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List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of Canada showing the location of PEI in red.
A map of Canada, showing Prince Edward Island in red.
Map showing locations of all of Prince Edward Island's municipalities
Distribution of Prince Edward Island's 72 municipalities by municipal status type as of 2017

Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 142,907 residents as of the 2016 census and is the smallest in land area at 5,686 km2 (2,195 sq mi).[1] Prince Edward Island's 63 municipalities cover 29.6% of the province's land mass and were home to 72% of its population in 2016.[2][3][a] These municipalities provide local government services to their residents in the form of fire protection, municipal planning services, and emergency measures planning.[4] The remaining unincorporated areas have no local government.[5]

Municipal statuses in Prince Edward Island are cities, towns, rural municipalities, and resort municipalities.[6] Under Prince Edward Island's Municipal Government Act (MGA), which came into force on December 23, 2017,[7] the formation of a municipality can be proposed by the Minister of Fisheries and Communities, the council of an existing municipality, or a petition signed by 30% of the residents that would be the electors of the new municipality.[4] To be eligible for city or town status, certain minimum estimated population and total property assessment value criteria must be met.[4] If those criteria are not met, rural municipality status can be granted if it is the opinion of the Minister of Fisheries and Communities that it would be in the public interest.[4] The province's lone resort municipality – the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico – was established by order in council in 1990.[6] The 2017 MGA prevents creation of any new resort municipalities.[6]

Prince Edward Island has two cities, ten towns, fifty rural municipalities and one resort municipality,[3][6] which are distributed across three counties – Kings, Prince and Queens. Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest municipality by population while Belfast is the largest municipality by land area.[2] The smallest municipalities by population and land area are Tignish Shore and St. Louis respectively.[2]

Municipalities

Aerial view of Charlottetown
Aerial view of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city
Summerside City Hall
Summerside, Prince Edward Island's second largest municipality and only other city

Cities

Under the province's MGA, a municipality may incorporate as a city if has an estimated population of 15,000 or more and a total property assessment value of $750 million or more.[4][6] Should a city no longer meet these requirements, the Minister of Fisheries and Communities may recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in Council to change the status of the municipality to a more appropriate status.[4]

Prince Edward Island has two cities.[3] Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city both by population with 36,094 residents and by land area with 44.34 km2 (17.12 sq mi).[2] It forms the core of a census agglomeration that encompasses the middle of the island and is home to 69,325 residents, or 49% of the island's population.[8] The province's second city is Summerside, which is located on the west side of the island. It has a population of 14,829 and a land area of 28.49 km2 (11.00 sq mi).[2] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables cities to elect a mayor and a minimum of eight councillors.[6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022.[9]

Towns

Under the province's MGA, a municipality may incorporate as a town if has an estimated population of 4,000 or more but is less than 15,000, and a total property assessment value of $200 million or more, but is less than $750 million.[4][6] Should a town no longer meet these requirements, the Minister of Fisheries and Communities may recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in Council to change the status of the municipality to a more appropriate status.[4]

Prince Edward Island has ten towns that are incorporated municipalities,[3] which had a cumulative population of 28,905 in the 2016 census.[2] The province's largest and smallest towns are Stratford and North Rustico with populations of 9,706 and 607 respectively.[2] Three Rivers is Prince Edward Island's largest town by land area with 148.37 km2 (57.29 sq mi) and O'Leary is the province's smallest town by land area with 1.68 km2 (0.65 sq mi).[2] Three Rivers is also the province's newest town, which incorporated as a town on September 28, 2018 through the amalgamation of the towns of Georgetown and Montague, five rural municipalities (Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield), and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas.[10] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables towns to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors.[6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022.[9]

Rural municipalities

Under the province's MGA, municipalities that previously held community status under the previous Municipalities Act, which originally came into force in 1983,[11] were carried forward as rural municipalities.[4][6][b] With the amalgamation of Brackley and Winsloe South on December 15, 2017,[13] and then the MGA coming into force eight days later on December 23, 2017,[7] Prince Edward Island had 58 communities that became rural municipalities.[3][6] On September 28, 2018, three amalgamations reduced the total amount of rural municipalities to 50.[10] As of the 2016 census, the province's largest and smallest rural municipalities are North Shore and Tignish Shore with populations of 2,152 and 57 respectively.[2][3][14] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables rural municipalities to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors.[6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022.[9]

