ogle (W) Died May 10, 1841 Henry Black (W) June 8, 1841
27th Pennsylvania 2 John Sergeant (W) Resigned September 15, 1841 Joseph Reed Ingersoll (W) October 12, 1841
27th Pennsylvania 18 Henry Black (W) Died November 28, 1841 James M. Russell (W) December 21, 1841
27th Pennsylvania 17 Davis Dimock Jr. (D) Died January 13, 1842 Almon Heath Read (D) March 1, 1842
27th Ohio 16 Joshua Reed Giddings (W) Resigned March 22, 1842 Joshua Reed Giddings (W) April 26, 1842
27th Pennsylvania 21 Joseph Lawrence (W) Died April 17, 1842 Thomas M. T. McKennan (W) May 20, 1842
27th Massachusetts 1 Robert C. Winthrop (W) Resigned Nathan Appleton (W) June 3, 1842
Nathan Appleton (W) Resigned September 28, 1842 Robert C. Winthrop (W) November 14, 1842
28th Pennsylvania 21 William Wilkins (D) Resigned February 14, 1844 Cornelius Darragh (W) March 15, 1844
28th Pennsylvania 13 Henry Frick (W) Died March 1, 1844 James Pollock (W) April 9, 1844
28th Ohio 10 Heman A. Moore (D) Died April 3, 1844 Alfred P. Stone (D) October 8, 1844
28th Ohio 21 Henry R. Brinkerhoff (D) Died April 30, 1844 Edward S. Hamlin (D) October 8, 1844
28th Pennsylvania 12 Almon Heath Read (D) Died June 3, 1844 George Fuller (D) October 8, 1844
29th New Jersey 2 Samuel G. Wright (W) Died July 30, 1845 George Sykes (D) October 7–8, 1845
29th Georgia 3 None[o] (See note) George W. Towns (D) January 5, 1846
30th Ohio 7 Thomas L. Hamer (D) Died December 2, 1846 Jonathan D. Morris (D) November 8, 1847
30th Pennsylvania 6 John W. Hornbeck (W) Died June 16, 1848 Samuel A. Bridges (D) February 23, 1848
31st Ohio 6 Rodolphus Dickinson (D) Died March 20, 1849 Amos E. Wood (D) October 9, 1849
31st Vermont 3 George Perkins Marsh (W) Resigned James Meacham (W) November 7, 1849
31st Georgia 1 Thomas Butler King (W) Resigned Joseph Webber Jackson (D) February 4, 1850
31st Massachusetts 1 Robert C. Winthrop (W) Resigned Samuel A. Eliot (W) August 22, 1850
31st New Hampshire 3 James Wilson II (W) Resigned September 9, 1850 George W. Morrison (D) October 8, 1850
31st Pennsylvania 15 Henry Nes (W) Died September 10, 1850 Joel B. Danner (D) October 8, 1850
31st Ohio 6 Amos E. Wood (D) Died November 19, 1850 John Bell (D) December 23, 1850
31st Pennsylvania 11 Chester P. Butler (W) Died October 5, 1850 John Brisbin (W) December 31, 1850
32nd Maine 4 Charles Andrews (D) Died April 30, 1852 Isaac Reed (W) June 25, 1852
33rd Pennsylvania 8 Henry A. Muhlenberg (D) Died January 9, 1854 J. Glancy Jones (D) February 4, 1854
33rd Massachusetts 1 Zeno Scudder (W) Declined to serve Thomas D. Eliot (W) April 17, 1854
34th Vermont 1 James Meacham (O) Died August 23, 1856 George Tisdale Hodges (R) September 2, 1856
35th Pennsylvania 12 John G. Montgomery (D) Died April 24, 1857 Paul Leidy (D) October 13, 1857
35th Pennsylvania 8 J. Glancy Jones (D) Resigned October 30, 1858 William H. Keim (R) November 30, 1858
36th Ohio 14 Cyrus Spink (R) Died May 31, 1859 Harrison G. O. Blake (R) October 11, 1859
36th Pennsylvania 8 John Schwartz (ALD) Died June 20, 1860 Jacob K. McKenty (D) October 9, 1860
36th Maine 5 Israel Washburn Jr. (R) Resigned January 1, 1861 Stephen Coburn (R) November 6, 1860
37th Ohio 7 Thomas Corwin (R) Resigned March 12, 1861 Richard A. Harrison (U) May 28, 1861
37th Ohio 13 John Sherman (R) Resigned March 21, 1861 Samuel T. Worcester (R) May 28, 1861
37th Pennsylvania 2 Edward Joy Morris (R) Resigned June 8, 1861 Charles J. Biddle (UD) June 21, 1861
37th Pennsylvania 12 George W. Scranton (R) Died March 24, 1861 Hendrick Bradley Wright (UD) June 21, 1861
37th Pennsylvania 7 Thomas B. Cooper (D) Died April 4, 1862 John D. Stiles (D) May 24, 1862
37th Maine 2 Charles W. Walton (R) Resigned Thomas Fessenden (R) December 1, 1862
38th Delaware at-large William Temple (D) Died May 28, 1863 Nathaniel B. Smithers (U) November 19, 1863
40th Ohio 2 Rutherford B. Hayes (R) Resigned July 20, 1867 Samuel Fenton Cary (IR) October 8, 1867
40th Pennsylvania 12 Charles Denison (D) Died June 27, 1867 George W. Woodward (D) October 8, 1867
40th Ohio 8 Cornelius S. Hamilton (R) Killed December 22, 1867 John Beatty (R) January 27, 1868
40th Pennsylvania 9 Thaddeus Stevens (R) Died August 11, 1868 Oliver J. Dickey (R) October 13, 1868
40th Pennsylvania 20 Darwin A. Finney (R) Died August 25, 1868 Solomon Newton Pettis (R) October 13, 1868
41st Massachusetts 7 George S. Boutwell (R) Resigned George M. Brooks (R) November 2, 1869
41st Ohio 10 Truman H. Hoag (D) Died February 5, 1870 Erasmus D. Peck (R) April 5, 1870
41st North Carolina 4 John T. Deweese (R) Resigned Robert B. Gilliam (D)[p] August 4, 1870
41st North Carolina 4 None Died (see note above) John Manning Jr. (D) November 26, 1870
41st South Carolina 1 Benjamin F. Whittemore (R) Resigned Joseph Rainey (R) December 12, 1870
41st Georgia 4 Samuel F. Gove (R) Elected, but not permitted to qualify Jefferson F. Long (R) December 22, 1870
42nd Ohio 1 Aaron F. Perry (R) Resigned Ozro J. Dodds (D) October 8, 1872
42nd Georgia 4 Thomas J. Speer (R) Died Erasmus W. Beck (D) October 29, 1872
42nd Pennsylvania 13 Ulysses Mercur (R) Resigned December 2, 1872 Frank C. Bunnell (R) December 24, 1872
43rd Oregon 1 Joseph G. Wilson (R) Died July 2, 1873 James Nesmith (D) October 13, 1873
43rd Georgia 8 None[q] (See note) Alexander H. Stephens (D) December 1, 1873
43rd Oregon at-large Joseph G. Wilson (R) Died July 2, 1873 James W. Nesmith (D) December 1, 1873
43rd Ohio 12 Hugh J. Jewett (D) Resigned June 23, 1874 William E. Finck (D) October 13, 1874
43rd Pennsylvania 23 Ebenezer McJunkin (R) Resigned January 1, 1875 John M. Thompson (R) November 3, 1874
44th Georgia 9 None[r] (See note) Benjamin Harvey Hill (D) May 5, 1875
44th Maine 4 Samuel F. Hersey (R) Died February 3, 1875 Harris M. Plaisted (R) September 13, 1875
44th Oregon at-large None[s] Died May 1, 1875 Lafayette Lane (D) October 25, 1875
44th Pennsylvania 12 Winthrop W. Ketchum (R) Resigned July 19, 1876 William H. Stanton (D) November 7, 1876
44th Maine 3 James G. Blaine (R) Resigned July 10, 1876 Edwin Flye (R) December 4, 1876
45th Georgia 9 None Benjamin Harvey Hill (D) resigned Hiram Parks Bell (D) April 13, 1877
45th Nebraska at-large Frank Welch (R) Died September 4, 1878 Thomas Jefferson Majors (R) November 5, 1878
46th Georgia 1 Julian Hartridge (D) Died January 8, 1879 William Bennett Fleming (D) February 10, 1879
46th Ohio 19 James A. Garfield (R) Resigned November 8, 1880 Ezra B. Taylor (R) November 30, 1880
46th New Hampshire 3 Evarts Worcester Farr (R) Died November 30, 1880. (Winner elected to finish term) Ossian Ray (R) December 28, 1880
47th New Hampshire 3 Evarts Worcester Farr (R) Died November 30, 1880. (Winner elected to next term) Ossian Ray (R) December 28, 1880
47th Maine 2 William P. Frye (R) Resigned Nelson Dingley Jr. (R) September 12, 1881
47th Rhode Island 1 Nelson W. Aldrich (R) Resigned Henry J. Spooner (R) November 22, 1881
47th Georgia 8 Alexander H. Stephens (D) Resigned Seaborn Reese (D) November 8, 1882
47th Utah Territory at-large George Q. Cannon (R) Seat declared vacant John Thomas Caine (D) November 8, 1882
47th Ohio 16 Jonathan T. Updegraff (R) Died November 30, 1882 Joseph D. Taylor (R) January 2, 1883
48th Ohio 17 Jonathan T. Updegraff (R) Died November 30, 1882 Joseph D. Taylor (R) January 2, 1883
48th West Virginia 3 John E. Kenna (D) Resigned Charles P. Snyder (D) May 15, 1883
48th Pennsylvania 19 William A. Duncan (D) Died November 14, 1884 John A. Swope (D) December 23, 1884
48th Rhode Island 2 Jonathan Chace (R) Resigned Nathan F. Dixon III (R) February 5, 1885
49th Pennsylvania 19 William A. Duncan (D) Died November 14, 1884 John A. Swope (D) November 3, 1885
49th Rhode Island 2 William A. Pirce (R) Candidate disqualified Charles H. Page (D) February 21, 1887
50th Nebraska 2 James Laird (R) Died August 17, 1889 Gilbert L. Laws (R) November 5, 1889
51st Pennsylvania 4 William D. Kelley (R) Died January 9, 1890 John E. Reyburn (R) February 18, 1890
