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List of Hawaiian monarchs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Monarchy of Hawaiʻi
Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Hawaii.svg
StyleSee below
First monarchKamehameha I
Last monarchLiliʻuokalani
Abolition1893 (de facto)
1895 (de jure)
ResidenceʻIolani Palace (1845–1893)

Kamehameha I established the Hawaiian Kingdom in 1795 after conquering most of the Hawaiian Islands. In 1810, Kaumualiʻi became a vassal of Kamehameha I, who therefore emerged as the sole sovereign of the island chain of Hawaiʻi. His dynasty lasted until 1872, and his Kingdom lasted until 1893, when Queen Liliʻuokalani, of the Kalākaua dynasty, was deposed by the pro-United States led overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom. The monarchy was officially ended on January 24, 1895, when Liliʻuokalani formally abdicated in response to an attempt to restore the royal government. On November 23, 1993, the Congress passed Public Law 103-150, also known as the Apology Resolution, acknowledging the American role in the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy. President Bill Clinton signed the joint resolution the same day.

Hawaiian Monarchs (1795–1893)

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Kamehameha I
Spring, 1795 – May 8, 1819
Kamehameha I.png
c. 1758
Moʻokini Heiau, Kohala, Hawaiʻi island
son of Keōua and Kekuʻiapoiwa
various May 8, 1819
Kamakahonu, Kailua-Kona, Kona, Hawaiʻi island
aged 61?
Kamehameha II
May 20, 1819 – July 14, 1824
King Kamehameha II, Bishop Museum, Unknown artist.jpg
c. 1797
Hilo, Hawaiʻi island
son of Kamehameha I and Keōpūolani
(1) Kamāmalu
(2) Kīnaʻu
(3) Kekāuluohi
(4) Kalanipauahi
(5) Kekauʻōnohi
(6) Kekaihaʻakūlou
July 14, 1824
Caledonian Hotel, London, England
aged 27
Kamehameha III
June 6, 1825 – December 15, 1854
August 11, 1813
Keauhou Bay, North Kona, Hawaiʻi island
son of Kamehameha I and Keōpūolani
Honolulu, Oʻahu
14 February 1837
two sons
December 15, 1854
Honolulu, Oʻahu
aged 41
Kamehameha IV
January 11, 1855 – November 30, 1863
King Kamehameha IV, retouched photo by J. J. Williams.jpg
February 9, 1834
Honolulu, Oʻahu
biological son of Kekūanāoʻa and Kīnaʻu and hānai son of Kamehameha III and Kalama
Emma Rooke
Kawaiahaʻo Church, Honolulu, Oʻahu
19 June 1856
one son
November 30, 1863
Honolulu, Oʻahu
aged 29
Kamehameha V
November 30, 1863 – December 11, 1872
Kamehameha V, retouched photo by J. J. Williams.jpg
December 11, 1830
Honolulu, Oʻahu
biological son of Kekūanāoʻa and Kīnaʻu and hānai son of Nāhiʻenaʻena (later) Hoapili and Kaheiheimālie
Never married December 11, 1872
ʻIolani Palace, Honolulu, Oʻahu
aged 42
January 8, 1873 – February 3, 1874
Lunalilo (PP-98-15-007).jpg
January 31, 1835
Pohukaina, Honolulu, Oʻahu
son of Kanaʻina and Kekāuluohi
Never married February 3, 1874
Haimoeipo, Honolulu, Oʻahu
aged 39
February 12, 1874 – January 20, 1891
Kalakaua (PP-96-15-008).jpg
November 16, 1836
Honolulu, Oʻahu
biological son of Kapaʻakea and Keohokālole and hānai son of Kinimaka and Haʻaheo Kaniu
Honolulu, Oʻahu
December 19, 1863
January 20, 1891
Palace Hotel, San Francisco, California, United States
aged 54
January 29, 1891 – January 17, 1893
Liliuokalani, photograph by Prince, of Washington.jpg
September 2, 1838
Honolulu, Oʻahu
biological daughter of Kapaʻakea and Keohokālole and hānai daughter of Pākī and Kōnia
John Owen Dominis
ʻAikupika, Haleakala Estate, Honolulu, Oʻahu
September 16, 1862
November 11, 1917
Washington Place, Honolulu, Oʻahu
aged 79


Period Style Used by
1795–1852 Hawaiian: Aliʻi Nui
English: High Chief[1][2]
Meaning: Originally meaning "Great Chief" of a single island[3][4] (not the same as a European king)[3]
Kamehameha I
Kamehameha II
Kamehameha III
1852–1887 Hawaiian: Aliʻi o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: Monarch of the Hawaiian Islands
Kamehameha III
Kamehameha IV
Kamehameha V
1863–1887 Hawaiian: Ma ka Lokomaikaʻi o ke Akua, Ke Aliʻi o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: By the grace of God, the Monarch of the Hawaiian Islands
Kamehameha IV
Kamehameha V
Liliuokalani I
1887–1891 Hawaiian: Ma ka Lokomaikaʻi o ke Akua, Moʻi o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: By the grace of God, King of the Hawaiian Islands
1891–1893 Hawaiian: Ma ka Lokomaikaʻi o ke Akua, Moʻi Wahine o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: By the grace of God, Queen of the Hawaiian Islands


LiliuokalaniKalākauaLunaliloKamehameha VKamehameha IVKamehameha IIIKamehameha IIKamehameha I

See also


  1. ^ Roger S. Gottlieb (November 7, 2003). This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment. Routledge. pp. 126–. ISBN 978-1-136-91539-0.
  2. ^ Mary Māmaka Kaiao Kuleana kope. "Hawaiian Dictionaries". University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  3. ^ a b e. Craighill Handy (December 15, 1989). Ancient Hawaiian Civilization: A Series of Lectures Delivered at THE KAMEHAMEHA SCHOOLS. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 33–34. ISBN 978-1-4629-0438-9.
  4. ^ Margaret Jolly (1989). Family and Gender in the Pacific: Domestic Contradictions and the Colonial Impact. Cambridge University Press. pp. 50–. ISBN 978-0-521-34667-2.


External links

This page was last edited on 14 April 2021, at 15:06
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