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List of political parties in the Philippines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Evolution of political parties.
Evolution of political parties.

There are many and diverse political parties in the Philippines. Most party membership consists primarily of political figures and leaders, with little or no grassroots membership.[citation needed]

The Philippines has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments for political expediency and convenience. Since no political parties have sustaining membership to which party leaders are developed, most of the political parties have the rise-and-fall-and-rise character.

There are three types of parties in the Philippines. These are: (a) major parties,[1][2] which typically correspond to traditional political parties; (b) minor parties or party-list organizations, which rely on the party-list system to win Congressional seats; and (c) regional or provincial parties, which correspond to region-wide or province-wide organizations, respectively.

National parties in office

Major parties

There are two major parties that are expected to lead the administration and opposition coalitions for the upcoming 2022 Philippine general election:[3]

  1. PDP–Laban, the ruling party, is expected to lead the administration-backed coalition for 2022.
  2. The Liberal Party, the main opposition party, is expected to lead the opposition coalition, alongside Akbayan, for the 2022 elections.

Five major parties are listed below:[4]

Party Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology Int'l
affiliation
Status Seats in
the Kamara
Senators
Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan
Philippine Democratic Party-People's Power
PDP-Laban Alfonso Cusi[5]
Manny Pacquiao
1983 Democratic socialism[6] none Government
62 / 304
5 / 24
Nacionalista Party
Nationalist Party
NP Manny Villar 1907 Conservatism[7][8] none Coalition
42 / 304
4 / 24
Nationalist People's Coalition NPC Tito Sotto 1992 Liberal conservatism none Coalition
33 / 304
3 / 24
Lakas–Christian Muslim Democrats
Power-Christian Muslim Democrats
Lakas–CMD Martin Romualdez 2008 Christian democracy[9][10]
Islamic democracy
CDI Coalition
19 / 304
1 / 24
Partido Liberal
Liberal Party
LP Francis Pangilinan 1946 Liberalism[11] LI, CALD Opposition
16 / 304
3 / 24

Parties represented in Congress

Party Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology International Seats in
the Kamara
Senators
Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
Fight of Democratic Filipinos
LDP Sonny Angara 1988 Fiscal conservatism CDI
2 / 304
1 / 24
Partido para sa Demokratikong Reporma
Party for Democratic Reforms
Reporma Panfilo Lacson 1998 Social conservativism none
1 / 304
1 / 24
Akbayan
Citizens' Action Party
Akbayan Risa Hontiveros 1998 Progressivism PA
0 / 304
1 / 24
United Nationalist Alliance UNA Nancy Binay 2012 Right libertarianism none
0 / 304
1 / 24
Bagumbayan-Volunteers for a New Philippines
New Nation-Volunteers for a New Philippines
Bagumbayan-VNP Richard Gordon 2009 Voluntarism none
0 / 304
1 / 24
National Unity Party NUP Elpidio Barzaga Jr. 2011 Conservatism[12] none
44 / 304
0 / 24
Partido Federal ng Pilipinas
Federal Party of the Philippines
PFP Bongbong Marcos 2018 Federalism none
5 / 304
0 / 24
Aksyon Demokratiko
Democratic Action
Aksyon Isko Moreno 1997 Liberal democracy none
2 / 304
0 / 24
People's Reform Party PRP Narciso Santiago Jr. 1991 Reformism none
1 / 304
0 / 24
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Force of the Filipino Masses
PMP Joseph Estrada 1991 Populism none
1 / 304
0 / 24
Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines CDP Rufus Rodriguez 2010 Fiscal conservatism none
1 / 304
0 / 24

Party-lists represented in Congress

These parties won more than 2% of the vote. For the complete list, see Philippine House of Representatives election, 2019 (party-list).

Party Abbr. Ideology/sector Kamara seats
(PL only)
Anti-Crime and Terrorism Community Involvement and Support Partylist ACT-CIS Counterterrorism
3 / 59
Bayan Muna
Nation First
Bayan Muna Anti-imperialism
3 / 59
Ako Bicol Political Party
I am Bicol Political Party
AKB Bicolano ethnic interests
2 / 59
One Patriotic Coalition of Marginalized Nationals 1-PACMAN Filipino nationalism
2 / 59

Other national parties

COMELEC classifies "national" parties as parties that are not restricted to one locality (province/district/city/municipality).