51st Pennsylvania 3 Samuel J. Randall (D) Died April 13, 1890 Richard Vaux (D) May 20, 1890
52nd South Dakota at-large John Rankin Gamble (R) Died August 14, 1891 John L. Jolley (R) November 3, 1891
51st Arkansas 2 John M. Clayton (R) was assassinated while contest was pending. Clifton R. Breckinridge (D) November 4, 1890
51st Pennsylvania 27 Lewis F. Watson (R) Died August 25, 1890 Charles W. Stone (R) November 4, 1890
52nd California 3 Joseph McKenna (R) Resigned Samuel G. Hilborn (R) November 8, 1892
52nd Ohio 16 John G. Warwick (D) Died August 14, 1892 Lewis P. Ohliger (D) November 8, 1892
52nd Pennsylvania 24 Alexander K. Craig (D) Died July 29, 1892 William A. Sipe (D) November 8, 1892
53rd Rhode Island 2 None Failure to elect Charles H. Page (D) April 5, 1893
53rd Pennsylvania 8 William Mutchler (D) Died June 23, 1893 Howard Mutchler (D) August 7, 1893
53rd Michigan 1 J. Logan Chipman (D) Died August 17, 1893 Levi T. Griffin (D) August 17, 1893
53rd Wisconsin 4 John L. Mitchell (D) Declined to serve Peter J. Somers (D) August 27, 1893
53rd Ohio 10 William H. Enochs (R) Died July 13, 1893 Hezekiah S. Bundy (R) November 5, 1893
53rd Pennsylvania 2 Charles O'Neill (R) Died November 25, 1893 Robert Adams Jr. (R) December 19, 1893
53rd New York 14 John R. Fellows (D) Resigned Lemuel E. Quigg (R) January 30, 1894
53rd Virginia 7 Charles T. O'Ferrall (D) Resigned Smith S. Turner (D) January 30, 1894
53rd Pennsylvania at-large William Lilly (R) Died December 1, 1893 Galusha A. Grow (R) January 20 or February 20, 1894
53rd Ohio 3 George W. Houk (D) Died February 9, 1894 Paul J. Sorg (D) May 1, 1894
53rd South Carolina 1 William H. Brawley (D) Resigned James F. Izlar (D) February 12, 1894
53rd Louisiana 4 Newton C. Blanchard (D) Resigned Henry W. Ogden (D) March 12, 1894
53rd Missouri 11 Charles F. Joy (R) Lost contested election John J. O'Neill (D) April 3, 1894
53rd California 3 Samuel G. Hilborn (R) Lost contested election Warren B. English (D) April 4, 1894
53rd Maryland 1 Robert F. Bratton (D) Died W. Laird Henry (D) May 10, 1894
53rd Maryland 5 Barnes Compton (D) Resigned Charles E. Coffin (R) May 15, 1894
53rd Kentucky 10 Marcus C. Lisle (D) Died July 7, 1894 William M. Beckner (D) July 7, 1894
53rd Kansas 2 Edward H. Funston (R) Lost contested election Horace L. Moore (D) August 2, 1894
53rd Wisconsin 7 George B. Shaw (R) Died August 27, 1894 Michael Griffin (R) August 27, 1894
53rd Arkansas 2 Clifton R. Breckinridge (D) Resigned John S. Little (D) November 1, 1894
53rd Ohio 2 John A. Caldwell (R) Resigned May 4, 1894 Jacob H. Bromwell (R) November 6, 1894
53rd Alabama 3 William C. Oates (D) Resigned George P. Harrison (D) November 30, 1894
53rd New York 15 Ashbel P. Fitch (D) Resigned Isidor Straus (D) December 30, 1894
53rd Kentucky 9 Thomas H. Paynter (D) Resigned Vacant January 5, 1895
53rd Illinois 10 Philip S. Post (R) Died January 6, 1895 George W. Prince (R) December 2, 1895
53rd Michigan 3 Julius C. Burrows (R) Resigned Vacant January 13, 1895
53rd Pennsylvania 15 Myron B. Wright (R) Died November 13, 1894 Edwin J. Jorden (R) February 19, 1895
54th Pennsylvania 15 Myron B. Wright (R) Died November 13, 1894 James H. Codding (R) February 19, 1895
54th Georgia 10 James C. C. Black (D) Succeeded himself to fill a vacancy he caused[5] James C. C. Black (D) October 2, 1895
54th Massachusetts 6 William Cogswell (R) Died May 22, 1895 William Henry Moody (R) November 5, 1895
54th New York 10 None Representative-elect Andrew J. Campbell (R) died December 6, 1894 Amos J. Cummings (D) November 5, 1895
54th Illinois 10 None Philip S. Post (R) died January 6, 1895 George W. Prince (R) December 2, 1895
54th Illinois 18 Frederick Remann (R) Died July 14, 1895 William F. L. Hadley (R) December 2, 1895
54th Michigan 3 Julius C. Burrows (R) Resigned Alfred Milnes (R) December 2, 1895
54th Illinois 3 Lawrence E. McGann (D) Lost election contest Hugh R. Belknap (R) December 27, 1895
54th Texas 11 William H. Crain (D) Died February 10, 1896 Rudolph Kleberg (D) April 7, 1896
54th Missouri 5 John C. Tarsney (D) Lost election contest Robert T. Van Horn (R) February 27, 1896
54th Alabama 4 Gaston A. Robbins (D) Lost election contest William F. Aldrich (R) March 12, 1896
54th Virginia 5 William R. McKenney (D) Lost election contest Robert T. Thorp (R) May 2, 1896
54th Alabama 5 James E. Cobb (D) Lost election contest Albert T. Goodwyn (P) April 21, 1896
54th South Carolina 7 None Seat declared vacant J. William Stokes (D) June 1, 1896
54th New York 8 James J. Walsh (D) Lost election contest John M. Mitchell (R) June 2, 1896
54th South Carolina 1 William Elliott (D) Lost election contest George W. Murray (R) June 4, 1896
54th Illinois 16 Finis E. Downing (D) Lost election contest John I. Rinaker (R) June 5, 1896
54th North Carolina 6 James A. Lockhart (D) Lost election contest Charles H. Martin (P) June 5, 1896
54th Alabama 9 Oscar W. Underwood (D) Lost election contest Truman H. Aldrich (R) June 9, 1896
54th Louisiana 5 None Seat declared vacant after contested election Charles J. Boatner (D) June 10, 1896
54th Georgia 3 Charles Frederick Crisp (D) Died October 23, 1896 Charles R. Crisp (D) December 19, 1896
54th New York 19 Frank S. Black (R) Resigned Vacant January 7, 1897
54th Kentucky 10 Joseph M. Kendall (D) Lost election contest Nathan T. Hopkins (R) February 18, 1897
55th Pennsylvania 25 James J. Davidson (R) Died January 2, 1897 Joseph B. Showalter (R) April 20, 1897
55th Maine 3 Seth L. Milliken (R) Died April 18, 1897 Edwin C. Burleigh (R) June 21, 1897
55th Indiana 4 William S. Holman (D) Died April 22, 1896 Francis M. Griffith (D) December 6, 1897
55th South Carolina 6 John L. McLaurin (D) Resigned James Norton (D) December 6, 1897
55th Missouri 1 None Representative-elect Richard P. Giles (D) died November 17, 1896 James T. Lloyd (D) June 1, 1897
55th Illinois 6 Edward D. Cooke (R) Died June 24, 1897 Henry S. Boutell (R) November 23, 1897
55th Massachusetts 1 Ashley B. Wright (R) Died August 14, 1897 George P. Lawrence (R) November 2, 1897
55th New York 3 Francis H. Wilson (R) Resigned Edmund H. Driggs (D) December 5, 1897
55th Alabama 4 Thomas S. Plowman (D) Lost election contest William F. Aldrich (R) February 9, 1898
55th Pennsylvania 23 William A. Stone (R) Resigned William H. Graham (R) November 29, 1898
55th Virginia 4 Sydney P. Epes (D) Lost election contest Robert T. Thorp (R) March 23, 1898
55th Massachusetts 13 John Simpkins (R) Died March 27, 1898 William S. Greene (R) May 31, 1898
55th Virginia 2 William A. Young (D) Lost election contest Richard A. Wise (R) April 26, 1898
55th Mississippi 2 William V. Sullivan (D) Resigned Thomas Spight (D) July 5, 1898
55th Ohio 19 Stephen A. Northway (R) Died September 8, 1898 Charles W. F. Dick (R) November 8, 1898
55th Mississippi 6 William F. Love (D) Died October 16, 1898 Frank A. McLain (D) December 12, 1898
55th New York 34 Warren B. Hooker (R) Resigned Vacant November 10, 1898
55th Tennessee 4 Benton McMillin (D) Resigned Vacant January 6, 1899
55th New York 2 Denis M. Hurley (R) Died Redistricted to New York 7 February 26, 1899
56th Maine 2 Nelson Dingley Jr. (R) Died Charles E. Littlefield (R) June 19, 1899
56th Maine 1 Thomas Brackett Reed (R) Resigned Amos L. Allen (R) November 6, 1899
56th Nebraska 6 William Laury Greene (Pop) Died William Neville (Pop) November 7, 1899
56th Ohio 16 Lorenzo Danford (R) Died June 19, 1899 Joseph J. Gill (R) November 7, 1899
56th Pennsylvania 9 Daniel Ermentrout (D) Died September 7, 1899 Henry D. Green (D) November 7, 1899
56th Utah at-large Brigham Henry Roberts (D) Disqualified William H. King (D) April 25, 1900
56th California 2 Marion De Vries (D) Resigned Samuel D. Woods (R) November 6, 1900
56th Delaware at-large John H. Hoffecker (R) Died June 16, 1900 Walter O. Hoffecker (R) November 6, 1900
56th New Jersey 7 William D. Daly (D) Died July 31, 1900 Allan L. McDermott (D) November 6, 1900
