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List of regional districts of British Columbia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Canadian province of British Columbia is divided into regional districts as a means to better enable municipalities and rural areas to work together at a regional level.

Similar to counties in other parts of Canada, regional districts serve only to provide municipal services as the local government in areas not incorporated into a municipality, and in certain regional affairs of shared concern between residents of unincorporated areas and those in the municipalities such as a stakeholder role in regional planning. In those predominantly rural areas, regional districts provide services such as land use planning, building inspection, solid-waste management, and some responsibility for community fire protection.

Most land nominally within a regional district is under the control of the provincial government, or in the case of national parks and offshore waters, the federal government. Indian reserves located within the boundaries of regional districts are likewise excluded from their jurisdiction and infrastructure, and there are varying levels of collaboration between First Nations governments and regional district boards.

Regional districts are governed by boards of directly and indirectly elected directors. Municipalities appoint directors to represent their populations (usually the mayors), while residents of unincorporated areas (which are grouped into electoral areas) elect directors directly. The votes of directors from municipalities generally count more than the votes of directors from electoral areas, and larger municipalities have more votes than smaller ones. For example, both North Saanich and Metchosin appoint one director to the Capital Regional District board of directors, but the vote of North Saanich's director counts three times as much as the vote of Metchosin's appointee.[1]


British Columbia regional districts as of January 29, 2020[2]
Regional district Regional seat Established[3] Population (2019 est.)[4][5] Area (km2) Density (per km2)
Alberni-Clayoquot Port Alberni April 21, 1966 33,315 6,588 4.7
CAN BC Alberni-Clayoquot Regional District locator.svg
Bulkley-Nechako Burns Lake February 1, 1966 39,614 73,361 0.52
CAN BC Regional District of Bulkley-Nechako locator.svg
Capital Victoria February 1, 1966 418,511 2,340 163.8
CAN BC Capital Regional District locator.svg
Cariboo Williams Lake July 9, 1968 65,456 80,609 0.77
CAN BC Cariboo Regional District locator.svg
Central Coast Bella Coola July 16, 1968 3,584 24,492 0.14
CAN BC Central Coast Regional District locator.svg
Central Kootenay Nelson November 30, 1965 63,311 22,095 2.7
CAN BC Regional District of Central Kootenay locator.svg
Central Okanagan Kelowna August 24, 1967 217,214 2,905 67.1
CAN BC Central Okanagan Regional District locator.svg
Columbia-Shuswap Salmon Arm November 30, 1965 55,823 28,929 1.8
CAN BC Columbia-Shuswap Regional District locator.svg
Comox Valley Courtenay February 1, 2008 72,625 1,701 39.1
CAN BC Comox Valley Regional District locator.svg
Cowichan Valley Duncan September 26, 1967 90,448 3,475 24.1
CAN BC Cowichan Valley Regional District locator.svg
East Kootenay Cranbrook 64,695 27,543 2.2
CAN BC Regional District of East Kootenay locator.svg
Fraser Valley Chilliwack December 12, 1995 331,533 13,335 22.2
CAN BC Fraser Valley Regional District locator.svg
Fraser-Fort George Prince George March 8, 1967 103,392 50,676 1.9
CAN BC Regional District of Fraser-Fort George locator.svg
Kitimat-Stikine Terrace September 14, 1967 39,150 104,461 0.36
CAN BC Regional District of Kitimat-Stikine locator.svg
Kootenay Boundary Trail February 22, 1966 33,432 8,082 3.9
CAN BC Regional District of Kootenay Boundary locator.svg
Metro Vancouver Burnaby June 29, 1967[6] 2,691,343 2,883 854.5
CAN BC Greater Vancouver Regional District locator.svg
Mount Waddington Port McNeill June 13, 1966 11,667 20,244 0.55
CAN BC Regional District of Mount Waddington locator.svg
Nanaimo Nanaimo August 24, 1967 169,960 2,038 76.4
CAN BC Regional District of Nanaimo locator.svg
North Coast Prince Rupert August 17, 1967 19,303 19,781 0.92
CAN BC North Coast Regional District locator.svg
North Okanagan Coldstream November 9, 1965 90,865 7,503 11.2
CAN BC Regional District of North Okanagan locator.svg
Northern Rockies Fort Nelson January 29, 2009 4,956 85,111 0.06
CAN BC Northern Rockies Regional Municipality locator.svg
Okanagan-Similkameen Penticton March 4, 1966 89,075 10,414 8.0
CAN BC Regional District of Okanagan-Similkameen locator.svg
Peace River Dawson Creek October 31, 1967 66,880 117,391 0.54
CAN BC Peace River Regional District locator.svg
qathet Powell River December 19, 1967[7] 21,102 5,075 4.0
CAN BC qathet Regional District locator.svg
Squamish-Lillooet Pemberton October 3, 1969 46,357 16,310 2.6
CAN BC Squamish-Lillooet Regional District locator.svg
Stikine Region[a] (N/A) (N/A) 734 118,663 0.01
CAN BC Stikine Region locator.svg
Strathcona Campbell River February 1, 2008 49,085 18,278 2.4
CAN BC Strathcona Regional District locator.svg
Sunshine Coast Sechelt January 4, 1967 31,810 3,777 7.9
CAN BC Sunshine Coast Regional District locator.svg
Thompson-Nicola Kamloops November 24, 1967 146,096 44,448 3.0
CAN BC Thompson-Nicola Regional District locator.svg
  1. ^ The Stikine Region is not officially per se a regional district, but is rather an unincorporated area,[8] and is administered directly by the provincial government.

