To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

List of presidents of the Royal Society

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The arms of the Royal Society
The arms of the Royal Society

The President of the Royal Society (PRS) is the elected Head of the Royal Society of London who presides over meetings of the society's council.

After informal meetings at Gresham College, the Royal Society was officially founded on 28 November 1660 when a group of academics decided to found "a Colledge for the Promoting of Physico-Mathematicall Experimentall Learning",[1] acquiring a Royal Charter on 15 July 1662.[2] The Royal Charter nominated William Brouncker as president, and stipulated that future presidents should be elected by the Council and Fellows of the society at anniversary meetings each year on St. Andrew's Day (30 November).

The details of the presidency were described by the second Royal Charter, which did not set any limit on how long a president could serve. There were considerable fluctuations in the president's term of office until well into the 19th century. By then, sentiment had turned against electing wealthy amateurs solely because they might become patrons of the society, and in 1847 the society decided that Fellows would be elected solely on scientific merit. Since the 1870s it has been usual (with a few exceptions) for each President to serve for exactly five years. Under the current statutes, a president cannot serve for more than five years.[3] The current President is Venkatraman Ramakrishnan who began his 5-year tenure in 2015.[4]

Historically, the duties of the president have been both formal and social. Under the Cruelty to Animals Act 1876, the President was one of only a few people authorised to certify that a particular experiment on an animal was justified, and in addition he acted as the government's chief (albeit informal) advisor for scientific matters. At the same time, the President was tasked with entertaining distinguished foreign guests and scientists.[5]

The changeover of presidents occurs on the Royal Society Anniversary Day, the weekday on or nearest to 30 November, after the departing President's Anniversary Address.[6]