56th Pennsylvania 5 Alfred C. Harmer (R) Died March 6, 1900 Edward de Veaux Morrell (R) November 6, 1900
57th Maine 4 Charles A. Boutelle (R) Died Llewellyn Powers (R) April 8, 1901
57th Pennsylvania 10 Marriott Brosius (R) Died March 16, 1901 Henry B. Cassel (R) November 5, 1901
57th New Jersey 4 Joshua S. Salmon (D) Died May 6, 1902 De Witt C. Flanagan (D) June 18, 1902
57th Pennsylvania 17 Rufus King Polk (D) Died March 5, 1902 Alexander Billmeyer (D) November 4, 1902
58th Oregon 1 Thomas H. Tongue (R) Died Binger Hermann (R) June 1, 1903
58th Ohio 16 Joseph J. Gill (R) Resigned October 31, 1903 Capell L. Weems (R) November 3, 1903
58th Pennsylvania 4 Robert H. Foerderer (R) Died July 26, 1903 Reuben Moon (R) November 3, 1903
58th Pennsylvania 3 Henry Burk (R) Died December 5, 1903 George A. Castor (R) February 16, 1904
58th Ohio 14 William W. Skiles (R) Died January 9, 1904 Amos R. Webber (R) May 19, 1904
58th Ohio 19 Charles W. F. Dick (R) Resigned March 23, 1904 W. Aubrey Thomas (R) May 19, 1904
58th California 3 Victor H. Metcalf (R) Resigned Joseph R. Knowland (R) November 8, 1904
58th New Jersey 4 William M. Lanning (R) Resigned June 6, 1904 Ira W. Wood (R) November 8, 1904
59th West Virginia 2 Alston G. Dayton (R) Resigned Thomas Beall Davis (D) June 6, 1905
59th Nebraska 1 Elmer Burkett (R) Resigned Ernest M. Pollard (R) July 18, 1905
59th California 1 James Gillett (R) Resigned William F. Englebright (R) November 6, 1906
59th Georgia 1 Rufus E. Lester (D) Died James W. Overstreet (D) November 6, 1906
59th Pennsylvania 2 Robert Adams Jr. (R) Died June 1, 1906 John E. Reyburn (R) November 6, 1906
59th Pennsylvania 3 George A. Castor (R) Died February 19, 1906 J. Hampton Moore (R) November 6, 1906
59th Pennsylvania 12 George R. Patterson (R) Died March 21, 1906 Charles N. Brumm (R) November 6, 1906
60th Pennsylvania 2 John E. Reyburn (R) Resigned March 31, 1907 Joel Cook (R) November 5, 1907
60th Maine 2 Charles E. Littlefield (R) Resigned John P. Swasey (R) November 3, 1908
60th Maine 4 Llewellyn Powers (R) Died Frank E. Guernsey (R) November 3, 1908
60th South Dakota at-large William H. Parker (R) Died Eben Martin (R) November 3, 1908
61st Ohio 21 Theodore E. Burton (R) Resigned March 3, 1909 James H. Cassidy (R) April 20, 1909
61st Georgia 2 James M. Griggs (D) Died Seaborn Roddenbery (D) February 6, 1910
62nd Pennsylvania 2 Joel Cook (R) Died December 15, 1910 William S. Reyburn (R) May 23, 1911
62nd Nebraska 3 James P. Latta (D) Died Dan V. Stephens (D) November 7, 1911
62nd New Jersey 1 Henry C. Loudenslager (R) Died August 12, 1911 William J. Browning (R) November 7, 1911
62nd Pennsylvania 14 George W. Kipp (D) Died July 24, 1911 William D. B. Ainey (R) November 7, 1911
62nd Pennsylvania 1 Henry H. Bingham (R) Died March 22, 1912 William Scott Vare (R) July 30, 1912
62nd Vermont 1 David J. Foster (R) Died Frank L. Greene (R) July 30, 1912
62nd New Jersey 6 William Hughes (D) Resigned September 12, 1912 Archibald C. Hart (D) November 5, 1912
63rd New Jersey 6 Lewis J. Martin (D) Died May 5, 1913 Archibald C. Hart (D) July 22, 1913
63rd Maine 3 Forrest Goodwin (R) Died John A. Peters (R) September 9, 1913
63rd West Virginia 1 John W. Davis (D) Resigned Matthew M. Neely (D) October 14, 1913
63rd Georgia 2 Seaborn Roddenbery (D) Died Frank Park (D) November 4, 1913
63rd New Jersey 7 Robert G. Bremner (D) Died February 5, 1914 Dow H. Drukker (R) April 7, 1914
63rd Georgia 10 Thomas W. Hardwick (D) Resigned Carl Vinson (D) November 3, 1914
63rd New Jersey 9 Walter I. McCoy (R) Resigned October 3, 1914 Richard W. Parker (R) December 1, 1914
64th Pennsylvania 24 William M. Brown (R) Died January 31, 1915 Henry W. Temple (R) November 2, 1915
64th West Virginia 2 William Gay Brown Jr. (D) Died George Meade Bowers (R) May 9, 1916
64th California 10 William Stephens (R) Resigned Henry S. Benedict (R) November 7, 1916
64th West Virginia 4 Hunter Holmes Moss Jr. (R) Died Harry C. Woodyard (R) November 7, 1916
64th Georgia 8 Samuel Joelah Tribble (D) Died Tinsley W. Rucker Jr. (D) January 11, 1917
65th Charles H. Brand (D)
64th South Carolina 5 David E. Finley (D) Died Paul G. McCorkle (D) February 21, 1917
65th William F. Stevenson (D)
65th New Hampshire 1 Cyrus A. Sulloway (R) Died Sherman Everett Burroughs (R) May 29, 1917
65th North Dakota 1 Henry Thomas Helgesen (R) Died John Miller Baer (R) July 10, 1917
65th Pennsylvania 28 Orrin D. Bleakley (R) Resigned April 3, 1917 Earl H. Beshlin (D) November 6, 1917
65th Georgia 4 William C. Adamson (D) Resigned William C. Wright (D) January 16, 1918
65th New Jersey 5 John H. Capstick (R) Died March 17, 1918 William F. Birch (R) November 5, 1918
65th Ohio 14 Ellsworth Raymond Bathrick (D) Died December 23, 1917 Martin L. Davey (D) November 5, 1918
65th Pennsylvania 22 Edward E. Robbins (R) Died January 25, 1919 John H. Wilson (D) March 4, 1919
66th Alaska Territory at-large Charles August Sulzer (D) Died during electoral recount George Barnes Grigsby (D) June 5, 1919
66th Oklahoma 5 Joseph Bryan Thompson (D) Died September 18, 1919 John W. Harreld (R) November 8, 1919
66th New Jersey 1 William J. Browning (R) Died March 24, 1920 Francis F. Patterson Jr. (R) November 2, 1920
66th Oklahoma 8 Dick Thompson Morgan (R) Died July 4, 1920 Charles Swindall (R) November 2, 1920
66th Pennsylvania 3 J. Hampton Moore (R) Resigned January 4, 1920 Harry C. Ransley (R) November 2, 1920
67th California 9 Charles F. Van de Water (R) Died Walter F. Lineberger (R) February 15, 1921
67th Pennsylvania at-large Mahlon M. Garland (R) Died November 19, 1920 Thomas S. Crago (R) September 20, 1921
67th Maine 3 John A. Peters (R) Resigned John E. Nelson (R) March 20, 1922
67th Hawaii Territory at-large Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole (R) Died Henry Alexander Baldwin (R) March 25, 1922
67th California 6 John A. Elston (R) Died James H. MacLafferty (R) November 7, 1922
67th Illinois at-large William E. Mason (R) Died June 16, 1921 Winnifred Huck (R) November 7, 1922
67th Nebraska 1 C. Frank Reavis (R) Resigned Roy H. Thorpe (R) November 7, 1922
67th Nebraska 6 Moses Kinkaid (R) Died Augustin Reed Humphrey (R) November 7, 1922
68th California 5 John I. Nolan (R) Died Mae Nolan (R) January 23, 1923
68th California 10 Henry Z. Osborne (R) Died John D. Fredericks (R) May 1, 1923
68th Vermont 2 Porter H. Dale (R) Resigned Ernest Willard Gibson (R) November 6, 1923
68th Illinois 2 Vacant Rep. James R. Mann died during previous congress Morton D. Hull (R) April 3, 1923
68th California 10 Vacant Rep. Henry Z. Osborne died during previous congress John D. Fredericks (R) May 1, 1923
68th New York 16 Vacant Rep. William Bourke Cockran died during previous congress John J. O'Connor (D) November 6, 1923
68th Alabama 2 John R. Tyson (D) [data unknown/missing] Lister Hill (D) August 14, 1923
68th Michigan 3 John M. C. Smith (R) [data unknown/missing] Arthur B. Williams (R) June 19, 1923
68th Iowa 8 Horace M. Towner (R) Resigned April 1, 1923 Hiram K. Evans (R) June 4, 1923
68th New York 11 Daniel J. Riordan (D) Died April 28, 1923 Anning S. Prall (D) November 6, 1923
68th Illinois 4 John W. Rainey (D) Died May 4, 1923 Thomas A. Doyle (D) November 6, 1923
68th Arkansas 6 Lewis E. Sawyer (D) Died May 5, 1923 James B. Reed (D) October 6, 1923
68th Washington 5 J. Stanley Webster (R) Resigned May 8, 1923 Samuel B. Hill (D) September 25, 1923
68th North Carolina 2 Claude Kitchin (D) Died May 31, 1923 John H. Kerr (D) November 6, 1923
68th New York 32 Luther W. Mott (R) Died July 10, 1923 Thaddeus C. Sweet (R) November 6, 1923
68th Vermont 2 Porter H. Dale (R) Resigned August 11, 1923 Ernest Willard Gibson (R) November 6, 1923
68th Kentucky 7 J. Campbell Cantrill (D) Died September 2, 1923 Joseph W. Morris (D) November 30, 1923
68th New York 24 James V. Ganly (D) Died September 7, 1923 Benjamin L. Fairchild (R) November 6, 1923
68th Mississippi 3 Benjamin G. Humphreys II (D) Died October 16, 1923 William Y. Humphreys (D) November 27, 1923