Resort municipalities

Prince Edward Island has one municipality holding resort municipality status. The Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico was established as a resort municipality in 1990.[4] The province's MGA allows this resort municipality to continue yet prevents the establishment of additional resort municipalities in the future.[4][6] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables the province's lone resort municipality to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors.[6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022.[9] If the population of the lone resort municipality reaches 2,000 electors, it may be incorporated as a different type of municipality pursuant to the MGA.[4]

List

List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island
Name County Municipal
status[3][6]
Incorporation
year[15]
2016 Census of Population
Population
(2016)[2][3]
Population
(2011)[2][16]
Change Land area
(km²)[2][3]
Population
density
(ppl/km²)[2]
Charlottetown Queens City 1855[17][c] 36,094 34,562 +4.4% 44.34 814.0
Summerside Prince City 1877[d] 14,829 14,751 +0.5% 28.49 520.5
Alberton Prince Town 1913 1,145 1,135 +0.9% 4.52 253.3
Borden-Carleton Prince Town 1995[e] 724 750 −3.5% 12.99 55.7
Cornwall Queens Town 1995 5,348 5,162 +3.6% 28.19 189.7
Kensington Prince Town 1914 1,619 1,513 +7.0% 3.01 537.9
North Rustico Queens Town 1954[f] 607 583 +4.1% 2.41 251.9
O'Leary Prince Town 1951[g] 815 812 +0.4% 1.68 485.1
Souris Kings Town 1910 1,053 1,173 −10.2% 3.47 303.5
Stratford Queens Town 1995 9,706 8,574 +13.2% 22.53 430.8
Three Rivers Kings Town[10] 2018 7,169[14][h] 4,707[i] +52.3% 148.37 31.7
Tignish Prince Town[22] 1952[j] 719 779 −7.7% 5.87 122.5
Abram-Village Prince Rural municipality 1974 272 267 +1.9% 1.26 215.9
Afton Queens Rural municipality 1974 1,291 1,222 +5.6% 39.8 32.4
Alexandra Queens Rural municipality 1972 221 224 −1.3% 10.4 21.3
Annandale-Little Pond-Howe Bay Kings Rural municipality 1975 211 262 −19.5% 31.8 6.6
Bedeque and Area Prince Rural municipality 2014 302 310 −2.6% 2.53 119.4
Belfast Queens Rural municipality 1972 1,670 1,637 +2.0% 229.6 7.3
Bonshaw Queens Rural municipality 1977 187 218 −14.2% 14.0 13.4
Brackley Queens Rural municipality 1983[k] 596 561 +6.2% 18.38 32.4
Breadalbane Queens Rural municipality 1991 167 173 −3.5% 12.55 13.3
Central Kings Kings Rural municipality 1975 339 329 +3.0% 73.7 4.6
Central Prince Prince Rural municipality[10] 2018 1,054[14][l] 1,162 −9.3% 133.2 8.3
Clyde River Queens Rural municipality 1974 653 576 +13.4% 16.52 39.5
Crapaud Queens Rural municipality 1950 319 345 −7.5% 2.15 148.4
Darlington Queens Rural municipality 1983 91 109 −16.5% 7.7 11.8
Eastern Kings Kings Rural municipality 1974 709 702 +1.0% 141.0 5.0