Presidents of the Royal Society

Years President Profession
1662–1677
William Brouncker, 2nd Viscount Brouncker by Sir Peter Lely.jpg
The Viscount Brouncker Mathematician
1677–1680
SirJosephWilliamson.jpg
Sir Joseph Williamson Civil servant and politician
1680–1682
Christopher Wren by Godfrey Kneller 1711.jpg
Sir Christopher Wren Architect, astronomer and physicist
1682–1683
John Hoskins PRS.jpg
Sir John Hoskyns, Bt Lawyer
1683–1684
SirCyrilWyche.jpg
Cyril Wyche Lawyer and politician
1684–1686
Samuel Pepys.jpg
Samuel Pepys Naval administrator and Member of Parliament
1686–1689
John Vaughan, 3rd Earl of Carbery by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg
The Earl of Carbery Politician
1689–1690
Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke by John Greenhill.jpg
The Earl of Pembroke Politician
1690–1695
SirRobertSouthwell.jpg
Sir Robert Southwell Diplomat
1695–1698
1stEarlOfHalifax.jpg
Charles Montagu Poet and statesman
1698–1703
John Somers, Baron Somers by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt lowres color.jpg
The Lord Somers Jurist and statesman
1703–1727
Sir Isaac Newton by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg
Sir Isaac Newton Physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian
1727–1741
Hans Sloane.jpg
Sir Hans Sloane, Bt Physician and collector
1741–1752
Martin Folkes.jpg
Martin Folkes Antiquarian
1752–1764
George Parker, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield.jpg
The Earl of Macclesfield Astronomer
1764–1768
James Douglas Davison crop.jpg
The Earl of Morton Astronomer and representative peer
1768-1768
Sir James Burrow.jpg
James Burrow Legal reporter
1768–1772
James West 1703-1772.jpg
James West Politician and antiquarian
1772-1772
Sir James Burrow.jpg
James Burrow Legal reporter
1772–1778
John Pringle.jpg
Sir John Pringle Physician
1778–1820
Joseph Banks 1773 Reynolds.jpg
Sir Joseph Banks Naturalist and botanist
1820-1820
Wollaston William Hyde Jackson color.jpg
William Hyde Wollaston Chemist
1820–1827
Davy Humphry desk color Howard.jpg
Sir Humphry Davy, Bt Chemist and inventor
1827–1830
Davies-gilbert.jpg
Davies Gilbert Engineer, author and politician
1830–1838
Knight of the Order of the Thistle.jpg
The Duke of Sussex Sixth son of George III of the United Kingdom
1838–1848
2nd Marquess of Northampton, by Henry Raeburn.jpg
The Marquess of Northampton Nobleman
1848–1854
William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse photo.jpg
The Earl of Rosse Astronomer
1854–1858
John Wrottesley, 2nd Baron Wrottesley 1860s.jpg
The Lord Wrottesley Astronomer
1858–1861
Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Bt 1856.jpg
Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, Bt Physiologist and surgeon
1861–1871
Edward Sabine 1860s.jpg
Sir Edward Sabine Astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist and explorer
1871–1873
George Biddell Airy.jpg
Sir George Biddell Airy Mathematician and astronomer
1873–1878
Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker.jpg
Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker Botanist and explorer
1878–1883
William Spottiswoode.jpg
William H. Spottiswoode Mathematician and physicist
1883–1885
T.H.Huxley(Woodburytype).jpg
Thomas Henry Huxley Biologist
1885–1890
Ggstokes.jpg
Sir George Stokes, Bt Mathematician and physicist
1890–1895
Lord Kelvin photograph.jpg
The Lord Kelvin Mathematical physicist
1895–1900
Joseph Lister 1902.jpg
The Lord Lister Surgeon
1900–1905
Sir William Huggins by John Collier.jpg
Sir William Huggins Astronomer
1905–1908
John William Strutt.jpg
The Lord Rayleigh Physicist
1908–1913
Sir Archibald Geikie.jpg
Sir Archibald Geikie Geologist and writer
1913–1915
PSM V10 D660 William Crookes.jpg
Sir William Crookes Chemist and physicist
1915–1920
J.J Thomson.jpg
Sir Joseph John Thomson Physicist
1920–1925
Prof. Charles Scott Sherrington.jpg
Sir Charles Scott Sherrington Neurophysiologist, histologist, bacteriologist, and pathologist
1925–1930
Ernest Rutherford LOC.jpg
Sir Ernest Rutherford (Later the Lord Rutherford of Nelson) Physicist and chemist
1930–1935
Frederick Gowland Hopkins nobel.jpg
Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins Biophysicist
1935–1940
Wh-bragg.jpg
Sir William Henry Bragg Physicist, chemist and mathematician
1940–1945
Henry Dale nobel.jpg
Sir Henry Hallett Dale Pharmacologist and physiologist
1945–1950
Robert Robinson organic chemist.jpg
Sir Robert Robinson Organic chemist
1950–1955
Edgar Douglas Adrian nobel.jpg
The Lord Adrian Electrophysiologist
1955–1960
Cyril Norman Hinshelwood Nobel.jpg
Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood Physical chemist
1960–1965
Howard Walter Florey 1945.jpg
The Lord Florey Pharmacologist and pathologist
1965–1970
Blackett-large.jpg
Patrick Blackett (The Lord Blackett after 1969) Physicist
1970–1975
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin nobel.jpg
Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin Physiologist and Biophysicist
1975–1980
Alexander Todd Nobel.jpg
The Lord Todd Biochemist
1980–1985
Andrew huxley trinity.png
Sir Andrew Huxley Physiologist and biophysicist
1985–1990
George Porter Nobel.jpg
Sir George Porter (The Lord Porter of Luddenham after 1990) Chemist
1990–1995
Michael Francis Atiyah.jpg
Sir Michael Atiyah Mathematician
1995–2000
Aaron Klug 1979.jpg
Sir Aaron Klug Chemist and biophysicist
2000–2005
BobMayHarvard.jpg
Sir Robert May (The Lord May of Oxford after 2001) Mathematical Biologist
2005–2010
Martin Rees at Jodrell Bank in 2007.jpg
The Lord Rees of Ludlow Cosmologist and astrophysicist
2010–2015
Paul Nurse portrait.jpg
Sir Paul Nurse Geneticist and cell biologist
2015–present
Nobel Prize 2009-Press Conference KVA-08.jpg
Sir Venkatraman Ramakrishnan Biophysicist

References

Specific
  1. ^ "History of the Royal Society".
  2. ^ The Royal Society. "Royal Charters". Retrieved 14 March 2012.
  3. ^ "The role of President of the Royal Society". The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 9 June 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
  4. ^ https://www.facebook.com/theroyalsociety/posts/1061665430532658
  5. ^ "The Presidency of the Royal Society of London". Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 6 (146): 442–3. 1885. Bibcode:1885Sci.....6..442.. doi:10.1126/science.ns-6.146.442. PMID 17749567.
  6. ^ "The Role of President of the Royal Society". The Royal Society. 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2008.
General
This page was last edited on 7 August 2019, at 00:23
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.