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List of mosques in China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of notable mosques in China. A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the religion of Islam. The first mosque in China was the Great Mosque of Xi'an, built during the Tang Dynasty in the 8th century CE. Today there are over 39,000 mosques in China,[1] 25,000 of these are in Xinjiang, a north-west autonomous region.[2]

In China, mosques are called qīngzhēnsì (清真寺, "Pure truth temple"), a name which was also used by Chinese Jews for synagogues. Other names include huíhui táng (回回堂, "Hui people's hall"), huíhui sì (回回寺, "Hui people's temple"), lǐbàisì (礼拜寺, "Temple of worship"), zhēnjiào sì (真教寺, "True teaching temple"), or qīngjìng sì (清净寺, "Pure and clean temple").[3][4]

During the Qing Dynasty, at the Mosque entrance of Hui Mosques, a tablet was placed upon which "Huángdì wànsuì, wànsuì, wànwànsuì" (皇帝萬歲,萬歲,萬萬歲) was inscribed, which means, "The Emperor, may he live forever". Wansui means Ten thousand years, which means forever in Chinese.[5] Westerners traveling in China noted the presence of these tablets at mosques in Yunnan and Ningbo.[6][7][8]

Most mosques have certain aspects in common with each other however as with other regions Chinese Islamic architecture reflects the local architecture in its style. China is renowned for its beautiful mosques, which resemble temples. However, in western China the mosques resemble those of Iran and Central Asia, with tall, slender minarets, curvy arches and dome shaped roofs, as well as the unique multi-layered portals. In northwest China where the Chinese Hui have built their mosques, there is a combination of eastern and western styles. The mosques have flared Buddhist style roofs set in walled courtyards entered through archways with miniature domes and minarets.[9]

The style of architecture of Hui Mosques varies according to their sect. The traditionalist Gedimu Hanafi Sunnis, influenced by Chinese culture, build Mosques which look like Chinese temples. The reformist modernist (but originally Wahhabi inspired) Yihewani build their Mosques to look like Middle Eastern Arab style Mosques.

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List of mosques

Name Images City or District Province or Municipality Year Remarks
Niujie Mosque
Niujie Mosques02.jpg
Xicheng Beijing 996 [10]
Qingjing Mosque
Mosque in Quanzhou, Fujian, China.jpg
Quanzhou Fujian
Dunhuang Mosque
Dunhuang Gansu
Huasi Mosque
Linxia Gansu
Huaisheng Mosque
Guangzhou Guangdong 627 [11]
Nanning Mosque
Nanning Guangxi
Daowai Mosque
Bukui Mosque
卜奎清真寺 窑殿 2017.jpg
Heilongjiang 1684
List of mosques in Hong Kong Hong Kong
Macau Mosque
Macau Mosque.JPG
Our Lady of Fatima Parish Macau
Tongxin Great Mosque
Tongxin mosque.JPG
Tongxin Ningxia ca.1400
Dongguan Mosque
Dongguan mosque.jpg
Xining Qinghai 1380 [12]
Jiezi mosque[13] Xunhua Salar Qinghai
Great Mosque of Xi'an
Great Mosque of Xi'an (15).JPG
Xi'an Shaanxi 742 [14]
Jinan Great Southern Mosque
The South Mosque of Jinan 2009-03.JPG
Jinan Shandong
Fuyou Road Mosque
Fuyou Road Mosque.JPG
Huangpu Shanghai
Xiaotaoyuan Mosque
Xiaotaoyuan Mosque.JPG
Huangpu Shanghai
Lhasa Great Mosque
Mosques in Lhasa.jpg
Lhasa Tibet
Afaq Khoja Mausoleum
Haohan Xinjiang
Khotan Mosque
Hotan Xinjiang
Id Kah Mosque
Kashgar Xinjiang 1442 [15]
Najiaying Mosque
Yuxi Yunnan

See also


  •  This article incorporates text from The Chinese repository, Volume 13, a publication from 1844 now in the public domain in the United States.
  •  This article incorporates text from The Chinese repository, Volumes 11-15, a publication from 1842 now in the public domain in the United States.
  1. ^ "Strengthen and promote the standardization of mosque management" (in Chinese). CPPCC News. 2014-12-18. Archived from the original on 2015-02-22. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
  2. ^ "The amount of mosques in Xinjiang is increasing to near 25,000" (in Chinese). Chinese Youth Daily. 2009-07-17. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
  3. ^ Shoujiang Mi, Jia You (2004). Islam in China. 五洲传播出版社. p. 29. ISBN 7-5085-0533-6. Retrieved 2011-05-16.
  4. ^ The Chinese repository, Volume 13. Printed for the proprietors. 1844. p. 31. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
  5. ^ Broomhall 1910, p. 290.
  6. ^ The Chinese repository, Volumes 11-15. Printed for the proprietors. 1842. p. 33. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  7. ^ Michael Dillon (1999). China's Muslim Hui community: migration, settlement and sects. Richmond: Curzon Press. p. 77. ISBN 0-7007-1026-4. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  8. ^ Hagras, Hamada (2017). "AN ANCIENT MOSQUE IN NINGBO, CHINA "HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL STUDY". Journal of Islamic Architecture. 4 (3): 102–113. doi:10.18860/jia.v4i3.3851.
  9. ^ Saudi Aramco World, July/August 1985 , page 3035
  10. ^ "存档副本". Archived from the original on 2007-08-14. Retrieved 2006-10-15.
  11. ^ "存档副本". Archived from the original on 2007-10-04. Retrieved 2006-10-15.
  12. ^ "存档副本". Archived from the original on 2006-09-25. Retrieved 2006-10-15.
  13. ^
  14. ^ "存档副本". Archived from the original on 2006-09-25. Retrieved 2006-10-15.
  15. ^ "存档副本". Archived from the original on 2006-11-11. Retrieved 2006-10-15.

External links

This page was last edited on 1 December 2019, at 10:09
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