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List of justices of the Supreme Court of New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Current justices

Name Sworn in Term expiration Mandatory retirement Appointing Governor Party membership
Chief Justice Stuart Rabner June 29, 2007 None – Tenured June 30, 2030 Jon Corzine, Democrat
Democrat[1]
Jaynee LaVecchia February 1, 2000 None – Tenured October 9, 2024 Christine Todd Whitman, Republican
Independent[2]
Barry T. Albin September 18, 2002 None – Tenured July 7, 2022 Jim McGreevey, Democrat
Democratic[3]
Anne M. Patterson September 1, 2011 None – Tenured April 15, 2029 Chris Christie, Republican
Republican
Faustino J. Fernandez-Vina September 30, 2013 September 30, 2020 February 15, 2022 Chris Christie, Republican
Republican
Lee A. Solomon June 19, 2014 June 19, 2021 August 17, 2024 Chris Christie, Republican
Republican
Walter F. Timpone May 2, 2016 May 2, 2023 November 10, 2021 Chris Christie, Republican
Democratic

List of Justices before 1947

Before 1947 and particularly after 1844, the structure of the New Jersey state judiciary was incredibly complex. In some cases, it is not entirely clear whether the following justices served on the Supreme Court of New Jersey (1776–), the New Jersey Court of Common Pleas (1704–1947), or the New Jersey Court of Errors and Appeals (1844–1947).

1776 Constitution

Justice Position Succeeded Tenure
Richard Stockton
(1730–1781)
1774

1776
(Elected to Continental Congress)
John De Hart
(1730–1781)
September 4, 1776

February 1777
(Replaced for failure to attend)
Isaac Smith
(1740–1807)
1777

1804
Robert Morris
(1742–1814)
Chief
Justice
February 5, 1777

May 25, 1779
(Resigned)
John Cleves Symmes
(1742–1814)
1777

1778
David Brearley[1]
(1745–1790)
Chief
Justice
R. Morris 1779

September 26, 1789
(Elevated to U.S. District Court)
James Kinsey[2]
(1731–1802)
Chief
Justice
D. Brearley 1789

January 4, 1802
(Died)
Andrew Kirkpatrick
(1756–1831)
Associate
Justice
1798

1808
(Continued as Chief Justice)
Andrew Kirkpatrick
(1756–1831)
Chief
Justice
J. Kinsey 1808

1825
William Rossell
(1760–1840)
Associate
Justice
1804

1826
(Elevated to U.S. District Court)
William Sanford Pennington
(1757–1826)
Associate
Justice
1805

1813
(Elected Governor of New Jersey)
Mahlon Dickerson
(1770–1853)
Associate
Justice
1813

1815
(Elected Governor of New Jersey)
Samuel L. Southard
(1787–1842)
1815

1820
(Elected to U.S. Senate)
Charles Ewing[3]
(1780–1832)
Chief
Justice
A. Kirkpatrick 1825

August 5, 1832
(Died)
Joseph Coerten Hornblower
(1777–1864)
Chief
Justice
C. Ewing 1838

1844
(Continued as Chief Justice)
William L. Dayton
(1807–1864)
Associate
Justice
1838

1842
(Appointed to U.S. Senate)

1844 Constitution

Justice Position Succeeded Tenure Appointed by
Joseph Coerten Hornblower
(1777–1864)
Chief
Justice
1844

1846
(Resigned)
Joseph Fitz Randolph
(1803–1873)
Associate
Justice
1845

1852
(Resigned)
Elias B. D. Ogden
(1800–1865)
Associate
Justice
1848

February 24, 1865
(Died)
Garret D. Wall
(1783–1850)
Associate
Justice
1848

November 22, 1850
(Died)
Daniel Haines
(1801–1877)
Associate
Justice
1852

1866
Lucius Elmer
(1793–1883)
Associate
Justice
1852

1859
Peter Vrendenburgh
(1805–1873)
Associate
Justice
1854

1868
John Van Dyke
(1807–1878)
Associate
Justice
1859

1866
George Houston Brown
(1810–1865)
Associate
Justice
1861

August 1, 1865
(Died)
Lucius Elmer
(1793–1883)
Associate
Justice
1861

1869
Mercer Beasley
(1815–1897)
Chief
Justice
March 8, 1864

February 19, 1897
(Died)
Joseph D. Bedle
(1831–1894)
Associate
Justice
1865

January 19, 1875
(Elected Governor of New Jersey)
Edward W. Scudder
(1822–1893)
Associate
Justice
1869