Greenmount-Montrose Prince Rural municipality 1977 266 258 +3.1% 25.8 10.3
Hampshire Queens Rural municipality 1974 335 420 −20.2% 13.6 24.6
Hazelbrook Queens Rural municipality 1974 183 172 +6.4% 8.1 22.6
Hunter River Queens Rural municipality 1974 356 294 +21.1% 5.97 59.6
Kingston Queens Rural municipality 1974 1,096 794 +38.0% 48.0 22.8
Kinkora Prince Rural municipality 1955 336 339 −0.9% 3.82 88.0
Linkletter Prince Rural municipality 1972 310 320 −3.1% 9.08 34.1
Lot 11 and Area Prince Rural municipality 1982 613 635 −3.5% 101.4 6.0
Malpeque Bay Queens Rural municipality 1973 1,030 1,029 +0.1% 96.7 10.7
Meadowbank Queens Rural municipality 1974 355 338 +5.0% 9.29 38.2
Miltonvale Park Queens Rural municipality 1974 1,148 1,153 −0.4% 35.45 32.4
Miminegash Prince Rural municipality 1968 148 173 −14.5% 1.90 77.9
Miscouche Prince Rural municipality 1957 873 869 +0.5% 3.45 253.0
Morell Kings Rural municipality 1953 297 313 −5.1% 1.46 203.4
Mount Stewart Queens Rural municipality 1953 209 225 −7.1% 1.22 171.3
Murray Harbour Kings Rural municipality 1953 258 320 −19.4% 3.89 66.3
Murray River Kings Rural municipality 1955 304 334 −9.0% 1.47 206.8
New Haven-Riverdale Queens Rural municipality 1974 520 485 +7.2% 21.7 24.0
North Shore Queens Rural municipality 1974 2,152[14][m] 1,901 +13.2% 71.4 29.1
North Wiltshire Queens Rural municipality 1974 189 182 +3.8% 12.3 15.4
Northport Prince Rural municipality 1974 186 188 −1.1% 1.8 103.3
Sherbrooke Prince Rural municipality 1972 159 172 −7.6% 8.85 18.0
Souris West Kings Rural municipality 1972 356 399 −10.8% 7.7 51.8
St. Felix Prince Rural municipality 1977 333 348 −4.3% 11.4 29.2
St. Louis Prince Rural municipality 1964 66 51 +29.4% 0.62 106.5
St. Nicholas Prince Rural municipality 1991 211 198 +6.6% 20.6 10.2
St. Peters Bay Kings Rural municipality 1953 237 253 −6.3% 4.27 55.5
Tignish Shore Prince Rural municipality 1975 57 73 −21.9% 1.5 38.0
Tyne Valley Prince Rural municipality 1966 249 222 +12.2% 1.72 144.8
Union Road Queens Rural municipality 1977 204 235 −13.2% 9.97 20.5
Victoria Queens Rural municipality 1951 74 104 −28.8% 1.46 50.7
Warren Grove Queens Rural municipality 1985 356 367 −3.0% 10.18 35.0
Wellington Prince Rural municipality 1959 415 409 +1.5% 1.78 233.1
West River Queens Rural municipality 1974 801 741 +8.1% 34.8 23.0
York Queens Rural municipality 1986 408 284 +43.7% 12.4 32.9
Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico[n] Queens Resort municipality 1990 328 266 +23.3% 37.79 8.7
Total cities 50,923 49,313 +3.3% 72.83 699.2
Total towns 28,905 25,188 +14.8% 233.04 124.0
Total rural municipalities 23,172 22,695 +2.1% 1,250.02 17.3
Total resort municipalities 328 266 +23.3% 37.79 8.7
Total municipalities 103,328 97,462 +6.0% 1,683.10 61.4
Province of Prince Edward Island 142,907 140,204 +1.9% 5,686.03 25.1

