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List of rivers of Indiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of rivers in Indiana (U.S. state).

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You're watching FreeSchool! The surface of the earth is covered by land and water. We have special names for different kinds of natural features, or landforms, on the earth's surface. Come explore with me the earth's landforms! The two largest types of landforms are continents and oceans. Continents are any one of the largest landmasses in the world. Traditionally, the Earth is divided into seven continents. From largest to smallest, they are Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. Oceans are large areas of salt water between the continents. Although all of the oceans are connected to each other, making them one big ocean, we divide them into five smaller oceans that are separated by their location and the way the water in them moves. These oceans are the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, and the Southern Ocean. Oceans are huge: together, the oceans cover about 70% of the earth. The Pacific ocean is both the largest and the deepest ocean - it covers 1/3 of the Earth's surface. Smaller landforms are created in a variety of ways. Erosion from wind and water can wear down the earth. Volcanoes and shifting tectonic plates can create new land, or change the shape of old land. Let's take a look now at some of the different landforms and bodies of water that cover our planet. Mountains are some of the biggest and most recognizable landforms. They have steep sides, and high peaks that stand out from the land around them. Smaller, less steep landforms are called 'hills.' Mountains are usually formed when rock layers are pushed together from opposite sides, forcing the land up in the middle. The low areas between mountains are called valleys. Mountains may also be formed by volcanic activity, when lava and other materials build up on the surface, but mountains aren't the only landforms that can be made by volcanoes. When lava flows into the sea, it can create brand new land. Sometimes, volcanoes in the ocean create islands. An island is a piece of ground that is completely surrounded by water. Islands can be big or small, in any part of the world. The biggest island in the world is Greenland. Australia is bigger than Greenland, but it is so big that it is called a continent instead of an island. Two more landforms that involve a little land and a lot of water are peninsulas and ithsmuses. An isthmus is a narrow strip of land with water on both sides, connecting two larger pieces of land. A famous example is the isthmus of Panama, that connects North America to South America. A peninsula is a piece of land that has water on three sides, but is connected on the fourth to the mainland. Two well-known peninsulas are Italy and Florida. Coastal areas have their own types of landforms. Bays, coral reefs, and lagoons are all landforms that may be found on or around the coasts. Another type of coastal landform is the estuary. An estuary is where a river meets the sea. There, the saltwater from the ocean mixes with the river's fresh water, and the river spreads out, twisting and turning, wider and wider. Because of the way it spreads out, water in an estuary is generally shallow, which allows sunlight to penetrate all the way to the bottom. Rivers are important natural features themselves. They are fed by rain, or melted snow. The water in rivers is called 'fresh water' because it is not salty like water in the oceans. They begin in high ground, usually in hills or mountains, and follow gravity's pull down to lower ground. Smaller streams meet and join together, forming larger streams and rivers. These larger rivers join together, too, becoming larger and larger until they finally reach the ocean. Sometimes rivers will flow into large bodies of water before they reach the ocean. A large body of water surrounded by land is called a lake. A small body of water surrounded by land is called a pond. Not all lakes and ponds get their water from rivers: some are filled only by rainfall. Most lakes are filled with fresh water, but some lakes are salty. One famous example of a salty lake is the Great Salt Lake in Utah. Another type of landform is a plain. Plains are large areas of flat land with no hills or mountains in them. The Great Plains, in the mid-United States, is a good example of a large plain. The last landforms we're going to learn about today are plateaus. Plateaus are large areas of raised land that are flat on top. Plataeus may be caused by volcanic activity beneath the Earth's surface. Sometimes the pressure of the magma beneath isn't strong enough to break through the crust and create a volcano, so instead, the land is pushed upwards. Plataeus may stand all by themselves in otherwise flat land, or may sometimes be close to other plataeus. There are many more types of landforms that we didn't have time to discuss. Landforms are all around us! I hope you enjoyed learning about landforms with me. Goodbye till next time!


By tributary

Lake Erie

Lake Michigan

Mississippi River


See also

This page was last edited on 1 December 2017, at 07:49
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