February 3, 1893
(Died)
Theodore Fitz Randolph
Bennett Van Syckel
(1830–1921)
Associate
Justice
1869

1904
Jonathan Dixon
(1839–1906)
Associate
Justice
1875

May 21, 1906
(Died)
Joseph D. Bedle
Alfred Reed Associate
Justice
1875

1895
Joel Parker
(1816–1888)
Associate
Justice
1880

January 2, 1888
(Died)
William J. Magie
(1832–1917)
Associate
Justice
1880

1897
(Continued as Chief Justice)
Charles G. Garrison
(1849–1924)
Associate
Justice
J. Parker 1888

1893
(Resigned)
David A. Depue
(c. 1827–1902)
Associate
Justice
1889

1900
(Continued as Chief Justice)
Manning M. Knapp
(1825–1892)
Associate
Justice
1889

January 26, 1892
(Died)
George Theodore Werts
(1846–1910)
Associate
Justice
M. Knapp 1892

January 17, 1893
(Elected Governor of New Jersey)
Leon Abbett
Job H. Lippincott
(1842–1900)
Associate
Justice
G. T. Werts 1893

1900
(Died)
George Theodore Werts
Joseph H. Gaskill
(1851–1935)
Associate
Justice
1893

1896
Leon Abbett
(1836–1894)
Associate
Justice
1893

December 4, 1894
(Died)
William Stryker Gummere
(1852–1933)
Associate
Justice
1895

November 19, 1901
(Continued as Chief Justice)
George C. Ludlow
(1830–1900)
Associate
Justice
1895

December 18, 1900
(Died)
Charles G. Garrison
(1849–1924)
Associate
Justice
1895

1920
(Resigned)
William H. Vredenburgh Associate
Justice
1897

1916
John W. Griggs
Gilbert Collins
(1846–1920)
Associate
Justice
March 2, 1897

1903
(Resigned)
William J. Magie
(1832–1917)
Chief
Justice
M. Beasley 1897

1900
(Elevated to Chancellor of
the Court of Errors and Appeals)
David A. Depue
(c. 1827–1902)
Chief
Justice
W. J. Magie 1900

1900
(Resigned)
Foster M. Voorhees
John Franklin Fort
(1852–1920)
Associate
Justice
1900

1907
(Elected Governor of New Jersey)
William Stryker Gummere
(1852–1933)
Chief
Justice
D. Depue November 19, 1901

1933
(Died)
Mahlon Pitney
(1858–1924)
Associate
Justice
November 19, 1901

1908

Thomas Whitaker Trenchard
(1863–1942)
Associate
Justice
January 15, 1907

1941
(Resigned)
Charles Wolcott Parker
(1862–1948)
Associate
Justice
1907

1942
James J. Bergen
(1847–1923)
Associate
Justice
1907

1915
Charles C. Black
(1858–1947)
Associate
Justice
1914

1939
James Fairman Fielder
Frank S. Katzenbach
(1868–1929)
Associate
Justice
1920

March 13, 1929
(Died)
Edward I. Edwards
Joseph Lamb Bodine
(1883–1950)
Associate
Justice
1929

1948
Clarence E. Case
(1877–1961)
Associate
Justice
1929

1946
(Continued as Chief Justice)

Ralph W. E. Donges
(1875–1974)
Associate
Justice
1930

1948
(Constitution of 1947)
Thomas J. Brogan
(1889–1965)
Associate
Justice
1932

1933
(Continued as Chief Justice)
Joseph B. Perskie
(1885–1957)
Associate
Justice
1933

1948
(Constitution of 1947)
Harry Heher
(1889–1972)
Associate
Justice
1933

1948
(Constitution of 1947)
Thomas J. Brogan
(1889–1965)
Chief
Justice
W. S. Gummere 1933

1946
(Resigned)
Newton Hazelton Porter
(1815–1897)
Associate
Justice
1938

1945
Frederic R. Colie
(1895–1974)
Associate
Justice
1941

1948
(Constitution of 1947)
A. Dayton Oliphant
(1887–1963)
Associate
Justice
N. H. Porter 1945

1946
Walter Evans Edge
Clarence E. Case
(1877–1961)
Chief
Justice
T. Brogan 1946

1948
(Constitution of 1947)
William A. Wachenfeld
(1889–1969)
Associate
Justice
1946

1948
(Constitution of 1947)
Howard Eastwood
(1884–1976)
Associate
Justice
1946

1948
(Constitution of 1947)
Albert E. Burling
(1891–1960)
Associate
Justice
1947

1948
(Constitution of 1947)

