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List of religious texts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a non-exhaustive list of links to specific religious texts which may be used for further, more in-depth study.

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Bronze Age

Pyramid texts from Teti I's pyramid.

Ancient Egyptian religion

Sumerian religion

Babylonian religion

Canaanite religion

Classical antiquity

The Cippus of Perugia, 3rd or 2nd century BCE

Etruscan religion

Ancient Greek religion



Main texts:

Ritual texts:

Esoteric texts:

Historical texts:




East Asian religions


The Four Books and Five Classics:

The Thirteen Classics (I Ching, Book of Documents, Classic of Poetry, Rites of Zhou, Etiquette and Ceremonial, Book of Rites, The Commentary of Zuo, The Commentary of Gongyang, The Commentary of Guliang, The Analects, Classic of Filial Piety, Erya, Mencius)



Iranian religions

Yasna 28.1 (Bodleian MS J2)


Primary religious texts (the Avesta collection):

  • The Yasna, the primary liturgical collection, includes the Gathas.
  • The Visperad, a collection of supplements to the Yasna.
  • The Yashts, hymns in honor of the divinities.
  • The Vendidad, describes the various forms of evil spirits and ways to confound them.
  • shorter texts and prayers, the Yashts the five Nyaishes ("worship, praise"), the Sirozeh and the Afringans (blessings).

There are some 60 secondary religious texts, none of which are considered scripture. The most important of these are:

For general use by the laity:

  • The Zend (lit.'commentaries'), various commentaries on and translations of the Avesta.
  • The Khordeh Avesta, Zoroastrian prayer book for lay people from the Avesta.



The true core texts of the Yazidi religion that exist today are the hymns, known as qawls. Spurious examples of so-called "Yazidi religious texts" include the Yazidi Black Book and the Yazidi Book of Revelation, which are believed to have been forged in the early 20th century; the Yazidi Black Book, for instance, is thought to be a combination of genuine Yazidi beliefs and Western forgeries.[1][2]

Indian religions


Akilattirattu Ammanai:

Arul Nool:


Ancient style of scripture used for the Pāli Canon

Theravada Buddhism:

The Chinese Diamond Sutra, the oldest known dated printed book in the world, printed in the 9th year of Xiantong Era of the Tang dynasty, or 868 CE.

East Asian Mahayana:

Tibetan Buddhism:



The Bhagavad Gita is Lord Krishna's counsel to Arjuna on the battlefield of the Kurukshetra.


In Purva Mimamsa:

In Vedanta (Uttar Mimamsa):

In Yoga:

In Samkhya:

  • Samkhya Sutras of Kapila

In Nyaya:

In Vaisheshika:

  • Vaisheshika Sutras of Kanada

In Vaishnavism:

  • Vaikhanasa Samhitas
  • Pancaratra Samhitas
  • Divyaprabandha

In Saktism:

In Kashmir Saivism:

In Pashupata Shaivism:

In Shaiva Siddhanta:

  • 28 Saiva Agamas
  • Tirumurai (canon of 12 works)
  • Meykandar Shastras (canon of 14 works)

In Gaudiya Vaishnavism:


In Lingayatism:

In Kabir Panth:

In Dadu Panth:



  • 11 Angas
    • Secondary
      • 12 Upangas, 4 Mula-sutras, 6 Cheda-sutras, 2 Culika-sutras, 10 Prakirnakas



  • Jina Vijaya
  • Tattvartha Sutra
  • GandhaHasti Mahabhashya (authoritative and oldest commentary on the Tattvartha Sutra)
  • Four Anuyogas (the four vedas of Jainism)


Amritbani Guru Ravidass Ji, the holy book contains the following hymns: Raga – Siri (1), Gauri (5), Asa (6), Gujari (1), Sorath (7), Dhanasari (3), Jaitsari (1), Suhi (3), Bilaval (2), Gaund (2), Ramkali (1), Maru (2), Kedara (1), Bhairau (1), Basant (1), and Malhar (3). The book contains 140 shabads, 40 pade, and 231 salok.[3] There are 177 pages in all of the book.