Historical regional districts

The first regional district was established in 1965, and the then-final regional district was established in 1968.

The following regional districts were dissolved in December 1995 and amalgamated largely into the newly formed Fraser Valley Regional District:

The western half of Dewdney-Alouette, consisting of Maple Ridge and Pitt Meadows, was incorporated into the Greater Vancouver Regional District (now Metro Vancouver). Mission and the unincorporated areas east to the Chehalis River were incorporated into the Fraser Valley Regional District.

This amalgamation took place due to the western part of Dewdney-Alouette having become essentially a suburb of Vancouver and the thought it would be better served by being within Metro Vancouver. The Central Fraser Valley RD would be nearly completely dominated by the newly amalgamated City of Abbotsford, bringing the regional district's role into question; similarly, the remnant of Dewdney-Alouette would be dominated by Mission. Given the rapid growth being experienced in the Fraser Valley at the time, which was expected to continue for the foreseeable future, the creation of the Fraser Valley Regional District was seen as the best option.[citation needed]

The Comox-Strathcona Regional District was abolished in February 2008 and replaced by two successor regional districts: Comox Valley and Strathcona.[10]

The Peace River-Liard Regional District was created October 31, 1967, when the regional district system was first being established. On October 31, 1987, it was split into the Peace River Regional District and the Fort Nelson-Liard Regional District, which since has become the Northern Rockies Regional Municipality.[11]

See also

Census divisions by province and territory


  1. ^ British Columbia Ministry of Community Services, "Primer on Regional Districts in British Columbia," 2006. Archived 2007-07-03 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Municipal and sub-provincial areas population, 2011 to 2019". Government of British Columbia. Retrieved January 29, 2020.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Population Estimates - Province of British Columbia
  5. ^ "2016 British Columbia Census Total Population Results". Archived from the original on 2019-07-24. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
  6. ^ As Greater Vancouver Regional District
  7. ^ As Powell River Regional District
  8. ^ BC STATS: Statistical Glossary Archived 2009-06-26 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed online June 13, 2009.
  9. ^ ALR Statistics Appendix 3 Archived 2006-10-07 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Regional District and Municipal Boundary Changes, 1996 to Present Archived 2011-06-11 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed online June 13, 2009.
  11. ^ BC Names/GeoBC "Peace River-Liard Regional District"

External links

This page was last edited on 1 April 2021, at 19:18
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