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The remaining 28% of Prince Edward Island's population resides in unincorporated areas or on Indian reserves.[2][3]
  2. ^ Prior to the Municipalities Act, incorporated communities were previously designated either villages or community improvement committees.[12]
  3. ^ On April 1, 1995, the Charlottetown Area Municipalities Act amalgamated the Town of Parkdale and the adjacent incorporated communities of East Royalty, Hillsborough Park, Sherwood, West Royalty, and Winsloe with the City of Charlottetown.[17]
  4. ^ Summerside incorporated as a city on April 1, 1995 upon amalgamating with the incorporated communities of St. Eleanors and Wilmot.[18]
  5. ^ Borden-Carlton, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on July 31, 2012.[19]
  6. ^ North Rustico, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on November 16, 2013.[20]
  7. ^ O'Leary, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on March 11, 2014.[21]
  8. ^ The 2016 population of Three Rivers is the post-amalgamation sum of the population counts associated with two former towns (Georgetown and Montague) five former rural municipalities (Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield), two unincorporated fire districts (Cardigan and Georgetown), and a portion of a third fire district (Montague).[14]
  9. ^ The 2011 population of Three Rivers is only of those portions that were incorporated as different municipalities prior to the 2018 amalgamation. The population of those portions that were unincorporated prior to the 2018 amalgamation is therefore excluded.
  10. ^ Tignish, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on April 1, 2017.[22]
  11. ^ Brackley amalgamated with Winsloe South on December 15, 2017.[13] Winsloe South originally incorporated in 1986.[23]
  12. ^ The 2016 and 2011 population counts of Central Prince are the post-amalgamation sums of the population counts associated with two former rural municipalities (Ellerslie-Bideford and Lady Slipper).[14]
  13. ^ The 2016 and 2011 population counts of North Shore are the post-amalgamation sums of the population counts associated with three former rural municipalities (Grand Tracadie, North Shore, and Pleasant Grove).[14]
  14. ^ Official legal name is the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico.[4]

References

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. August 28, 2017. Archived from the original on June 26, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Archived from the original on June 10, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Prince Edward Island Municipal Boundaries" (PDF). Prince Edward Island: Communities, Land and Environment. September 18, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Municipal Government Act" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Queen's Printer. November 28, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 30, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  5. ^ "Canada – Prince Edward Island Agreement Municipal Strategic Component 2014 - 2019 Guidelines and Criteria" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island. March 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2019. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Existing Municipalities and New Municipalities – Municipal Government Act". Government of Prince Edward Island. January 6, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  7. ^ a b "EC2017–747: Municipal Government Act Proclamation" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. December 12, 2017. p. 414. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 30, 2019. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  8. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Charlottetown [Census agglomeration], Prince Edward Island and Prince Edward Island [Province]". Statistics Canada. November 16, 2017. Archived from the original on September 24, 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d "Municipal Elections and By-Elections". Government of Prince Edward Island. June 5, 2018. Archived from the original on March 7, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d "EC2018–584, EC2018–585 and EC2018–586" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island Executive Council. September 25, 2018. pp. 321–327. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 30, 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  11. ^ "Municipal Government Act and Regulations". Government of Prince Edward Island. May 29, 2020. Archived from the original on June 25, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  12. ^ "Municipalities Act". Prince Edward Island Queen's Printer. December 15, 2016. Archived from the original on June 6, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  13. ^ a b "EC2017–746: Municipalities Act (Community of Brackley and Community of Winsloe South Amalgamation)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. December 12, 2017. pp. 413–414. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 30, 2019. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: Up to January 1st, 2019" (PDF). Statistics Canada. November 13, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2020. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  15. ^ "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Archived from the original on February 22, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  16. ^ "Prince Edward Island Municipal Boundaries" (PDF). Prince Edward Island: Communities, Land and Environment. January 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 26, 2017. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  17. ^ a b "PlaceFinder Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Archived from the original on June 9, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  18. ^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status and Names: January 2, 1991 to January 1, 1996" (PDF). Statistics Canada. February 1997. p. 45. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  19. ^ "EC2012–443: Municipalities Act (Community of Borden-Carleton Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. July 31, 2012. p. 261. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  20. ^ "EC2013–782: Municipalities Act (Community of North Rustico Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. November 5, 2013. p. 532. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  21. ^ "EC2014–142: Municipalities Act (Community of O'Leary Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. March 11, 2014. p. 72. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  22. ^ a b Kevin Yarr (March 29, 2017). "Tignish to become a town". CBC. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020. Retrieved December 25, 2017.
  23. ^ "PlaceFinder: Winsloe South, Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Archived from the original on October 29, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2017.

External links

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