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Protected areas of Romania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Geography of Romania
Topography

Carpathians (peaks)
Plains & Delta
Islands

Hydrography

Rivers (Danube)
Lakes
Black Sea

Climate

This is a list of protected areas of Romania.

About 5.18% of the area of Romania has a protected status (12,360 km²), including the Danube Delta, which makes half of these areas (2.43% of Romania's area).

National parks

There are 14 national parks totaling 3,223 km²:

  National park listed in UNESCO World Heritage
  National park included in UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme
Name Location
(county)
Area
(ha)
Year of
establishment
Year of
declaration
Image Website
Buila-Vânturarița Vâlcea 4,186 2005 2005
Buila 01.jpg
buila.ro
Călimani Mureș, Suceava,
Harghita, Bistrița-Năsăud
24,041 1975 2000
Kelemen-havasok.jpg
calimani.ro
Ceahlău Neamț 7,742.5 1995 2000
Ceahlau 2.jpg
ceahlaupark.ro
Cheile Bicazului-Hășmaș Harghita, Neamț 6,575 1990 2000
Békás-szoros.jpg
cheilebicazului-hasmas.ro
Cheile Nerei-Beușnița Caraș-Severin 36,758 1990 2000
Beu.jpg
cheilenereibeusnita.ro
Cozia Vâlcea 17,100 1966 2000
RO VL Defileul Oltului la Cozia.JPG
cozia.ro
Danube Delta Tulcea 5,762.16 1991 2000
Lipovean.jpg
ddbra.ro
Domogled-Valea Cernei Caraș-Severin, Mehedinți,
Gorj
61,211 1982 2000
Parcul Național Domogled - Valea Cernei.jpg
domogled-cerna.ro
Jiu Valley Gorj, Hunedoara 11,127 2005 2005
Mănăstirea Lainici, Biserica Nouă 01.JPG
defileuljiului.ro
Măcin Mountains Tulcea 11,151.82 2000 2000
RO TL Munții Măcin.JPG
parcmacin.ro
Rodna Mountains[1] Bistrița-Năsăud, Maramureș 47,177 1990 2000
Clăi de fân Borșa.jpg
parcrodna.ro
Piatra Craiului Argeș, Brașov 14,773 1938 2000
Evening rays over Piatra Craiului Mountains.jpg
pcrai.ro
Retezat[2] Hunedoara 38,047 1935 2000
Retezat-bucura-peleaga.jpg
retezat.ro
Semenic-Cheile Carașului Caraș-Severin 36,664 1982 2000
Caras river.jpg
pnscc.ro

Proposed hunting

The Romanian parliament discussed in September 2008 a bill aiming to open 13 national parks to sustainable hunting, in order to manage the wildlife biodiversity in these areas and promote greater tourism and the accompanying revenue necessary to support and maintain the parks.[3] However, after several protests from environmental organizations, the law was rejected by President Traian Băsescu.[4] Nowadays, hunting is prohibited in national parks of Romania.

Natural parks

There are 17 natural parks totaling 5,492.33 km²:

  Prizewinning natural park during the EDEN Awards Gala (8 October 2009)
  Natural park included in the European Network and member of the Global Geoparks Network under the auspices of UNESCO
  Biosphere reserve
Name Location
(county)
Area
(ha)
Year of
establishment
Year of
declaration
Image Website
Apuseni Alba, Bihor,
Cluj
75,784 1990 2000
Bihor27.jpg
Brăila Small Puddle Brăila 17,529 1978 2000
Danube at Braila -- Macin mountains in the background.jpg
bmb.ro
Bucegi Brașov, Dâmbovița,
Prahova
32,663 1974 2000
Bucegi Sphinx, Romania.jpg
bucegipark.ro
Cefa Bihor 5,002 2010 2010
Parcul Natural Cefa 1.JPG
Cindrel Sibiu 9,873 2000 2000
Cindrel-Nord.jpg
Comana Giurgiu 24,963 2005 2005
Neajlov Delta and Comana Forest.JPG
comanaparc.ro
Dumbrava Sibiului Sibiu 993 1963 2000
Moara de vant din muzeul Astra.jpg
Grădiștea Muncelului-Cioclovina Hunedoara 38,184 1979 2000
Cheile Rosia-Muntii Sureanu.JPG
gradiste.ro
Hațeg Country Dinosaur Geopark Hunedoara 1,023.92 2005 2005
Densus.panorama peste sat.S.jpg
hateggeoparc.ro
Iron Gates[5][6] Caraș-Severin, Mehedinți 115,665.8 1990 2000
Danube near Iron Gate 2006 3.JPG
pnportiledefier.ro
Lower Prut Floodplain Galați 8,247 2005 2005
Pruth Giurgiulesti.JPG
Maramureș Mountains Maramureș 148,850 2004 2004
CFF Viseu 2012-08-27 08.jpg
muntiimaramuresului.ro
Mehedinți Plateau Geopark Gorj, Mehedinți 106.5 2005 2005
RO MH Ponoarele 1.jpg
Mureș Floodplain Arad 171.66 2005 2005
Landscape from Maros River 3.jpg
luncamuresului.ro
Putna-Vrancea Vrancea 30,204 2004 2004
RO VN Putna river 1.jpg
putnavrancea.ro
Upper Mureș Defile Mureș 9,156 2007 2007
Mures fluss am Neumarkt am Mieresch.jpg
Vânători-Neamț Neamț 30,818 1999 2000
Vanatori neamt.jpg
vanatoripark.ro

Natural reserves

Natural reserves are natural areas protected by law in order to protect and conserve important habitats and natural species. The dimensions of natural reserves vary and depend on the area needed by protected natural elements. Besides scientific activities, the administrations of natural reserves encourage traditional activities and ecotourism that do not affect the natural landscape. Here is not permitted to use natural resources.

There are 617 natural reservations totaling 2,043.55 km².

Scientific reserves

Scientific reserves are also protected areas that, like the previous ones, aim at protection and preservation of natural habitats. The difference is that scientific reserves can not be visited by tourists. These areas typically contain rare plant and animal species or particular natural elements, reason why here are prohibited any human activities, excepting research and education activities. Entry without permission in scientific reserves is punishable by considerable fines.

There are 55 such reservations totaling 1,112.77 km².

Natural monuments

There are 234 natural monuments totaling 77.05 km².

References

  1. ^ "Rodnei Mountains National Park" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Retezat". UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
  3. ^ "Legea nr. 215/2008 pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii vânătorii şi a protecţiei fondului cinegetic nr. 407/2006". Lege5. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
  4. ^ Bogdana Tihon Buliga (2009). "Cum au fost salvate de glontul pustii animalele din Parcurile Nationale ale Romaniei". Formula AS (851). Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
  5. ^ Cosmin Zaharia (2 October 2015). "După Delta Dunării, o nouă rezervație a biosferei în România". Green Report.
  6. ^ "Parcul Porțile de Fier, rezervație a biosferei". Digi24. 5 October 2015.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 May 2020, at 10:40
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