68th North Dakota 2 George M. Young (R) Resigned Thomas Hall (R) November 4, 1924
69th Massachusetts 5 John Jacob Rogers (R) Died Edith Nourse Rogers (R) June 30, 1925
69th New Jersey 3 T. Frank Appleby (R) Died December 15, 1924 Stewart H. Appleby (R) November 3, 1925
69th Kentucky 10 John W. Langley (R) Resigned Andrew J. Kirk (R) February 13, 1926
69th California 2 John Raker (D) Died Harry Englebright (R) August 31, 1926
69th California 5 Lawrence Flaherty (R) Died Richard Welch (R) August 31, 1926
70th Oregon 3 Maurice Crumpacker (R) Died Franklin Korell (R) October 18, 1927
70th Ohio 2 Ambrose E. B. Stephens (R) Died February 12, 1927 Charles Tatgenhorst Jr. (R) November 8, 1927
70th Pennsylvania 1 James M. Hazlett (R) Resigned October 20, 1927 James M. Beck (R) November 8, 1927
70th Oregon 2 Nicholas Sinnott (R) Resigned Robert Butler (R) November 6, 1928
70th Pennsylvania 8 Thomas S. Butler (R) Died May 26, 1928 James Wolfenden (R) November 6, 1928
71st Arkansas 2 William Allan Oldfield (D) Died November 19, 1928 Pearl Oldfield (D) January 9, 1929
71st Pennsylvania 12 John J. Casey (D) Died May 5, 1929 C. Murray Turpin (R) June 4, 1929
71st Georgia 5 Leslie Steele (D) Died Robert Ramspeck (D) October 2, 1929
71st Arkansas 4 Otis Wingo (D) Died Effiegene Wingo (D) November 4, 1930
71st Pennsylvania 32 Stephen G. Porter (R) Died June 27, 1930 Edmund F. Erk (R) November 4, 1930
71st Rhode Island 3 Jeremiah O'Connell (D) Resigned Francis Condon (D) November 4, 1930
71st Utah 2 Elmer Leatherwood (R) Died Frederick Loofbourow (R) November 4, 1930
71st West Virginia 4 James Hughes (R) Died Robert Hogg (R) November 4, 1930
72nd New York 7 John Quayle (D) Died November 27, 1930 Matthew V. O'Malley[t] (D) February 17, 1931
72nd Georgia 1 Charles Edwards (D) Died Homer Parker (D) September 9, 1931
72nd New York 7 Matthew V. O'Malley (D) Died May 26, 1931 John J. Delaney (D) November 3, 1931
72nd Ohio 1 Nicholas Longworth (R) Died April 9, 1931 John B. Hollister (R) November 3, 1931
72nd Ohio 20 Charles A. Mooney (D) Died May 29, 1931 Martin L. Sweeney (D) November 3, 1931
72nd Pennsylvania 2 George Scott Graham (R) Died July 4, 1931 Edward L. Stokes (R) November 3, 1931
72nd New Jersey 5 Ernest R. Ackerman (R) Died October 18, 1931 Percy Hamilton Stewart (D) December 1, 1931
72nd New Hampshire 1 Fletcher Hale (R) Died William Rogers (D) January 5, 1932
72nd Georgia 6 Samuel Rutherford (D) Died Carlton Mobley (D) March 2, 1932
72nd Pennsylvania 20 J. Russell Leech (R) Resigned January 29, 1932 Howard W. Stull (R) April 26, 1932
72nd Tennessee 7 Edward E. Eslick (D) Died June 14, 1932 Willa Eslick (D) August 14, 1932
72nd Georgia 3 Charles Crisp (D) Resigned Bryant Castellow (D) November 8, 1932
72nd Pennsylvania 6 George A. Welsh (R) Resigned May 31, 1932 Robert L. Davis (R) November 8, 1932
72nd Pennsylvania 18 Edward M. Beers (R) Died April 21, 1932 Joseph F. Biddle (R) November 8, 1932
73rd Georgia 10 Charles Brand (D) Died Paul Brown (D) July 5, 1933
73rd Arizona at-large Lewis Douglas (D) Resigned Isabella Greenway (D) October 3, 1933
73rd Pennsylvania 9 Henry W. Watson (R) Died August 27, 1933 Oliver W. Frey (D) November 7, 1933
73rd West Virginia 3 Lynn Hornor (D) Died Andrew Edmiston (D) November 28, 1933
73rd New York 34 John D. Clarke (R) Died November 5, 1933 Marian W. Clarke (R) December 28, 1933
73rd Vermont at-large Ernest Gibson (R) Resigned Charles Plumley (R) January 16, 1934
73rd Louisiana 6 Bolivar Kemp (D) Died Jared Sanders (D) May 1, 1934
74th Rhode Island 1 Francis Condon (D) Resigned Charles Risk (R) August 6, 1935
74th Ohio at-large Charles V. Truax (D) Died August 9, 1935 Daniel S. Earhart (D) November 3, 1936
74th Ohio 11 Mell G. Underwood (D) Resigned April 10, 1936 Peter F. Hammond (D) November 3, 1936
75th California 5 Henry Stubbs (D) Died Alfred Elliott (D) May 4, 1937
75th Pennsylvania 18 Benjamin K. Focht (R) Died March 27, 1937 Richard M. Simpson (R) May 11, 1937
75th Oklahoma 5 Robert P. Hill (D) Died October 29, 1937 Gomer Griffith Smith (D) December 10, 1937
75th South Carolina 6 Allard H. Gasque (D) Died June 17, 1938 Elizabeth Gasque (D) September 13, 1938
75th Ohio 4 Frank Kloeb (D) Resigned August 19, 1937 Walter Albaugh (R) November 8, 1938
76th Georgia 4 Emmett Owen (D) Died Albert Camp (D) August 1, 1939
76th South Carolina 1 Thomas S. McMillan (D) Died Clara G. McMillan (D) November 7, 1939
76th Pennsylvania 4 J. Burrwood Daly (D) Died March 12, 1939 John E. Sheridan (D) November 7, 1939
76th Ohio 17 William A. Ashbrook (D) Died January 1, 1940 J. Harry McGregor (R) February 27, 1940
76th Ohio 22 Chester C. Bolton (R) Died October 29, 1939 Frances P. Bolton (R) February 27, 1940
76th Nebraska 1 George Heinke (R) Died John Sweet (R) April 19, 1940
76th Maine 2 Clyde Smith (R) Died Margaret Chase Smith (R) June 3, 1940
76th Georgia 8 Benjamin Gibbs (D) Died Florence Reville Gibbs (D) October 1, 1940
77th Oklahoma 7 Sam C. Massingale (D) Died January 17, 1941 Victor Wickersham (D) April 1, 1941
77th Maryland 6 William D. Byron (D) Died in a plane crash February 27, 1941 Katharine Byron (D) May 27, 1941
77th Pennsylvania 15 Albert G. Rutherford (R) Died August 10, 1941 Wilson D. Gillette (R) November 4, 1941
77th Mississippi 2 Wall Doxey (D) Resigned Jamie Whitten (D) November 4, 1941
77th Pennsylvania 12 J. Harold Flannery (D) Resigned January 3, 1942 Thomas B. Miller (R) May 19, 1942
77th Pennsylvania 33 Joseph A. McArdle (D) Resigned January 5, 1942 Elmer J. Holland (D) May 19, 1942
77th California 17 Lee Guyer (D) Died Cecil King (D) August 25, 1942
77th Pennsylvania 11 Patrick J. Boland (D) Died May 18, 1942 Veronica Boland (D) November 3, 1942
78th California 2 Harry Englebright (R) Died Clair Engle (D) August 31, 1943
78th Pennsylvania 23 James E. Van Zandt (R) Resigned September 24, 1943 D. Emmert Brumbaugh (R) November 2, 1943
78th Pennsylvania 2 James McGranery (D) Resigned November 17, 1943 Joseph Pratt (R) January 18, 1944
78th Pennsylvania 17 J. William Ditter (R) Died in a plane crash November 21, 1943 Samuel K. McConnell Jr. (R) January 18, 1944
78th Oklahoma 2 John Conover Nichols (D) Resigned July 3, 1943 William G. Stigler (D) March 28, 1944
78th New York 11 James O'Leary (D) Died March 16, 1944 Ellsworth Buck (R) June 6, 1944
78th South Carolina 2 Hampton P. Fulmer (D) Died Willa L. Fulmer (D) November 7, 1944
79th Montana 2 James O'Connor (D) Died January 15, 1945 Wesley D'Ewart (R) June 5, 1945
79th New Jersey 4 D. Lane Powers (R) Resigned August 30, 1945 Frank A. Mathews Jr. (R) November 6, 1945
79th Oregon 1 James Mott (R) Died November 12, 1945 Walter Norblad (R) January 18, 1946
79th Georgia 5 Robert Ramspeck (D) Resigned Helen Douglas Mankin (D) February 12, 1946
79th Pennsylvania 33 Samuel A. Weiss (D) Resigned January 7, 1946 Frank Buchanan (D) May 21, 1946
79th North Carolina 8 William O. Burgin (D) Died Eliza Pratt (D) May 25, 1946
79th Pennsylvania 10 John W. Murphy (D) Resigned July 17, 1946 James P. Scoblick (R) November 5, 1946
80th Washington 3 Fred B. Norman (R) Died April 18, 1947 Russell V. Mack (R) June 7, 1947
80th Pennsylvania 8 Charles L. Gerlach (R) Died May 5, 1947 Franklin H. Lichtenwalter (R) September 9, 1947
80th Ohio 4 Robert Jones (R) Resigned William McCulloch (R) November 4, 1947
80th New York 24 Benjamin J. Rabin (D) Resigned December 31, 1947 Leo Isacson (AL) February 17, 1948
80th Virginia 4 Patrick Drewry (D) Died December 21, 1947 Watkins Abbitt (D) February 17, 1948
80th Kentucky 2 Earle Clements (D) Resigned January 6, 1948 John Whitaker (D) April 17, 1948
80th Kentucky 9 John Robsion (R) Died February 17, 1948 William Lewis (R) April 24, 1948
80th Missouri 10 Orville Zimmerman (D) Died April 7, 1948 Paul C. Jones (D) November 2, 1948
80th Virginia 6 J. Lindsay Almond (D) Resigned April 17, 1948 Clarence G. Burton (D) November 2, 1948
80th Texas 15 Milton H. West (D) Died October 28, 1948 Lloyd Bentsen (D) December 4, 1948