Party Abbr. Leader Ideology
Alliance for Barangay Concerns ABC James Marty Lim
Ang Kapatiran
The Brotherhood or Alliance for the Common Good
KPTRAN Reynaldo Pacheco Christian democracy
Bangon Pilipinas
Rise Up Philippines
BP Eddie Villanueva Christian left
Bigkis Pinoy Movement
Bind Filipinos Movement
BIGKIS Amando Ocampo
Buklod
Unite
BUKLOD Benjamin Punongbayan Social democracy
Democratic Party of the Philippines DPP Baldomero Falcone Popular democracy
Katipunan ng Demokratikong Pilipino
Society/Association of Democratic Filipinos
KDP Antonio A.S. Valdez
Kilusan para sa Pambansang Pagpapanibago
Movement for National Renewal
BAGO Eduardo Bondoc
Laban para sa Kapayapaan, Katarungan at Kaunlaran
Struggle for Peace, Progress and Justice
KKK Rafaelito Garayblas
Ladlad
Coming Out
LADLAD Danton Remoto LGBT interests
National Alliance for Democracy NAD Joel Pontillas
Organized Support for the Movement to Enhance the National Agenda OSMEÑA John Henry Osmeña
Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas
Philippine Democratic Socialist Party
PDSP Norberto Gonzales Democratic socialism
Partido Lakas ng Masa
Party of the Laboring Masses
PLM Sonny Melencio Socialism
Partido Nacionalista ng Pilipinas
Nationalist Party of the Philippines
PNP Susan Ople Fiscal conservatism
Partido ng Manggagawa at Magsasaka
Workers' and Farmers' Party
PMM Hermogenes Ebdane Labor movement
Philippine Green Republican Party PGRP Felix Cantal Green politics
Probinsya Muna Development Initiative
Provinces First Development Initiative
PROMDI Achilles Cañete Grassroots democracy
Rizalist Party RIZALIST Gregorio Maunahan Rizal-styled federalism
Sanlakas SANLAKAS Fr. Max Abalos, SVD Progressivism
Social Justice Society SJS Samson Alcantara Conservatism
Loyalist Party of the Philippines LPP Vicente Millora