Illuminated Guru Granth folio with Mul Mantar(basic religion mantra) with signature of Guru Gobind Singh.


Abrahamic religions

Bahá'í Faith


Christian Bible, 1407 handwritten copy


The contents of Christian Bibles differ by denomination.

Additional and alternative scriptures

Some Christian denominations have additional or alternate holy scriptures, some with authoritativeness similar to the Old Testament and New Testament.

Latter Day Saint movement
1841, first European (London) edition of the Book of Mormon, at the Springs Preserve museum, Las Vegas, Nevada.

Liturgical books

Liturgical books are used to guide or script worship, and many are specific to a denomination.

Catholic liturgical books:

Protestant liturgical books:

Doctrines and laws

The Bible (left) and Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures (right) serve as the pastor of the Christian Science church.

Various Christian denominations have texts which define the doctrines of the group or set out laws which are considered binding. The groups consider these to range in permanence from unquestionable interpretations of divine revelations to human decisions made for convenience or elucidation which are subject to reconsideration.



11th century North African Qur'an in the British Museum

The five universally acknowledged messengers (rasul) in Islam are Abraham, Moses, Noah, Jesus and Muhammad,[10] each believed to have been sent with a scripture. Muslims believe David (Dāwūd) received Psalms (Zabur)[11] (cf. Q38:28); Jesus (Īsā) the Gospel (Injil); Muhammad received the Qur'an; Abraham (Ibrahim) the Scrolls of Abraham; and Moses (Mūsā) the Torah (Tawrat).[12]

Sunni Islam

Shia Islam

  • Quran
  • Nahj al Balagha
  • Al Sahiyfa al Sajadiyya
  • Hadith books (The Four Books): Kitab al-Kafi, Man La Yahduruhu al-Faqih Tahdhib al-Ahkam, Al-Istibsar.
  • Other Hadith books (discourses of Prophet Muhammad and his household), like Bihar al-Anwar, Awalim al-Ulum; and Tafsirs, such as Tafsir al-Burhan and there is more than fifty large and small Hadith books
    • Prayer books and Ziyarat such as Mafateh al Jinan and Kamel al Ziyarat.
  • Books on biography of Prophet Muhammad. There are thousands of biographies written, though unlike the Hadith collections, they are usually not accepted as canonical religious texts. Some of the more authentic and famous of them are:
    • Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya.
    • The Making of the last prophet by Ibn Ishaq
    • The Life of Prophet Muhammad by Ibn Ishaq
    • Sira Manzuma.
    • al-Mawahib al-Ladunniya.
    • al-Zurqani 'ala al-Mawahib.
    • Sirah al-Halabiyya.
    • I'lam al-Nubuwwa.
    • Madarij al-Nubuwwa.
    • Shawahid al-Nubuwwa.
    • Nur al-Safir.
    • Sharh al-Mawahib al-laduniyya.
    • al-Durar fi ikhtisar al-maghazi was-siyar.
    • Ashraf al-wasa'il ila faham al-Shama'il.
    • Ghayat al-sul fi Khasa'is al-Rasul.
    • Ithbat al-Nubuwwa.
    • Nihaya al-Sul fi Khasa'is al-Rasul.
    • Al Khasais-ul-Kubra, al-Khasa'is al-Sughra and Shama'il al-Sharifa.
    • al-Durra al-Mudiyya.




