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List of monarchs of Mangareva

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flag of the Kingdom of Mangareva
Flag of the Kingdom of Mangareva
Attributs du Service de Table du Roi des Gambier et de celui de la Mission
Attributs du Service de Table du Roi des Gambier et de celui de la Mission

The island of Mangareva, in the Gambier Islands of Polynesia, was a monarchy until its annexation by France on 21 February 1881.[1] Although there were other monarchs of the Gambier Islands like Taravai, the kings of Mangareva were considered of the highest ranking. The islands kings and chiefs were called ʻakariki from the togoʻiti class.[2]

Lists of the monarchs of Mangareva

It will be seen (under the heading Tu) that these are gods.[clarification needed] In this respect it is like many Polynesian genealogies which commence with the gods, or, perhaps, deified ancestors.[3]

  • 1. Atu-motua
  • 2. Atu-moana
  • 3. Tangaroa-mea
  • 4. Tangaroa-hurupapa
  • 5. Tu-te-kekeu
  • 6. Oroki
  • 7. Vaiamo
  • 8. Not given
  • 9. Not given
  • 10. Turu-kura
  • 11. Turu-rei
  • 12. Taivere and Taroi, sons of Ua, who came from Rarotonga with her brother Te Tupua, and married Nono of Mangareva. It is said that it was in their reign, Tupa [q.v] arrived bringing the coco-nut.
  • 13. Not given
  • 14. Taki-marama
  • 15. Toronga
  • 16. Popi, or Popi-te-moa
  • 17. Angi-a-Popi
  • 18. Tipoti, son of Angi-a-Popi and Te Puru-on u
  • 19. Tahau-mangi
  • 20. Pono-te-akariki, son of Makoha-iti and Raui-roro, nephew of Tahaumangi
  • 21. Not given
  • 22. Tama-keu. His son Etua-taorea, had a daughter, Toa-te-Etua-taorea, an unfortunate queen whose throat was pierced to introduce water she had demanded to quench her thirst. Her body, and that of her child, were eaten after her death.
  • 23. Reitapu, of Rikitea, son of Tae-Tamakeu and Tuareu; his death at Raramei-tau (at Kirimiro), where he was assassinated, occasioning the loss of Taku.
  • 24. Mahanga-vihinui, father of Ape-iti.
Drawing of Mapou-Teoa by Jacques Marescot du Thilleul, 1838.
Drawing of Mapou-Teoa by Jacques Marescot du Thilleul, 1838.
  • 25. Ape-iti, of Rikitea, the conqueror of Taku. Under him the great migration that peopled Reao, Pukaruha, Takoto, Vahitahi, Hao, Fakahina, Fangatu, and partly Hikueru by supplying women, took place—these are Tuamotu Islands.
  • 26. Meihara-tuharua
  • 27. Pokau
  • 28. Okeu
  • 29. Makoro-tau-eriki—in whose time there was peace, no wars.
  • 30. Mangi-tu-tavake, son of Makoro-tau-arike and his wife Makutea.
  • 31. Te Ariki-tea, son of Mangi-tu-tavake; reigned only in name. His brother Te Ariki-pongo was preferred by the people.
  • 32. Te Oa, son of Te Ariki-tea and Toatau.
  • 33. Te Mateoa (or Mapu-rure). His wife was Purure. Died circa 1830 or 1832.[4]
  • 34. Te Ika-tohora. Died circa 1824.[4]
  • 35. Te Maputeoa, Gregorio I, r. 1830–1857. Died 20 June 1857.[5]
  • 35. Joseph Gregorio II, r. 1857–1868. Died 21 November 1868.[5]

Regents

Bernardo Putairi, Prince Regent of Mangareva
Bernardo Putairi, Prince Regent of Mangareva

Because of King Joseph Gregorio II's minority, he ruled alongside his mother Queen Maria Eutokia Toaputeitou and uncle Elia Teoa. In 1868, Joseph Gregorio II died without issue and a regency was installed pending the birth a male heir to Agnès or Philomèle, the two surviving daughters of Maputeoa.[5][6][7][8]

  • By 1881, when Henri Isidore Chessé visited the island, Bernardo Putairi had been named King after Philomèle's death.[7]

Family tree

Below is the genealogy of the royal line of Mangareva.[18][19]

Immigrants and heroes
Apeiti
Eight generations
Te Oa (m)Purure (f)
Matapoto (f)Te Mateoa (m)
(?–1830)
Terehi-kura (f)Toa-teoa (f)Teiti-a-purepure (m)Toa-pakia (f)
Te Ma-terehikura (m)Te Rouru (m)Te Ahu-o-rogo (m)Toa-terehikura (f)Purure (f)Matua (m)Toa-Matui (f)
Te Ika-Tohara (m)Puteoa (f)Toa-Mateoa (f)Toa-teoaiti (f)Toa-maevahake (f)
Bernardo Putairi*
(?–1889)
Te Maputeoa
(1814–1857)
Maria Eutokia
(?–1869)
Arone Teikatoara**
(?–1881)
Elia Teoa**[20]Akakio
Tematereikura

(?–1869)
Agnès
Toamani
Joseph
Gregorio II

(1847–1868)
Jean
Népomucène
PhilomèleCatherine[21]Agnès Tepairu
or Teiti-a-Gregorio
(?–1873)
Maria Tepano
Teikatoara
Agapa
(?–1868)

*Bernardo Putairi was unrelated to the royal line. He was the guardian and tutor of the two daughters of Maputeoa.
**Arone and Elia were considered brothers of Maputeoa, although it is not known if they were full-brothers or half-brothers.

References

  1. ^ Gonschor 2008, pp. 56–59.
  2. ^ Buck 1938, p. 151.
  3. ^ Smith 1918, pp. 130–131.
  4. ^ a b Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 9.
  5. ^ a b c Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 578.
  6. ^ a b Deschanel 1888, pp. 59–60.
  7. ^ a b Deschanel 1888, pp. 68.
  8. ^ Williamson 2013, pp. 381–382.
  9. ^ Cuzent 1872, pp. 117–118.
  10. ^ Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 318.
  11. ^ a b Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, pp. 610–611.
  12. ^ Cuzent 1872, p. 144.
  13. ^ Deschanel 1888, pp. 27–30.
  14. ^ Deschanel 1888, pp. 59, 71.
  15. ^ Rabou 1882, pp. 799–807.
  16. ^ "Partie Officielle" (PDF). Journal Officiel des Etablissements Français de l'Océanie. 2 May 1889. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  17. ^ "The Sunny South Seas Gambier Archipelago. A Little-Known Group". Te Aroha News, Volume VII, Issue 379, 22 June 1889, Page 6.
  18. ^ Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. cxxxix.
  19. ^ Buck 1938, pp. 19, 121; see also his First Field Note Book, genealogy given by Ioane Mamatai in 1934; MS Laval.
  20. ^ Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 366.
  21. ^ Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 343.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 00:46
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