Local parties

Name Abbr. Location Leader Notes
Luzon
Move Makati Makati Romulo de Guzman
Malay Democrats of the Philippines MDP NCR Bayan Dela Cruz affiliated with National Economic Protectionism Association
Kabalikat ng Bayan sa Kaunlaran KABAKA Manila's 5th and 6th congressional districts Carlito Guang supports Lito Atienza
Philippine Christian Nationalist Party PCNP Quezon City Andres Genito
Retailers Party Manila's 3rd congressional district Estelito Mendoza
Liping Kalookan Caloocan Macario Asistio formerly Grand Kalookan Coalition
Katipunan ng Bagong Caloocan KABACA Caloocan Gwendolyn Emnace
Kasangga ng Bayan, Tao, Kalikasan at Kaunlaran KABATAK Parañaque Joey Marquez
Kilusang Diwa ng Taguig KDT Taguig Dante Tinga affiliated with Liberal Party
Caloocan Team for Action and Progress CATAPAT Caloocan Bonifacio Alis
Partido Tapat Taguig and Pateros Edmundo de Borja also known as Taguig-Pateros Action Team
Partido Navoteño NAVOTENO Navotas Toby Tiangco Affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino and United Nationalist Alliance
Reform Caloocan Party Caloocan Russel Ramirez
United Citizens of Caloocan Party UCCP Caloocan Nilo Divina
Partido Magdiwang San Juan Joseph Victor Ejercito affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Kambilan Party Pampanga Dennis G. Pineda affiliated with LAKAS-CMD and PDP-LABAN
Lingkod Bayan-Sulong Taguig Coalition LINGKOD TAGUIG Taguig Angelito Reyes
Asenso Manileño AMM Manila Isko Moreno affiliated with National Unity Party
Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan KKK Manila Alfredo Lim affiliated with Liberal Party, coalition partner with Asenso Manileño Movement
Movement for Economic Transformation & Righteous Opportunities METRO National Capital Region Rodolfo John O. Teope (Founder)
Bileg Ti La Union La Union Joaquin Ortega
Bileg Ti Ilocano BILEG Ilocos Sur Luis Singson
Biskeg na Pangasinan Party BISKEG Pangasinan Oscar Lambino affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Democratic Tabula Tua Cagayan Delfin Telan Ting affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Buklod Capampangan Pampanga and Angeles City Estelito Mendoza
Lapiang Bagong Lakas ng Nueva Ecija BALANE Nueva Ecija Tomas Joson affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition and PDP–Laban
Lingap Lugud Capampangan Party Pampanga Lito Lapid affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Pinag-isang Lakas Tungo sa Pagbabako PINATUBO Zambales and Olongapo Philip Camara
Sama Sama Tarlac Tarlac Candido Guiam
Democratic Alliance DA Central Luzon Romeo Taruc
Partido del Pilar Bulacan Manuel G. Roxas affiliated with Liberal Party
Nagkakaisang Partido ng mga Kapampangan Pampanga Zenaide Ducut
Unang Sigaw-Partido ng Pagbabago USPP Nueva Ecija Aurelio Umali
Kalapian ng mga Kaibigan ng Kaunlaran-Bayan ng Hagonoy LAPIANG K Hagonoy, Bulacan Angel Cruz, Jr.
Kapanalig at Kambilan Ning Memalen Pampanga KAMBILAN Pampanga Rosve Henson
Partido Malolenyo PM Malolos, Bulacan Carolina Mangawang
Sulong Zambales Party SZP Zambales Hermogenes Ebdane (Chairman)
Jun Omar Ebdane (President)
Partido ABE Kapampangan PAK, ABE Angeles City, Pampanga Edgardo Pamintuan (chairman)
Alex Cauguiran (president)
Founded March 28, 2012.

[13]