81st New York 7 John J. Delaney (D) Died November 18, 1948 Louis B. Heller (D) February 15, 1949[6]
81st New York 20 Sol Bloom (D) Died March 7, 1949 Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr. (Liberal) May 17, 1949[7]
81st Pennsylvania 26 Robert L. Coffey (D) Died April 20, 1949 John P. Saylor (R) September 13, 1949
81st California 5 Richard Welch (R) Died Jack Shelley (D) November 8, 1949
81st New York 10 Andrew Somers (D) Died Edna F. Kelly (D) November 8, 1949
81st New Jersey 7 J. Parnell Thomas (R) Resigned January 2, 1950 William B. Widnall (R) February 6, 1950
81st Texas 18 Eugene Worley (D) Resigned April 3, 1950 Ben Guill (R) May 6, 1950
81st Kentucky 6 Thomas R. Underwood (D) Resigned March 17, 1951 John C. Watts (D) April 4, 1951
82nd West Virginia 5 John Kee (D) Died Elizabeth Kee (D) July 17, 1951
82nd Pennsylvania 33 Frank Buchanan (D) Died April 27, 1951 Vera Buchanan (D) July 24, 1951
82nd Maine 3 Frank Fellows (R) Died Clifford McIntire (R) October 22, 1951
82nd New Jersey 9 Harry L. Towe (R) Resigned September 7, 1951 Frank C. Osmers Jr. (R) November 6, 1951
82nd Ohio 3 Ed Breen (D) Resigned October 1, 1951 Paul Schenck (R) November 6, 1951
82nd Pennsylvania 8 Albert C. Vaughn (R) Died September 1, 1951 Karl C. King (R) November 6, 1951
82nd Pennsylvania 14 Wilson D. Gillette (R) Died August 7, 1951 Joseph L. Carrigg (R) November 6, 1951
82nd Nebraska 3 Karl Stefan (R) Died Bob Harrison (R) December 4, 1951
83rd Georgia 2 Eugene Cox (D) Died J. L. Pilcher (D) February 4, 1953
83rd New Jersey 6 Clifford P. Case (R) Resigned August 16, 1953 Harrison A. Williams (D) November 3, 1953
83rd California 24 Norris Poulson (R) Resigned Glen Lipscomb (R) November 10, 1953
83rd Hawaii Territory at-large Joe Farrington (R) Died Elizabeth Farrington (R) July 31, 1954
83rd Georgia 4 Albert Camp (D) Died John Flynt (D) November 2, 1954
84th Florida 6 Dwight L. Rogers (D) Died December 1, 1954 Paul Rogers (D) January 11, 1955
84th Michigan 15 John D. Dingell Sr. (D) Died John D. Dingell Jr. (D) December 13, 1955
84th Pennsylvania 30 Vera Buchanan (D) Died November 26, 1955 Elmer J. Holland (D) January 24, 1956
84th Pennsylvania 2 William T. Granahan (D) Died May 25, 1956 Kathryn E. Granahan (D) November 6, 1956
85th New Mexico at-large Antonio Fernández (D) Died Joseph Montoya (D) April 9, 1957
85th New Jersey 2 T. Millet Hand (R) Died December 26, 1956 Milton W. Glenn (R) November 5, 1957
85th Pennsylvania 13 Samuel K. McConnell Jr. (R) Resigned September 1, 1957 John A. Lafore Jr. (R) November 5, 1957
85th Georgia 7 Henderson Lanham (D) Died Harlan Mitchell (D) January 8, 1958
85th Pennsylvania 21 Augustine Kelley (D) Died November 20, 1957 John H. Dent (D) January 21, 1958
85th Pennsylvania 4 Earl Chudoff (D) Resigned January 5, 1958 Robert Nix (D) May 20, 1958
86th Pennsylvania 17 Alvin Bush (R) Died November 5, 1959 Herman T. Schneebeli (R) April 26, 1960
86th Pennsylvania 18 Richard M. Simpson (R) Died January 7, 1960 Douglas Elliott (R) April 26, 1960
86th Ohio 6 James G. Polk (D) Died April 28, 1959 Ward Miller (R) November 8, 1960
86th Pennsylvania 18 Douglas Elliott (R) Died June 19, 1960 J. Irving Whalley (R) November 8, 1960
86th Washington 3 Russell V. Mack (R) Died March 28, 1960 Julia Butler Hansen (D) November 8, 1960
87th Arkansas 6 William F. Norrell (D) Died Catherine Norrell (D) April 19, 1961
87th Arizona 2 Stewart Udall (D) Resigned Mo Udall (D) May 2, 1961
87th Pennsylvania 16 Walter M. Mumma (R) Died February 25, 1961 John C. Kunkel (R) May 16, 1961
87th Tennessee 1 B. Carroll Reece (R) Died March 19, 1961 Louise Goff Reece (R) May 16, 1961
87th Louisiana 4 Overton Brooks (D) Died Joe Waggonner (D) December 19, 1961
87th Texas 4 Sam Rayburn (D) Died Ray Roberts (D) January 30, 1962
87th South Carolina 2 John J. Riley (D) Died Corinne Riley (D) April 10, 1962
88th California 1 Clement Miller (D) Died Don Clausen (R) January 22, 1963
88th California 23 Clyde Doyle (D) Died Del Clawson (R) June 11, 1963
88th Pennsylvania 15 Francis E. Walter (D) Died May 31, 1963 Fred B. Rooney (D) July 30, 1963
88th North Dakota 1 Hjalmar Carl Nygaard (R) Died Mark Andrews (R) October 22, 1963
88th Pennsylvania 23 Leon H. Gavin (R) Died September 15, 1963 Albert W. Johnson (R) November 5, 1963
88th California 5 Jack Shelley (D) Resigned Phillip Burton (D) February 18, 1964
82nd Tennessee 2 Howard Baker Sr. (R) Died Irene Baker (R) March 10, 1964
88th Pennsylvania 5 William J. Green Jr. (D) Died December 21, 1963 William J. Green III (D) April 28, 1964
88th Oregon 1 Walter Norblad (R) Died Wendell Wyatt (R) November 3, 1964
89th Louisiana 7 Ashton Thompson (D) Died Edwin Edwards (D) October 2, 1965[8]
89th Ohio 7 Clarence J. Brown (R) Died August 23, 1965 Bud Brown (R) November 2, 1965
89th California 26 James Roosevelt (D) Resigned Tom Rees (D) December 15, 1965
89th Texas 8 Albert Thomas (D) Died Lera Thomas (D) March 26, 1966
89th California 14 John Baldwin (R) Died Jerry Waldie (D) June 7, 1966
90th Rhode Island 2 John Fogarty (D) Died Robert Tiernan (D) March 28, 1967
90th California 11 Arthur Younger (R) Died Pete McCloskey (R) December 12, 1967
90th New York 13 Abraham Multer (D) Resigned Bert Podell (D) February 20, 1968
90th Mississippi 3 John Williams (D) Resigned Charles Griffin (D) March 12, 1968
90th Texas 3 Joe Pool (D) Died Jim Collins (R) August 24, 1968
90th Pennsylvania 20 Elmer Holland (D) Died August 9, 1968 Joe Gaydos (D) November 5, 1968
91st Tennessee 8 Fats Everett (D) Died Ed Jones (D) March 25, 1969
91st Wisconsin 7 Melvin Laird (R) Resigned Dave Obey (D) April 1, 1969
91st California 27 Ed Reinecke (R) Resigned Barry Goldwater Jr. (R) April 29, 1969
91st Montana 2 James Battin (R) Resigned John Melcher (D) June 24, 1969
91st Massachusetts 6 Bill Bates (R) Died Mike Harrington (D) September 30, 1969
91st New Jersey 8 Charles Joelson (D) Resigned Bob Roe (D) November 4, 1969
91st Illinois 13 Donald Rumsfeld (R) Resigned Phil Crane (R) November 25, 1969
91st California 35 Jim Utt (R) Died John Schmitz (R) June 30, 1970
91st California 24 Glen Lipscomb (R) Died John Rousselot (R) June 30, 1970
91st Connecticut 2 Bill St. Onge (D) Died Robert Steele (R) November 3, 1970
91st New Jersey 6 Bill Cahill (R) Resigned Edwin Forsythe (R) November 3, 1970
91st Ohio 19 Mike Kirwan (D) Died Charles Carney (D) November 3, 1970
91st Pennsylvania 9 Robert Watkins (R) Died August 7, 1970 John Ware (R) November 3, 1970
91st Illinois 6 Dan Ronan (D) Died George Collins (D) December 3, 1970
92nd South Carolina 1 Mendel Rivers (D) Died Mendel Davis (D) April 27, 1971
92nd Maryland 1 Rogers Morton (R) Resigned Bill Mills (R) May 25, 1971
92nd Pennsylvania 18 Bob Corbett (R) Died April 25, 1971 John Heinz (R) November 2, 1971
92nd Kentucky 6 John Watts (D) Died Bill Curlin (D) December 4, 1971
92nd Vermont at-large Robert Stafford (R) Resigned Richard Mallary (R) January 7, 1972
92nd Alabama 3 George Andrews (D) Died December 25, 1971 Elizabeth Andrews (D) April 4, 1972
92nd Illinois 15 Charlotte Reid (R) Resigned Cliffard Carlson (R) April 4, 1972
92nd Pennsylvania 27 Jim Fulton (R) Died October 6, 1971 Bill Conover (R) April 25, 1972
92nd Louisiana 7 Edwin Edwards (D) Resigned John Breaux (D) September 30, 1972
92nd Virginia 6 Richard Poff (R) Resigned Caldwell Butler (R) November 7, 1972
93rd Alaska at-large Nick Begich (D) Died Don Young (R) March 6, 1973
93rd Louisiana 2 Hale Boggs (D) Died Lindy Boggs (D) March 20, 1973
93rd Illinois 7 George Collins (D) Died Cardiss Collins (D) June 5, 1973
93rd Maryland 1 Bill Mills (R) Died Bob Bauman (R) August 21, 1973
93rd Pennsylvania 12 John Saylor (R) Died October 28, 1973 John Murtha (D) February 25, 1974
93rd Michigan 5 Gerald Ford (R) Resigned Richard VanderVeen (D) February 18, 1974
93rd Ohio 1 Bill Keating (R) Resigned Tom Luken (D) March 5, 1974
93rd Michigan 8 James Harvey (R) Resigned Bob Traxler (D) April 16, 1974
