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List of massacres in Egypt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in Egypt (numbers may be approximate):

Name Date Location Deaths Notes
Damanhur massacre[1] May 10, 1799 Cairo 1,500[2] The city rebelled against the French, when the French led by General Lanusse recaptured, most of the city inhabitants and rebels were killed and the place was torched.
Mamluke massacre March 1,

1811

Cairo 470 Heads sent to Istanbul; part of Muhammad Ali's seizure of power
Cairo Massacre October 5, 1945 Cairo 10 350 injured
1948 Cairo bombings June–September, 1948 Cairo 70 200 injured. Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt targeted Jewish areas, killing 70 Jews and wounding nearly 200. Riots claimed many more lives.
Ras Burqa massacre October 5, 1985 Ras Burqa 8 An Egyptian soldier opened fire on Israeli vacationers, killing 3 adults and 4 children, as well as another Egyptian soldier.
Luxor massacre November 17, 1997 Luxor 64 killing of mostly tourists, on 17 November 1997, at Deir el-Bahari, an archaeological site and major tourist attraction across the Nile from Luxor, Egypt.
Kosheh Massacres January 2, 2000 Kosheh 21 Over 40 injured; Muslim mob attacked Coptic Christians.
2004 Sinai bombings October 7, 2004 Sinai Peninsula 34 171 injured; Palestinian terrorist group killed 18 Egyptians, 12 Israelis, 2 Italians, 1 Russian, and 1 American.
2005 Sharm el-Sheikh attacks July 23, 2005 Sharm el-Sheikh 64–88 ~150 injured; multiple bombs targeting tourist hotels and the bazaar in the resort city on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula.
2006 Dahab bombings April 24, 2006 Dahab 23 ~80 injured; three nails bombs exploded targeting the central tourist area of Dahab on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula.
Nag Hammadi massacre January 7, 2010 Nag Hammadi 11 11 injured; Muslim gunmen opened fire on Coptic Christians as they were leaving church.
2011 Alexandria bombing January 1, 2011 Alexandria 23 a homemade nail bomb attack on Coptic Christians in Alexandria on Saturday, 1 January 2011. 23 people died and another 97 were injured, which occurred as Christian worshipers were leaving a New Year service.
2011 Imbaba church attacks 7 May, 2011 Imbaba 15 a series of attacks that took place in Egypt on 7 May 2011 against Coptic Christian churches in the poor working-class neighborhood of Imbaba in Giza, near Cairo. The attacks were blamed on Salafi Muslims, the attacks began when Muslims attacked the Coptic Orthodox church of Saint Mina. 232 injured.
Maspero demonstrations 9 October, 2011 Cairo 24 The Maspero Massacre initially started as demonstrations by a group of Egyptian Christians, in reaction to the demolition of a church in Upper Egypt. The peaceful protesters who intended to stage a sit-in in front of the Maspiro television building were attacked by security forces and the army, resulting in 24 deaths and 212 injuries, most of which were sustained by Coptic Christians.
August 2013 Rabaa massacre August 14, 2013 al-Nahda Square and Rabaa al-Adawiya Square, Cairo, Egypt 1000+ 1000+ killed; police and military opened fire on demonstrators opposing the military's ouster of Mohammad Morsi, the first elected president of Egypt who was removed from power following the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état. In addition to thousands of protester casualties, 8 police officers were killed.[3][4]
Wahat convoy incident massacre[5] September 12, 2015 Western Desert (Egypt) 12[6] Egyptian security forces killed 12 people (8 Mexican tourists and 4 Egyptian guides) and injured 10 more (6 Mexican tourists and 4 Egyptian guides) after firing upon a tourist caravan they had mistaken for a terrorist group.
Metrojet Flight 9268 October 31, 2015 Sinai Peninsula 224 A Metrojet A321 aircraft carrying mainly Russian tourists was destroyed by a bomb above the northern Sinai following its departure from Sharm El Sheikh International Airport, Egypt, en route to Pulkovo Airport, Saint Petersburg, Russia. All 224 passengers and crew on board were killed. The cause of the crash was an onboard explosive device concealed within a can of soda in passenger luggage. ISIL claimed responsibility.
Palm Sunday church bombings April 9, 2017 Tanta & Alexandria 45 On Palm Sunday, 9 April 2017, twin suicide bombings took place at St. George's Church in the northern Egyptian city of Tanta on the Nile delta, and Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, the principal church in Alexandria, seat of the Coptic papacy. At least 45 people were reported killed and 126 injured. Amaq News Agency said the attacks were carried out by a security detachment of the ISIS.