Mevlevi Order


A Sefer Torah opened for liturgical use in a synagogue service

Rabbinic Judaism


Non-rabbinic Judaism

Karaite Judaism
  • The Tanakh
Jewish Science
  • The Tanakh
  • Jewish Science: Divine Healing in Judaism

Rastafari movement


Pre-Columbian Americas

Aztec religion

Maya religion

Ethnic religions

Bon (autochthonous religious tradition of Tibet)

Old Norse religion


  • The Mundhum of the Limbu ethnic group



  • Buyruks of Qizilbash
  • Fetevatnameh


New religious movements


The ACIM Movement

The writings of Franklin Albert Jones a.k.a. Adi Da Love-Ananda Samraj

  • Aletheon
  • The Companions of the True Dawn Horse
  • The Dawn Horse Testament
  • Gnosticon
  • The Heart of the Adi Dam Revelation
  • Not-Two IS Peace
  • Pneumaton
  • Transcendental Realism

Aetherius Society

  • The Nine Freedoms


  • Kinh Thiên Đạo Và Thế Đạo (Prayers of the Heavenly and the Earthly Way)
  • Pháp Chánh Truyền (The Religious Constitution of Caodaism)
  • Tân Luật (The Canonical Codes)
  • Thánh Ngôn Hiệp Tuyển (Compilation of Divine Messages)[13]


  • The Donghak Scripture
  • The Songs of Yongdam
  • The Sermons of Master Haeweol
  • The Sermons of Revered Teacher Euiam[14]

Creativity Movement

The writings of Ben Klassen:

  • Nature's Eternal Religion
  • The White Man's Bible
  • Salubrious Living




  • The Dude De Ching
  • Duderonomy



  • Aionomica
  • Rammahgon


  • Oshirase-Goto Obobe-Chō
  • Konko Daijin Oboegaki
  • Gorikai I
  • Gorikai II
  • Gorikai III[15]

Meher Baba


  • The four vedas of Meivazhi
    • Āti mey utaya pūrana veētāntam
    • Āntavarkal mānmiyam
    • Eman pātar atipatu tiru meyññanak koral
    • Eman pātar atipatu kotāyūtak kūr

Oahspe Faithism



The writings of Raël a.k.a. Claude Vorilhon:


Religious Science






Unarius Academy of Science

  • The Pulse of Creation Series
  • The Infinite Concept of Cosmic Creation



See also

External links


  1. ^ Eastern Orthodox also generally divide Baruch and Letter of Jeremiah into two books instead of one. The enumeration of the Books of Ezra is different in many Orthodox Bibles, as it is in all others: see the naming conventions of the Books of Esdras.


  1. ^ YAZIDIS i. GENERAL at Encyclopædia Iranica
  2. ^ Omarkhali, Khanna. "Kitāb al-Jilwa". Encyclopedia of Islam, Third Edition. doi:10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_35639.
  3. ^ "JaiGurdev. Ravidassia Religion, Dera Sach Khand Ballan, jalandhar punjab india". Archived from the original on 2017-07-16. Retrieved 2020-08-12.
  4. ^ Angell, Stephen W (2015), "Renegade Oxonian: Samuel Fisher's Importance in Formulating a Quaker Understanding of Scripture", in Angell, Stephen W; Dandelion, Pink (eds.), Early Quakers and Their Theological Thought 1647–1723, Cambridge University Press, pp. 137–154, doi:10.1017/cbo9781107279575.010, ISBN 9781107279575
  5. ^ "Strangite Scriptures" Archived 21 October 2013 at Archive-It. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
  6. ^ Salvation Army International Theological Council (2010). Handbook of Doctrine. London: Salvation Books. ISBN 978-0-85412-822-8.
  7. ^ "Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (Roman Catholic Church) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Retrieved 2013-03-07.
  8. ^ "Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith". Retrieved 2013-03-07.
  9. ^ Doctrine of the Methodist Church, accessed 25 may 2018
  10. ^ Concise Encyclopedia of Islam, C. Glasse, Messenger
  11. ^ Wherry, Elwood Morris (1896). A Complete Index to Sale's Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Notes. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co.
  12. ^ A-Z of Prophets in Islam and Judaism, B.M. Wheeler, Apostle
  13. ^ "Caodaism In A Nutshell".
  14. ^ "". Archived from the original on February 18, 2005.
  15. ^ "Sacred Scripture (Kyoten) – KONKOKYO".
This page was last edited on 12 August 2023, at 14:58
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