Partido Balikatan ng Bataan BALIKATAN Bataan Enrique Garcia, Jr.
Partido Magdalo Cavite Jonvic Remulla affiliated with Nacionalista Party and the United Nationalist Alliance
Forward with Vitality for Reforms-Sigaw ng Kabite FVR-Sigaw Cavite Franco Loyola
Quezon Nationalist Democratic Party QNDP Quezon and Lucena Bienvenido Marquez, Jr.
Pangkat Laguna Laguna Marito Mendoza
Partido Dimasalang Laguna Teresita Lazaro affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Partido Batangueño Batangas Franklin Tabaquin, Jr.
Partido ng Masang Batangueno PMB Batangas Nicanor Briones
Union of Nationalist Democratic Filipino Organization UNIDO Region 4A Josef Cea Maganduga (President/Convenor)
One Batangas Movement One Batangas Batangas Vilma Santos-Recto affiliated with Nacionalista Party
Partido Bagong San Pablo San Pablo, Laguna Arsenio Escuderro, Jr.
People's Alliance Development of Romblon PADER Romblon Natalio Beltran, Jr.
Partido Pagbabago ng Palawan PPP Palawan Jose Alvarez affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Sulong Palawan Party SPP Palawan and Puerto Princesa Vincent Dennis Socrates
Mindoro Sandugo Para sa Kaunlaran SANDUGO Oriental Mindoro Agustin Cusi
Bicol Saro Bicol Region Ma. Corazon Imperial
Catanduanes Alliance for Reform and Democracy CARD Catanduanes Dexter Francisco
Alliance of Bicolnon Party ABP-BICOLNON Bicol Region Enrique Olonan
Ako Bicol Political Party AKB Bicol Region Elizalde Co
Visayas
Panaghiusa PANAGHIUSA Cebu and Cebu City Jose Daluz III
Paglaum Party Negros Occidental Alfredo Montelibano, Jr. affiliated with the Nacionalista Party
Kusog Han Eastern Samar Eastern Samar Jaime Opinion
People's Progressive Alliance for Peace and Good Government Towards Alleviation of Poverty and Social Advancement Partido PAGASA Western Visayas Rene Juaneza
Pusyon Pilipino Central Visayas Casimiro Madarang, Jr.
Abante Anak Bisaya Central Visayas Geraldo Carillo
United Negros Alliance UNA Negros Occidental Alfredo Marañon, Jr. formerly affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition, now with Liberal Party
Barug Alang sa Kauswagan ug Demokrasya BAKUD Cebu's 5th congressional district Ramon Durano III
Alayon Alang sa Kalambu-an ng Kalinaw ALAYON Central Visayas Eduardo Gullas
Katig-buan Nortehanon Northern Samar Emil Ong
Partido Pundok Biliranon Biliran Danilo Parilla
Aton Tamdon Utod Negros-anon ATUN Negros Occidental Rafael Coscolluela
Kugi Uswag Sugbo KUSUG Cebu City Raymond Alvin Garcia
Ugyon Visayas Franklin Drilon affiliated with Liberal Party
Timawa Iloilo City Rona Anape-Ganzon affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
United Guardians Party UGP Western Visayas and Central Visayas Clodualdo P. Dedicatoria
Economic Development and Social Advancement EDSA Central Visayas Melchor Cubillo
Democracy of the Independent Liberal Conservative Party DILC Liloan, Cebu Vincent Frasco
Ugyon Kita Capiz UK CAPIZ Capiz Frenedil Castro affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
One Cebu 1-CEBU Cebu Gwendolyn Garcia affiliated with National Unity Party
Bando Osmeña - Pundok Kauswagan BOPK Cebu City Tomas Osmeña affiliated with Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
Partido Barug BARUG Cebu City Michael Rama affiliated with PDP–Laban
Mindanao
Christian Muslim Independent Party CMIP Zamboanga del Norte Tiburcio Pasquil
Aggrupation of Parties for Progress APP Zamboanga del Norte Romeo Jalosjos affiliated with Hugpong ng Pagbabago
Sarangani Reconciliation and Reformation Organization SARRO Sarangani Estelito Mendoza affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Islamic Party of the Philippines IPP Mindanao Ebrahim Abdurrahman
Democratic Alliance of Mindanaoans for Good Government DAMAGO Davao Region and Soccsksargen Fernando Toquillo
Muslim Reform Party MRP Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur Kamar Mindalano
Ummah Party Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur and Iligan Geraldo Carillo
Compostela Valley Rainbow Alliance CORAL Davao de Oro Rogelio Sarmiento
Cotabato United People's Movement Cotabato Emmanuel Piñol
Lanao People's Party Lanao del Sur Casan Macabanding
Siap Party Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Aleem Abdul Matabalo Amerol
Padajon Surigao PS Surigao del Norte Francisco Matugas affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
People's Champ Movement PCM General Santos and Sarangani Manny Pacquiao affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
Citizens Call for Action Party of Zamboanga City CCA Zamboanga City Susan de los Reyes
Adelante Zamboanga Party AZAP Zamboanga City Jose Lobregat
Aksyon Magsasaka-Partido ng Tinig ng Masa AKMA-PTM Soccsksargen Ali Sangki
Achievers with Integrity Movement AIM South Cotabato Adelbert Antonino
Padayon Pilipino PDP Cagayan de Oro Vicene Emano affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
People's Consultative (Mushawara) Party Bangsamoro, Lanao del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur Basher Caluato Edris
Bukidnon Paglaum BPP Bukidnon Jose Maria Zubiri Jr.
United Bangsamoro Justice Party UBJP Bangsamoro Murad Ibrahim

Not registered with the government

These are national parties that are not registered with the Commission on Elections:

Party Abbr. Leader Ideology
Green Party of the Philippines GPP-KALIKASAN MUNA David D. D'Angelo Green politics
MAKAKALIKASAN
Nature Party Philippines
MAKAKALIKASAN Roy J. Cabonegro Ecologism
Philippine Libertarian Party PHILIPA Julius Apud (interim chairman) Right-libertarianism
Koalisyong Katoliko Kristiyano KKK Rizalito David Christian democracy
Communist Party of the Philippines CPP Jose Maria Sison Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Lakas Partido Komunista LPK Ban James Lumacad
John Wendell Lagazo
Jefferson Magbutay
Marxism–Leninism
Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930
Philippine Communist Party
PKP-1930 Antonio Paris Marxism–Leninism
Marxista-Leninistang Partido ng Pilipinas
Marxist-Leninist Party of the Philippines
MLPP Caridad Magpantay Marxism–Leninism
Partido ng Manggagawang Pilipino – Pinagsanib
Filipino Workers Party
PMP-Pinagsanib Patricio Ramirez Syndicalism
Rebolusyonaryong Partido ng Manggagagawa – Pilipinas
Revolutionary Workers' Party of the Philippines
RPM-P Arturo Tabara
Nilo dela Cruz
Marxism–Leninism

Historical parties/coalitions

Parties

Major coalitions

Election year Administration Opposition
Ferdinand Marcos (KBL) was the incumbent.
1986 Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO)
Marcos was declared winner but was overthrown at the People Power Revolution days later. His supporters were forced into opposition.
1987 United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO) Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD)
In 1992, UNIDO broke up and the Marcos loyalists coalesced with the other parties. Fidel V. Ramos (Lakas-NUCD) won the presidential election and his supporters became the administration coalition
1995 Lakas-Laban Coalition Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC)
1998 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP)
In 2001, Joseph Estrada was overthrown at the 2001 EDSA Revolution; his supporters were forced into opposition.
2001 People Power Coalition (PPC) Puwersa ng Masa (PnM)
2004 Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4) Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP)
2007 TEAM Unity Genuine Opposition (GO)
In 2010, the anti-Arroyo forces were split into different parties: Aquino defeated Estrada and eight others to lead the government under the Liberal Party.
2010 Liberal Party (LP) Lakas-CMD
Nacionalista Party (NP)
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP)
In 2013, the main opposition party Lakas–CMD (formerly as Lakas-Kampi CMD) has weakened following the arrest of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
Thus, the Estrada-Binay group established the United Nationalist Alliance as the main opposition party.
2013 Team PNoy United Nationalist Alliance (UNA)
2016 Koalisyon ng Daang Matuwid (KDM) United Nationalist Alliance (UNA)
Partido ng Galing at Puso (PGP)
Coalition for Change
2019 Hugpong ng Pagbabago Otso Diretso

See also

References

  1. ^ "LP declared as dominant minority (7:57 p.m.)". Sunstar Manila. May 7, 2010. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Hugpong ng Pagbabago vs. Otso Diretso Debate Unlikely, Says Comelec. The Philippine Star. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  4. ^ Dominant parties: LP, UNA to get more perks, Rappler.
  5. ^ "Cusi named as new PDP-Laban president in Duterte-led assembly; Pacquiao faction questions legality". CNN Philippines. July 17, 2021. Archived from the original on September 14, 2021. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  6. ^ "Philippines with Chinese characteristics? – The Manila Times Online". www.manilatimes.net. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
  7. ^ Bertrand, J. (2013). Political Change in Southeast Asia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  8. ^ Berneo, N.; Yashar, D. (2016). Parties, Movements, and Democracy in the Developing World. New York: Cambridge University Press USA.
  9. ^ abs-cbnNEWS.com/Newsbreak, by Carmela Fonbuena. "JDV quits Lakas, won't join Lakas-Kampi". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  10. ^ "Major party-list groups join Lakas | Philstar.com". philstar.com. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  11. ^ "Values Charter – Liberal Party of the Philippines". Liberal Party of the Philippines. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  12. ^ https://www.esquiremag.ph/politics/news/political-parties-in-the-philippines-a00287-20190127-lfrm
  13. ^ COMELEC OKs Partido ABE Kapampangan Archived December 3, 2012, at archive.today
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