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Transcription

10 Massacres Hidden from the Public 10. Paris Massacre of 1961 In 1961 Paris, French National Police attacked a demonstration of 30,000 people who were protesting for Algerian independence from France. Officers opened fire on the crowds and beat some protesters to death with truncheons. Other demonstrators were thrown off bridges into the River Seine to drown. The French government quickly began their cover up, announcing that only three armed protestors had been killed. The killings were then kept secret for 37 more years, until war archives were released that exposed the truth that over 200 people had been killed. Despite the evidence, the French Government only takes responsibility for 40 of the deaths. Source: Independent 9. Ashaninka Tribe Massacre In the depths of the Peruvian rainforest live the Ashaninka tribe, an indigenous group who remain isolated from mainstream society. In 2014 however, a group of drug traffickers trespassed on the tribe’s land, setting fire to their houses and killing the majority of the elderly inhabitants. Because of the remote location of the Ashaninka people, the crime has largely remained hidden from the general public. The attack was only revealed when a group of tribesmen crossed from Peru to Brazil and revealed brief details of the attack to researchers, in hope of receiving weapons to protect themselves from future assaults. Source: The Guardian 8. Bentinck Island Massacre For centuries the aboriginal Kaiadilt group had lived in peace on Bentinck Island in Australia, but all that changed in 1911. A man named McKenzie was given control over much of the island by the Queensland government and soon set about trying to eradicate all 100 of the local Kaiadilt inhabitants. McKenzie herded the aboriginal people to the beach to be executed by gunshot. Some were saved from death, but they were raped instead and held prisoner in McKenzie’s hut. Because the clan remained isolated for most of the 20th century, the massacre remained unknown until the 1980s, when researchers were able to contact survivors. Nonetheless the case was never put forward for trial and McKenzie was never charged. Source: Aboriginal History, R. Kelly and N. Evans 7. Batang Kali Massacre In 1948 workers at a rubber plantation in Malaysia were massacred when British troops murdered 24 unarmed villagers. Details of the killing remain a mystery, but reports state that fifty women and children were piled into one truck and driven away, while the men were shot in the back of the head. The killings remained hidden until the 1960s, but for 50 years the British government avoided blame by refusing to open an official enquiry. In 2012 the High Court deemed Britain responsible for the killings, but justice was never truly served, as the perpetrators were never charged. Source: Independent 6. My Lai Massacre In 1968 in a small hamlet called My Lai, US soldiers committed what is now known as ‘the most shocking episode of the Vietnam War’. While hunting for their Viet Cong enemies, soldiers brutally murdered 500 defenseless civilians, opening fire at rice field workers and gang-raping women. 28 officers covered up evidence of the mass civilian killing for nearly two years, until witnesses of the attack spoke up and revealed the deadly truths to the public. The leader of the unit, Lieutenant Calley, was sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 104 villagers. A day later, however, he was released under a pardon from President Richard Nixon - and to this day, no other soldiers have been convicted. Source: My Lai Massacre in American History and Memory, Kendrick Oliver, 2006 5. 1988 Executions in Iran In 1988 over 4000 members of the People’s Mujahedin of Iran were killed in an execution carried out by the Iranian state. During the execution period, prisoners were kept in total isolation. Radios and televisions were confiscated, scheduled visits were canceled, and letters and packages were sent away. Prisoners were intensely questioned, and those found to lack dedication to Islam were hanged. The murders are relatively unknown because Iran has gone to considerable efforts to conceal the events, turning away family members from burial locations and bulldozing grave markings. To this day, the motives behind the massacre remain in question, and the Iranian regime denies the executions altogether. Source: Economist 4. Wagalla Massacre In the mid 1980s in Wajir County, Kenya, tensions grew within a heavily armed Somali clan known as the Degodia, which led to an invasion by Kenyan security officials. Kenyan officials beat and starved members of the clan. Those who survived starvation were either kicked to death, or set on fire. The Kenyan government denied allegations of a massacre and stated: “only 57 people were killed in a security operation to disarm residents”. It took 16 years for the government to acknowledge their involvement in the crime; the death toll was eventually disclosed to have been 5,000 victims. Source: BBC 3. 1950s Korean Massacre At the beginning of the Korean War in the early 1950s, South Korean authorities killed tens of thousands of suspected communists. Victims were lined up on the edge of a cliff and killed by open fire. The massacre was covered up for 40 years, as survivors and relatives of victims were threatened with death if they revealed information about the massacre. It was not until 2008, when the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Korea was established, that trenches of bodies were discovered, and the massacre was revealed. Source: Huffington Post 2. Katyn Massacre The 1940 Katyn massacre remains one of the extreme war killings on record. Under the orders of Stalin, the Soviet secret police executed over 22,000 Polish prisoners of war, who Stalin believed were a threat to the communist movement. Prisoners were handcuffed and led to a soundproof cell, where executioners forced them to their knees and shot them in the back of the head. The bodies were then piled into a mass grave. The Soviets denied responsibility for the massacre for four decades until 1990, when President Gorbachev publicly acknowledged the crimes. Source: BBC 1. Hyderabad [hydra-bad] Massacre The massacre of Hyderabad in India was one of the best-kept secrets in Indian history. In 1948 Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal [je-va-ha-lal] Nehru ordered the Indian Army to invade the Hyderabad state after the state’s leaders refused to join the newly formed Indian republic. When Nehru heard rumors of civilian killings, he commissioned a report to investigate the matter. Investigators found wells filled with corpses, bodies lying in ditches, and charred remains littering the streets. The report estimated that between 27,000 and 40,000 Muslims were killed. This report was hidden for decades by the Indian government to avoid igniting tensions between the Muslim and Hindu communities. It was not until 2013, when a historian from Cambridge University obtained a copy of the report, that the true horrors of the massacre were unveiled. Source: BBC

References

  1. ^ A Military History of Modern Egypt: From the Ottoman Conquest to the Ramadan War, Andrew James McGregor, page 45
  2. ^ Warfare and Armed Conflict, Micheal Clodfelter, page 114, 2002
  3. ^ "Egypt: Rab'a Killings Likely Crimes against Humanity". hrw.org. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  4. ^ "All According to Plan - The Rab'a Massacre and Mass Killings of Protesters in Egypt". hrw.org. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Egyptian Security Forces Kill Tourists After Mistaking Them for Terrorists". CNN International Edition. September 15, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
  6. ^ "8 Mexican Tourists, Mistaken for Terrorists, Killed in Egypt". CNN International Edition. September 15, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
This page was last edited on 12 March 2020, at 03:53
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