93rd California 6 Bill Mailliard (R) Resigned John Burton (D) June 4, 1974
93rd California 13 Charles Teague (R) Died Bob Lagomarsino (R) June 4, 1974
94th Louisiana 6 John Rarick (D) Results of the preceding general election were annulled because of claimed irregularities in the tabulation W. Henson Moore (R) January 7, 1975
94th California 37 Jerry Pettis (R) Died Shirley Pettis (R) April 29, 1975
94th Illinois 5 John Kluczynski (D) Died John Fary (D) July 8, 1975
94th Tennessee 5 Dick Fulton (D) Resigned Clifford Allen (D) November 25, 1975
94th New York 39 Jim Hastings (R) Resigned Stan Lundine (D) March 2, 1976
94th Texas 22 Bob Casey (D) Resigned Ron Paul (R) April 3, 1976
94th Texas 1 Wright Patman (D) Died Sam Hall (D) June 19, 1976
94th Massachusetts 7 Torbert MacDonald (D) Died Ed Markey (D) November 2, 1976
94th Missouri 6 Jerry Litton (D) Died Earl Coleman (R) November 2, 1976
94th Pennsylvania 1 Bill Barrett (D) Died April 12, 1976 Ozzie Myers (D) November 2, 1976
95th Minnesota 7 Bob Bergland (D) Resigned Arlan Stangeland (R) February 22, 1977
95th Georgia 5 Andrew Young (D) Resigned Wyche Fowler (D) April 6, 1977
95th Washington 7 Brock Adams (D) Resigned John Cunningham (R) May 17, 1977
95th Louisiana 1 Rick Tonry (D) Resigned Bob Livingston (R) August 27, 1977
95th New York 18 Ed Koch (D) Resigned Bill Green (R) February 14, 1978
95th New York 21 Herman Badillo (D) Resigned Robert Garcia (D) February 14, 1978
96th California 11 Leo Ryan (D) Died Bill Royer (R) April 3, 1979
96th Illinois 10 Abner Mikva (D) Resigned John Porter (R) January 22, 1980
96th West Virginia 3 John Slack (D) Died John Hutchinson (D) April 9, 1980
96th Pennsylvania 11 Dan Flood (D) Resigned Raphael Musto (D) April 9, 1980
96th Louisiana 3 Dave Treen (R) Resigned Billy Tauzin (D) May 17, 1980
96th Michigan 13 Charles Diggs (D) Resigned George Crockett (D) November 4, 1980
97th Michigan 4 David Stockman (R) Resigned Mark Siljander (R) April 21, 1981
97th Maryland 5 Gladys Spellman (D) Fell into a permanent coma, resulting in the seat being declared vacant Steny Hoyer (D) May 19, 1981
97th Ohio 4 Tennyson Guyer (R) Died Mike Oxley (R) June 25, 1981
97th Mississippi 4 Jon Hinson (R) Resigned Wayne Dowdy (D) July 7, 1981
97th Pennsylvania 3 Ray Lederer (D) Resigned April 29, 1981 Joe Smith (D) July 21, 1981
97th Connecticut 1 Bill Cotter (D) Died Barbara Kennelly (D) January 12, 1982
97th Ohio 17 John Ashbrook (R) Died Jean Ashbrook (R) June 29, 1982
97th California 30 George Danielson (D) Resigned Marty Martinez (D) July 13, 1982
97th Indiana 1 Adam Benjamin (D) Died Katie Hall (D) November 2, 1982
98th Texas 6 Phil Gramm (D) Resigned Phil Gramm (R) February 12, 1983
98th New York 7 Ben Rosenthal (D) Died Gary Ackerman (D) March 1, 1983
98th Colorado 6 None[u] (See note) Dan Schaefer (R) March 29, 1983
98th California 5 Phillip Burton (D) Died Sala Burton (D) June 21, 1983
98th Illinois 1 Harold Washington (D) Resigned Charles Hayes (D) August 23, 1983
98th Georgia 7 Larry McDonald (D) Died September 1, 1983 Buddy Darden (D) November 8, 1983
98th Wisconsin 4 Clement Zablocki (D) Died Jerry Kleczka (D) April 3, 1984
98th Kentucky 7 Carl Perkins (D) Died Chris Perkins (D) November 6, 1984
98th New Jersey 13 Edwin Forsythe (R) Died March 29, 1984 Jim Saxton (R) November 6, 1984
99th Louisiana 8 Gillis Long (D) Died Catherine Small Long (D) March 30, 1985
99th Texas 1 Sam Hall (D) Resigned Jim Chapman (D) September 4, 1985
99th New York 6 Joe Addabbo (D) Died Alton Waldon (D) July 10, 1986
99th Hawaii 1 Cec Heftel (D) Resigned Neil Abercrombie (D) September 20, 1986
99th North Carolina 10 Jim Broyhill (R) Resigned Cass Ballenger (R) November 4, 1986
100th California 5 Sala Burton (D) Died Nancy Pelosi (D) June 2, 1987
100th Connecticut 4 Stewart McKinney (R) Died Chris Shays (R) August 18, 1987
100th Louisiana 4 Buddy Roemer (D) Resigned Jim McCrery (R) April 16, 1988
100th Tennessee 5 Bill Boner (D) Resigned Bob Clement (D) January 19, 1988
100th Virginia 5 Dan Daniel (D) Died Lewis Payne (D) June 14, 1988
100th Illinois 21 Melvin Price (D) Died Jerry Costello (D) August 9, 1988
100th New Jersey 3 James Howard (D) Died March 25, 1988 Frank Pallone (D) November 8, 1988
100th Tennessee 2 John Duncan (R) Died Jimmy Duncan (R) November 8, 1988
101st Indiana 4 Dan Coats (R) Resigned Jill Long (D) March 28, 1989
101st Alabama 3 Bill Nichols (D) Died Glen Browder (D) April 4, 1989
101st Wyoming at-large Dick Cheney (R) Resigned Craig Thomas (R) April 26, 1989
101st Florida 18 Claude Pepper (D) Died Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R) August 29, 1989
101st California 15 Tony Coelho (D) Resigned Gary Condit (D) September 12, 1989
101st Texas 12 Jim Wright (D) Resigned Pete Geren (D) September 12, 1989
101st Mississippi 5 Larkin Smith (R) Died Gene Taylor (D) October 17, 1989
101st Texas 18 Mickey Leland (D) Died Craig Washington (D) December 9, 1989
101st New York 14 Guy Molinari (R) Resigned Susan Molinari (R) March 20, 1990
101st New York 18 Robert Garcia (D) Resigned Jose Serrano (D) March 20, 1990
101st Hawaii 2 Daniel Akaka (D) Resigned Patsy Mink (D) September 22, 1990
101st New Jersey 1 Jim Florio (D) Resigned Rob Andrews (D) November 6, 1990
102nd Texas 3 Steve Bartlett (R) Resigned Sam Johnson (R) May 18, 1991
102nd Massachusetts 1 Silvio Conte (R) Died John Olver (D) June 4, 1991
102nd Illinois 15 Ed Madigan (R) Resigned Tom Ewing (R) July 2, 1991
102nd Pennsylvania 2 Bill Gray (D) Resigned Lucien Blackwell (D) November 5, 1991
102nd Virginia 7 D. French Slaughter (R) Resigned George Allen (R) November 5, 1991
102nd Arizona 2 Mo Udall (D) Resigned Ed Pastor (D) September 24, 1991
102nd New York 17 Ted Weiss (D) Died Jerrold Nadler (D) November 3, 1992
102nd North Carolina 1 Walter Jones Sr. (D) Died Eva Clayton (D) November 3, 1992
103rd Mississippi 2 Mike Espy (D) Resigned Bennie Thompson (D) April 13, 1993
103rd Wisconsin 1 Les Aspin (D) Resigned Peter Barca (D) May 4, 1993
103rd Ohio 2 Bill Gradison (R) Resigned Rob Portman (R) May 4, 1993
103rd California 17 Leon Panetta (D) Resigned Sam Farr (D) June 8, 1993
103rd Michigan 3 Paul Henry (R) Died Vern Ehlers (R) December 7, 1993
103rd Oklahoma 6 Glenn English (D) Resigned Frank Lucas (R) May 10, 1994
103rd Kentucky 2 William Natcher (D) Died Ron Lewis (R) May 24, 1994
103rd Oklahoma 1 Jim Inhofe (R) Resigned Steve Largent (R) November 8, 1994
104th California 15 Norman Mineta (D) Resigned Tom Campbell (R) December 12, 1995
104th Illinois 2 Mel Reynolds (D) Resigned Jesse Jackson Jr. (D) December 12, 1995
104th California 37 Walter Tucker (D) Resigned Juanita Millender-McDonald (D) March 26, 1996
104th Maryland 7 Kweisi Mfume (D) Resigned Elijah Cummings (D) April 16, 1996
104th Oregon 3 Ron Wyden (D) Resigned Earl Blumenauer (D) May 21, 1996
104th Kansas 2 Sam Brownback (R) Resigned Jim Ryun (R) November 5, 1996
104th Missouri 8 Bill Emerson (R) Died Jo Ann Emerson (R) November 5, 1996
105th Texas 28 Frank Tejeda (D) Died Ciro Rodriguez (D) April 12, 1997
105th New Mexico 3 Bill Richardson (D) Resigned Bill Redmond (R) May 13, 1997
105th New York 13 Susan Molinari (R) Resigned Vito Fossella (R) November 4, 1997
105th New York 6 Floyd Flake (D) Resigned Gregory Meeks (D) February 3, 1998
105th California 22 Walter Capps (D) Died Lois Capps (D) March 10, 1998
105th California 9 Ron Dellums (D) Resigned Barbara Lee (D) April 7, 1998
105th California 44 Sonny Bono (R) Died Mary Bono (R) April 7, 1998
105th Pennsylvania 1 Tom Foglietta (D) Resigned Bob Brady (D) May 19, 1998
105th New Mexico 1 Steven Schiff (R) Died Heather Wilson (R) June 23, 1998
106th Georgia 6 Newt Gingrich (R) Resigned Johnny Isakson (R) February 23, 1999
106th Louisiana 1 Bob Livingston (R) Resigned David Vitter (R) May 29, 1999
106th California 42 George Brown Jr. (D) Died Joe Baca (D) November 16, 1999
107th Pennsylvania 9 Bud Shuster (R) Resigned Bill Shuster (R) May 15, 2001