Supreme Court Justices under 1947 Constitution

List of Justices

Justice Position Succeeded Tenure Appointed by
1 Arthur T. Vanderbilt
(1888–1957)
Chief
Justice
Inaugural 1948

June 16, 1957
(Died)
Alfred E. Driscoll
2 Albert E. Burling
(1891–1960)
Associate
Justice
Inaugural 1948

October 29, 1960
(Died)
3 Harry Heher
(1889–1972)
Associate
Justice
Inaugural 1948

March 20, 1959
(Mandatory retirement)
4 William A. Wachenfeld
(1889–1969)
Associate
Justice
Inaugural 1948

February 24, 1959

(Mandatory retirement)

5 A. Dayton Oliphant
(1887–1963)
Associate
Justice
Inaugural 1948

October 28, 1957
(Mandatory retirement)
6
Clarence E. Case
(1877–1961)
Associate
Justice
Inaugural 1948

1952
(Resigned)
7 Henry E. Ackerson Jr.
(1880–1970)
Associate
Justice
Inaugural 1948

1952
(Resigned)
8 Nathan L. Jacobs
(1905–1989)
Associate
Justice
C. Case 1952

1975
(Mandatory retirement)
9
William J. Brennan Jr.
(1906–1997)
Associate
Justice
H. E. Ackerson 1951

1956
(Elevated to U.S. Supreme Court)
10 Joseph Weintraub
(1908–1977)
Associate
Justice
W. J. Brennan 1956

1957
(Continued as Chief Justice)
Robert Meyner
10 Joseph Weintraub
(1908–1977)
Chief
Justice
A. Vanderbilt 1957

1973
11 Haydn Proctor
(1903–1996)
Associate
Justice
A. Oliphant October 28, 1957

1973
(Mandatory retirement)
12 John J. Francis
(1903–1984)
Associate
Justice
J. Weintraub 1957

1973
(Mandatory retirement)
13 Frederick Wilson Hall
(1908–1984)
Associate
Justice
W. Wachenfeld 1959

February 1975[4]

(Resigned)

14 C. Thomas Schettino
(1907–1983)
Associate
Justice
H. Heher October 1959

1972
15 Vincent S. Haneman
(1902–1978)
Associate
Justice
A. Burling 1960

1971

16 Worrall Frederick Mountain
(1909–1992)
Associate
Justice
V. Haneman 1971

1979
William Cahill
Pierre P. Garven
(1925–1973)
Associate
Justice
C. T. Schettino[5] April 1973

September 1973
(Continued as Chief Justice)
17 Mark Sullivan
(1912–1999)
Associate
Justice
J. Francis[5] March 23, 1973

August 11, 1981
(Mandatory retirement)
18 Robert L. Clifford
(1924–2014)
Associate
Justice
P. Garven[6] 1973

1994
(Mandatory retirement)
19 Morris Pashman
(1912–1999)
Associate
Justice
H. Proctor[6] April 1973

1982
(Mandatory retirement)
20 Pierre P. Garven
(1925–1973)
Chief
Justice
J. Weintraub[6] September 1, 1973

October 19, 1973
(Died)
21
Richard J. Hughes
(1909–1992)
Chief
Justice
P. Garven December 18, 1973

August 10, 1979
(Mandatory retirement)
22 Sidney Schreiber
(1915–2009)
Associate
Justice
N. Jacobs 1975

1984
(Resigned)
Brendan Byrne
23 Alan B. Handler
(1931–)
Associate
Justice
F. W. Hall[4] 1977

1999
(Resigned)
24 Stewart G. Pollock
(1932–)
Associate
Justice
W. F. Mountain June 28, 1979

1999
(Resigned)

25 Robert Wilentz
(1927–1996)
Chief
Justice
R. Hughes 1979

July 23, 1996
(Died)

26 Daniel Joseph O'Hern
(1930–2009)
Associate
Justice
M. Sullivan August 6, 1981

2000
(Mandatory retirement)

23 Marie L. Garibaldi
(1934–2016)
Associate
Justice
M. Pashman November 17, 1982

2000


(Resigned)

Thomas Kean
24 Gary S. Stein
(1933–)
Associate
Justice
S. Schreiber January 11, 1985

2002
(Resigned)
25 James H. Coleman
(1933–)
Associate
Justice
R. Clifford 1994

2003
Christine Todd Whitman
26 Deborah Poritz
(1936–)
Chief
Justice
R. Wilentz July 10, 1996

October 25, 2006
(Mandatory retirement)
27 Peter Verniero
(1959–)
Associate
Justice
S. Pollock 1999

2004
(Resigned)
28 Virginia Long
(1942–)
Associate
Justice
A. Handler September 1, 1999

