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List of maize dishes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cocoloşi cooking on a grill
Cocoloşi cooking on a grill

This is a list of maize dishes, in which maize (also known as corn) is used as a primary ingredient. Additionally, some foods and beverages that are prepared with maize are listed.

Ingredients

Corn can be processed into an intermediate form to be cooked further. These processes include drying, milling, and nixtamalization.

Foods

Soups, stews, and porridge

Corn, in the form of cornmeal or kernels of fresh sweet corn, can be boiled or stewed.

  • Akple
  • Banku – A Ghanaian meal made from maize and cassava dough
  • Bulz – Romanian dish of roasted polenta and cheese
  • Canjica
  • Cocoloși – Romanian dish of grilled corn porridge
  • Corn chowder – Creamy corn soup from the United States
  • Corn crab soup – Chinese soup of corn and crab meat
  • Corn pudding – Thick stewed corn dish from the Southern United States
  • Corn soup – Soup dish made with corn
  • Corn stew – Thick stew made with maize
  • Cou-cou – Caribbean dish of cornmeal and okra
  • Creamed corn – American corn dish with thick consistency
  • Fufu – Flour-based staple food of West and Central Africa
  • Ginataang mais – Filipino sweet corn and rice gruel
  • Grits – Dish (food) of boiled cornmeal
  • Hasty pudding – Type of pudding or porridge
  • Kačamak – Maize porridge from the Balkans
  • Mămăligă – Porridge made out of yellow maize flour, traditional in Romania
  • Mămăligă în pături – Romanian layered dish
  • Mush – Boiled cornmeal pudding
  • Pashofa – Chickasaw or Choctaw white corn soup
  • Polenta – Italian porridge, usually of cornmeal
  • Pozole – Mexican hominy and meat soup
  • Sagamite – American stew
  • Ugali – Type of maize flour porridge made in Africa
  • Xarém – Portuguese corn meal soup

Tamales and related

Tamales are a dish of nixtamalized maize that is ground, wrapped in a corn husk, and steamed. Tamales originated in Mesoamerica as early as 8000 to 5000 BC.[1] There are many regional variants and related dishes.

Breads and cakes

Baked and steamed breads and cakes can be made using corn, often as a flour.

  • Arepa – Typical food from Colombia and Venezuela
  • Bollo – Latin-American corn bun
  • Broa – Type of bread
  • Cachapa – Corn pancake from Venezuela or Colombia
  • Chipa guasu – Paraguayan savory corn cake
  • Corn cookie – Baked good made from corn, often sweet
  • Corn tortilla – Unleavened flatbread made from nixtamalized maize
  • Cornbread – Quick bread containing cornmeal
  • Johnnycake – American cornmeal flatbread
  • Makki di roti – Punjabi cornmeal flatbread
  • Pastel de choclo – South American savory sweet corn pie
  • Piki – Hopi cornmeal bread
  • Proja
  • Pupusa – Salvadoran food
  • Sloosh – Variety of cornbread popular during the American Civil War
  • Sope – Traditional Mexican dish
  • Sopa paraguaya – Savory Paraguayan cake
  • Spoonbread – Cornmeal pudding from the Southern United States
  • Talo – Unleavened maize flatbread from Basque Country
  • Totopo – Oaxacan nixtamalized corn flatbread
  • Wotou – Northern Chinese steamed cornmeal bread

Tortilla dishes

Corn tortillas are used to prepare many other dishes.

  • Nachos – Tortilla chip dish
  • Quesadillas – Mexican dish of tortillas with cheese
  • Taco – Mexican dish consisting of a corn or wheat tortilla folded or rolled around a filling, salsa and guacamole
  • Tortilla chip – Snack food made from corn tortillas
  • Tostada – Flat or bowl-shaped tortilla that is deep fried or toasted

Fried dishes

Assorted fried snacks and other fritters are made from corn or cornmeal.

Other

Beverages

Corn can be fermented into alcoholic drinks, infused as a tisane, or ground and used to thicken drinks.

  • Atole – Mesoamerican hot corn beverage
  • Bourbon whiskey – Type of American whiskey, a barrel-aged distilled spirit made primarily from corn
  • Cauim – Prehispanic Brazilian alcoholic beverage
  • Champurrado – Mexican chocolate beverage
  • Chicha – Beverage from prehispanic Latin America [2]
  • Chicha de jora – Prehispanic corn beer from Peru
  • Chicha morada – Prehispanic corn beverage from Peru
  • Colada morada – Purple hot corn beverage from Ecuador
  • Corn beer – Beer style made from corn
  • Corn tea – Korean grain tea made from maize
  • Corn whiskey – American liquor made from corn
  • Mazamorra – Beverage from Iberia or Latin America
  • Pinolillo – Nicaraguan corn and cacao beverage
  • Pozol – Fermented prehispanic corn beverage
  • Tejate – Maize and cacao beverage from Oaxaca
  • Tejuino – Corn-based fermented beverage from Jalisco, Mexico
  • Tesgüino – Corn-based beer central to culture of Tarahumara Indians of Mexico

See also

References

  1. ^ Hoyer, Daniel and Snortum, Marty Tamales , page 8. Gibbs Smith, 2008. ISBN 1-4236-0319-2
  2. ^ Wadler, Joyce (September 8, 2009). "Chew It Up, Spit It Out, Then Brew. Cheers!". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 February 2014.

External links

This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 23:32
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