107th California 32 Julian Dixon (D) Died Diane Watson (D) June 5, 2001
107th Virginia 4 Norman Sisisky (D) Died Randy Forbes (R) June 19, 2001
107th Massachusetts 9 Joe Moakley (D) Died Stephen Lynch (D) October 16, 2001
107th Florida 1 Joe Scarborough (R) Resigned Jeff Miller (R) October 16, 2001
107th Arkansas 3 Asa Hutchinson (R) Resigned John Boozman (R) November 20, 2001
107th South Carolina 2 Floyd Spence (R) Died Joe Wilson (R) December 18, 2001
107th Oklahoma 1 Steve Largent (R) Resigned John Sullivan (R) January 8, 2002
107th Hawaii 2 Patsy Mink (D) Died Ed Case (D) November 30, 2002
108th Ed Case (D) January 4, 2003
108th Texas 19 Larry Combest (R) Resigned Randy Neugebauer (R) June 3, 2003
108th Kentucky 6 Ernie Fletcher (R) Resigned Ben Chandler (D) February 17, 2004
108th South Dakota at-large Bill Janklow (R) Resigned Stephanie Herseth (D) June 1, 2004
108th North Carolina 1 Frank Ballance (D) Resigned G. K. Butterfield (D) July 20, 2004
109th California 5 Bob Matsui (D) Died Doris Matsui (D) March 8, 2005
109th Ohio 2 Rob Portman (R) Resigned Jean Schmidt (R) August 2, 2005
109th California 48 Christopher Cox (R) Resigned John Campbell (R) December 6, 2005
109th California 50 Duke Cunningham (R) Resigned Brian P. Bilbray (R) June 6, 2006
109th New Jersey 13 Bob Menendez (D) Resigned Albio Sires (D) November 7, 2006
109th Texas 22 Tom DeLay (R) Resigned Shelley Sekula-Gibbs (R) November 7, 2006
110th Georgia 10 Charlie Norwood (R) Died Paul Broun Jr. (R) July 19, 2007
110th California 37 Juanita Millender-McDonald (D) Died Laura Richardson (D) August 21, 2007
110th Massachusetts 5 Marty Meehan (D) Resigned Niki Tsongas (D) October 16, 2007
110th Ohio 5 Paul Gillmor (R) Died Bob Latta (R) December 11, 2007
110th Virginia 1 Jo Ann Davis (R) Died Rob Wittman (R) December 11, 2007
110th Illinois 14 Dennis Hastert (R) Resigned Bill Foster (D) March 8, 2008
110th Indiana 7 Julia Carson (D) Died André Carson (D) March 11, 2008
110th California 12 Tom Lantos (D) Died Jackie Speier (D) April 8, 2008
110th Louisiana 1 Bobby Jindal (R) Resigned Steve Scalise (R) May 3, 2008
110th Louisiana 6 Richard Baker (R) Resigned Don Cazayoux (D) May 3, 2008
110th Mississippi 1 Roger Wicker (R) Resigned Travis Childers (D) May 13, 2008
110th Maryland 4 Albert Wynn (D) Resigned Donna Edwards (D) June 17, 2008
110th Ohio 11 Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D) Died Marcia Fudge (D) November 18, 2008
111th New York 20 Kirsten Gillibrand (D) Resigned Scott Murphy (D) March 31, 2009
111th.[v] Illinois 5 Rahm Emanuel (D) Resigned Michael Quigley (D) April 7, 2009
111th California 32 Hilda Solis (D) Resigned Judy Chu (D) July 14, 2009
111th California 10 Ellen Tauscher (D) Resigned John Garamendi (D) November 3, 2009
111th New York 23 John M. McHugh (R) Resigned Bill Owens (D) November 3, 2009
111th Florida 19 Robert Wexler (D) Resigned Ted Deutch (D) April 13, 2010
111th Pennsylvania 12 John Murtha (D) Died February 8, 2010 Mark Critz (D) May 18, 2010
111th Hawaii 1 Neil Abercrombie (D) Resigned Charles Djou (R) May 22, 2010
111th Georgia 9 Nathan Deal (R) Resigned Tom Graves (R) June 8, 2010[w]
111th Indiana 3 Mark Souder (R) Resigned Marlin Stutzman (R) November 2, 2010
111th New York 29 Eric Massa (D) Resigned Tom Reed (R) November 2, 2010
112th New York 26 Chris Lee (R) Resigned Kathy Hochul (D) May 24, 2011
112th California 36 Jane Harman (D) Resigned Janice Hahn (D) July 12, 2011
112th Nevada 2 Dean Heller (R) Resigned Mark Amodei (R) September 13, 2011
112th New York 9 Anthony Weiner (D) Resigned Bob Turner (R) September 13, 2011
112th Oregon 1 David Wu (D) Resigned Suzanne Bonamici (D) January 31, 2012
112th Arizona 8 Gabby Giffords (D) Resigned Ron Barber (D) June 12, 2012
112th Kentucky 4 Geoff Davis (R) Resigned Thomas Massie (R) November 6, 2012
112th Michigan 11 Thad McCotter (R) Resigned David Curson (D) November 6, 2012
112th New Jersey 10 Donald M. Payne (D) Died Donald Payne Jr. (D) November 6, 2012
112th Washington 1 Jay Inslee (D) Resigned Suzan DelBene (D) November 6, 2012
113th Illinois 2 Jesse Jackson Jr. (D) Resigned[9] Robin Kelly (D) April 9, 2013
113th South Carolina 1 Tim Scott (R) Resigned Mark Sanford (R) May 7, 2013
113th Missouri 8 Jo Ann Emerson (R) Resigned Jason Smith (R) June 4, 2013
113th Louisiana 5 Rodney Alexander (R) Resigned Vance McAllister (R) November 16, 2013
113th Massachusetts 5 Edward Markey (D) Resigned Katherine Clark (D) December 10, 2013
113th Alabama 1 Jo Bonner (R) Resigned Bradley Byrne (R) December 17, 2013
113th Florida 13 Bill Young (R) Died October 18, 2013 David Jolly (R) March 11, 2014
113th Florida 19 Trey Radel (R) Resigned January 27, 2014 Curt Clawson (R) June 24, 2014
113th North Carolina 12 Mel Watt (D) Resigned January 6, 2014 Alma Adams (D) November 4, 2014
113th New Jersey 1 Rob Andrews (D) Resigned February 18, 2014 Donald Norcross (D) November 4, 2014
113th Virginia 7 Eric Cantor (R) Resigned August 1, 2014 Dave Brat (R) November 4, 2014
114th New York 11 Michael Grimm (R) Resigned January 5, 2015 Daniel M. Donovan Jr. (R) May 5, 2015
114th Mississippi 1 Alan Nunnelee (R) Died February 6, 2015 Trent Kelly (R) May 12, 2015
114th Illinois 18 Aaron Schock (R) Resigned March 31, 2015 Darin LaHood (R) September 10, 2015
114th Ohio 8 John Boehner (R) Resigned October 29, 2015 Warren Davidson (R) June 7, 2016
114th Pennsylvania 2 Chaka Fattah (D) Resigned June 23, 2016 Dwight Evans (D) November 8, 2016
114th Hawaii 1 Mark Takai (D) Died July 20, 2016 Colleen Hanabusa (D) November 8, 2016
114th Kentucky 1 Ed Whitfield (R) Resigned September 6, 2016 James Comer (R) November 8, 2016
115th Kansas 4 Mike Pompeo (R) Resigned January 23, 2017 Ron Estes (R) April 11, 2017
115th Montana at-large Ryan Zinke (R) Resigned March 1, 2017 Greg Gianforte (R) May 25, 2017
115th California 34 Xavier Becerra (D) Resigned January 24, 2017 Jimmy Gomez (D) June 6, 2017
115th Georgia 6 Tom Price (R) Resigned February 10, 2017 Karen Handel (R) June 20, 2017
115th South Carolina 5 Mick Mulvaney (R) Resigned February 16, 2017 Ralph Norman (R) June 20, 2017
115th Utah 3 Jason Chaffetz (R) Resigned June 30, 2017 John Curtis (R) November 7, 2017
115th Pennsylvania 18 Tim Murphy (R) Resigned October 21, 2017[10] Conor Lamb (D) March 13, 2018
115th Arizona 8 Trent Franks (R) Resigned December 8, 2017 Debbie Lesko (R) April 24, 2018
115th Texas 27 Blake Farenthold (R) Resigned April 6, 2018 Michael Cloud (R) June 30, 2018
115th Ohio 12 Pat Tiberi (R) Resigned January 15, 2018 Troy Balderson (R) August 7, 2018
115th Michigan 13 John Conyers (D) Resigned December 5, 2017 Brenda Jones (D)[11] November 6, 2018
115th New York 25 Louise Slaughter (D) Died March 16, 2018 Joseph Morelle (D) November 6, 2018
115th Pennsylvania 7 Pat Meehan (R) Resigned April 27, 2018 Mary Gay Scanlon (D) November 6, 2018
115th Pennsylvania 15 Charlie Dent (R) Resigned May 12, 2018 Susan Wild (D) November 6, 2018
116th Pennsylvania 12 Tom Marino (R) Resigned January 23, 2019 Fred Keller (R) May 21, 2019
116th North Carolina 3 Walter B. Jones Jr. (R) Died February 10, 2019 Greg Murphy (R) September 10, 2019
116th North Carolina 9 Results of 2018 general election were annulled; seat was declared vacant[12][13] Dan Bishop (R) September 10, 2019
116th Maryland 7 Elijah Cummings (D) Died October 17, 2019 Kweisi Mfume (D) April 28, 2020
116th California 25 Katie Hill (D) Resigned November 3, 2019 Mike Garcia (R) May 12, 2020
116th Wisconsin 7 Sean Duffy (R) Resigned September 23, 2019 Tom Tiffany (R) May 12, 2020
116th New York 27 Chris Collins (R) Resigned October 1, 2019 Chris Jacobs (R) June 23, 2020
116th Georgia 5 John Lewis (D) Died July 17, 2020 TBD December 1, 2020[14]
117th Louisiana 2 Cedric Richmond (D) Resigning effective January 20, 2021 TBD TBD, possibly March 2021

Summary

In a few instances more than one seat was filled in a single special election, but each seat is counted separately in the list below.