March 1, 2012
(Mandatory retirement)
29 James R. Zazzali
(1937–)
Associate
Justice
D. J. O'Hern May 25, 2000

October 26, 2006
(Continued as Chief Justice)
30 Jaynee LaVecchia
(1954–)
Associate
Justice
M. Garibaldi February 1, 2000

Incumbent
31 Barry T. Albin
(1952–)
Associate
Justice
G. Stein September 18, 2002

Incumbent
James McGreevey
32 John E. Wallace Jr.
(1953–)
Associate
Justice
J. Coleman May 20, 2003

May 20, 2010
(Not re-nominated)
33 Robert A. Rivera-Soto
(1953–)
Associate
Justice
P. Verniero September 1, 2004

August 31, 2011
(Not re-nominated)
29 James R. Zazzali
(1937–)
Chief
Justice
D. Poritz October 26, 2006

June 17, 2007
(Mandatory retirement)
Jon Corzine
34 Helen Hoens
(1937–)
Associate
Justice
J. Zazzalli October 26, 2006

October 26, 2013
(Not re-nominated)
35 Stuart Rabner
(1960–)
Chief
Justice
J. Zazzali June 29, 2007

Incumbent
36 Anne Patterson
(1959–)
Associate
Justice
R. Rivera-Soto September 1, 2011

Incumbent
Chris Christie
37 Faustino J. Fernandez-Vina
(1952–)
Associate
Justice
H. Hoens November 19, 2013

Incumbent
38 Lee Solomon
(1954–)
Associate
Justice
V. Long June 19, 2014

Incumbent
39 Walter F. Timpone
(1950–)
Associate
Justice
J. Wallace
(2011)
May 2, 2016

Incumbent

Acting justices

On May 3, 2010, Governor Chris Christie declined to re-nominate John E. Wallace Jr., whose seven -year term expired on May 20, 2010. He was the first Justice of the Supreme Court to be denied tenure in more than a half-century since the adoption of the Constitution of New Jersey in 1947.[7] To fill the vacancy Chief Justice Stuart Rabner appointed a number of acting judges (known as Judge of the Appellate Division, Temporarily Assigned to the Supreme Court[8]) during an extended period of controversy and conflict with the New Jersey Senate about the court's political composition.[9][10]

Timeline of justices

Walter F. TimponeLee SolomonFaustino J. Fernandez-VinaAnne M. PattersonStuart RabnerHelen HoensJames R. ZazzaliRobert A. Rivera-SotoJohn E. Wallace Jr.Barry T. AlbinJaynee LaVecchiaJames R. ZazzaliVirginia LongPeter VernieroDeborah PoritzGary S. SteinMarie L. GaribaldiDaniel Joseph O'HernRobert WilentzStewart G. PollockAlan B. HandlerSidney SchreiberRichard J. HughesRobert L. CliffordMorris PashmanPierre P. GarvenMark Sullivan (judge)Pierre P. GarvenWorrall Frederick MountainVincent S. HanemanC. Thomas SchettinoFrederick Wilson HallJohn J. FrancisHaydn ProctorJoseph WeintraubJoseph WeintraubNathan L. JacobsWilliam J. Brennan Jr.Henry E. AckersonClarence E. CaseA. Dayton OliphantWilliam A. WachenfeldHarry HeherAlbert E. BurlingArthur T. Vanderbilt

See also

References

  1. ^ The Founding Fathers: New Jersey - David Brearly, National Archives and Records Administration. Accessed November 27, 2007.
  2. ^ James Kinsey, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 15, 2007.
  3. ^ Manuscript Group 283, Ewing Family (Trenton, NJ) Archived 2007-10-05 at the Wayback Machine, accessed January 9, 2007.
  4. ^ a b "Metropolitan Area News in Brief". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 22 Mar 1977. p. 12.
  5. ^ a b New Jersey Register. 5. New Jersey State Library: State of New Jersey. 1973. p. 129.
  6. ^ a b c Sullivan, Ronald (19 Apr 1973). "Cahill Names Two Justices And Supreme Court Chief: Nominees Praised 2 Meyner Nominees". The New York Times. p. 90.
  7. ^ "The Politicization of a Respected Court", The New York Times, December 16, 2010; accessed May 19, 2014.
  8. ^ "A new title for temporary Supreme Court members: The Auditor". Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  9. ^ "Appellate judge appointed temporary N.J. Supreme Court justice". Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  10. ^ "A political fight provides N.J. Supreme Court with apolitical legal mind". Retrieved 8 July 2016.
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