Cong
ress
Start End Special
elections
Cumulative
total
1st March 4, 1789 March 3, 1791 2 2
2nd March 4, 1791 March 3, 1793 6 8
3rd March 4, 1793 March 3, 1795 8 16
4th March 4, 1795 March 3, 1797 12 28
5th March 4, 1797 March 3, 1799 15 43
6th March 4, 1799 March 3, 1801 11 54
7th March 4, 1801 March 3, 1803 18 72
8th March 4, 1803 March 3, 1805 11 83
9th March 4, 1805 March 3, 1807 16 99
10th March 4, 1807 March 3, 1809 11 110
11th March 4, 1809 March 3, 1811 12 122
12th March 4, 1811 March 3, 1813 7 129
13th March 4, 1813 March 3, 1815 21 150
14th March 4, 1815 March 3, 1817 23 173
15th March 4, 1817 March 3, 1819 17 190
16th March 4, 1819 March 3, 1821 15 205
17th March 4, 1821 March 3, 1823 21 226
18th March 4, 1823 March 3, 1825 11 237
19th March 4, 1825 March 3, 1827 16 253
20th March 4, 1827 March 3, 1829 16 269
21st March 4, 1829 March 3, 1831 14 283
22nd March 4, 1831 March 3, 1833 9 292
23rd March 4, 1833 March 3, 1835 23 315
24th March 4, 1835 March 3, 1837 20 335
25th March 4, 1837 March 3, 1839 19 354
26th March 4, 1839 March 3, 1841 18 372
27th March 4, 1841 March 3, 1843 23 395
28th March 4, 1843 March 3, 1845 14 409
29th March 4, 1845 March 3, 1847 13 422
30th March 4, 1847 March 3, 1849 10 432
31st March 4, 1849 March 3, 1851 14 446
32nd March 4, 1851 March 3, 1853 6 452
33rd March 4, 1853 March 3, 1855 9 461
34th March 4, 1855 March 3, 1857 9 470
35th March 4, 1857 March 3, 1859 11 481
36th March 4, 1859 March 3, 1861 7 488
37th March 4, 1861 March 3, 1863 20 508
38th March 4, 1863 March 3, 1865 6 514
39th March 4, 1865 March 3, 1867 7 (+2 [15]) 523
40th March 4, 1867 March 3, 1869 11 534
41st March 4, 1869 March 3, 1871 16 550
42nd March 4, 1871 March 3, 1873 10 560
43rd March 4, 1873 March 3, 1875 13 573
44th March 4, 1875 March 3, 1877 16 589
45th March 4, 1877 March 3, 1879 6 595
46th March 4, 1879 March 3, 1881 8 603
47th March 4, 1881 March 3, 1883 16 619
48th March 4, 1883 March 3, 1885 15 634
49th March 4, 1885 March 3, 1887 11 645
50th March 4, 1887 March 3, 1889 8 653
51st March 4, 1889 March 3, 1891 17 670
52nd March 4, 1891 March 3, 1893 15 685
53rd March 4, 1893 March 3, 1895 21 706
54th March 4, 1895 March 3, 1897 11 717
55th March 4, 1897 March 3, 1899 13 730
56th March 4, 1899 March 3, 1901 20 750
57th March 4, 1901 March 3, 1903 17 767
58th March 4, 1903 March 3, 1905 14 781
59th March 4, 1905 March 3, 1907 17 798
60th March 4, 1907 March 3, 1909 13 811
61st March 4, 1909 March 3, 1911 13 824
62nd March 4, 1911 March 3, 1913 15 839
63rd March 4, 1913 March 3, 1915 19 858
64th March 4, 1915 March 3, 1917 12 870
65th March 4, 1917 March 3, 1919 23 893
66th March 4, 1919 March 3, 1921 24 917
67th March 4, 1921 March 3, 1923 20 937
68th March 4, 1923 March 3, 1925 24 961
69th March 4, 1925 March 3, 1927 11 972
70th March 4, 1927 March 3, 1929 15 987
71st March 4, 1929 March 3, 1931 27 1,014
72nd March 4, 1931 March 3, 1933 24 1,038
73rd March 4, 1933 January 3, 1935 15 1,053
74th January 3, 1935 January 3, 1937 10 1,063
75th January 3, 1937 January 3, 1939 15 1,078
76th January 3, 1939 January 3, 1941 24 1,102
77th January 3, 1941 January 3, 1943 19 1,121
78th January 3, 1943 January 3, 1945 18 1,139
79th January 3, 1945 January 3, 1947 16 1,155
80th January 3, 1947 January 3, 1949 19 1,174
81st January 3, 1949 January 3, 1951 11 1,185
82nd January 3, 1951 January 3, 1953 15 1,200
83rd January 3, 1953 January 3, 1955 9 1,209
84th January 3, 1955 January 3, 1957 5 1,214
85th January 3, 1957 January 3, 1959 10 1,224
86th January 3, 1959 January 3, 1961 10 1,234
87th January 3, 1961 January 3, 1963 12 1,246
88th January 3, 1963 January 3, 1965 12 1,258
89th January 3, 1965 January 3, 1967 10 1,268
90th January 3, 1967 January 3, 1969 6 1,274
91st January 3, 1969 January 3, 1971 14 1,288
92nd January 3, 1971 January 3, 1973 10 1,298
93rd January 3, 1973 January 3, 1975 10 1,308
94th January 3, 1975 January 3, 1977 10 1,318
95th January 3, 1977 January 3, 1979 6 1,324
96th January 3, 1979 January 3, 1981 7 1,331
97th January 3, 1981 January 3, 1983 9 1,340
98th January 3, 1983 January 3, 1985 9 1,349
99th January 3, 1985 January 3, 1987 5 1,354
100th January 3, 1987 January 3, 1989 8 1,362
101st January 3, 1989 January 3, 1991 12 1,374
102nd January 3, 1991 January 3, 1993 6 1,380
103rd January 3, 1993 January 3, 1995 7 1,387
104th January 3, 1995 January 3, 1997 6 1,393
105th January 3, 1997 January 3, 1999 9 1,402
106th January 3, 1999 January 3, 2001 3 1,405
107th January 3, 2001 January 3, 2003 9 1,414
108th January 3, 2003 January 3, 2005 5 1,419
109th January 3, 2005 January 3, 2007 6 1,425
110th January 3, 2007 January 3, 2009 13 1,438
111th January 3, 2009 January 3, 2011 11 1,449
112th January 3, 2011 January 3, 2013 10 1,459
113th January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015 11 1,470
114th January 3, 2015 January 3, 2017 7 1,477
115th January 3, 2017 January 3, 2019 14 1,491
116th January 3, 2019 January 3, 2021 8 1,499
117th January 3, 2021 January 3, 2023 1 1,500

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Congress during which election occurred
  2. ^ For elections prior to 1901, the date of election was not typically recorded, so the date the Representative was seated is provided.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Representative-elect, who served after the start of the Congress but vacated the seat without being sworn in.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek Date of election. Dubin, Michael J. (1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results. McFarland and Company.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Representative-elect, who vacated the seat before the start of the Congress.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Date given for the start of the term, of the person elected at the special election (source: Congressional Biographical Directory). In some cases this is clearly wrong as the date of the legal start of the Congress is given, even though the member was elected at a later date.
  7. ^ MD-7 12th C.: The vacancies, for the remainder of the 11th Congress and the whole of the 12th Congress, were both filled by one ballot. This was the first of three examples of this method being used in Congressional special elections
  8. ^ NY-15 13th C.: Bowers election was challenged by Isaac Williams Jr. (D-R). Williams was seated in place of Bowers December 20, 1813
  9. ^ NH-AL 13th C.: Samuel Smith resigned May 21, 1814 (although the resignation is not mentioned in the Congressional Biographical Directory). At the special election no candidate received the more than 50% of the votes required to be elected. The seat appears to have been left vacant for the remainder of the Congress
  10. ^ NJ-AL 13th C.: Jacob Hufty was elected from the 3rd District, but by the time of the special election the legislature had reinstated at-large elections. This was the second of three cases when the special election was held on a different basis than the general election
  11. ^ Date seated. Election date unknown.
  12. ^ MA-10 18th C.: Bailey had presented credentials as a Member-elect, but the election was contested on the ground that he was not a resident of the district he purported to represent, and the House declared he was not entitled to the seat. He returned to a home in the district and was subsequently elected.[4]
  13. ^ Edward Tattnall, who previously represented Georgia at-large in the U.S. House of Representatives, was re-elected in the First district, but resigned before the beginning of the next Congress
  14. ^ In the 1826 elections, there was a tie vote in the 2nd district, as a result, there was no winner and a second election was held in 1827.
  15. ^ George W. Towns was installed January 5, 1846, after Representative-elect Washington Poe never took seat.[5]
  16. ^ Died before taking office, necessitating the November 26 special election
  17. ^ Alexander H. Stephens was installed December 1, 1873, after Representative-elect Ambrose R. Wright died before taking seat.[5]
  18. ^ Benjamin Harvey Hill was installed May 5, 1875, after Representative-elect Garnett McMillan died before taking office.[5]
  19. ^ Democrat George A. La Dow was elected, but died before Congress convened.
  20. ^ Died before taking the oath of office
  21. ^ District created following the 1980 Census. Republican Jack Swigert died before taking office.
  22. ^ Resigned in the 110th Congress, but the special election was not held until the 111th congress
  23. ^ The special election for Georgia's 9th district was scheduled for May 18, 2010, but since no candidate received 50% of the vote, a runoff was held June 8, 2010

References

  1. ^ Knotts, H. Gibbs; Ragusa, Jordan (2016). "The Nationalization of Special Elections for the U.S. House of Representatives". Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties. 26 (1): 22–39. doi:10.1080/17457289.2015.1063497.
  2. ^ Knotts, H. Gibbs; Ragusa, Jordan M. (January 2, 2016). "The Nationalization of Special Elections for the U.S. House of Representatives". Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties. 26 (1): 22–39. doi:10.1080/17457289.2015.1063497. ISSN 1745-7289.
  3. ^ "DAVENPORT, James - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov.
  4. ^ Bioguide.
  5. ^ a b c d Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company
  6. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=207783
  7. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=111810
  8. ^ "LA District 7 Special Runoff Race".
  9. ^ Camia, Catalina; Davis, Susan (November 21, 2012). "Jesse Jackson Jr. to resign from Congress". USA Today. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  10. ^ "Tim Murphy resigns from Congress". Politico. October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  11. ^ "Jones might not be sworn into Congress until after Thanksgiving". The Detroit News. November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  12. ^ Levy, Adam. "North Carolina elections board delays certification of congressional election results again". CNN. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
  13. ^ Veronica Stracqualursi; Dianne Gallagher; Kate Sullivan. "North Carolina elections board votes for new election in congressional race". CNN. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
  14. ^ "Special election to fill rest of John Lewis' term set for September". WSB-TV Atlanta. Cox Media Group. July 27, 2020. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  15. ^ The two additional special elections were held in states which had not then been re-admitted to representation in Congress, after the Civil War. Those elections were rejected by the House of Representatives.

Sources and external links

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